Resources Contact Us Home
Browse by: INVENTOR PATENT HOLDER PATENT NUMBER DATE
 
 
Piperidine derivatives
RE31343 Piperidine derivatives
Patent Drawings:

Inventor: Holt, et al.
Date Issued: August 9, 1983
Application: 05/938,849
Filed: September 1, 1978
Inventors: Holt; Brian (Royton, GB2)
Randell; Donald R. (Stockport, GB2)
Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation (Ardsley, NY)
Primary Examiner: Bond; Robert T.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Collins; Bruce M.
U.S. Class: 546/16; 546/188; 546/203; 546/205; 546/222; 546/242
Field Of Search: 546/188; 546/222; 546/242; 542/416; 542/418
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents: 2746964; 3120540; 3640928; 3840494; 4021432
Foreign Patent Documents: 4643302
Other References:









Abstract: New 1- and 4-substituted piperidines are stabilizers for organic material. They are produced by reacting corresponding 1-substituted piperidinols with acid chlorides or corresponding 4-substituted piperidines with a compound introducing into the 1-position a residue.
Claim: What we claim is:

1. A compound having the formula: ##STR160## wherein .[.R.sup.111 and R.sup.IV are the same or different and each is a straight or branched alkyl group having from 1 to 12carbon atoms or R.sup.III and R.sup.IV together with the carbon atom to which they are each attached from a cycloalkyl group having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms,.]. Y is a straight- or branched alkyl group having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkenyl grouphaving from 3 to 12 carbon atoms or an aralkyl group having from 7 to 12 carbon atoms and .Iadd.when q is 1, .Iaddend.R.sub.12 is hydrogen or .Iadd.when q is 1 or 2, R.sub.12 is .Iaddend.a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbyl group containing up to 20carbon atoms optionally substituted.[., Y.]. .Iadd.by .Iaddend.halogen or alkoxy having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms and q is .Iadd.1 or .Iaddend.2 and a salt thereof selected from a phosphate, carbonate, sulfate, chloride, acetate, stearate, maleate,citrate, .[.tertrate.]. .Iadd.tartrate, .Iaddend..[.oxolate.]. .Iadd.oxalate, .Iaddend.benzoate and substituted carbamate.

2. A compound as claimed in claim 1 wherein R.sub.12 is an aliphatic group having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alicyclic group having from 5 to 15 carbon atoms or an aromatic group having from 6 to 15 carbon atoms.

3. A compound as claimed in claim 2 wherein R.sub.12, when q is 1, is methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n-.Iadd.butyl, 2-ethylhexyl, dodecyl, octadecyl, allyl, oleyl, cyclohexyl, benzyl, phenyl, 2-methylphenyl, 3-methylphenyl, 4-methylphenyl,2,4-dimethylphenyl, 2,6-dimethylphenyl, naphth-1-yl or naphth-2-yl; or when q is 2, .Iaddend.is .[.a.]. 1,2-ethylene, 1,6-hexylene, 2,4,4-trimethyl-1,6-hexylene, 1,3-.Iadd.phenylene, .Iaddend..[.or.]. 1,4-phenylene, 2,4-tolyene, 1,5-naphthylene or4,4'-diphenylmethylene .[.group.]..

4. A compound as claimed in claim 1 wherein .[.Y.sub.1 .]. .Iadd.Y .Iaddend.is methyl.

5. A compound as claimed in claim 1 in the form of its salt of an inorganic or organic acid. .[.6. A compound of formula IV as defined in claim 1

wherein R.sup.III and R.sup.IV are methyl..]. 7. A compound according to claim 1 which is 1,6-bis-(4'-carbamoyloxy-1',2',6',6'-pentamethylpiperidine)hexane. .Iadd. 8. A compound according to claim 1 which is4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine. .Iaddend..Iadd. 9. A compound as defined in claim 1 where Y is methyl and R.sub.12, when q is 1, is alkyl of up to 20 carbon atoms, alkenyl of up to 20 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl of 5 to 12 carbonatoms, aryl of 6 to 12 carbon atoms or aralkyl of 7 to 9 carbon atoms, or, when q is 2, is alkylene of up to 20 carbon atoms, alkenylene of up to 20 carbon atoms, cycloalkylene of 5 to 12 carbon atoms or arylene of 6 to 12 carbon atoms. .Iaddend..Iadd. 10. A compound is claimed in claim 1 wherein Y is methyl and R.sub.12, when q is 1, is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, t-butyl, n-pentyl, 2-ethylpropyl, 2-methylbutyl, n-hexyl, 2-methylpentyl, n-heptyl, 2-ethylpentyl, n-octyl,2-ethylhexyl, 2,2,4-trimethylpentyl, n-decyl, n-dodecyl, n-tetradecyl, n-octadecyl, eicosyl, mesityl, allyl, oleyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, methylcyclohexyl, t-butylcyclohexyl, t-octylcyclohexyl, cyclodedecyl, 1-perhydronaphthyl, 2-perhydronaphthyl,adamantyl, cyclopentylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl, 2-cyclohexylethyl, benzyl, 2-phenylethyl, naphth-1-ylmethyl, naphth-2-ylmethyl, 2-(naphth-1-yl)ethyl, 2-(naphth-2-yl)ethyl, phenyl, 2-methylphenyl, 3-methylphenyl, 4-methylphenyl, 2,4-dimethylphenyl,2,6-dimethylphenyl, 4-chlorophenyl, 3-chloro-4-methylphenyl, 2-ethylphenyl, 4-t-butylphenyl, 2,3-dichlorophenyl, 2,5-dichlorophenyl, naphth-1-yl, naphth-2-yl or biphenylyl; or, when q is 2, is methylene, 1,2- ethylene, 1,4-n-butylene, 1,6-n-hexylene,1,8-n-octylene, 2,4,4-trimethyl-1,6-hexylene, 1,10-n-decylene, 1,2-eicosylene, 1,2-eicosenylene, 1,3-cyclohexylene, 1,4-cyclohexylene, 1,3-phenylene, 1,4-phenylene, 2,4-tolylene, 1,5-naphthylene, 4,4'-diphenylene, 4,4'-diphenylmethylene,3,3'-dimethyl-4,4'-diphenylene, or 3,3'-dimethyl-4,4'-diphenylmethylene. .Iaddend.
Description: The present invention relates to new piperidine derivatives, and in particular to new piperidine derivativessubstituted at the 1- and 4- positions and having value as stabilisers for polymeric materials.

In German Patent Specification No. 1,929,928 there are described compounds having the general formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 ' and R.sub.2 ' are the same or different and each is an alkyl group, or, together with the carbon atom to which theyare bound, they form a saturated alicyclic group or a group having the formula: ##STR2## n' is a whole number from 1 to 3 inclusive; and when n' is 1, .[.R.sub.3 .]. .Iadd.R.sub.3 '.Iaddend. is an acyl group derived from an aliphatic, alicyclic orheterocyclic mono-carboxylic acid, an N-substituted carbamoyl group derived from an N-substituted carbamic acid, an N-substituted thiocarbamoyl group derived from an N-substituted thiocarbamic acid, a monovalent group obtained by removing an hydroxylgroup from an oxo-acid, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aralkyl group, an aryl group or a group having the formula: ##STR3## wherein R.sub.1 ' and R.sub.2 ' have their previous significance; when n' is 2, R.sub.2 is a diacyl group derived from analiphatic, alicyclic, aromatic or heterocyclic dicarboxylic acid, a dicarbamoyl group derived from a dicarbamic acid, a bis-thiocarbamoyl group derived from a bis-thiocarbamic acid, a carbonyl group, a divalent group obtained by removing two hydroxylgroups from an oxo-acid, an alkylene group, an arylene group, or an arylenedialkylene group; and when n' is 3, .[.R.sub.3 .]. .Iadd.R.sub.3 '.Iaddend. is a triacyl group, derived from an aliphatic, alicyclic, aromatic or heterocyclic tricarboxylic acid,a tricarbamoyl group derived from tricarbamic acid, a tris-thiocarbamoyl group derived from a tris-thiocarbamic acid, a trivalent group obtained by removing three hydroxyl groups from an oxo-acid, an alkanetriyl group, arenetriyl group or an arenetriyltrialkylene group.

We have now found that certain piperidine derivatives substituted in the 1- and 4- positions are effective stabilisers for polymers, especially against photo- and thermal degradation.

According to the present invention, there is provided a compound having the formula: ##STR4## and their salts wherein n is 1, 2, 3 or 4; R.sub.1 is a monovalent residue and is an alkyl residue having from 1 to 20, preferably 1 to 12 carbon atoms,an alkenyl or alkynyl residue having from 3 to 20, preferably 3 to 12 carbon atoms, an aralkyl residue having from 7 to 12 carbon atoms, or a residue having the formula: ##STR5## wherein m is 1, 2 or 3; R.sub.4 is hydrogen, methyl or phenyl residue,X.sub.2 is halogen, cyano, ##STR6## --COR.sub.5, --CO.OR.sub.5, --CO.SR.sub.5, or --CONR.sub.5 R.sub.6 and X.sub.1 is hydroxyl, halogen, cyano, --OR.sub.5, ##STR7## wherein R.sub.5 is an alkyl residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl residuehaving from 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an aryl residue having from 6 to 11 carbon atoms, an aryl residue having from 6 to 11 carbon atoms or an aralkyl residue having 7 to 11, preferably 7 to 8 carbonatoms when R.sub.5 is joined to a nitrogen atom, also hydrogen and R.sub.6 is preferably hydrogen or an alkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bound form a 5- or 6-memberedring which contains no other heteroatoms or contains one or more other heteroatoms, or R.sub.1 is an acyl group ##STR8## wherein R.sub.7 is hydrogen, an unsubstituted aliphatic or substituted aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenylor alkynyl residue having from 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloaliphatic residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an araliphatic residue having from 7 to 14 carbon atoms, an aromatic residue having from 6 to 20, preferably 6 to 12, carbon atoms or anheterocyclic residue, or R.sub.1 is a carbamoyl or thiocarbamoyl residue having the formula: ##STR9## wherein X.sub.3 is --O-- or --S--, R.sub.8 is hydrogen or an alkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and R.sub.9 is hydrogen, an alkyl residuehaving from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms or an unsubstituted aryl or substituted aryl residue having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms; R.sub.2 is an alkylresidue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkenyl or alkynyl residue having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, preferably 3 or 4 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an aryl residue having from 6 to 11 carbon atoms or an aralkylresidue having from 7 to 9 carbon atoms or preferably hydrogen; and when n is 1, R.sub.3 is a monovalent radical having the same significance as R.sub.1, or R.sub.3 represents a monovalent group obtained by removing a hydroxyl group from a sulphinicacid, a sulphonic acid, a phosphorous containing acid or a boric acid, or R.sub.3 is an aryl residue, a cycloalkyl group having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, or a residue having the formula: ##STR10## wherein R.sub.1 ' is hydrogen or R.sub.1 ' has the samesignificance as R.sub.1 :

When n is 2, R.sub.3 is a divalent residue and is an alkylene residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenylene residue having from 2 to 20, preferably 3 to 20, carbon atoms, an alkynylene residue having from 2 to 20, preferably 3 to 20,carbon atoms, cycloalkylidene residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an arylene residue having 6 to 14 carbon atoms, an aralkylene residue having from 8 to 14 carbon atoms or an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic diacyl residue, ##STR11## analiphatic or aromatic dicarbamoyl or dithiocarbamoyl residue, sulphinyl or sulphonyl residue or a divalent residue obtained by removing two hydroxyl groups from a disulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid.

When n is 3, R.sub.3 is a trivalent residue and is an .[.arenetriyl.]. .Iadd.alkanetriyl .Iaddend.or an arenetriyl-trialkylene residue, an aliphatic or aromatic triacyl residue or a triacyl residue derived from o-phosphoric, o-phosphorous oro-boric acid; and

when n is 4, R.sub.3 is a tetravalent residue and is an alkane tetrayl residue, or a tetraacyl residue derived from an aliphatic or aromatic tetracarboxylic acid or from o-silicic acid;

as well as, when n is 2, 3 or 4, partial ethers, esters and carbamoyloxy and thiocarbamoyloxy compounds related to the fully-reacted compounds of formula I.

When n is 1, R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 may be an alkyl residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, preferred 1 to 18, examples of this substituent are methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, t-butyl, n-hexyl, n-octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, n-nonyl,n-decyl, n-undecyl, n-dodecyl, n-tridecyl, n-tetradecyl, n-hexadecyl or n-octadecyl residue and eicosyl. In terms of accessibility and activity however for optimal compatibility with polyolefines substrates, alkyl substitutents R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3having from 5 to 20, especially 5 to 12 carbon atoms are preferred. A sub-group of alkyl residues R.sub.1 is that containing from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, preferably methyl.

In those cases in which R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 is an alkenyl residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, examples of these substituents are allyl, methallyl, 3-hexenyl, 4-octenyl, 6-decenyl, 10-undecenyl, and8-octadecenyl residues, however thepreferred substituents in this group are allyl and methallyl residues.

When the residues R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 are alkynyl they may be for example propargyl, but-1- and -2-ynyl, pent-1-ynyl, hex-1-ynyl, oct-1-ynyl, dec-1-ynyl, dodec-1-ynyl, tetradec-1-ynyl and octadec-1-ynyl. The preferred alkynyl substituentshowever are propargyl and methylpropargyl.

When R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 is an aralkyl residue, suitable examples are benzyl, .beta.-phenethyl, .alpha.-methylbenzyl, .alpha..alpha.-dimethylbenzyl, .alpha.-naphthylmethyl and p-methyl-.alpha.-methylbenzyl residues. Benzyl is preferred.

A further sub-group of R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 substituents is substituted alkyl derivatives having the formula: ##STR12## wherein m, R.sub.4, X.sub.1 and X.sub.2 have their previous significance, but wherein, however, R.sub.4 is preferablyhydrogen and m is preferably 1.

When X.sub.1 is an hydroxyl residue, examples of this substituents R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 are 2-hydroxyethyl, 2- and 3-hydroxypropyl, 3- and 4-hydroxybutyl, 4-hydroxypentyl and 2-hydroxy-2-phenyl ethyl, preferably 2-hydroxyethyl, 2-hydroxypropyland 2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl.

When X.sub.1 and/or X.sub.2 are halogen atoms, examples of R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 include 2-chloro- and 2-bromo ethyl, 2- and 3-chloro- and 2- and 3-bromopropyl, 3- and [4-chorobutyl and 2-chloro-2-phenyl ethyl, preferably 2-choroethyl,2-chloropropyl and 2-chloro-2-phenylethyl.

When X.sub.1 and/or X.sub.2 are cyano groups, R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 include cyanomethyl, 1- and 2- cyanobutyl, 4-cyanopentyl, 2-cyano-2-phenylethyl groups, preferably a 2-cyanoethyl group.

When X.sub.2 is a 1,2-epoxy group, R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 may be 2,3-epoxy-n-propyl, 2,3 -epoxy-methylpropyl, but the preferred epoxyalkyl substituent is 2,3 -epoxy-n-propyl.

When X.sub.1 is --OR.sub.5, --OCOR.sub.5, --OCSR.sub.5, --OCONR.sub.6 R.sub.5, --CSNR.sub.6 R.sub.5, or when X.sub.1 and/or X.sub.2 are --COR.sub.5, --COOR.sub.5, --COSR.sub.5, --CONR.sub.6 R.sub.5 and the group R.sub.5 is alkyl, then the alkylgroup preferably has from 1 to 12, most preferred 1 to 2, carbon atoms; when R.sub.5 is an alkenyl residue, then it preferably contains 2 to 4 carbons; when R.sub.5 is a cycloalkyl group it preferably contains 6 carbon atoms; when R.sub.5 is an arylresidue it preferably contains 6 or 7 carbons; and when R.sub.5 is an aralykyl residue, it preferably has 7 or 8 carbon atoms.

R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bound can form a 5- or 6-membered ring such as the pyrrolidinyl-, imidazolidinyl-, pyrazolidinyl-, piperidinyl-, piperazinyl- or morpholinyl ring.

Examples of R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 within this sub-group ae 2-methoxyethyl, 2-ethoxyethyl, 2-propoxyethyl, 2-butoxyethyl, 2-methoxypropyl, 2- and 3-ethoxypropyl, 2- and 3-n-butoxypropyl, 3- and 4-methoxybutyl, 3- and 4-ethoxybutyl, 3- and4-butoxybutyl, 4-methoxypentyl, 4-ethoxypentyl, 4-n-butoxypentyl, 2-methoxy-2-phenyl ethyl, 2-ethoxy-2-phenyl ethyl; 2-acetoxyethyl, 2-n-propionoxyethyl, 2-benzoyloxy ethyl, 2-acetoxypropyl, 2-n-propionoxypropyl, 4-acetoxybutyl, 4-n-propionoxybutyl,4-acetoxypentyl, 4-n-propionoxypentyl, 2-phenyl-2-acetoxyethyl, 2-(methylcarbamoyloxy) ethyl, 2-ethylcarbamoyloxy)ethyl, 2-(phenylcarbamoyloxy) ethyl, 2-(methylcarbamoyloxy) propyl, 2-(ethylcarbamoyloxy) propyl, 2-phenyl-2-(carbamoyloxy) ethyl,2-(allylthiocarbamoyloxy) ethyl, 2-phenyl-2-(methylcarbamoyloxy) ethyl, 2-phenyl-2-(phenylcarbamoyloxy) ethyl, methylcarbonylmethyl, 2-(methylcarbonyl) ethyl, 2-(ethyl-carbonyl) ethyl, 2-(methylcarbonyl) propyl, and 2-(methylcarbonyl)-2-phenyl ethyl;methoxycarbonyl methyl, 2-(ethoxycarbonyl) ethyl, 2-(methoxycarbonyl)-propyl, and 2-(methoxycarbonyl)-2-phenylethyl, 2-(ethylthiocarbonyl) ethyl, 2-(methylthiocarbonyl) propyl and 2-(methylthiocarbonyl)-2-phenylethyl; carbamoylmethyl, 2-carbamoylethyl,2-methylcarbamoylethyl, 2-ethylcarbamoylethyl, dimethylcarbamoylmethyl, 2-diethylcarbamoylethyl, thiocarbamoylmethyl, 2-(thiocarbamoyl) ethyl, 2-methylthiocarbamoylethyl, dimethylthiocarbamoylmethyl, 2-(phenylcarbamoyl) ethyl.

When n is 1 and R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 is an acyl group --COR.sub.7 wherein R.sub.7 is an unsubstituted aliphatic or substituted aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20, preferably 1 to 19, carbon atoms, R.sub.7 may be a methyl, ethyl, propyl,butyl, hexyl, n-octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, n-decyl, n-undecyl, n-tridecyl, n-tetradecyl, n-hexadecyl, n-heptadecyl and eicosyl, chloroethyl, chlorohexyl, methylthioethyl, ethylthioethyl, octylthioethyl, or dodecylthioethyl residue; alkenyl residues R.sub.7have from 2 to 20, preferably 2 to 17, most preferred 2 to 6, carbon atoms such as vinyl, allyl, methallyl, isobutenyl or hexenyl group; alkynyl residues R.sub.7 have from 2 to 20, preferably 2 to 6, carbon atoms such as a propargyl group; cycloaliphaticresidues R.sub.7 have from 5 to 12, preferably 6 to 10, most preferred 6, carbon atoms such as a cyclopentyl or cyclohexyl residue; araliphatic residues R.sub.7 have from 7 to 14, preferably 7 to 13, most preferred 7 to 9, carbon atoms such as a benzyl,.beta.-phenylethyl, diphenylmethyl or styryl residue; unsubstituted aromatic residues R.sub.7 have from 6 to 14, preferably 6 to 10, carbon atoms such as a phenyl or naphthyl residue, a substituted aromatic residue, substituted by for example alkylhaving 1 to 4 carbon atoms such as tolyl, p-tertbutylphenyl; and heterocyclic residues R.sub.7 may be a furan or thiophene residue. Examples of compounds wherein R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 are unsaturated acyl groups are preferred those wherein only one ofR.sub.1 and R.sub.3 denotes an unsaturated acyl group.

Examples of acyl groups R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 are formyl, acetyl, propionyl, n-butyryl, hexanoyl, heptanoyl, octanoyl, 2-ethylhexanoyl, 2,2,4-trimethylpentanoyl, n-decanoyl, n-dodecanoyl, n-tetradecanoyl, n-hexadecanoyl, n-octadecanoyl,n-eicosoyl, acryloyl, .alpha.-methacrylol, crotonoyl, undec-10-enoyl, octadec-9-enoyl, .beta.-methylthiopropionyl, methylthioacetyl, .beta.-octylthiopropionyl, .beta.-dodecylthiopropionyl, cyclopentanoyl, cyclohexanoyl, benzoyl, .alpha.- and.beta.-naphthoyl cyclopentylacetyl, cyclohexylacetyl, phenylacetyl, .beta.-phenylpropionyl, diphenyloctyl, .beta.-phenylacryloyl, o-, m- and p-toluoyl, o-, m- or p-methoxybenzoyl and o-, m- and p-chlorobenzoyl, 2-furoyl and 2-picolinoyl.

When n is 1, R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.3 may also be a carbamoyl or thiocarbamoyl residue having the formula: ##STR13## wherein X.sub.3 is --O-- or --S--, R.sub.8 is hydrogen or an alkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms and R.sub.9 is hydrogen,an alkyl residue having from 1 to 20, preferably 1 to 8, carbon atoms, an alkenyl residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms or an unsubstituted .[.alkyl.]. .Iadd.aryl.Iaddend., or substituted aryl,for instance, alkyl or halogen-substituted aryl residue having from 6 to 12, preferably 6 to 10, carbon atoms. Examples of suitable residues within this group are carbamoyl, N-methylcarbamoyl, N-ethyl-carbamoyl, N-n-propylcarbamoyl,N-isopropylcarbamoyl, N-n-butylcarbamoyl, N-n-pentylcarbamoyl, N-n-octylcarbamoyl, N-n-decylcarbamoyl, N-n-dodecylcarbamoyl, N-n-octadecyl, N-n-eisocylcarbamoyl, N-allylcarbamoyl, N-methallylcarbamoyl, N-undecenylcarbamoyl, N-cyclopentylcarbamoyl,N-cyclohexylcarbamoyl, N-methylcyclohexylcarbamoyl, N-cyclododecylcarbamoyl, N-(1- and 2-perhydronaphthyl)-carbamoyl, N-adamantylcarbamoyl, N-cyclopentylmethylcarbamoyl, N-benzylcarbamoyl N-(.beta.-phenethyl)carbamoyl, N-(1- and 2-naphthylmethyl)carbamoyl, N-phenylcarbamoyl, N-(o-, m- and p-tolyl)carbamoyl, N-(2,4- and 2,6-xylyl)carbamoyl, N-(.alpha.-and .beta.-naphthyl)carbamoyl, N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl, N-methyl, N-ethylcarbamoyl, N,N-diethylcarbamoyl, N,N-diisopropylcarbamoyl,N,N-di-n-propylcarbamoyl, N,N-di-n-butyl-carbamoyl and N,N-di-isobutylcarbamoyl residues as well as the corresponding thiocarbamoyl residues.

When R.sub.2 is an alkyl residue it is for example methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, t-butyl, preferably methyl, as alkenyl residue R.sub.2 is for example allyl, methallyl, 3-hexenyl, 4-octenyl, 6-decenyl, 10-undecenyl or8-octadecenyl, peferably allyl or methallyl and as alkynyl residue for example propargyl, but-1- and -2-ynyl, penta-1-ynyl, hex-1-ynyl, oct-1-ynyl, dec-1-ynyl, dodec-1-ynyl, tetradec-1-ynyl and octadec-1-ynyl, preferably propargyl, R.sub.2 as cycloalkylis for example cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cyclooctyl, cyclododecyl, preferably cyclohexyl as aryl residue R.sub.2 is for example phenyl, p-tolyl, t-butylphenyl, naphthyl, preferably phenyl or p-tolyl and as aralkyl residue it is for example benzyl,alpha-methylbenzyl, p,alphadimethylbenzyl, preferably benzyl.

When n is 1

R.sub.3 may be the same as R.sub.1. If R.sub.3 is alkyl it is preferably an alkyl group having from 3 to 18 carbon atoms.

When R.sub.3 represents an aryl residue it is for example an aromatic residue having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, preferably an aryl residue having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, most preferred phenyl.

When n is 2

R.sub.3 is, for example an alkylene residue having from 1 to 20, preferably 2 to 6, carbon atoms such as methylene, ethylene, trimethylene, tetramethylene or hexamethylene residue. Alkenylene residues R.sub.3 preferably contain 3 to 20, mostpreferred 3 or 4 carbons, and may be, for instance a 1,3-propen-ene or 1,4-buten-2-ene residue. Alkynylene residues R.sub.3 preferably contain 3 to 20, most preferred 4 carbon atoms and may be, for instance a 1:4 but-2-ynylene residue. When R.sub.3 isa cycloalkylidene residue, it preferably contains 7 or 8 carbon atoms, for instance a cyclohexyldimethylene residue.

When R.sub.3 is arylene it has preferably 6 to 12 carbon atoms and it may be for example 1,3-phenylene, or 4,4'-diphenylene.

When R.sub.3 is aralkylene it may be for example .alpha.,.alpha.-p-xylylene.

Diacyl residues R.sub.3 include those derived from an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic dicarboxylic acid. Examples of aliphatic dicarboxylic acids are those having from 2 to 20, preferably alkan dicarboxylic acids having 6 to 10 carbon atomssuch as malonic, succinic, glutaric, adipic, pimelic, suberic, azelaic, sebacic, 1,12-dodecanedioic, 1,18 -octadecanedioic, 1,20-docosanedioic acid and N-methyliminodiacetic acid. Examples of aromatic diacyl residues are those derived from phthalic,isophthalic and terephthalic acids, each optionally ring-substituted, for instance by halogen, an alkyl or alkoxy group each having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a hydroxy or tertiary amino group.

Examples of heterocyclic dicarboxylic acids are 2,5-thiophene dicarboxylic acid or 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid.

R.sub.3 is for example an aliphatic or aromatic dicarbamoyl residue such as a divalent .[.alkyl.]. .Iadd.alkylene .Iaddend.dicarbamoyl residue for example the divalent residue of butan-1,4-dicarbamoyl or hexan-1,6-dicarbamoyl or such as adivalent .[.aryl.]. .Iadd.arylene .Iaddend.dicarbamoyl residue such as the divalent residue of .[.phenyl.]. .Iadd.phenylene.Iaddend.-1,4-dicarbamoyl. R.sub.3 is for example an aliphatic or aromatic dithicarbamoyl residue such as a divalent .[.alkyl.]. .Iadd.alkylene .Iaddend.dithicarbamoyl residue for example the divalent residue of butan-1,4-dithiocarbamoyl or hexan-1,6-dithiocarbamoyl or such as an divalent .[.aryl.]. .Iadd.arylene .Iaddend.dithiocarbamoyl residue sue as the divalent residue of.[.phenyl.]. .Iadd.phenylene.Iaddend.-1,4-dithiocarbamoyl.

When n is 3

R.sub.3 is, for instance, a triacyl group derived from an aliphatic tricarboxylic acid such as nitrilotriacetic acid, tricarballylic acid, from an aromatic tricarboxylic acid such as benzene tricarboxylic acid or from an inorganic acid such aso-phosphorous, o-phosphoric or o-boric acid, or oxyacids, for example, benzene-1,3,5-trisulphonic acid.

When n is 4

R.sub.3 is, for instance, a tetracyl group derived from a tetracarboxylic acid, such as ethylene diamine, tetracarboxylic acid, from the tetracarboxylic acids described in British Patent Specification No. 1080335, 1,2,4,5,-benzene tetracarboxylicacid or from o-silicic acid.

R.sub.3 preferably represents an acyl or an N- substituted carbamoyl, an alkylene group, a substituted alkylene or an aralkyl group.

R.sub.1 preferably represents an alkyl, alkenyl, or substituted alkyl group such as hydroxyalkyl, alkylcarbonyloxy or aralkyl group.

Examples of compounds of the present invention are:

Examples where n=1

4-Methoxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-n-Butoxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-n-Dodecyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-n-Octadecyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-(2'-Cyanoethoxy)-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-(2'-Hydroxyethoxy)-1,2,2,6,6,-pentamethylpiperidine

1-n-Propyl-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-n-Propyl-4-n-dodecyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethylpiperidine

1-n-Propyl-4-n-octadecyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-sec-Butyl-4-n-dodecyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-n-Octyl-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-n-Dodecyl-4-n-dodecyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-n-Octadecyl-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-n-Octadecyl-4-n-octadecyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-n-Eicosyl-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Allyl-4-methoxy,2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Allyl-4-allyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(1'-Undec-10'-enyl)-4-n-butoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(1'-Undec-10'-enyl)-4-(1'-undec-10'-enyloxy)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin e

1-Oleyl-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Oleyl-4-oleyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Propargyl-4-ethoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Propargyl-4-propargyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Benzyl-4-n-dodecyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Benzyl-4-allyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Benzyl-4-propargyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Benzyl-4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Hydroxyethyl)-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Hydroxypropyl)-4-allyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Hydroxyethyl)-4-propargyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Hydroxypropyl)-4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Hydroxyethyl)-4-(2'-hydroxyethoxy)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Hydroxypropyl)-4-(2'-hydroxypropoxy)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Hydroxy-2'-phenylethyl)-4-n-butoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Hydroxy-2'-phenylethyl)-4-(2'-hydroxy-2'-phenylethoxy)-2,2,6,6-tetram ethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Chloroethyl)-4-n-docecyloxy-2,2,6,6-methylpiperidine

1-(2'-Chloropropyl) -4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Bromoethyl)-4-(2'-bromoethoxy- 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Chloro-2'-phenylethyl)-4-n-octyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Cyanoethyl)-4-phenoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Cyanoethyl)-4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Cyanoethyl)-4-(2'-cyanoethoxy)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Cyanopropyl)-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1(2',3'-.[.epoxypropyl).]..Iadd.Epoxypropyl).Iaddend.-4-n-butoxy-2,2,6,6-te tramethylpiperidine

1-(2',3'-.[.epoxypropyl).]..Iadd.Epoxypropyl).Iaddend.-4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6- tetramethylpiperidine

1(2',3'-.[.epoxypropyl).]..Iadd.Epoxypropyl).Iaddend.-4-(2',3'-epoxypropoxy )-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-.[.methoxyethyl).]..Iadd.Methoxyethyl).Iaddend.-4-ethoxy-2,2,6,6-tetr amethylpiperidine

1-(2'-.[.methoxyethyl).]..Iadd.Methoxyethyl).Iaddend.-4-(2'-methoxyethoxy)- 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-.[.ethoxypropyl).]..Iadd.Ethoxypropyl).Iaddend.-4-allyloxy-2,2,6,6-te tramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-.[.ethoxy.]..Iadd.Ethoxy.Iaddend.-2'-phenylethyl)-4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6 -tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-.[.acetoxyethyl).]..Iadd.Acetoxyethyl).Iaddend.-4-n-butoxy-2,2,6,6-te tramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-.[.benzoyloxyethyl).]..Iadd.Benzoyloxyethyl).Iaddend.-4-(2'-benzoylox yethoxy)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-.[.propionoxypropyl).]..Iadd.Propionoxypropyl).Iaddend.-4-allyloxy-2, 2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-[2'-.[.(methylcarbamoyloxy).]..Iadd.(Methylcarbamoyloxy).Iaddend.ethyl]-4 -benzyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-[2'-.[.(methylcarbamoyloxy).]..Iadd.(Methylcarbamoyloxy).Iaddend.ethyl]-4 -[2'-(methylcarbamoyloxy)ethyoxy]-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-[2'-(Phenylcarbamoyloxy)ethyl]-4-[2'-cyanoethoxy]-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpipe ridine

1-[2'-.[.(ethylthiocarbamoyloxy).]..Iadd.(Ethylthiocarbamoyloxy).Iaddend.et hyl]-4-[2'-(ethylthiocarbamoyloxy)ethoxy]-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Methylcarbonylmethyl-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-[.[.(methylcarbonyl).]..Iadd.(Methylcarbonyl).Iaddend.ethyl]-4-n-octyloxy -2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Methylcarbonylmethyl-4-methylcarbonylmethoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin e

1-(2'-.[.methoxycarbonylethyl).]..Iadd.Methoxycarbonylethyl).Iaddend.-4-(2' -methoxycarbonylethoxy)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-.[.methoxycarbonylethyl).]..Iadd.Methoxycarbonylethyl).Iaddend.-4-eth oxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-[2'-.[.(ethoxycarbonyl).]..Iadd.(Ethoxycarbonyl).Iaddend.ethyl]-4-(2'-hyd roxyethoxy)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-[2'-.[.(thioethoxycarbonyl).]..Iadd.(Thioethoxycarbonyl).Iaddend.ethyl]-4 -methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Carbamolymethyl-4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(2'-Carbamoylethyl-4-dodecoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-[2'-(Methylcarbamoyl)ethyl]-4-[2'-methylcarbamoylethoxy]-2,2,6,6-tetramet hylpiperidine

1-[2'-(Diethylcarbamoyl)ethyl]-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Thiocarbamoylmethyl-4-allyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-(Dimethylthiocarbamoyl)methyl-4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Acetyl-4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Lauroyl-4-(2'-hydroxyethoxy)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Stearoyl-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Benzoyl-4-n-butoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Carbamoyl-4-n-octadecyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Methylcarbamoyl-4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Phenylcarbamoyl-4-(2'-hydroxyethoxy)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Phenylthiocarbamoyl-4-(cyclohexyloxy)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Dimethylcarbamoyl-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Methylthiocarbamoyl-4-n-octyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1-Phenylthiocarbamoyl-4-methoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-formate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-acetate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-isobutyrate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-n-octanoate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-pivalate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-stearate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-eicosanoate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-(2'-ethylhexanoate)

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4acrylate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-oleate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-cyclohexanecarboxylate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-adamantane-1-carboxylate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-benzoate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-p-toluate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-p-t-butylbenzoate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-p-methoxybenzoate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-o-chloro-benzoate

1,2,2,6,6,-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-p-chloro-benzoate

1,2,2,6,6,-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4.alpha.-naphthoate

1,2,2,6,6,-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-phenylacetate

1,2,2,6,6,-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-(1'-napthylacetate)

1,2,2,6,6,-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-cinnamate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-diphenylacetate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-n-dodecylthioacetate

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-(furan-2'-carboxylate)

1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidinyl-dimethyl trimesate

1-n-Propyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-acetate

1-n-Propyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-octanoate

1-n-Propyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-sterate

1-n-Octyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-benzoate

1-n-Dodecyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-n-octanoate

1-n-Dodecyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-p-chlorobenzoate

1-n-Octadecyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-benzoate

1-Allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-n-octanoate

1-Allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-cyclohexanecarboxylate

1-Allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-benzoate

1-.alpha.-Methallyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-acetate

1-Oleyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-cyclohexanecarboxylate

1-Propargyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-p-methoxybenzoate

1-Benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-n-octanoate

1-Benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-(2'-ethylhexanoate)

1-Benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4stearate

1-Benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinol-4-benzoate

1-(2'-Hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-acetate

1-(2'-Hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-laurate

1-(2'-Hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-stearate

1-(2'-Hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-benzoate

1-(2'-Hydroxypropyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-oleate

1-(2'-Hydroxy-2'-phenylethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-phenylacetat e

1-(2'-Chloroethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-n-octanoate

1-(2'-Bromopropyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-cyclohexane-carboxylate

1-(2'-Chloro-2'-phenylethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-p-methoxybenz oate

1-(2' -Cyanoethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-benzoate

1-(2'-.[.cycanopropyl).]..Iadd.Cyanopropyl.Iaddend.-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpipe ridinyl-4-p-chlorobenzoate

1-(2',3'-.[.epoxypropyl).]..Iadd.Epoxypropyl).Iaddend.-2,2,6,6-tetramethylp iperidinyl-4-acetate

1-(2'-.[.ethoxypropyl).]..Iadd.Ethoxypropyl).Iaddend.-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpi peridinyl-4-(2'-ethylhexanoate)

1-(2'-.[.ethoxy).Iadd.Ethoxy.Iaddend.-2'-phenylethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpi peridinyl-4-diphenylacetate

1-(2'-.[.acetoxyethyl).]..Iadd.Acetoxyethyl).Iaddend.-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpi peridinyl-4-laurate

1-[2'-.[.(methylcarbamoyloxy).]..Iadd.(Methylcarbamoyloxy).Iaddend.ethyl]-2 ,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-benzoate

1-[2'-.[.(phenylcarbamoyloxy).]..Iadd.(Phenylcarbamoyloxy).Iaddend.ethyl]-2 ,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-isobutyrate

1-[2'-.[.(ethylthiocrbamoyloxy).]..Iadd.(Ethylthiocarbamoyloxy).Iaddend.eth yl]-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidnyl-4-pivalate

1-Methylcarbonylmethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-phenylacetate

1-[2'-.[.(methylcarbonyl).]..Iadd.(Methylcarbonyl).Iaddend.ethyl]-2,2,6,6-t etramethylpiperidinyl-4-acetate

1-Ethoxycarbonylmethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-p-methoxybenzoate

1-[2'-(Methoxycarbonyl)ethyl]-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-p-toluate

1-Carbamoylmethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-p-methoxybenzoate

1-(2'-Carbamoylethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-stearate

1-[2'-.[.(methylcarbamoyl).]..Iadd.(Methylcarbamoyl).Iaddend.ethyl]-2,2,6,6 -tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-octanoate

1-(Dimethylthiocarbamoyl)methyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-isobutyrat e

1-Acetyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-acetate

1-Acetyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-(2'-ethylhexanoate)

1-Acetyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-stearate

1-Isobutyryl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-n-octanoate

1-Lauroyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-eicosanoate

1-Stearoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-acetate

1-Benzoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-benzoate

1-Carbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-(1'-napthylacetate)

1-Methylcarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-n-octanoate

1-Phenylcarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-phenylacetate

1-Dimethylcarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-laurate

1-Phenylthiocarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4p-t-butylbenzoate

4-.[.carbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Carbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperi dine

4-.[.methylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Methylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-penta methylpiperidine

4-.[.dimethylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Dimethylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-p entamethylpiperidine

4-.[.isopropylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Isopropylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6 -pentamethylpiperidine

4-t-.[.butylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Butylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-penta methylpiperidine

4-n-.[.hexylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Hexylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-penta methylpiperidine

4-[2'-.[.ethylhexylcarbamoyloxy].]..Iadd.Ethylhexylcarbamoyloxy].Iaddend.-1 ,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-n-.[.dodecylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Dodecylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-p entamethylpiperidine

4-n-.[.octadecylcarbamoxyloxy.]..Iadd.Octadecylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2, 6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-.[.allylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Allylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-pentame thylpiperidine

4-.[.oleylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Oleylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-pentame thylpiperidine

4-.[.cyclohexylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Cyclohexylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6 ,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-[3'-.[.methylcyclohexylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Methylcyclohexylcarbamoyloxy. Iaddend.]-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-[4'-t-.[.butylcyclohexylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Butylcyclohexylcarbamoyloxy. Iaddend.]-1,2,2,6,6,-pentamethylpiperidine

4-.[.cyclohexylmethylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Cyclohexylmethylcarbamoyloxy.Iadd end.-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperdine

4-.[.benzylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Benzylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-penta methylpiperidine

4-.[.phenylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Phenylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-penta methylpiperidine

4-.[.phenylthiocarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Phenylthiocarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6 ,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-m-.[.tolylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Tolylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-penta methylpiperidine

4-p-.[.tolylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Tolycarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2,2,6,6-pentam ethylpiperidine

4-p-.[.chlorophenylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Chlorophenylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1 ,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-p-t-.[.butylphenylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Butylphenylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1 ,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-.alpha.-.[.naphthylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Naphthylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1,2 ,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

4-.[.cyclohexylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Cyclohexylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1-ethyl -2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-.[.methylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Methylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1-n-propyl-2,2, 6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-.[.methylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Methylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1-secbutyl-2,2, 6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-n-.[.octadecylcarbamoyloxy.]..Iadd.Octadecylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1-n-but yl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-Methylcarbamoyloxy-1-n-ocytyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-methylcarbamoyloxy-1-n-octadecyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-1-allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-p-tolylcarbamoyloxy-1-oleyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-methylcarbamoyloxy-1-propargyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-1-benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-methylcarbamoyloxy-1-(2'-hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-cyclohexylcarbamoyloxy-1-(2'-chloropropyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-1-(2'-hydroxy-2'-phenylethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiper idine

4-methylcarbamoyloxy-1-(2',3'-epoxypropyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-carbamoyloxy-1-(2'-methoxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-dimethylcarbamoyloxy-1-(2'-acetoxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-n-hexylcarbamoyloxy-1-[2'-(methylcarbamoyloxy)ethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpi peridine

4-methylcarbamoyloxy-1-methylcarbonylmethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-.[.phenylcarbamoyl.]..Iadd.phenylcarbamoyloxy.Iaddend.-1-(2'-methylcarbon ylethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-benzylcarbamoyloxy-1-carbamoylmethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-n-dodecylcarbamoyloxy-1-(2'-carbamoylethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-methylcarbamoyloxy-1-(2'-thiocarbamoylethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin e

4-methylcrbamoyloxy--phenylcarbamoyloxy-acetyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin e

4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-1-stearoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-methylthiocarbamoyloxy-1-lauroyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-[2'-ethylhexylcarbamoyl]-1-benzoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-carbamoyloxy-1-carbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-methylcarbamoyloxy-1-methylcarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-1-phenylcarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-methylthiocarbamoyloxy-1-methylthiocarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin e

4-phenythiocarbamoyloxy-1-phenylthiocarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-dimethylcarbamoyloxy-1-dimethylcarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4-stearyloxy-1,2,2,4,6,6-hexamethylpiperidine

4-phenyl-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-piperidinyl-4-n-octanoate

Examples where n=2

1,2-Bis(1',2',2',6',6'-pentamethyl-4'-piperidyloxy)ethane

1,4-Bis(1'-n-propyl-2',2',6',6'-tetramethyl-4'-piperidyloxy) butene

1,6-Bis(1'-n-octadecyl-2',2',6',6'-tetramethyl-4'-piperdinyloxy)hexane

1,4-Bis(1'-allyl-2',2',6',6'-tetramethyl-4'-piperidyloxy) cyclohexane

1,4-Bis(1'-propargyl-2',2',6',6'-tetramethyl-4-piperidyloxy) but-2-ene

.alpha.,.alpha.-Bis(1-benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyloxy)p-xylene

1,3-Bis[1'-(2"-hydroxyethyl)-2',2',6',6'-tetramethyl-4'-piperidyloxy]benzen e

1,2-Bis[1'-(2"-cyanoethyl)-2',2',6',6'-tetramethyl-4'-piperidyloxy]ethane

1,4-Bis(1'-acetyl-2',2',6',6'-tetramethyl-4'-piperidyloxy) but-2-yne

4,4-Bis(1"-methylcarbamoyl-2",2",6",6"-tetramethyl-4"-piperidyloxy)diphenyl methane

Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)carbonate

Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)oxalate

Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)malonate

Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)adipate

Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate

Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)fumarate

Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)isophthalate

Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)cyclohexane 1',4'-dicarboxylate

Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)thiodipropionate

Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)methyltrimesate

Bis(1-n-propyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)adipate

Bis(1-secbutyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)succinate

Bis(1-n-octyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate

Bis(1-n-dodecyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)adipate

Bis(1-n-octadecyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate

Bis(1-allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)adipate

Bis(1-allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)thiophene-2',5'-dicarboxylate

Bis(1-oleyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)thiodipropionate

Bis(1-propargyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate

Bis(1-benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperdinyl(sebacate

Bis[1-(2'-hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]adipate

Bis[1-(2'-chloropropyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]succinate

Bis[1-(2'-cyanoethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]sebacate

Bis[1-(2',3'-epoxypropyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]azelate

Bis[1-(2'-methoxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl] pimelate

Bis[1-(2'-acetoxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl] glutarate

Bis[1-(2'-methylcarbamoyloxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]malona te

Bis[1-(methylcarbonylmethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]terephthalat e

Bis[1-carbamoylmethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl] cyclohexane-1',4'-dicarboxylate

Bis[1-(methylcarbamoylethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]thiodipropio nate

Bis[1-acetyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]sebacate

Bis[1-stearoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]succinate

Bis[1-Benzoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]dodecandioate

Bis[1-methylcarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl]adipate

Bis[1-phenylthiocarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl]isophthalate

.[.ethane.]. .Iadd.Ethane.Iaddend.-1',2'-bis[1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine]

.[.hexane.]. .Iadd.Hexane.Iaddend.-1',6'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperi dine]

2',4',4'.[.-trimethylhexane.]. .Iadd.- Trimethylhexane.Iaddend.-1',6'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpip eridine]

.[.cyclohexane.]. .Iadd.Cyclohexane.Iaddend.-1',3'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylp iperidine]

.[.benzene.]. .Iadd.Benzene.Iaddend.-1',4'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiper idine]

.[.toluene.]. .Iadd.Toluene.Iaddend.-2',4'-bis[4-thiocarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylp iperidine]

.[.toluene.]. .Iadd.Toluene.Iaddend.-2',4'-bis[4-thiocarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylp iperidine]

.[.naphthalene.]. .Iadd.Naphthalene.Iaddend.-1',5'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylp iperidine]

.[.diphenylmethane.]. .Iadd.Diphenylmethane.Iaddend.-4',4"-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamet hylpiperidine]

.[.toluene.]. .Iadd.Toluene.Iaddend.-2',4'-bis[4carbamoyloxy-1-n-propyl-2,2,6,6-tetramet hylpiperidine]

.[.hexane.]. .Iadd.Hexane.Iaddend.-1',6'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-n-butyl-2,2,6,6-tetrameth ylpiperidine]

Hexane-1',6'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-n-octyl-2,2,6,6,2',4',4'-trimethylhexane- 1',6'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-n-octadecyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine]

Cyclohexane-1',4'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine]

2',4',4'-trimethylhexane-1',6'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-allyl-2,2,6,6-tetrameth ylpiperidine]

Benzene-1',4'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-propargyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine]

toluene-2',4'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine]

Toluene-2",4<-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-(2'-hydrocyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpip eridine].[.Diphenylmethane.].-4',4"-bis.Iadd.Diphenylmethane-[4-carbamoylox y-1-(2'-cyanoethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine]

Toluene-2",4"-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-(2"-acetoxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpip eridine]

Ethane-1',2'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-methylcarbonylmethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylp iperidine]

Hexane-1",6"-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-(2'-methylcarbamoylethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetrame thylpiperidine]

Naphthalene-1',5'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-acetyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine ]

2.40, 4',4'-trimethylhexane-1',6'-[4-carbamoyloxy-1-stearoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl piperidine]

Hexane-1',6'-bis[4-carbamoyloxy-1-methylcarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperi dine]

Bis[1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl]ether

Examples where n=3

Tris(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)nitrilotriacetate

Tris(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)tricarballylate

Tris(1,2,2,6,6,4"4-piperidinyl)trimesate

Diphenylmethane-

Tris(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)trimellitate

Tris(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)phosphite

Tris(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)phosphate

Tris(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)borate

Tris(1-n-octadecyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)-trimesate

Tris(1-allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)phosphite

Tris(1-propargyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)borate

Tris(1-benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)trimellitate

Tris[1-(2'-hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]trimesate

Tris[1-(2'-cyanoethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4- piperidinyl]phosphite

Tris[1-acetyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)borate

Tris[1-methylcarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]trimesate

Examples where n=4

Tetrakis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)ethylenediamine tetracarboxylate

Tetrakis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)pyromellitate

Tetrakis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)o-silicate

Tetrakis(1-n-octyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)pyromellitate

Tetrakis(1-allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinylpyromellitate Tetrakis(1-propargyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)-o-silicate

Tetrakis(1-benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetraethyl-4-piperidinyl)ethylenediamine tetracarboxylate

Tetrakis[1-(2'-hydroxypropyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]-o-silicate

Tetrakis[1-stearoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]pyromellitate

Tetrakis[1-phenylcarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl]-o-silicate

The invention also includes salts of the compounds of Formula I, for instance salts of inorganic acids such as phosphates, carbonates, sulphates and chlorides and salts of organic acids such as acetates, stearates, maleates, citrates, tartrates,oxalates, benzoates and substituted carbamic acids.

Examples of salts are

4-n-butoxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine dihydrogen phosphate

4-n-dodecyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine hydrochloride bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate sulphate

1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-beta-(3',5'-di-t-butyl-4'-hydroxyphenyl) propionate.bicarbonate

4-methylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine.acetate

1,6-bis(4'-carbamoyloxy-1',2',2',6',6'-pentamethylpiperidine hexane stearate

4-phenyl carbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine.benzoate

1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-n-octanoate 3',5'-di-t-butyl-4'-hydroxybenzoate

1,4-bis(1',2',2',6',6'-pentamethyl-4'-piperidyloxy)butane hydrogen oxalate

4-(2'-cyanoethyoxy)1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine hydrogen maleate

4-stearylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine.citrate

1-(2'-hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-n-octanoate.tartrate

1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-benzoate.dibutyl carbamate.

R.sub.1 or R.sub.3 can be represented by a monovalent, divalent or trivalent group obtained by removing 1 to 3 hydroxyl groups from a sulphonic acid, a sulphinic acid, a disulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid, such as o-phosphoric oro-phosphorous acid or a boric acid. The following list shows compounds with acid radicals for R.sub.3. However, the same radicals are also examples for R.sub.1.

a. when n is 1

1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-benzene sulphinate

1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-benzene sulphonate

1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-methyl sulphate

1,2,2,6,6-petamethylpiperidinyl-4-dimethylborate

1,2,2,6,6-petamethylpiperidinyl-4-phenyl phosphonate

1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-dimethyl phosphite

1,2,2,6,6-pentamethykpiperidinyl-4-diphenyl phosphate

b. when n is 2

bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)sulphate

bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)phosphonate

bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)phenyl phosphate

bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)benzene-1,3-disulphinate

c. when n is 3

tris(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)-benzene-1,3,5-trisulphonate

tris(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)-benzene-1,3,5-trisulphinate.

A preferred sub-group of compounds of formula 1 are those compounds having the formula: ##STR14## and their salts, wherein Y is an alkyl group having from 1 to 20, preferably 1 to 4, carbon atoms, alkenyl having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms or anaralkyl residue, preferably having from 7 to 9 carbon atoms, and n.sub.1 is 1 or 2; when n.sub.1 is 1, R is hydrogen or a monovalent aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20, preferably 6 to 20 carbon atoms, a monovalent alicyclic residue having from 5 to12 carbon atoms, or a monovalent aromatic residue having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms; or ##STR15## and when n.sub.1 is 2, R is a divalent aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20, preferably 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a divalent alicyclic residue having from 5 to12 carbon atoms or a divalent aromatic residue having from 6 to 14 carbon atoms. Two sub-groups of the compounds of the formula Ia are those having as Y alkyl from 1 to 4 carbon atoms and alkyl having 5 to 20 carbon atoms.

Examples of substituents Y are methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec.butyl, n-hexyl, n-octyl, n-dodecyl, n-octadecyl, eicosyl, allyl, methallyl, oleyl, benzyl, .alpha.-methylbenzyl, p-methylbenzyl and p-methyl-.alpha.-methylbenzyl,However, it is particularly preferred that Y is methyl.

When n.sub.1 is 1, R can be hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec.butyl, t-butyl, n-pentyl, 1-ethylpropyl, 2-methylbutyl, n-hexyl, 2-methylpentyl, n-heptyl, 2-ethylpentyl, n-octyl, 2,2,4-trimethylpentyl, n-decl, n-undecyl,n-tridecyl, n-pentadecyl, n-heptadecyl, eicosyl, vinyl .alpha.- or .beta.-methylvinyl, dec-9-enyl, heptadec-8-enyl, .beta.-methythioethyl, .beta.-octylthioethyl, .beta.-dodecylthioethyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cyclohex-3-enyl, methylcyclohexyl,t-butylcylohexyl, cyclododecyl, 1- or 2-perhydronaphthyl, adamantyl, cyclopentylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl, .beta.-cyclohexylethyl, 1- or 2-(perhydronaphthyl)methyl, .beta.-1- or 2-perhydronaphthyl[ethyl, benzyl, .beta.-phenylethyl, .beta.-phenylvinyl, 1-or 2-naphthylmethyl, .beta.-[1- or 2-naphthyl]ethyl, phenyl, o-, m- or p-tolyl, o-, m- or p-ethylphenyl, o-, m- or p-isopropylphenyl, o-, m- or p-t-butylphenyl, phenylphenyl, 4-methyl.1-naphthyl, 4-ethyl-1-naphthyl, 4-isopropyl-1-naphthyl or4-t-butyl-1-naphthyl or the group ##STR16##

Particularly preferred substituent groups R are those listed above containing from 6 to 20 carbon atoms, as well as the group having the formula: ##STR17## wherein R.sub.10 and R.sub.11 are the same or different and each is an alkyl group havingfrom 1 to 6, preferably 1 to 4 carbon atoms such as methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, sec.butyl, t-butyl, t-pentyl, (1,1,-dimethylpropyl), t-hexyl (1,1,-dimethylbutyl), but preferably methyl, isopropyl or t-butyl groups: A is -CH.sub.2-, ##STR18## andp is 0 or 1.

When n.sub.1 is 2, R can be methylene, 1,2,-ethylene, 1,4-n-butylene, 1,8-n-octylene, 2,2,4-trimethyl-1, 4-butylene, 1,10-n-decylene, 1,2-eicosylene, vinylene, propenylene, 1,2-, 1,3- and 1,4-cyclohexylene, cyclohexyl-3-ene, 11,2-, 1,3- and1,4-phenylene, p-xylylene, 1,4-, and 1,5-naphthylene, diphenylene or diphenylmethylene.

Specific examples of compounds having the formula Ia are shown on the preceding pages .[.to.]..

A further preferred sub-group of compounds of formula I are those having the formula: ##STR19## and is salts wherein Y.sub.1 is an alkyl residue having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkenyl residue having from 3 to 12 carbon atoms or an aralkylresidue having from 7 to 9 carbon atoms and R.sub.12 is hydrogen or an alkyl or alkylen containing up to 20 carbon atoms, and substituted alkyl having the formula ##STR20## wherein m is 1, 2 or 3, R.sup.4 is hydrogen or methyl, .[.S.sub.1.]. X.sub.1 ishalogen or methoxy and X.sub.2 is halogen or R.sub.12 is an alkenyl or alkenylen having up to .Badd.20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl or cycloalkyliden having 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an aryl or arylen having 6 to 12 carbon atoms and q is 1 or 2.

Two sub-groups of compounds of the formula Ib are those having as Y.sub.1 alkyl from 1 to 4 and alkyl having 5 to 12 carbom atoms.

When q is 1, R.sub.12 can be for example hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, secbutyl, t-butyl, n-pentyl, 2-ethylpropyl, 2-methylbutyl, n-hexyl, 2-methylpentyl, n-heptyl, 2-ethylpentyl, n-octyl, 2-ethylhexyl,2,2,4-trimethylpentyl, n-decyl, n-dodecyl, n-tetradecyl, n-octadecyl, eicosyl, mesityl, allyl, oleyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, methylcyclohexyl, t-butylcyclohexyl, t-octylcylohexyl, cyclododecyl, 1- and 2-perhydronaphthyl, adamantyl, cyclopentylmethyl,cyclohexylmethyl, .beta.-cyclohexylethyl, benzyl, .[..beta.-Phenylethyl.]. .Iadd..beta.-phenylethyl.Iaddend., 1- and 2-naphthylmethyl, .beta.[1- and 2-naphthyl]ethyl, phenyl, o-, m- and and p-tolyl, 2,4- and 2,6-xylyl, phenyl, o-, m-and p-tolyl, 2,4-and 2,6-xylyl, p-chlorophenyl, 3-chloro-p-tolyl, o-ethylphenyl, p-t-butylphenyl, 2,3- and 2,5-di-chlorophenyl, .alpha.- and .beta.- naphthyl, phenylphenyl. Preferred monovalent groups R.sub.12 are hydrocarbyl groups such as methyl, ethyl, propyl,isopropyl, n-butyl, 2-ethylhexyl, dodecyl, octadecyl, allyl, oleyl, cyclohexyl, benzyl, phenyl, o-, m- and p-tolyl, 2,4- and 2,6-xylyl and naphthyl.

When q is 2, R.sub.12 can be for example methylene, 1,2-ethylene, 1,4-n-butylene, 1,6-n-hexylene, 1,8-n-octylene, 2,4,4-trimethyl-1,6-hexylene, 1,10-n-decylene, 1,2-eicosylene, 1,2-eicosenylene, 1,3- and 1,4-cyclohexylene, 1,3- and 1,4-phenylene,2,4-tolylene, 1,5-naphthylene, 4,4'-diphenylene, 4'-diphenylemethylene, 3,3'-dimethyl-4,4'-diphenylene, 3,3'-dimethyl-4,4'-diphenylmethylene.

Preferred divalent groups R.sub.12 are 1,2-ethylene, 1,6-hexylene, 2,4,4-trimethyl-1,6-hexylene, 1,3- and 1,4-phenylene, 2,4-tolylene, 1,5-naphthylene, 4,4'-diphenylmethylene.

In the above formula Ib, examples of the group Y.sub.1 are methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, secbutyl, n-hexyl, n-octyl, n-dodecyl, allyl, .alpha.-methallyl, 10-undecenyl, benzyl, .alpha.-methylbenzyl, p-methylbenzyl,p-methyl-.alpha.-methylbenzyl, .alpha.-naphthylmethyl. Particularly preferred are straight or branched alkyl having 1 to 4 carbon atoms and for reasons of ease of preparation the most preferred meaning for Y.sub.1 is methyl.

Specific examples of the carbamoyloxy derivatives of N-substituted-2,2,6,6-tetrasubstituted piperidin-4-ols of formula .[.Ie.]. .Iadd.Ib .Iaddend.are given in the preceding pages .[.19 and 20..]..Iadd.. .Iaddend.

The following groups A to O are subgroups of compounds of the formula I.

A. Compounds of formula I wherein when n is 1, R.sub.3 is a monovalent residue and is an alkyl residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkenyl or alkynyl residue having from 3 to 20carbom atoms, an aralkyl residue having from 7 to 12 carbon atoms, or a residue having the formula: ##STR21## wherein m is 1, 2 or 3, R.sub.4 is a hydrogen, methyl or phenyl residue, X.sub.2 is halogen, cyano, ##STR22## --COR.sub.5, --CO.OR.sub.5,--CO.SR.sub.5 or --CONR.sub.5 R.sub.6 and X.sub.1 is hydroxyl, halogen, cyano, -OR.sub.5, ##STR23## wherein R.sub.5 is an alkyl residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl residue having from 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having 5to 12 carbon atoms, an aryl residue having from 6 to 11 carbon atoms or an aralkyl residue having 7 to 14 carbon atoms or when R.sub.5 is joined to a nitrogen atom, also hydrogen and R.sub.6 is hydrogen or an alkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbonatoms, or R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bound form a 5- or 6-membered ring which contains no other heteroatoms or contains one or more other heteroatoms or R.sub.3 is an aryl residue or a residue having theformula: ##STR24## wherein R.sub.1 ' is hydrogen or R.sub.1 ' has the same significance as R.sub.1 of formula I; when n is 2, R.sub.3 is a divalent residue and is an alkylene residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenylene residue having from 2to 20 carbon atoms, an alkynylene residue having from 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyliden residue having from 3 to 12 carbon atoms, an arylene residue having 6 to 14 carbon atoms; when n is 3, R.sub.3 is a trivalent residue and is an alkanetriyl, anarenetriyl or an arenetriyltrialkylene residue, and when n is 4, R.sub.3 is a tetravalent residue and is an alkanetetrayl residue.

B. Compounds of the formula I wherein when n is I R.sub.3 is an acyl group ##STR25## wherein R.sub.7 is hydrogen, an unsubstituted aliphatic or substituted aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl or alkynyl residue havingfrom 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloaliphatic residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an araliphatic residue having from 7 to 14 carbon atoms, an aromatic residue having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms, or an heterocyclic residue, or R.sub.3 represents amonovalent group obtained by removing a hydroxyl group from a sulphinic acid, a sulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid, when n is 2,R.sub.3 is an divalent residue of an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic diacyl, the group --CO-- or--CO.CO--, a sulphinyl or sulphonyl residue or a divalent residue obtained by removing two hydroxyl groups from a disulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid; when n is 3,R.sub.3 is a trivalent residue of an aliphatic or aromatictriacyl residue or a triacyl residue derived from o-phosphoric, o-phosphorous or o-boric acid; and when n is 4,R.sub.3 is a tetravalent residue of a tetraacyl residue derived from an aliphatic or aromatic tetracarboxylic acid or from o-silicic acid.

C. Compounds of the formula I wherein n is 1 or 2 and when n is 1 R.sub.3 is a carbamoyl residue having the formula: ##STR26## wherein R.sub.8 is hydrogen or an alkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and R.sub.9 is hydrogen, an alkylresidue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms or an unsubstituted aryl or substituted aryl residue having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms; and when n is 2R.sub.3 is a divalent aliphatic or aromatic dicarbamoyl residue.

D. Compounds of the formula I wherein n is 1 or 2 and when n is 1 R.sub.3 is a thiocarbamoyl residue having the formula: ##STR27## wherein R.sub.8 is hydrogen or an alkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and R.sub.9 is hydrogen, an alkylresidue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms or an unsubstituted aryl or substituted aryl residue having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms; and when n is2,R.sub.3 is a divalent aliphatic or aromatic dithiocarbamoyl.

E. Compounds of the formula I wherein when n is 1 R.sub.3 is a monovalent residue and is an alkyl residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkenyl or alkynyl residue having from 3 to 20carbon atoms, an aralkyl residue having from 7 to 9 carbon atoms, or a residue having the formula: ##STR28## wherein m is 1, 2 or 3, R.sub.4 is a hydrogen, methyl or phenyl residue, X.sub.2 is halogen, cyano, ##STR29## --COR.sub.5, --CO.OR.sub.5,--CO.SR.sub.5 or --CONR.sub.5 R.sub.6 and X.sub.1 is hydroxyl, halogen, cyano, --OR.sub.5, --O--CO.R.sub.5, --OCSR.sub.5, --O.CO.NR.sub.5 R.sub.6,--CO.R.sub.5, --CO.OR.sub.5, --CO.SR.sub.5, --CO.NR.sub.5 R.sub.6 or --CS.NR.sub.5 R.sub.6, wherein R.sub.5is an alkyl residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl residue having from 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbom atoms, an aryl residue having from 6 to 11 carbon atoms, or an aralkyl residue having 7 to 11carbon atoms, or when R.sub.5 is joined to a nitrogen atom, also hydrogen and R.sub.6 is hydrogen or an alkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bound form a 5- or 6-memberedring which contains no other heteroatoms or contains one or more other heteroatoms or R.sub.3 is an aryl residue or a residue having the formula: ##STR30## wherein R.sub.1 ' is hydrogen or R.sub.1 ' has the same significance as R.sub.1 of claim 2; when nis 2, R.sub.3 is a divalent residue and is an alkylene residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenylene residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkynylene residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an arylene residue having 6 to 14 carbonatoms, an aralkylene residue having from 8 to 14 carbon atoms; when n is 3, R.sub.3 is a trivalent residue of an alkanotriyl, an arenetriyl, or arenetriyltrialkylene group; and when n is 4, R.sub.3 is tetravalent residue of an alkanetetrayl group.

F. Compounds of the formula I wherein when n is 1 R.sub.3 is an acyl group ##STR31## wherein R.sub.7 is an aliphatic or substituted aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl or alkynyl residue having from 2 to 20 carbonatoms, a cycloaliphatic residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an araliphatic residue having from 7 to 14 carbon atoms, an aromatic residue having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms or an heterocyclic residue, with the proviso that only one of R.sub.1 andR.sub.3 can represent an unsaturated acyl group or R.sub.3 represents a monovalent group obtained by removing a hydroxyl group from a sulphinic acid, a sulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid, when n is 2, R.sub.3 is a divalentresidue of an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic diacyl residue, a carbonyl, sulphinyl or sulphonyl residue or a divalent residue obtained by removing two hydroxyl groups from a disulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid; when n is3, R.sub.3 is a trivalent residue of an aliphatic or aromatic triacyl residue or a triacyl residue derived from o-phosphoric, o-phosphorous or o-boric acid and when n is 4, R.sub.3 is a tetravalent residue of a tetraacyl residue derived from an aliphaticor aromatic tetracarboxylic acid or from o-silicic acid.

.[.G. Compound of the formula I wherein n is 1 or 2 and when n is 1, R.sub.3 is a carbamoyl residue having the formula: .]. ##STR32## .[.wherein R.sub.8 is hydrogen or an alkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and R.sub.9 is hydrogen, analkyl residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms or an aryl or substituted aryl residue having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms; and when n is 2, R.sub.3is a divalent residue of an aliphatic or aromatic dicarbamoyl residue..].

.[.H. Compounds of the formula wherein n is 1 or 2 and when n is 1, R.sub.3 is a thiocarbamoyl residue having the formula: .]. ##STR33## .[.wherein R.sub.8 is hydrogen or an alkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and R.sub.9 is hydrogen,an alkyl residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms or an aryl or substituted aryl residue having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms; and when n is 2,R.sub.3 is a divalent residue of an aliphatic or aromatic dithiocarbamoyl residue..].

.[.I..]. .Iadd.G. .Iaddend.Compounds of formula I and their bicarbonate wherein n is 1, 2 or 3 R.sub.1 is alkyl having from 1 to 18 carbon atoms, benzyl or alkenyl having 3 carbon atoms or a group of the formula: ##STR34## wherein R.sub.4 ishydrogen, methyl or phenyl and X.sub.1 is a group of the formula ##STR35## and X.sub.2 is a group of the formula ##STR36## wherein .[.R.sub.3.]. R.sub.5 is alkyl having .Badd.1 or 2carbon atoms or phenyl or R.sub.1 is a group of the formula and R.sub.2is hydrogen and R.sub.3 when n is 1 is alkyl having 3 to 18 carbon atoms, alkenyl having 3 carbon atoms, propargyl, benzyl, .[.--CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 CH.]. .Iadd.CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 CN .Iaddend.or a group of the formula

wherein X.sub.2 is ##STR37## .[.of.]. .Iadd.or is a group .Iaddend.of the formula ##STR38## wherein R.sub.7 is alkyl having 1 to 19 carbon atoms, CH.sub.3 (CH.sub.2).sub.11 --S--CH.sub.2 --, cycloalkyl having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, alkenyl having2 to 17 carbon atoms, unsubstituted aralkyl having 7 to 13 carbon atoms, C.sub.6 H.sub.5 -CH.dbd.CH--, aralkyl substituted by hydroxy or butyl, unsubstituted aryl having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, aryl substituted by alkyl having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, CH.sub.3O--, Cl, OH or ##STR39## or of the formula ##STR40## wherein R.sub.9 is alkyl having 1 to 8carbon atoms, alkenyl having 3 carbon atoms, cyclohexyl, unsubstituted aryl having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, aryl substituted by methyl or Cl or R.sub.3 when n is 2 isthe group --CO--R--CO-- wherein R is alkylen having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 --S--CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 --, vinylen, cyclohexylen, a divalent thiophen residue, unsubstituted .[.phenylen.]. .Iadd.phenylene .Iaddend.or .[.phenylen.]. .Iadd.phenylene .Iaddend.substituted by ##STR41## or a group of the formula --CONHR.sup.1 NHCO-- wherein R.sup.1 is hexylen, unsbustituted arylene having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, arylene substituted by methyl or R.sup.1 is the group ##STR42## or a group ofthe formula --COCO-- or butylen or R.sub.3 when n is 3, is ##STR43##

.[.J..]. .Iadd.H. .Iaddend.Compounds of the formula I wherein n is 1, 2 or 4 and when n is 1, R.sub.3 is an acyl group ##STR44## wherein R.sub.7 is hydrogen, an substituted aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a alkenyl oralkynyl residue having from 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloaliphatic residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an araliphatic residue having from 7 to 14 carbon atoms, or an heterocyclic residue, or R.sub.3 represents a monovalent group obtained byremoving a hydroxyl group from a sulphinic acid, a sulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid, or when n is 2, R.sub.3 is an divalent residue of heterocyclic diacyl residue or a sulphinyl or sulphonyl residue or a divalent residueobtained by removing two hydroxyl groups from a disulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid; or when n is 4, R.sub.3 is a tetraacyl residue derived from an aliphatic tetracarboxylic acid.

.[.K..]. .Iadd.I. .Iaddend.Compounds of the formula I wherein n is 1, 2 and 4 and when n is 1, R.sub.3 is an acyl group ##STR45## wherein R.sub.7 is hydrogen, a cycloliphatic residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms or a heterocyclic residue orR.sub.3 represents a monovalent group obtained by removing a hydroxyl group from a sulphinic acid, a sulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid or when n is 2, R.sub.3 is a divalent residue of a heterocyclic diacyl or a sulphinyl orsulphonyl residue or a divalent residue obtained by removing two hydroxyl groups from a disulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or when n is 4, R.sub.3 is a tetraacyl residue derived from an aliphatic tetracarboxylic acid.

.[.L. Compounds of the formula I wherein n is 1, 2 or 4 and when n is 1, R.sub.3 is an acyl group .]. ##STR46## .[.wherein R.sub.7 is hydrogen, substituted aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl or alkylnyl residue havingfrom 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloaliphatic residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an araliphatic residue having from 7 to 14 carbon atoms, or an heterocyclic residue, or R.sub.3 represents a monovalent group obtained by removing a hydroxyl group froma sulphinic acid, a sulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid or when n is 2, R.sub.3 is a divalent residue of heterocyclic diacyl residue or a sulphinyl or sulphonyl residue or a divalent residue obtained by removing two hydroxylgroups from a disulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid; or when n is 4, R.sub.3 is a tetraacyl residue derived from an aliphatic tetracarboxylic acid..].

.[.M. Compounds of the formula I wherein n is 1, 2 and 4 and when n is 1, R.sub.3 is an acyl group .]. ##STR47## .[.wherein R.sub.7 is hydrogen, a cycloaliphatic residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms or a heterocyclic residue or R.sub.3represents a monovalent group obtained by removing a hydroxyl group from a sulphinic acid, a sulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid or when n is 2, R.sub.3 is a divalent residue of a heterocyclic diacyl or a sulphinyl or sulphonylresidue or a divalent residue obtained by removing two hydroxyl groups from a disulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or when n is 4, R.sub.3 is a tetraacyl residue derived from an aliphatic tetracarboxylic acid..].

.[.N..]. .Iadd.J. .Iaddend.Compounds of the formula I wherein when n is 1, R.sub.3 is an acyl group ##STR48## wherein R.sub.7 is an unsubstituted aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms or an aromatic residue having from 6 to 20carbon atoms and when n is 2, R.sub.3 is an divalent aliphatic or aromatic diacyl residue or the groups --CO-- or --COCO-- and when n is 3, R.sub.3 is a trivalent residue and is an aliphatic or aromatic triacyl residue or a triacyl residue derived fromo-phosphoric, o-phosphorous or o-boric acid and when n is 4, R.sub.3 is a tetravalent residue of a tetraacyl residue derived from an aromatic tetracarboxylic acid or from o-silicic acid.

.[.O. Compounds of the formula I wherein when n is 1, R.sub.3 is an acyl group .]. ##STR49## .[.wherein R.sub.7 is an unsbustituted aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms or an aromatic residue having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms andwhen n is 2, R.sub.3 is an divalent aliphatic or aromatic diacyl residue or the carbonyl group and when n is 3, R.sub.3 is a trivalent residue and is an aliphatic or aromatic triacyl residue or a triacyl residue derived from o-phosphoric o-phosphorous oro-boric acid and when n is 4, R.sub.3 is a tetravalent residue of a tetraacyl residue derived from an aromatic tetracarboxylic acid or from o-silicic acid..].

The following groups .[.P.]. .Iadd.K .Iaddend.and Q are sub-groups of the compounds of formula Ia.

.[.P..]. .Iadd.K. .Iaddend.Compounds of the formula Ia wherein n is 1 and R is hydrogen or a monovalent alicyclic residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms.

.[.Q..]. .Iadd.L. .Iaddend.Compounds of the formula Ia wherein when n is 1, R is a monovalent aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms or a monovalent aromatic residue having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms and when n is 2, R is a divalentaliphatic residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms or a divalent aromatic residue having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms.

The following compounds of the formula I are also a group of compounds of the present invention. ##STR50## wherein n is 1, 2, 3 or 4; R.sub.1 is a monovalent residue and is an alkyl residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residuehaving from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkenyl or alkynyl residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an aralkyl residue having from 7 to 9 carbon atoms, or a residue having the formula: ##STR51## wherein m is 1, 2 or 3, R.sub.4 is a hydrogen, methyl orphenyl residue, X.sub.2 is halogen, cyano, ##STR52## --COR.sub.5, --CO.OR.sub.5, --CO.SR.sub.5, --CONR.sub.5 R.sub.6 or CS.NR.sub.5 R.sub.6 and X.sub.1 is hydroxyl, halogen, cyano, ##STR53## --OR.sub.5, --O--CO.R.sub.5, OCSR.sub.5, --O.CO.NR.sub.5R.sub.6, --CO.R.sub.5, --CO.OR.sub.5, --CO.SR.sub.5, --CO.NR.sub.5 R.sub.6, --CS.NR.sub.5 R.sub.6, or --SR.sub.5, wherein R.sub.5 is an alkylresidue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl residue having from 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkylresidue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an aryl residue having from 6 to 11 carbon atoms, or when R.sub.5 is joined to a nitrogen atom, also hydrogen, and R.sub.6 is hydrogen or a nalkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or R.sub.5 and R.sub.6together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bound form a 5- or 6-membered ring which contains no other heteroatom or contains one or more other heteroatoms or R.sub.1 is an acyl group, an unsubstituted or N-substituted carbamoyl or thiocarbamoylgroup; R.sub. 2 is an alkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkenyl or alkynyl residue having 3 to 20, carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, an aryl residue having from 6 to 11 carbon atoms or an aralkylresidue having from 7 to 9 carbon atoms or also hydrogen; and when n is 1, R.sub.2 is a monovalent radical having the same significance as R.sub.1, with the proviso that only one of R.sub.1 and R.sub.3 can represent a unsaturated acyl group or R.sub.3represents a monovalent group obtained by removing a hydroxyl group from a sulphinic acid, a sulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid, or R.sub.3 is an aryl residue or a residue having the formula: ##STR54## wherein R.sub.1 ' ishydrogen or R.sub.1 ' has the same significance as R.sub.1.

When n is 2, R.sub.3 is a divalent residue and is an alkylene residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenylene residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkynylene residue having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an arylene residue having 6 to14 carbon atoms, an aralkylene residue having from 8 to 14 carbon atoms or an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic diacyl residue, an aliphatic or aromatic dicarbamoyl or dithiocarbamoyl, a carbonyl, sulphinyl or sulphonyl residue or a divalent residueobtained by removing two hydroxyl groups from a disulphonic acid, a phosphorus containing acid or a boric acid; when n is 3, R.sub.3 is a trivalent residue or an aliphatic or aromatic triacyl residue or a triacyl residue derived from o-phosphoric,o-phosphorous or o-boric acid or an alkanetriyl, an arenetriyl, or arenetriyltrialkylene group; and when n is 4, R.sub.3 is a tetravalent residue and is a tetravalent aliphatic residue or tetraacyl residue derived from an aliphatic or aromatictetracarboxylic acid or from o-silicic acid or an alkanetetrayl group; as well as patial ethers, esters and carbamoyloxy and thiocarbamoyloxy compounds related to the fully reacted compounds of formula I.

The following compounds of the formula II are also a group of compounds of the present invention.[...]..Iadd.: .Iaddend. ##STR55## and their salts, wherein R' and R" are the same or different and each is a straight or branched alkyl group,having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or R' and R" together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a cycloalkyl residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms; Y is an alkyl group having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 4, carbon atoms,alkenyl having from 2 to 20 carbon atoms or an aralkyl residue having from 7 to 9 carbon atoms and n.sub.1 is 1 or 2; when n is 1, R is hydrogen or a monovalent aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20, preferably 6 to 20 carbon atoms, a monovalentalicyclic residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, or a monovalent aromatic residue having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms; and when n is 2, R is a divalent aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20, preferably .[.1.]. .Iadd.4 .Iaddend.to 20, carbon atoms, andis unsubstituted or substituted or interrupted by one or more, preferably one, sulphur atom, a divalent alicyclic residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms or a divalent aromatic residue having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms.

Subgroups of the compounds of formula II are

a. Compounds wherein Y is methyl or

b. Compounds wherein n is 1 and R is a monvalent aliphatic, alicyclic or aromatic residue having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms and this group has the formula: ##STR56## wherein R.sub.10 and R.sub.11 are the same or different and each is an alkylgroup having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, A is ##STR57## or --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 -- and p is 0 1, or

c. Compounds wherein R.sub.10 and R.sub.11 are methyl, isopropyl or t-butyl groups or

d. Compounds wherein n is 2 and R is a methylene, 1,2-ethylene, 1,4-butylene, 1,8-n-octylene, 2,2,4-trimethyl-1, 4-butylene, 1,10-n-decylene, 1,2-eicosylene, vinylene, propenylene, 1,2-, 1,3- or 1,4-cyclohexylene, cyclohexyl-3-ene, 1,2-, 1,3- or1,4-phenylene, p-xylylene, 1,4- or 1,5-naphthylene, diphenylene or diphenylmethylene residue or the group --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 S CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 -- or R is absent.

e. Compounds in the form of its salt of an inorganic or organic acid.

f. Compounds wherein the salt is a phosphate, carbonate, sulphate, chloride, acetate, stearate, maleate, nitrate, tartrate, oxalate, benzoate or substituted carbamate.

G. Compounds wherein R' and R" are methyl.

The following compounds of the formula IV are also compounds of the present invention: ##STR58## and its salts wherein R.sup.III and R.sup.IV are the same or different and each is a straight- or branched alkyl residue having from 1 to 12 carbonatoms or R.sup.III and R.sup.IV together with the carbon atom to which they are each attached form a cycloalkyl group having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, Y is a straight- or branched alkyl residue having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkenyl residue havingfrom 3 to 12 carbon atoms or an aralkyl residue having from 7 to 12 carbon atoms and R.sub.12 is hydrogen or a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbyl residue containing up to 20 carbon atoms optionally substituted, .[.Y.]. .Iadd.by .Iaddend.halogen oralkoxy having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms and q is 1 or 2. Sub-groups of the compounds of formula IV are:

a. Compounds wherein q is 1 and R.sub.12 is an aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alicyclic residue having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms or an aromatic residue having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms.

b. Compounds wherein R.sub.12 is a methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, 2-ethylhexyl, dodecyl, octadecyl, allyl, oleyl cyclohexyl, benzyl, phenyl o-, m- or p-tolyl, 2,4- or 2,6-xylyl or a naphthyl residue.

c. Compounds wherein q is 2 and R.sub.12 is an aliphatic residue having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alicyclic residue having from 5 to 15 carbon atoms or an aromatic residue having from 6 to 15 carbon atoms.

d. Compounds wherein R.sub.12 is a 1,2-ethylene, 1,6-hexylene, 2,4,4-trimethyl-1,6-hexylene, 1,3- or 1,4-phenylene, 2,4-tolylene, 1,5-naphthylene or 4,4'-diphenylmethylene residue.

e. Compounds wherein Y.sub.1 is methyl.

f. Compounds in the form of its salt of an inorganic or organic acid.

g. Compounds wherein the salt is a phosphate, carbonate, sulphate, chloride, acetate, carbonate, sulphate, chloride, acetate, stearate, maleate, citrate, tertrate, oxalate, benzoate or substituted carbamate.

h. Compounds wherein R.sup.III and R.sup.IV are methyl.

According to the present invention, there is also provided a first process in which a compound of formula I is produced, comprising reacting, in the presence of an acidbinding agent, a piperidinol having the formula: ##STR59## wherein R.sub.1 andR.sub.2 have their previous significance, with an acid halide having the formula:

wherein R.sub.3 and n have their previous significance and hal represents a halogen atom, preferably a chlorine atom.

Suitable acid binding agents are organic bases such as triethylamine; alternatively, an excess amount of the amine V can serve as the acid binding agent.

The reaction is conveniently carried out by heating the reactants together in a solvent such as cyclohexane, benzene or toluene which is inert under the reaction conditions. When the reaction is complete, the desired product is then separated byconventional techniques.

The present invention also provides a second process in which a compound of formula I is produced, comprising reacting, in the presence of a transesterification catalyst, a piperidinol compound of formula V, as hereinbefore defined, with an esterhaving the formula:

wherein R.sub.3 and n have their previous significance and R.sub.13 is an alkyl residue having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, preferably 1 or 2 carbon atoms.

Examples of suitable transesterification catalysts are alkali metal amides such as lithium amide.

A third process according to this invention in which a compound of formula I is produced comprises reacting, in the presence of an esterification catalyst, a pieridinol compound of formula V, as hereinbefore defined, with an acid having theformula:

wherein R.sub.3 and n have their previous significance.

Suitable examples of esterification catalysts are neutral catalysts such as tetraalkyl titanates such as tetrabutyl titanate.

The second and third processes of the invention are conveniently effected by mixing the reactants together in the presence or absence of an inert solvent (for instance, benzene, toluene, xylene etc.) and agitating the reaction mixture untilreaction is complete, as determined, for instance, by collecting the alcohol or water produced in the reaction, and stopping the reaction when the theoretical amount of alcohol or water, respectively, has been removed.

A fourth process in which a compound of formula I is produced comprises reacting a compound having the formula: ##STR60## wherein R.sub.2, R.sub.3 and n have their previous significance, with a compound X capable of reaction with the compound IXand of introducing into it the group R.sub.1 as hereinbefore defined.

For instance, compound X may be an alkylating, alkenylating or aralkylating agent such as the halides of these groups. Compound X may also be the aldehyde or ketone corresponding to the substituent R.sub.1, so that, when reacted with a compoundof formula IX under Leuckart, Wallach or Eschweilar-Charles reaction conditions, compounds of formula I in which R.sub.1 is methyl may be produced by reacting a compound of formula IX with formic acid and formaldehyde.

The starting-materials of formulae V, VI, VII, VIII, IX and X used in the process of this invention can all be produced by methods well-known per se. The compounds of formula V are described in our copending British Patent Application No. (Case32/72) and those of formula IX are described generally in German Patent Specification No. 1,929,928.

Compounds of the general formula I in which .[.b.]..Iadd.n.Iaddend.=2, 3 or 4 and R.sub.3 represents a di-, tri- or tetra-valent radical derived from an alkyl, alkenyl, aryl or aralkyl radical may be prepared by reacting a compound of theformula: ##STR61## R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 has its previous significance, with a compound of the formula R.sub.3 (X.sub.4).sub.n wherein X.sub.4 is a halogen atom and n is 2, 3 or 4. This reaction is preferably carried out by making the sodium salt of thepiperidine compound and reacting this with the compound R.sub.3 (X.sub.4).sub.n.

The substituents R.sub.1 may be introduced before or after R.sub.3 or in the case where R.sub.1 and R.sub.3 are identical may be introduced together by reacting a compound of the formula: ##STR62## with an alkylating, alkenylating, alkynylating,aralkylating, acylating agent or carbamoyloxyating agent, with an alkylating alkenylating, alkynylating, aralkylating or acylating agent.

Compounds of formula I in which R.sub.1 represents a residue of the formula: ##STR63## in which R.sub.4 is as defined above, m is 1 and X.sub.1 represents --CN, --OR.sub.5, ##STR64## R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 being as defined above, may be produced byreacting a compound of the formula: ##STR65## wherein R.sub.3 and R.sub.2 are as defined above, with a compound having the formula ##STR66##

Compounds of formula I wherein m is 1 and X.sub.1 is --OH may be prepared by reacting a compound of formula XII with ethylene oxide, propylene oxide or styrene oxide.

Compounds of formula I wherein R.sub.1 is ##STR67## wherein X.sub.1 is --OR.sub.5, ##STR68## or halogen may be prepared from the corresponding compounds wherein X.sub.1 is --OH by standard methods,

such as alkylation, esterification, carbamoyloxylation or halogenation.

Compounds of formula I in which R.sub.1 represents a residue of formula: ##STR69## wherein m, R.sub.4 and X.sub.1 are as hereinbefore defined may be prepared by reacting a compound of formula XII with the appropriate halogen compound having theformula: ##STR70## wherein X.sub.3 is a halogen atom.

Compounds of formula I in wich R.sub.1 is the group of formula: ##STR71## wherein X.sub.2 and R.sub.4 are as defined above may be prepared by reacting a compound of the formula XII wherein R.sub.2 is as defined above with a compound of theformula ##STR72## wherein X.sub.4 is a halogen atom.

Compounds of the general formula I in which R.sub.1 represents an acyl group may be prepared by reacting a compound of the formula: ##STR73## wherein R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 are as defined above with an acyl halide of the formula ##STR74## whereinX.sub.5 is a halogen, and R.sub.14 is the remainder of the acyl group.

Compounds of the general formula I in which R.sub.1 represents a carbamoyl or thiocarbamoyl group may be prepared by reacting a compound of the formula: ##STR75## R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 being as defined above with an isocyanate or thioisocyanate ofthe formula R.sub.15 NCX.sup.1 in which X.sup.1 is <O or <S, and R.sub.15 is the remainder of the isocyanate or thioisocyanate group.

Where R.sub.2 in the general formula I is other than hydrogen it is preferred to introduce the appropriate group before or after the group R.sub.1 is introduced, but before R.sub.3 is introduced. The group R.sub.2 may be introduced by reacting aketone of the formula ##STR76## wherein R.sub.1.sup.1 is hydrogen R.sub.1, with a Grignard reagent R.sub.2 MgX followed by hydrolysis to produce a compound of the formula: ##STR77##

All the reactions described above which result in the elimination of hydrogen halide between two reactants may be carried out in the presence of an acid acceptor.

Compounds of formula II as defined hereinbefore are produced by reacting, in the presence of an acid-binding agent, a piperidinol compound having the formula: ##STR78## wherein Y, R' and R" are as defined hereinbefore with an acid halide havingthe formula:

whrein R and n are as defined hereinbefore and hal. represents a halogen atom. The acid binding agent can be an organic .Iadd.base .Iaddend.of an excess amount of the amine reactant XIV and the reactants are for example heated together in asolvent inert under the reaction conditions.

The process can be performed in the presence of a transesterification catalyst, such as an alkali metal, a piperidinol compound having the formula XIV, with an ester having the formula:

wherein R and n are as defined above and R.sub.16 is an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or with an acid having the formula:

wherein R and n are as defined above.

The catalyst of producing compounds of the formula II can be a neutral catalyst such as tetraalkyl titanate.

In the process for producing compounds of the formula II the reactants can also be fused, the mass is agitated until reaction is complete and the reaction is stopped when the reaction is complete. The completion of the reaction is determined forexample by collecting, respectively, the alcohol or water produced in the reaction, and stopping the reaction when the theoretical amount of water or alcohol has been removed.

Compounds of formula II are also produced by reacting an ester having the formula: ##STR79## wherein R, R', R" and n are as defined above with a compound capable of reacting with the ester XV such as an alkylating or aralkylating agent or analdehyde or ketone corresonding to the substituent Y and of introducing into it the group Y as defined above.

Compounds having the formula IV as defined hereinbefore are produced by reacting a compound having the formula: ##STR80## wherein Y, R.sup.III and R.sup.IV are as defined hereinbefore with an isocyanate having the formula:

wherein R.sub.12 and q are as defined hereinbefore. The reaction can be effected in a solvent inert under the reaction conditions and in the presence of a strong base.

The present invention still further provides a composition comprising an organic material and a stabilising amount of a compound having the formula I, II or IV as hereinbefore defined.

Compounds of formula I, II exceptionally IV, have been found to impart to polyolefines an exeptionally high degree of stability towards deterioration normally induced by the effects of ultra-violet radiation or exposure to heat. Moreover, thisimproved stability is achieved without affecting the colour properties of the treated polyolefine. The stabilisers of the invention provide effective light and/or heat stabilisation, especially for low- and high-density polyethylene and polypropyleneand polystyrene as well as polymers of butene-1, pentene-1, 3-methyl-butene-1, hexane-1, 4-methylpentene-1, 4-methylhexene-1 and 4,4-dimethylpentene-1, and also co- and ter-polymers of olefines, particularly of ethylene or propylene.

Other organic materials susceptible to degradiation by the effects of light and the properties of which are improved by the incorporation therein of a compound of formula I, II or IV, include natural and synthetic polymeric materials, forinstance natural and synthetic rubbers, the latter including, for example, homo-, co- and ter-polymers of acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene.

Specific synthetic polymers include polyvinyl chloride, polyvinylidene chloride and vinyl chloride co-polymers polyvinyl acetate as well as condensation polymers derived from ether, ester (derived from carboxylic sulphonic or carbonic acids),amide or urethane groupings. These polymers can, for instance, form the basis of surface coating media such as paints and lacquers having an oil or resin, for instance an alkyd or polyamide resin base.

The amount of the compound of formula I, II or IV, which is incorporated into the organic material in order to achieve maximal protection against degradation by light varies according to the properties of the organic material treated andaccording to the severity of the light radiation and to the length of exposure. However, for most purposes it is sufficient to use an amount of the compound of formula I, II or IV, within the range of from 0.01% to 5% by weight, more preferably withinthe range of from 0.1% to 2% by weight based on the weight of untreated organic material.

The compounds may be incorporated into the polymeric material by any of the known techniques for compounding additives with a polymer. For example, the compound and the polymer may be compounded in an internal mixer. Alternatively, the compoundmay be added as a solution or slurry in a suitable solvent or dispersant, for instance an inert organic solvent such as methanol, ethanol or acetone to powdered polymer and the whole mixed intimately in a mixer, and the solvent subsequently removed. Asa further alternative the compound may be added to the polymer during the preparation of the latter, for instance at the latex stage of polymer production, to provide pre-stabilised polymer material.

Optionally, the composition of the invention may contain one or more further additives, especially those used in polymer formulations, such as antioxidants of the phenol or amine type, U.V. absorbers and light protectants, phosphite stabilisers,peroxide decomposers, polyamide stabilisers, basic co-stabilisers, polyvinyl chloride stabilisers, nucleation agents, plasticizers, lubricants, emulsifiers, anti-static agents, flame-protectants, pigments, carbon black, asbestos, glass fibres, kaolin andtalc.

The present invention therefore includes binary, tertiary and multi-component compositions containing the stabiliser of formula I, II or IV, together with one or more functional additives for polymers.

Examples of suitable antioxidants are those of the hindered phenol type such as those selected from the following groups:

1. Phenolic compounds having the general formula

wherein Q is ##STR81## A.sub.1 is --CR(COOR").sub.2 ##STR82## R is hydrogen or lower alkyl, R' is lower alkyl,

R" is alkyl group having from 6-24 carbon atoms, w is an integer from 0 to 4.

Illustrative examples of the compounds shown above are:

di-n-octadecyl-.alpha.-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxy-benzyl)malonate

di-n-octadecyl-.alpha.-(3-t-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)malonate which is disclosed in the Netherlands Pat. No. 6,711,199, Feb. 19, 1968

di-n-octadecyl-.alpha.,.alpha.'bis-(3-t-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)malo nate which is disclosed in the Netherlands Pat. No. 6,803,498, Sept. 18, 1968.

2. Phenolic compounds having the general formula

Illustrative examples of the compounds shown above are:

2,6-di-t-butyl-p-cresol

2-methyl-4,6-di-t-butylphenol and the like

2,6-di-Octadecyl-p-cresol

3. Phenolic compounds having the formula

Illustrative examples of the compounds shown are:

2,2'-methylene-bis(6-t-butyl-4-methylphenol)

2,2'-methylene-bis(6-t-butyl-4-ethylphenol)

4,4'-butylidene-bis(2,6-di-t-butylphenol)

4,4'-(2-butylidene)-bis(2-t-butyl-5-methylphenol)

2,2'-methylene-bis[6-(2-t-methylcyclohexyl)]-4-methylphenol

2,2'-methylene-bis(3-t-butyl-5-ethylphenol)

4,4'-methylene-bis(3,5-di-t-butylphenol)

4,4'-methylene-bis(3-t-butyl-5-methylphenol)

2,2'-methylene-bis(3-t-butyl-5-methylphenol) and the like.

4. Phenolic compounds having the formula:

Illustrative examples of such compounds are:

2,5-di-t-butylhydroquinone

2,6-di-t-butylhydroquinone

2,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole

5. Phenolic compounds having the formula:

Illustrative examples of such compounds are:

4,4'-thiobis-(2-t-butyl-5-methylphenol)

4,4'-thiobis-(2-t-butyl-6-methylphenol)

2,2'-thiobis-(6-t-butyl-4-methylphenol)

4,4'-thiobis-(2-methyl-5-t-butylphenol)

6. Phenolic compounds having the formula ##STR83##

Illustrative examples of such compounds are:

octadecyl-(3,5-dimethyl-4-hydroxybenzylthio)-acetate

dodecyl-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylthio)-propionate

7. Phenolic compounds having the formula ##STR84## wherein T is hydrogen R or Q as defined above.

Illustrative examples of such compounds are:

1,1,3-tris(3,5-dimethyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-propane

1,1,3-tris(5-t-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)-butane

1,1,5,5-tetrakis-(3'-t-butyl-4'-hyroxy-6'-methylphenyl)-n-pentane

8. Phenolic compounds having the formula: ##STR85## wherein B.sup.1, B.sup.2 and B.sup.3 are hydrogen, methyl or Q, provided that when B.sup.1 and B.sup.3 are Q then B.sup.2 is hydrogen or methyl and when B.sup.2 is Q then B.sup.1 and B.sup.3are hydrogen or methyl.

Illustrative examples of such compounds are:

1,4-di(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzl)-2,3,5,6-tetramethylbenzene

1,3,5-tri(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-2,4,6-trimethylbenzene

.[.8..]. .Iadd.9. .Iaddend.Phenolic compounds having the formula ##STR86## wherein Z is NHQ, --S--D--or --O--Q D is alkyl group having from 6-12 carbon atoms or --(C.sub.w H.sub.2-w)--S--R"

Illustrative examples of such compounds are:

2,4-bis-(o-octylthio)-6-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyaniline)-1,3,5-triazine

6-(4-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-t-butylanilino)-2,4-bis-(n-octylthio)-1,3,5-triazin e

6-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylanilino)-2,4-bis-(n-octylthio)-1,3,5-triazine

6-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylanilino)-2,4-bis-(n-octylthio)-1,3,5-triazine

6-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylanilino)-4-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenoxy)-2-( n-octylthio)1,3,5-triazine

2,4-bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylanilino)-6-(n-octylthio)-1,3,5-triazine

The above phenolic triazine stabilizers are more fully described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,255,191. 10. Phenolic compounds having the formula: ##STR87## wherein Z' is --O--Q, --S--D or --S--(C.sub..omega. H.sub.2.omega.)--SD.

Illustrative examples of such compounds are:

2,3-bis-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenoxy)-6-(n-octylthio)-1,3,5-triazine

2,4,6-tris-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenoxy)-1,3,5-triazine

6-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenoxy)-2,4-bis-(n-octylthioethylthio)-1,3,5-tr iazine

6-(4-hydroxy-3-methylphenoxy)-2,4-bis-(n-octylthio)-1,3,5-triazine

6-(4-hydroxy-3-t-butylphenoxy)-2,4-bis-(n-octylthioethylthio)-1,3,5-triazin e

6-(4-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-t-butylphenoxy)-2,4-bis-(n-octylthio)-1,3,5-triazin e

2,4-bis-(4-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-t-butylphenoxy)-6-(n-octylthio)-1,3,5-triazin e

2,4,6-tris(4-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-t-butylphenoxy)-1,3,5-triazine

6-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenoxy)-2,4-bis-(n-octylthiopropylthio)-1,3,5-t riazine

6-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenoxy)-2,4-bis-(n-dodecylthioethylthio)-1,3,5- triazine

2,4-bis-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenoxy)-6-butylthio-1,3,5-triazine

2,4-bis-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenoxy)-6-(n-octadecylthio)-1,3,5-triazin e

2,4-bis-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenoxy)-6(n-dodecylthio)-1,3,5-triazine

2,4-bis-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenoxy)-6-(n-octylthiopropylthio)-1,3,5-t riazine

2,4-bis-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenoxy)-6-(n-octylthioethylthio)-1,3,5-tr iazine

2,4-bis-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenoxy)-6-(n-dodecylthioethylthio)-1,3,5- triazine.

The above phenolic triazine stabilizers are more fully described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,255,191.

11. Phenolic compounds having the formula

wherein p is an integer from 2 to 4 and R"' is a tetravalent radical selected from aliphatic hydrocarbons having from 1 to 30 carbon atoms, aliphatic mono- and di-thioethers having from 1 to 30 carbon atoms, aliphatic mono- and diethers havingfrom 1 to 30 carbon atoms and z is an integer from 0 to 6.

Illustrative examples of such compounds are

Sub-class I

.[.n-Octadecyl-.]. .Iadd.n-octadecyl-.Iaddend.3,-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hyroxyphenyl)-propionate

.[.n-Octadecyl-.]. .Iadd.n-octadecyl-.Iaddend.2-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-acetate

.[.n-Octadecyl-.]. .Iadd.n-octadecyl-.Iaddend.3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate

.[.n-Hexyl-.]. .Iadd.n-hexyl-.Iaddend.3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylbenzoate

.[.n-Dodecyl-.]. .Iadd.n-dodecyl-.Iaddend.3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylbenzoate

.[.Neo-dodecyl-.]. .Iadd.neo-dodecyl-.Iaddend.3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxphenyl)-propionate

.[.Dodecyl-.]. .Iadd.dodecyl-.Iaddend..beta.-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionate

.[.Ethyl.]. .Iadd.ethyl.Iaddend.-.alpha.-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenyl)-isobutyrate

.[.Octadecyl.]. .Iadd.octadecyl.Iaddend.-.alpha.-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenyl)-isobutyl rate

.[.Octadecyl.]. .Iadd.octadecyl.Iaddend.-.alpha.-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenyl)-propiona te

Sub-Class II

2-(n-octylthio)ethyl 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate

2-(n-octylthio)ethyl 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylacetate

2-(n-octadecylthio)ethyl 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylacetate

2-(n-octadecylthio)ethyl 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate

2-(2-hydroxyethylthio)ethyl 3,5- di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate

2,2'-.[.Thiodiethanol.]. .Iadd.thiodiethanol .Iaddend.bis(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)acetate

.[.Diethyl.]. .Iadd.diethyl .Iaddend.glycol bis-[3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate]

2-(n-octadecylthio)ethyl 3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate

2,2'-.[.Thiodiethanol.]. .Iadd.thiodiethanol .Iaddend.-bis-3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate

.[.Stearamido.]. .Iadd.stearamido .Iaddend.N,N-bis-[ethylene 3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate]

.[.n-Butylimino.]. .Iadd.n-butylimino .Iaddend.N,N-bis-[ethylene 3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate]

2-(2-stearoyloxyethylthio)ethyl 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate

2-(2-hydroxyethylthio)ethyl 7-(3-methyl-5-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)heptanoate

2-(2-stearoyloxyethylthio)ethyl 7-(3-methyl-5-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)heptanoate

Sub-class III

1,2-propylene glycol bis-[3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate]

.[.Ethylene.]. .Iadd.ethylene .Iaddend.glycol bis-[3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate]

.[.Neopentylglycol.]. .Iadd.neopentylglycol .Iaddend.bis-[3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4hydroxyphenyl)propionate]

.[.Ethylene.]. .Iadd.ethylene .Iaddend.glycol bis-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylacetate)

.[.Glycerine.]. .Iadd.glycerine.Iaddend.-1-n-octadecanoate-2,3-bis-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydro xyphenylacetate

.[.Pentaethylthritol.]. .Iadd.pentaethylthritol.Iaddend.-tetrakis-[3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphen yl)propionate

1,1,1-trimethylol ethane-tris-3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate

.[.Sorbitol.]. .Iadd.sorbitol .Iaddend.hexa-[3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate

1,2,3-butanetriol tris-[3-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate]

2-hydroxyethyl 7-(3-methyl-5-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)heptanoate

2-stearoyloxyethyl 7-(3-methyl-5-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)heptanoate

1,6-n-hexanediol-bis](3',5'-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate]

The above phenolic ester stabilizers of sub-classes I, II and III are more fully described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,330,859, Ser. No. 354,464, filed Mar. 24, 1964 and Ser. No. 359,460, filed Apr. 13, 1964, respectively.

12. Phenolic compounds having the formula ##STR88## where x is an integer of 1 or 2.

Illustrative examples of such compounds are

Di-n-octadecyl 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl-phosphonate

Di-n-octadecyl 3-t-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methylbenzylphosphonate

Di-n-octadecyl 1-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)ethanephosphonate

Di-n-tetradecyl 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylphosphonate

Di-n-hexydecyl 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylphosphonate

Di-n-docosyl-3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylphosphonate

Di-n-octadecyl 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylphosphonate.

The above di-(higher)alkyl phenolic phosphonates are more fully described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,281,505.

13. Phenolic compounds having the formula ##STR89## wherein W and Q are defined above.

Illustrative examples of such compounds are:

tris-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)isocyanurate

tris-(3-t-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)isocyanurate.

The above hydroxyphenylalkenyl isocyanurates are more fully described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,531,483.

The above phenolic hydrogen stabilizers are known and many are commercially available.

While any of the above mentioned antioxidants can be useful in combination with the ultraviolet light stabilizers of this invention, the preferred antioxidants consist of the hindered phenols in groups 1, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 as mentionedabove. The most preferred hindered phenols are those of groups 1, 9, 11, 12 and 13.

Further examples of antioxidants are those of the aminoaryl series for instance aniline and naphthylamine derivatives as well as their heterocyclic derivatives such as:

phenyl-1-naphthylamine

phenyl-2-naphthylamine

N,N'-diphenyl-p-phenyldiamine

N,N'-di-sec.butyl-p-phenylenediamine

6-Ethoxy-2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline

6-Dodecyl-2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline

mono- and di-octyliminodibenzyl and polymerised 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline. Ultraviolet absorbers and light protectants include

a. 2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazoles, for instance 5'-methyl; 3',5'-di-t-butyl; 5'-t-butyl; 5-chloro-3', 5'-di-t-butyl; 5-chloro-3'-t-butyl-5'-methyl; 3'-sec. butyl-5'-tert.butyl; 3'-[.alpha.-methylbenzyl]-5'-methyl-;3'-[.alpha.-methylbenzyl)-5'-methyl-5-chloro-; 4'-octoxy-:; 3',5'-di-t-amyl; 3'-methyl-5'-carbamethoxyethyl; 5-chloro-3',5'-di-t-amyl derivatives.

b. 2,4-bis-(2'-hydroxyphenyl)-6-alkyl-S-triazines, for instance the 6-ethyl or 6-undecyl derivatives.

c. 2-hydroxybenzophenones, for instance the 4-hydroxy, 4-methoxy, 4-octoxy-, 4-decyloxy-, 4-dodecyloxy-, 4,2', 4'-trihydroxy or 2'-hydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxy derivatives.

d. 1,3-bis(2'-hydroxybenzoyl)-benzenes for instance, 1,3-bis-(2'-hydroxy-4'-hexyloxybenzoyl)benzene 1,3-bis-(2'-hydroxy-4'-octoxybenzoyl)benzene 1,3-bis-(2'-hydroxy-4'-dodecyloxybenzoyl)benzene

e. Aryl esters from optionally substituted benzoic acids such s phenylsalicylate, octylphenylsalicylate, dibenzoyl resorcino, bis-(4-tert.butylbenzoyl) resorcinol, benzoylresorcinol and 3,5-di-tert.butyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid-2,4-di-tert.butylphenyl ester and -octadecyl ester and -2-methyl-4,6-di-tert.butyl phenyl ester.

f. Acrylates, for instance

.alpha.-Cyano-.beta.,.beta.-diphenylacrylic acid ethyl- or iso-octyl ester, .alpha.-carbomethoxy-cinnamic acid, methyl- or butyl ester and N-(.beta.-carbomethoxyvinyl)-2-methyl indoline.

g. Nickel compounds such as nickel complexes of 2,2'-thio-bis-(4-tert.octylphenol), for instance the 1:1 and 1:2 complexes, optionally having other ligands such as n-butylamine, triethanolamine or N-cyclohexyl-diethanolamine; nickel complexes ofbis-(4-tert.octylphenyl) sulphone such as the 2:1 complex, optionally having other ligands such as 2-ethylcaproic acid; nickel dibutyl di-thiocarbamates; nickel salts of 4-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert. butylbenzyl-phosphonic acid mono-alkyl esters such as themethyl-, ethyl- or butyl esters; the nickel complex of 2-hydroxy-4-methyl-phenyl-undecylketonoxime; and nickel-3,5-di-tert.butyl-4-hydroxy benzoate, and

h. Oxalic acid diamides, for instance

4,4'-dioctyloxyoxanilide

2,2'-dioctyloxy-5,5'-di-tert.butyl-oxenilide

2,2'-di-dodecyloxy-5,5'-di-tert.butyl oxanilide

2-ethoxy-5-tertiarybutyl-2'-ethyl-oxanilide

2-ethoxy-2'-ethyl-oxanilide mixtures of o- and p-methoxy and ethoxy-di-substituted oxanilides and the compound of formula: ##STR90##

Phosphite stabilisers include triphenyl phosphite, diphenylalkyl phosphites, phenyl dialkyl phosphites, trinonylphenyl phosphite, trilauryl phosphite, trioctadecyl phosphite, 3,9-di-isodecyloxy-2,4,8,10-tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro-(5,5)-undecaneand tri-(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert.butylphenyl)phosphite.

Peroxide-decomposing compounds for polyolefins include esters of .beta.-thiodipropionic acids, for instance the lauryl-, stearyl-, myristyl- or tridecyl esters, salts of mercaptobenzimidazoles such as the zinc salt and diphenylthiourea.

Suitable polyamide stabilisers include copper salts in combination with iodides and/or further phosphorus compounds and salts of bivalent manganese.

Basic co-stabilisers are, for example, polyvinylpyrrolidone, melamine, benzoguanamine, triallyl cyanurate, dicyandiamide, urea derivatives, hydrazine derivatives, amines, polyamides, polyurethanes, alkali and alkaline earth salts of highersaturated or unsaturated fatty acids such as calcium stearate.

Polyvinyl chloride stabilisers include organotin compounds, organo lead compounds and Ba/Cd salts of fatty acids.

Examples of nucleation agents are 4-tert.butyl benzoic acid, adipic acid and diphenylacetic acid.

As with the compound of formula I, II or IV any further additive is advantageously employed in a proportion within the range of from 0.01% to 5% by weight, based on the weight of untreated polymeric material.

In binary combinations with one or more antioxidants listed above or in tertiary combinations with such antioxidants and U.V. absorbers listed above, the compounds of formula I, II or IV provide very effective stabiliser packages in polyolefineformulations.

Some Examples will now be given. Parts and percentages are by weight unless otherwise stated.

EXAMPLE 1

A mixture of 10.26 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol, 6.06 parts of sebacic acid and 1.0 parts of tetra-n-butyl titanate in 100 parts of xylene was heated under reflux conditions for 60 hours. Removal of the xylene by distillationunder reduced pressure gave an oily solid which was heated under reflux conditions with 0.5 parts of sodium carbonate and 0.5 parts of carbon in 25 parts of water for 1 hour.

Removal of the water by distillation under reduced pressure gave a black residue which was repeatedly extracted with ether. The combined ether extracts were dried and the ether removed by distillation under reduced pressure to give a yellow oilwhich was distilled under reduced pressure to give 5.0 parts of bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl) sebacate as a colourless oil having a boiling point of 220.degree.-2.degree. C. at 0.2 mm of Hg and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Found Required (for C.sub.30 H.sub.56 N.sub.2 O.sub.4) ______________________________________ Carbon 70.60% 70.82% Hydrogen 11.00% 11.10% Nitrogen 4.81% 5.51% ______________________________________

Table I gives a list of esters prepared using the procedure of Example 1.

TABLE I m.p. or ANALYSIS Example b.p. Molecular REQUIRED (%) FOUND (%) No. R.sub.1 R.sub.2 R.sub.3 .degree.C. at m.m. Formula C H N C H N 2 CH.sub.3 H ##STR91## 88.degree. C. C.sub.21 H.sub.33 NO.sub.2 76.09 10.03 4.23 76.36 9.90 3.99 3CH.sub.2CH.CH.sub.2 H ##STR92## 130.degree. C. at 0.05 m.m. Hg. C.sub.19 H.sub.23 NO.sub.2 74.22 10.824.56 74.86 10.65 4.26 4 CH.sub.3 H ##STR93## 200.degree. C. at0.1 m.m. Hg. C.sub.29 H.sub.23 NO.sub.2 77.18 12.26 3.21 78.10 12.30 3.06 5CH.sub.3 H ##STR94## 81-3.degree. at0.05 m.m. Hg. C.sub.14 H.sub.27 NO.sub.2 69.67 11.27 5.80 70.16 11.37 5.90 6 CH.sub.3 H ##STR95## 228-30.degree. C. at0.1 m.m. Hg. C.sub.28 H.sub.30 N.sub.2 O.sub.2 70.25 10.53 5.85 70.26 10.44 5.38 7 CH.sub.3H ##STR96## 91-2.degree. C. C.sub.34 H.sub.42 N.sub.2 O.sub.4 68.21 10.02 6.63 68.05 9.97 6.47 8 CH.sub.3 H ##STR97## 210-20.degree. C. at0.4 m.m. C.sub.26 H.sub.48 N.sub.2 O.sub.4 S 64.40 9.98 5.78 S = 6.60 64.26 9.89 5.51 S = 6.59 9 CH.sub.3 H ##STR98## 61-5.degree. C. C.sub.36 H.sub.46 N.sub.2 O.sub.2 S 68.99 10.69 6.19 69.38 10.62 6.02 10 CH.sub.3 H ##STR99## 57.degree. C. C.sub.19 H.sub.27 NO.sub.2 75.71 9.03 4.65 75.50 8.97 4.71 11 CH.sub.3 H ##STR100## 120.degree. C. at0.2 m.m.Hg. C.sub.18 H.sub.27 NO.sub.2 74.70 9.40 4.84 74.99 9.70 4.85 12 CH.sub.3 H ##STR101## 148.degree. C. at0.4 m.m. Hg. C.sub.19 H.sub.27 NO.sub.2 74.70 9.40 4.84 74.98 9.42 4.70 13 CH.sub.3 H ##STR102## 51.degree. C. C.sub.18 H.sub.27 NO.sub.370.79 8.91 4.59 70.49 8.71 4.50 14 CH.sub.3 H ##STR103## 147.degree. C. at0.1 m.m.Hg. C.sub.17 H.sub.24 NO.sub.2 Cl 66.00 7.81 4.52 Cl = 11.44 65.98 7.65 4.53 Cl = 11.56 15 CH.sub.3 H ##STR104## 152-4.degree. C. at0.2 m.m. Hg. C.sub.17 H.sub.24NO.sub.2 Cl 66.00 7.81 4.52 Cl = 11.44 65.89 7.65 4.53 Cl = 11.56 16 CH.sub.3 H ##STR105## 100.degree. C. at0.2 m.m. Hg. C.sub.19 H.sub.26 NO.sub.2 72.68 11.68 4.71 72.53 11.96 4.50 17 CH.sub.3 H ##STR106## 65.degree. C. at0.4 m.m. Hg C.sub.13H.sub.23 NO.sub.2 69.29 10.29 6.22 69.64 10.30 6.15 18 CH.sub.3 H ##STR107## 196.degree. C. at12 m.m. Hg C.sub.17 H.sub.25 NO.sub.3 74.14 9.15 5.09 74.35 9.23 5.13 19 CH.sub.3 H ##STR108## 180.degree. C. at0.5 m.m. Hg C.sub.17 H.sub.31 NO.sub.272.55 11.10 4.98 72.84 11.04 4.77 20 CH.sub.3 H ##STR109## 44.degree. C. C.sub.28 H.sub.35 NO.sub.2 76.83 12.66 3.20 76.71 12.35 3.22 21 CH.sub.3 H ##STR110## 116-17.degree. C. at0.2 m.m. Hg C.sub.18 H.sub.35 NO.sub.2 72.68 11.864.71 72.56 11.504.99 22 CH.sub.2CH.CH.sub.2 H ##STR111## 129-30.degree. C. at0.05 m.m. Hg C.sub.17 H.sub.25 NO.sub.3 70.07 8.65 4.81 70.70 8.86 4.42 23 CH.sub.3 H ##STR112## 41-2.degree. C. C.sub.30 H.sub.56 NO.sub.2 77.36 12.77 75.84 12.25 24 ##STR113## H ##STR114## 183-5.degree. C. at0.1 m.m. Hg C.sub.24 H.sub.30 NO.sub.2 77.16 10.52 3.75 77.43 10.39 3.54 25 ##STR115## H ##STR116## 55-6.degree. C. C.sub.34 H.sub.56 NO.sub.2 79.47 11.57 2.73 79.32 11.59 2.45 26 CH.sub.3 H ##STR117## 174-8.degree. C. at0.1 m.m. Hg C.sub.22 H.sub.29 NO.sub.2 77.84 8.61 4.13 78.35 8.63 4.12 27 CH.sub.3 (CH.sub.2).sub.11 H ##STR118## 190.degree. C. at0.05 m.m. Hg C.sub.29 H.sub.57 NO.sub.2 77.10 12.72 3.10 77.20 13.02 3.08 28 CH.sub.3 H ##STR119## 69-70.degree. C. C.sub.24 H.sub.31 NO.sub.2 78.87 8.55 3.83 79.38 8.80 3.69 29 CH.sub.3 H ##STR120## 90.degree. C. at0.1 m.m. Hg C.sub.15 H.sub.29 NO.sub.2 70.54 11.45 5.48 69.99 11.24 5.25 30 CH.sub.3 (CH.sub.2).sub.11 H ##STR121## 56.degree. C. C.sub.28 H.sub.46 NO.sub.2 Cl 72.60 9.90 3.02 Cl = 7.66 71.98 10.19 3.01Cl = 7.35 31 CH.sub.3 H ##STR122## 200.degree. C. at0.2 m.m. Hg C.sub.34 H.sub.47 NO.sub.2 S 69.70 11.45 3.39 69.69 11.48 3.31 32 CH.sub.3 H ##STR123## 119.degree. C. C.sub.21 H.sub.36 NO.sub.2 75.63 10.58 4.20 75.94 10.30 3.93 33 CH.sub.3 (CH.sub.2).sub.17 H ##STR124## Purified bychroma-tography C.sub.34 H.sub.58 NO.sub.2 MOLECULAR WEIGHT = 513FOUND (FROM MASS SPECTROMETRY = 513)

EXAMPLE 34

A solution of 17.10 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol in 50 parts of dry benzene was stirred at 15.degree.-20.degree. C. whilst adding 6.0 parts of sebacoyl chloride dropwise over 15 minutes. The mixture was stirred for a further 12hours at room temperature after which the 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol hydrochloride formed during the reaction was filtered off. The benzene was removed by distillation under reduced pressure to give a yellow oil, which was distilled underreduced pressure to give bis-(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate as a colourless oil having a boiling point of 218.degree.-20.degree. C. at 0.4 mm of Hg and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Found Required (for C.sub.30 H.sub.56 N.sub.2 O.sub.4) ______________________________________ Carbon 70.99% 70.82% Hydrogen 10.97% 11.10% Nitrogen 5.26% 5.51% ______________________________________

Table 2 gives a list of esters prepared using the procedure of Example 34.

TABLE 2 __________________________________________________________________________ m.p. or ANALYSIS b.p. Molecular Required (%) Found (%) Example R.sub.1 R.sub.2 R.sub.3 .degree.C. at m.m. Formula C H N C H N __________________________________________________________________________ 35 CH.sub.3 H ##STR125## Purified by chroma- tography C.sub.26 H.sub.42 N.sub.2 O.sub.4 S 5.86 5.64 36 CH.sub.3 H ##STR126## 118.degree. C. C.sub.22 H.sub.40 N.sub.2O.sub.4 66.63 10.17 7.06 66.94 10.22 6.95 37 CH.sub.3 H ##STR127## 123.degree. C. C.sub.28 H.sub.44 N.sub.2 O.sub.4 70.15 9.38 5.93 70.75 9.68 5.69 38 CH.sub.3 H ##STR128## 75-6.degree. C. C.sub.21 H.sub.27 NO.sub.2 77.50 8.36 4.30 77.78 8.45 4.06 39 CH.sub.3 H ##STR129## 138.degree. C. at 12 m.m. Hg. C.sub.12 H.sub.23 NO.sub.2 67.57 10.87 6.57 67.90 10.72 6.53 40 CH.sub.3 H ##STR130## 142.degree. C. C.sub.25 H.sub.41 NO.sub.3 74.40 10.24 3.47 74.80 9.99 3.43 __________________________________________________________________________

EXAMPLE 41

A mixture of 17.10 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol, 13.60 parts of methyl benzoate and 2.0 parts of lithium amide was heated at 160.degree. C. for six hours with removal of the methyl alcohol formed by distillation. Water pumpvacuum was applied and heating continued for a further two hours; on cooling the residue was dissolved in chloroform and filtered to remove the lithium amide. The chloroform was removed by distillation under reduced pressure to give a yellow oil whichwas fractionally distilled under reduced pressure to yield 6.40 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-benzoate having a boiling point of 126.degree. C. at 0.1 mm of Hg. and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.17 H.sub.25 NO.sub.2) ______________________________________ Carbon 74.35% 74.14% Hydrogen 9.23% 9.15% Nitrogen 5.13% 5.09% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 42

A mixture of 17.10 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol, 14.60 parts of methyl-.beta.-(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) propionate and 1.0 part of lithium amide was heated together to 130.degree. C. Water pump vacuum was then applied tothe reaction mixture whilst maintaining the temperature at 125.degree.-135.degree. C. for 3 hours. The temperature of the reaction mixture was then raised to 160.degree. C. and high vacuum (0.5-1 mm Hg) was applied for 1 hour. The reaction mixturewas cooled, dissolved in chloroform and filtered. Removal of the chloroform by distillation under reduced pressure gave a brown oil which, when triturated with ether, gave a white solid which was collected by filtration, washed will with ether and driedto give 16.0 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-.beta.-(3',5'di-t-butyl-4'-hydroxypheny l)propionate as its bicarbonate salt having a melting point of 210.degree.-11.degree. C., and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Found Required (for C.sub.27 H.sub.47 NO.sub.3) ______________________________________ Carbon 68.90% 68.10% Hydrogen 9.56% 9.60% Nitrogen 2.91% 2.84% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 43

15.0 parts of the product from Example 2 were dissolved in water and neutralised with sodium hydroxide solution. The aqueous solution was extracted with ether, the combined ether extracts were dried over anhydrous magnesium sulphate. The etherwas removed by distillation under reduced pressure to give a white solid which was recrystallised from ethanol to give 9.30 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-.beta.-(3',5'-di-t-butyl-4'-hydroxyphen yl) propionate having a melting point of124.degree.-5.degree. C. and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Found Calculated (for C.sub.27 H.sub.45 NO.sub.3) ______________________________________ Carbon 75.00 75.30 Hydrogen 10.50 10.20 Nitrogen 3.50 3.30 ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 44

A mixture of 10.26 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol, 5.04 parts of trimethyl, trimesate and 0.20 parts of lithium amide in 100 parts of xylene was heated at 137.degree. C. for 7 hours. The methyl alcohol formed during the reactionbeing removed by distillation. The cooled reaction mixture was filtered to remove the lithium amide and the xylene solvent removed by distillation under reduced pressure. Purification of the residue by preparative thin layer chromatography yieldeddimethyl(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4) trimesate having the following molecular weight:

______________________________________ Found (from mass spectrometry) 391 Required (for C.sub.21 H.sub.22 NO.sub.3) 391 ______________________________________

and methylbis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperdinyl-4) trimesate having the following molecular weight:

______________________________________ Found (from mass spectrometry) 530 Required (for C.sub.30 H.sub.46 N.sub.2 O.sub.3 530 ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 45

A mixture of 16.4 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol, 6.27 parts of methyl isocyanate and 0.5 parts of 1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane was refluxed in 150 parts of dry benzene for 24 hours. Removal of the benzene solvent by distillationunder reduced pressure yielded an oily solid which was poured on to 200 parts of water and allowed to stand for 24 hours. The solid formed was collected by filtration, dried and crystallised from n-hexane to give 14.2 parts of4-methylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine having a melting point of 96.degree.-7.degree. C. and the following elemental analysis by weight:

Table 3 gives a list of carbamoyloxy esters prepared using the procedure of Example 45.

______________________________________ Found Required (for C.sub.12 H.sub.24 N.sub.2 O.sub.2) ______________________________________ carbon 63.28% 63.12% hydrogen 10.70% 10.59% nitrogen 12.09% 12.27% ______________________________________

m.p. or ANALYSIS b.p. Molecular Required (%) Found (%) Example R.sub.1 R .sub.2 R.sub.3 .degree.C. at m.m. Formula C H N C H N 46 CH.sub.3 H ##STR131## 63.degree. C. C.sub.17 H.sub.34 N.sub.2 O.sub.2 68.41 11.48 9.39 68.17 11.32 9.16 47CH.sub.3 H ##STR132## 56-7.degree. C. C.sub.29 H.sub.58 N.sub.2 O.sub.2 74.62 12.52 6.00 74.58 12.34 5.96 48 CH.sub.3 H ##STR133## 62.degree. C. C.sub.14 H.sub.26 N.sub.2 O.sub.2 66.11 10.30 11.01 66.40 10.27 10.92 49 CH.sub.3 H ##STR134## 184-6.degree. C. at2 m.m. Hg. C.sub.17 H.sub.32 N.sub.2 O.sub.2 68.88 10.88 9.45 68.98 10.84 9.43 50 CH.sub.3 H ##STR135## 109-10.degree. C. C.sub.17 H.sub.26 N.sub.2 O.sub.2 70.31 9.02 9.65 70.61 8.80 9.53 51 CH.sub.3 H ##STR136## 106-7.degree.C. C.sub.18 H.sub.28 N.sub.2 O.sub.2 71.02 9.27 9.20 71.42 9.41 9.02 52 CH.sub.3 H ##STR137## 121.degree. C. C.sub.17 H.sub.25 N.sub.2 O.sub.2 Cl 62.86 7.70 8.68 62.92 7.75 8.87 53 CH.sub.3 H ##STR138## 129.degree. C. C.sub.21 H.sub.28 N.sub.2O.sub.2 74.08 8.29 8.23 74.37 8.07 8.41 54 CH.sub.3 H ##STR139## 101-4.degree. C. C.sub.28 H.sub.54 N.sub.4 O.sub.4 65.84 10.66 10.97 65.86 10.40 10.64 55 CH.sub.3 H ##STR140## 163-5.degree. C. C.sub.29 H.sub.48 N.sub.4 O.sub.4 67.41 9.36 10.84 67.21 9.52 10.83 56 CH.sub.3 H ##STR141## 183.degree. C. C.sub.35 H.sub.52 N.sub.4 O.sub.4 70.91 8.84 9.45 70.64 8.79 9.24 57 CH.sub.3 H ##STR142## 178.degree. C. C.sub.32 H.sub.48 N.sub.4 O.sub.4 69.53 8.75 10.14 70.39 8.71 9.86 58 CH.sub.2CH.CH.sub.2 H ##STR143## 165.degree. C. at0.05 m.m. Hg C.sub.19 H.sub.34 N.sub.4 O.sub.4 70.76 10.63 8.69 70.64 10.80 9.04 59 CH.sub.2CH.CH.sub.2 H ##STR144## 60 CH.sub.3 CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 H ##STR145## 61 ##STR146## ##STR147##

EXAMPLE 62

A mixture of 28.3 parts of 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl-n-octanoate and 8.55 parts of benzyl bromide was stirred and heated at 105.degree. C. for 72 hours. Ether was added to the cooled reaction mixture and the2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl-n-octanoate hydrobromide formed during the reaction was filtered off. The ether solvent was removed by distillation under reduced pressure and the residue distilled under reduced pressure to give 16.40 parts of1-benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl-n-octanoate having a boiling point of 180.degree. C. at 0.1 mm of Hg and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.24 H.sub.30 NO.sub.2) ______________________________________ Carbon 77.46% 77.16% Hydrogen 10.50% 10.52% Nitrogen 3.86% 3.75% ______________________________________

Table 4 gives a list of esters prepared using the procedure of Example 62. l

TABLE 4 m.p. or ANALYSIS Example b.p. Molecular REQUIRED (%) FOUND (%) No. R.sub.1 R.sub.2 R.sub.3 .degree.C. at m.m. Formula C H N C H N 63 ##STR148## H ##STR149## 98-9.degree. C. C.sub.42 H.sub.64 N.sub.2 O.sub.4 76.32 9.76 4.24 76.04 9.49 4.04 64 ##STR150## H ##STR151## 191-2.degree. C. at0.1 m.m. Hg C.sub.21 H.sub.31 NO.sub.3 66.82 8.28 3.71 66.81 8.52 3.84 65 CH.sub.2CHCH.sub.2 H ##STR152## 142-4.degree. C. at0.2 m.m. Hg C.sub.20 H.sub.37 NO.sub.2 74.25 11.53 4.33 74.0611.36 4.32 66 ##STR153## H ##STR154## 68-9.degree. C. C.sub.20 H.sub.27 NO.sub.3 72.92 8.26 4.25 72.82 8.28 4.55 67 CH.sub.2CHCH.sub.2 H ##STR155## 150.degree. C. at0.05 m.m. Hg C.sub.18 H.sub.27 NO.sub.3 75.71 9.03 4.65 75.58 9.25 4.45 68CH.sub.2CHCH.sub.2 H ##STR156## 250.degree. C. at0.5 m.m. Hg C.sub.34 H.sub.60 N.sub.2 O.sub.4 72.81 10.78 4.99 73.07 10.60 4.77 69 ##STR157## H ##STR158## 139-42.degree. C.at 0.2 m.m. Hg C.sub.19 H.sub.33 NO.sub.3 70.55 10.28 4.33 70.37 10.384.39

EXAMPLE 70

A mixture of 17.10 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol and 3.50 parts of metallic sodium in 125 parts of toluene was heated under reflux conditions for 24 hours. The toluene solution was decanted off from the excess sodium and thenrefluxed for a further 24 hours with 36.60 parts of n-octadecyl bromide. The cooled solution was filtered to remove the sodium bromide which was formed during the reaction and the toluene solvent was removed by distillation under reduced pressure. Fractional distillation of the residue gave 4-octadecyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine having a boiling point of 184.degree. C. at 0.25 m.m. of Hg. and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ 2 Required Found (for C.sub.28 H.sub.57 NO) ______________________________________ Carbon 78.66% 79.36% Hydrogen 13.77% 13.56% Nitrogen 2.99% 3.31% ______________________________________

Table 5 gives a list of ethers prepared using the procedure of Example 70.

TABLE 5 __________________________________________________________________________ m.p. or ANALYSES Example b.p. Molecular REQUIRED (%) FOUND (%) No. R.sub.1 R.sub.2 R.sub.3 .degree.C. at m.m. Hg Formula C H N C H N __________________________________________________________________________ 71 CH.sub.3 H CH.sub.2CH.CH.sub.2 72 CH.sub.3 H ##STR159## 73 CH.sub.3 H CH.sub.3 (CH.sub.2).sub.11 74 CH.sub.3 H (CH.sub.2).sub.1 m.p. 62-63 .[.C.sub.24 H.sub.48N.sub.2 U.sub.2 72.74 12.09 7.07 73.00 11.94 6.85 .Iadd.C.sub.24 H.sub.48 N.sub.2 O.sub.2.Iadden d. 75 CH.sub.3 H .[.(HCCH.sub.2.]. CH.Iadd.CCH.sub.2 b.p. 0.3 mm C.sub.13 H.sub.23 NO 74.59 11.07 6.69 74.48 10.95 6.41 73-74 76CH.sub.3 H CH.sub.2 (CH.sub.2).sub.3 b.p. 19 mm C.sub.14 H.sub.29 NO 73.95 12.85 6.16 74.05 12.93 6.10 123-124 __________________________________________________________________________

EXAMPLE 77

3.23 Parts of 1-allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl-n-octanoate in 50 parts of ethyl alcohol was hydrogenated at room temperature and 1 atmosphere pressure using 0.1 parts of 5% palladium on charcoal at the catalyst. The reaction mixture wasfiltered to remove the catalyst and the ethyl alcohol removed by distillation under reduced pressure to give 2.90 parts of 1-n-propyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl-n-octanoate having a boiling point of 128.degree. C. at 0.05 mm of Hg and thefollowing elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.20 H.sub.36 NO.sub.2) ______________________________________ Carbon 73.50% 73.79% Hydrogen 12.26% 12.08% Nitrogen 4.31% 4.30% ______________________________________

Table 6 gives a list of compounds prepared using the procedure of Example 77.

TABLE 6 __________________________________________________________________________ m.p. or ANALYSIS Example b.p. Molecular REQUIRED (%) FOUND (%) No. R.sub.1 R.sub.2 R.sub.3 .degree.C. m.m. Formula C H N C H N __________________________________________________________________________ 78 CH.sub.3 CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 -- H CH.sub.3 CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 -- 79 CH.sub.3 H CH.sub.3 CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 -- __________________________________________________________________________

EXAMPLE 80

a. A mixture of 2.83 parts of 2,2,6,6-.[.pentamethyl.]. .Iadd.tetramethyl.Iaddend.-4-piperidinyl-n-octanoate and 1.50 parts by volume of liquid ethylene oxide was charged into a 50 ml autoclave previously cooled to -50.degree. C. A pressure of100 atmospheres of nitrogen was applied and the autoclave heated at 200.degree. C., with stirring, for three hours. Fractional distillation of the cooled reaction mixture yielded 2.30 parts of1-(2'-hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl)-4-piperidinyl-n-octanoate having a boiling point of 186.degree.-7.degree. C. at 0.25 mm of Hg and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.10 H.sub.37 NO.sub.3) ______________________________________ Carbon 69.93% 69.68% Hydrogen 11.09% 11.39% Nitrogen 4.37% 4.28% ______________________________________

b. A mixture of 11.32 parts of 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl-n-octanoate and 2.50 parts of 2-bromoethanol was stirred at 100.degree. C. for 65 hours. Petroleum ether (bp 40.degree.-60.degree. C.) was added to the cooled reaction mixture ofthe 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-n-octanoate hydrobromide formed during the reaction was filtered off. The petroleum ether solvent was removed by distillation under reduced pressure and the residue distilled to yield1-(2'-hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl-n-octanoate having a boiling point of 176.degree. C. at 0.2 mm of Hg. This sample was identical to that prepared under Example 80a.

EXAMPLE 81

A mixture of 11.45 parts of 4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine and 60 parts of styrene .[.ocide.]. .Iadd.oxide .Iaddend.in 60 parts of n-hexanol was heated under reflux conditions for 18 hours. The n-hexanol solvent andunreacted styrene oxide were removed by distillation under reduced pressure to yield a pale yellow crystalline solid. Purification by trituration with hot petroleum ether (b.p. 60.degree.-80.degree. C.) yielded4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-1-[2'-hydroxy-2-'phenylethyl]-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpipe ridine having a melting point of 186.degree.-7.degree. C. with the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.24 H.sub.32 N.sub.2 O.sub.3) ______________________________________ Carbon 72.51% 72.70% Hydrogen 7.92% 8.13% Nitrogen 6.91% 7.06% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 82

A mixture of 5.61 parts of 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidin-n-octanoate and 5.0 parts of propylene oxide were charged to an autoclave. A pressure of 100 atmospheres nitrogen was applied. The mixture was heated at 200.degree. C. for 3 hours. Fractionation under reduced pressure gave a main fraction b.p. 160.degree.-183.degree. C. at 0.1 mm. which after passing down an alumina type II column eluting with chloroform yielded a pale yellow semi-solid1-(2'-hydroxypropyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidin-n-octanoate having the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.20 H.sub.30 NO.sub.3) ______________________________________ Carbon 70.20% 70.34% Hydrogen 11.45% 11.51% Nitrogen 3.89% 4.10% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 83

A mixture of 3.27 parts of the product from 80 a., 0.60 parts of acetic acid and 0.1 parts of tetra-n-butyl titanate in 40 parts of xylene was heated under reflux conditions for 24 hours. The xylene solvent was removed by distillation underreduced pressure and the residue fractionally distilled to give 1-(2'-acetoxyethyl)-2,2,6,6-tetamethyl-4-piperidinyl-n-octanoate having a boiling point of 190.degree.-2.degree. C. at 1 m.m. Hg and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.21 H.sub.30 NO.sub.4) ______________________________________ Carbon 68.17% 68.25% Hydrogen 10.65% 10.64% Nitrogen 3.36% 3.79% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 84

A mixture of 3.27 parts of the product from Example .[.78.]. .Iadd.80 .Iaddend.a., 0.63 parts of methyl isocyanate and 0.1 parts of 1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2] octane in 30 parts of dry benzene was heated under reflux conditions for 24 hours. Thebenzene solvent was removed by distillation under reduced pressure and the residue crystallised from aqueous ethyl alcohol to give 1-(2'-.[.methylcarbonoyloxyethyl.]. .Iadd.methylcarbanoyloxyethyl.Iaddend.)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl- n-octanoatehaving a melting point of 61.degree.-3.degree. C. and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.21 H.sub.40 N.sub.2 O.sub.4) ______________________________________ Carbon 65.72% 65.59% Hydrogen 10.37% 10.48% Nitrogen 7.11% 7.28% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 85

A mixture of 3.0 parts of the products from Example 81, 0.90 parts of phenyl isocyanate and 0.1 parts of 1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane in 25 parts of dry benzene was heated under reflux conditions for 24 hours. The benzene solvent was removed bydistillation under reduced pressure and the residue crystallised from petroleum ether (b.p. 60.degree.-80.degree. C.) to give 4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-1-[2'-(phenylcarbamoyloxy)-2'-phenylethyl]-2,2,6,6-te tramethylpiperidine having a melting point of173.degree. C. and the following elemental analysis by weight

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.31 H.sub.37 N.sub.3 O.sub.4) ______________________________________ Carbon 72.75% 72.21% Hydrogen 7.22% 7.23% Nitrogen 7.97% 8.15% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 86

A mixture of 3.14 parts of 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-ol and 3.50 parts of acetic anhydride was heated on a steam bath for one hour. After this time 20 parts of water were added and heating continued for a further one hour. The solution wascarefully neutralised with a saturated solution of sodium bi-carbonate and then ether extracted. The combined ether extracts were washed twice with 5% sodium bi-carbonate solution and twice with brine, the ether solution was then dried over anhydrousmagnesium sulphate and the ether removed by distillation under reduced pressure to yield 1-acetyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-acetate having a melting point of 33.degree.-4.degree. C. and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required (for Found C.sub.13 H.sub.23 NO.sub.3) ______________________________________ Carbon 64.51% 64.73% Hydrogen 9.69% 9.54% Nitrogen 5.67% 5.81% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 87

A mixture of 15.70 parts of 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-ol, 22.80 parts of methyl isocyanate and 0.5 parts of 1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane in 100 parts of dry benzene was heated under reflux conditions for 24 hours. The benzene solvent wasremoved by distillation under reduced pressure and 150 parts of water added to the residue which was stood overnight at room temperature. The solid formed was collected by filtration and dried to yield 19.60 parts of a white crystalline solid having amelting point of 167.degree.-8.degree. C. This solid was shown to contain 80% of 4-methylcarbamoyl-1-methylcarbamoyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine from microanalysis and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra.

EXAMPLE 88

a. 2.65 parts of acrylonitrile was added dropwise with stirring to a solution of 8.55 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol and 0.30 parts of 40% potassium hydroxide solution in 80 parts of benzene. Stirring was continued at roomtemperature for 16 hours after which time the solution was washed with water, dried and the benzene solvent removed by distillation under reduced pressure. Fractional distillation of the residue, under reduced pressure gave 1.70 parts of4-(2'-cyanoethoxy)-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine having a boiling point of 105.degree.-6.degree. C. at 0.1 mm of Hg and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.13 H.sub.24 N.sub.2 O) ______________________________________ Carbon 69.27% 69.60% Hydrogen 10.69% 10.78% Nitrogen 12.40% 12.49%. ______________________________________

b. To 51 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol a solution of metallic sodium in two parts of tert.butanol was added. 52.5 parts of acrylonitrile was dropped in with rapid stirring. After standing for two days at room temperature themixture was heated to 80.degree. C. for two hours and distilled under reduced pressure yielding 4-(2'-cyanoethoxy) 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpipeidine with a boiling point of 172.degree.-4.degree. C. at 17 mm Hg. This sample was identical to that preparedunder Example 88a.

EXAMPLE 89

A misture of 13.0 parts of 4-dodecyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine and 3.42 parts of benzyl bromide was heated at 100.degree. C. for 48 hours. Petroleum ether (b.p. 40.degree.-60.degree. C.) was added to the cooled reaction mixture and the4-dodecyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine hydrobromide formed during the reaction was filtered off. The petroleum ether solvent was removed by distillation under reduced pressure and the residue fractionally distilled to give4-dodecyloxy-1-benzyl-2,2,6,6,-tetramethylpiperidine having a boiling point of 200.degree. C. at 0.5 m.m. of Hg. and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.28 H.sub.50 NO) ______________________________________ Carbon 80.67% 80.90% Hydrogen 11.82% 11.88% Nitrogen 3.34% 3.37% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 90

A mixture of 4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethylpiperidine and 1.67 parts of ethyl .alpha.-bromoacetate in 30 parts of ethyl alcohol was heated under reflux conditions for 115 hours. The ethyl alcohol solvent was removed by distillation underreduced pressure and the residue fractionally distilled to give 4-benzyloxy-1-ethoxycarbonylmethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine having a boiling point of 145.degree.-6.degree. C. at 0.2 m.m. of Hg. and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.20 H.sub.31 NO.sub.3) ______________________________________ Carbon 71.62% 72.04% Hydrogen 8.90% 9.37% Nitrogen 3.94% 4.20% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 91

A mixture of 25.7 parts of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol and 3.09 parts of boric acid in 100 parts of toluene was heated under reflux conditions with azeotropic removal of water for 24 hours. The toluene solvent was removed by distillationunder reduced pressure to give tris-(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)borate having a melting point of 83.degree.-9.degree. C. and the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.30 H.sub.20 N.sub.3 O.sub.3 B) ______________________________________ Carbon 68.85% 69.05% Hydrogen 11.68% 11.59% Nitrogen 7.76% 8.06% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 92

30 parts of 1,2,2,6,6,-pentamethylpiperidin-4-ol were dissolved in 250 parts of sodium added. The solution was heated overnight at reflux temperature and then cooled. 38 parts of 2-phenoxyethanol tosylate were added dropwise and the solutionheated at reflux for 5 hours. On cooling the precipitate was filtered off and the filtrate evaporated in vacuo Treatment of the residue with dilute hydrochloric acid and then basification with dilute sodium hydroxide to a pH 10 was followed byextraction with ether. Evaporation afforded a pale yellow oil which was chromatographed on aluminum to give 4-(2'-phenoxyethoxy)-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine as a colourless oil which gave the following elemental analysis by weight:

______________________________________ Required Found (for C.sub.18 H.sub.29 NO.sub.2) ______________________________________ Carbon 72.49% 74.18% Hydrogen 9.89% 10.03% Nitrogen 4.91% 4.81% ______________________________________

EXAMPLE 93

A mixture of 9.87 parts of 4-allyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine and 3.03 parts of allyl bromide was heated at 90.degree. C. for 96 hours. Ether was added to the cooled reaction mixture and the 4-allyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinehydrobromide formed during the reaction was filtered off. The ether solvent was removed by distillation under reduced pressure and the residue purified by chromatography to give 4-allyloxy-1-allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine.

EXAMPLES 94-116

Testing in polypropylene film

38 parts of polypropylene were homogenised with 0.076 parts of n-octadecyl-.beta.(4'-hydroxy-3',5'-t-butylphenyl) propionate in a kneading machine over a period of 3 minutes at 200.degree. C. 0.19 parts of the product of Example 13 was thenadded and homogenisation continued for another 7 minutes.

This composition was compression moulded into films of 0.1 mm thickness at 260.degree. C. for 6 minutes and the films so obtained were then quenched in cold water.

A section measuring 44.times.100 mm was separated from the 0.1 mm annealed polypropylene foil and exposed to light irradiation in a fademeter device consisting of a circular bank of 28 alternate sunlight and blacklight lamps. The sunlight lampswere 2 feet long, 20-watt fluorescent lamps characterised by a peak emission of 3,100 Angstrom units; the blacklight lamps were 2 feet long, 20-watt ultraviolet lamps characterised by a peak emission of 3,500 Angstrom units. The sample was rotatedconcentrically about the bank of lamps so that the radiation therefrom was uniformly distributed over the section under test.

The exposed sample was examined periodically and portions of it tested for the percent/elongation at break, the time at which the sample reached 50% of the initial elongation at break was noted.

Similar tests were carried out on polypropylene samples containing, respectively, no stabiliser and known stabilisers, and also stabilisers falling within the scope of German Patent Specification No. 1,929,928. The results obtained are set outin the following table:

TABLE __________________________________________________________________________ Factor Time to 50% of initial elongation at break (additive) Example Time to 50% of initial Additive (control) elongation at __________________________________________________________________________ break -- none 1.0 -- 2-(2'-hydroxy-3',5'-di-t-butylphenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole 3.2 -- 4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1.8 --1,6-bis[4'-carbamoyloxy-2',2',6',6'-tetramethylpiperidine]hexane 2.4 -- 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-benzoate 2.6 -- bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate 4.7 94 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-phenylacetate 5.2 95bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)terephthalate 5.3 96 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-(p-methoxybenzoate 5.3 97 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-(1'-naphthoate) 5.4 98 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-octanoate 6.2 991,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-isobutyrate 6.2 100 bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate 8.0 101 2,4-bis(4'-carbamoyloxy-1',2',2',6',6'-pentamethylpiperidine)toluene 5.2 102 4-p-tolylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine 5.2 103 4-allylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine 5.5 104 4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine 5.6 105 4-methylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine 5.8 1061,6-bis[4'-carbamoyloxy-1',2',2',6',6'-pentamethylpiperidine]hexane 9.2 107 bis(1-benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate 5.0 108 1-ethoxycarbonylmethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-(p-methoxyben zoate) 5.1 1091-benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-(2'-ethylhexanoate) 5.2 110 1-(n-dodecyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-octanoate 5.2 111 1(2'-hydroxyethyl)-2,2,6,6,-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-octanoate 5.8 1121-(n-propyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4-octanoate 6.0 113 4-(n-dodecyloxy)-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine 5.5 114 4-(2'-cyanoethoxy)-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine >6.0 115 1,4-bis(1',2',2',6',6'-pentamethyl-4'-piperidinyloxy)butane >6.0 116 Tris(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)borate 5.0 __________________________________________________________________________

EXAMPLES 117 to 119

The procedure described in Examples 94-116 was repeated except that 0.25% by weight of the light stabiliser under test was used, and, instead of polypropylene, a low-density polyethylene was employed as substrate.

The pressing was conducted at 180.degree. C. and the pressings were compression-moulded into 1 mm. thick plaques at 150.degree. C.

The plaques were stored at 20.degree. C. and were periodically examined visually for the first sign of exudation.

The results obtained are summarised in the following Table which also includes data relating to comparative experiments (known light stabilisers added).

TABLE ______________________________________ Time to exudation Example Light stabiliser added (days) ______________________________________ -- 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl- 15 4-stearate -- bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4- 20 piperidinyl)sebacate -- 4-stearylcarbamoyloxy-2,2,6,6- 13 tetramethylpiperidine 117 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl- >50 4-stearate 118 bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4- >50 piperidinyl(sebacate 119 4-stearylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6- >50 pentamethylpiperidine ______________________________________

EXAMPLES 120 to 122

The procedure described in Examples 117 to 119 was repeated except that the compression moulding was carried out at 200.degree. C. and the substrate used was high-density polyethylene.

The results obtained are set out in the following Table, which also contains data relating to comparative experiments (using a known light stabiliser).

TABLE ______________________________________ Time to exudation Example Light Stabiliser (days) ______________________________________ -- 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-4- 10 stearate 120 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl- >75 4-stearate 121 4-stearylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6- >75 .[.tetramethyl.].piperidine 122 I-(n-dodecyl)-2,2,6,6-.[.tetramethyl.]. pentamethylene >75 piperidinyl-4-octanoate ______________________________________

EXAMPLES 123 to 128

100 Parts of crystal polystyrene pellets were dry blended with 0.25 part of 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4-stearate, and the dry blend was homogenised by .[.extension.]. .Iadd.extrusion.Iaddend.. The stabilised pellets so obtained wereinjection moulded to form plaques 2 mm. thick. These plaques were exposed for 3000 hours in a "Xenotest 150" exposure unit, and any yellowing of the plaques was measured by determining the yellowness factor by means of the following equation: ##EQU1##wherein the .DELTA. T values represent the transmission loss of the sample at wavelength of 420 .[.m.]..Iadd.n.Iaddend.m. and 680 .[.m.]..Iadd.n.Iaddend.m. respectively, after exposure in the Xenotest unit, the T.sub.(560) represents the transmissionvalue of an unexpected sample at a wavelength of 560 .[.m.]..Iadd.n.Iaddend.m.

The results obtained, as well as the results relating to a control experiment and other compositions of this invention are recording in the following Table.

TABLE ______________________________________ Yellowing factor after Example Light Stabiliser 3000 hours ______________________________________ -- none 35.0 123 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl- 10.0 4-stearate 1241-benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperi- 9.8 dinyl-4-(2'-ethylhexanoate) 125 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl- 9.5 4-(n-octanoate) 126 4-(2'-cyanoethoxy)-1,2,2,6,6-penta- 8.0 methylpiperidine 127 4-stearylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6- 7.5 pentamethylpiperidine 128 bis-(1,2,2,6,6-pnetamethyl-4- 6.6 piperidinyl)sebacate ______________________________________

EXAMPLES 129 To 132

25 parts by weight of a polyester-based film-forming polyurethane were dissolved in 75 parts by weight of a 1:1 mixture (by volume) of dimethylformamide and acetone, and 1% by weight of 4(2'-cyanoethoxy)-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine was added.

The clear and homogeneous solution was drawn out on a glass plate to a film of 400-500.mu. thickness, which was then dried as follows:

at 50.degree. C. for 4 minutes

at 140.degree. C. for 6 minutes

The final thickness of the film was 80-100.mu..

The dried film samples were removed from the glass plate, mounted on white cardboard and exposed in a "Xenotest 450" exposure unit, one half of the exposed sample being covered to facilitate subsequent visual estimation of yellowing due toexposure. The sample was controlled and rated visually at intervals of 100 hours.

The data obtained are set out in the following Table which also includes data relating to a control experiment (no added light stabiliser) and to other experiments using stabilisers of this invention.

TABLE ______________________________________ Time to onset of Example Light Stabiliser yellowing (hours) ______________________________________ -- none <100 129 4-(2'-cyanoethoxy)-1,2,2,6,6- 200 pentamethylpiperidine 1301,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl- 300 piperidinyl-4-octanoate 131 bis-(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl- 300 4-piperidinyl)sebacate 132 4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-1-n- 400 propyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl- piperidine ______________________________________

EXAMPLES 133-135

1000 Parts by weight of unstabilised polypropylene powder were thoroughly dry-blended with 1 part by weight of n-octadecyl-.beta.-(4'-hydroxy-3',5'-di-t-butylphenyl) propionate and 2 parts by weight of1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl-(3',5'-di-t-butyl-4'-hydroxy) benzoate. The dry-blend was extruded at cylinder temperatures of from 180.degree. to 220.degree. C., and the resulting strand was granulated. The stabilised formulation so obtained wasmelt-spun and stretched under the following conditions:

______________________________________ Extruder temperatures 230/265/275.degree. C. Melt temperatures at the dye 270.degree. C. Spinning speed 400 m./minute Stretching Ratio 1:5 Titer of Multifilament 130/137 denier Tensile Strength 6g./denier ______________________________________

The multifilament obtained was mounted on a sample holder of Xenotest 150 apparatus (Quarzlampen GmbH) using white cardboard as backing. In intervals of 200 hours of exposure time, 5 fiber samples are measured for their retained tensilestrength. The data obtained are plotted against exposure time and the exposure time (T) to give 50% loss or original tensile strength is derived from graph. This value is taken as the failure time.

TABLE ______________________________________ Time (T) Ex- to 50% Factor am- retained T ple tensile stabiliser No. Light Stabiliser strength T control ______________________________________ none none 430 1.0 2-(2'-hydroxy-3',5'-di-t-butylphenyl)- 530 1.2 5-chlorobenzotriazole 133 1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl- 1,400 3.3 (3',5'-di-t-butyl-4'-hydroxy benzoate) 134 1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl-.beta.- 1,600 3.7 (3',5'-di-t-butyl-4'-hydroxyphenyl) propionate 135 Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4- 2,600 6.0 piperidinyl)sebacate ______________________________________

EXAMPLES 136 to 144

The procedure described in Examples 94 to 116 was repeated except that the annealed polypropylene specimens were exposed to light irradiation in a Xenotest 450 exposure unit rather than in the fademeter device.

The result obtained are summarised in the following Table which also includes data relating to a control experiment (no added light stabiliser) and a comparative experiment (a known light stabiliser added).

TABLE ______________________________________ Time to Ex- Failure ample Light Stabiliser (hours) ______________________________________ -- none (control) 800 -- 2-(2'-hydroxy-3',5'-di-t-butylphenyl)- 1630 5-chlorobenzotriazole 136bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4- >9000 piperidinyl)sebacate 137 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4- 10,000 .beta.-(3',5'-di-t-butyl-4'-hydroxyphenyl) propionate 138 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4- >8600 (3',5'-di-t-butyl-4'-hydroxybenzoate) 139 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4- 6500 octanoate 140 4-phenylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl >7000 piperidine 141 4-methylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6- 6000 pentamethylpiperidine 142 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4- >6000 cyclohexane-carboxylate 143 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4- >6000 stearate 144 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidinyl-4- >5000 benzoate ______________________________________

EXAMPLES 145-150

100 Parts by weight of polyamide-6 pellets containing 1.8 parts by weight of TiO.sub.2 were dry-blended with 0.5 part of 4-benzyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl piperidine. The resulting mixture was melt-spun directly into monofilaments of 20 denier. The monofilaments were mounted on white cardboard without tension and were exposed to light radiation in a Xenotest 450 exposure unit.

After 500, 1,000, 1,500 and 2000 hours of exposure time respectively, 5 fiber samples of each formulation and time interval were tested for tensile strength. The arithmetic mean percentage values of residual tensile strength were plotted as afunction of exposure time. The failure points - time to 50% loss of original tensile strength--were obtained from these graphs.

TABLE ______________________________________ Time to 50% loss of original ten- Ex- sile strength ample Light Stabiliser (hours) ______________________________________ -- none (control) 475 145 4-benzyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-penta- 1420 methylpiperidine 146 bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4- 1600 piperidinyl)sebacate 147 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperi- 1450 dinyl-4-octanoate 148 .[.1.]. 4 -phenylcarbamoyloxy-1,2,2,6,6- 1450 pentamethylpiperidine 149 1,6-bis[4'-carbamoyloxy-1',2'- 1500 2',6',6'-pentamethylpiperidine) hexane 150 1,4-bis[1',2',2',2',6',6'-penta- 1600 methyl-4'-piperidinyloxy)butane ______________________________________

* * * * *
 
 
  Recently Added Patents
Methods and apparatuses for configuring and operating graphics processing units
Listing recommendation using generation of a user-specific query in a network-based commerce system
Soybean sequences associated with the FAP3 locus
Character input device and program for displaying next word candidates based on the candidates' usage history
Sample analysis and/or sample processing system
Method and system for simulating superimposition of a non-linearly stretchable object upon a base object using representative images
Radio communication devices, information providers, methods for controlling a radio communication device and methods for controlling an information provider
  Randomly Featured Patents
Providing overload protection in battery operation
Mounting support assembly for suspending a medical instrument driver above an operating table
Directory-enabled network elements
Liquid crystal display device formed on glass substrate having improved efficiency
Low-latency multichannel video port aggregator
Rotary electric machine and stator for rotary electric machines
Magnetic shielding garment for electro-biologic measurements
Selector fuse
Direct production of polymorph III of isotactic polybutene-1
Intermediate transfer recording medium, method of forming print, and print