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Derivatives of antibiotic X-537A
RE29651 Derivatives of antibiotic X-537A
Patent Drawings:

Inventor: Stempel, et al.
Date Issued: May 30, 1978
Application: 05/755,099
Filed: December 28, 1976
Inventors: Stempel; Arthur (Teaneck, NJ)
Westley; John (Cedar Grove, NJ)
Assignee: Hoffmann-La Roche Inc. (Nutley, NJ)
Primary Examiner: Chan; Nicky
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Welt; Samuel L.Leon; Bernard S.Hoffman; Frank P.
U.S. Class: 546/282.1; 549/414
Field Of Search: 260/345.7; 260/345.8; 260/295R; 260/295AM
International Class: A23K 1/17
U.S Patent Documents: 3501568; 3719753; 3740437
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References: Berger et al., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., vol. 73, 5295 to 5298 (1951)..
Hoffman-LaRoche, Derwent Belgian Patents Report, No. 14/69, p. 3:3 & Title Page (5-7-1969)..









Abstract: Compound of the formula ##STR1## where R.sub.1 is hydrogen, lower alkyl, phenyl, or phenyl substituted by halogen, nitro or lower alkyl; R.sub.2 is hydrogen; lower alkyl; lower alkanoyl; benzoyl; benzoyl substituted by halogen, nitro or lower alkyl; or R.sub.3 is hydrogen, halogen; nitro, amino, loweralkylamido or lower alkylamino; R.sub.4 is --OH, =O or =NOH which compound is useful as a coccidiostatic agent and as an anti-bacterial agent.
Claim: We claim:

1. A compound selected from the group of compounds of the formula ##STR10## wherein R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, .[.lower alkyl.]., phenyl, and phenylsubstituted by a member of the group consisting of halogen, nitro and lower alkyl; R.sub.2 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl, lower alkanoyl, ##STR11## benzoyl, and benzoyl substituted by a member of the group consisting ofhalogen, nitro and lower alkyl; R.sub.3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, nitro, amino, lower alkylamido and lower alkylamino; R.sub.4 is selected from the group consisting of --OH, .dbd.O and .dbd.N--OH, provided that atleast one of R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 is other than hydrogen, or R.sub.4 is other than .dbd.O; and the pharmaceutically acceptable alkali metal, alkaline earth metal and ammonium salts thereof.

2. The compound of claim 1 which is 5-nitro-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl .Iadd.4-hydroxy.Iaddend.-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl -5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4-.[.heptenyl.]..Iadd.heptyl.Iaddend.}salicylic acid.

3. A compound selected from the group of compounds of the formula ##STR12## wherein R.sub.2 ' is hydrogen or lower alkanoyl, R.sub.3 ' is hydrogen or halogen, and at least one of R.sub.2 ' or R.sub.3 ' is other than hydrogen and thepharmaceutically acceptable alkali metal, alkaline earth metal and ammonium salts thereof.

4. A compound of claim 3 wherein R.sub.2 ' is lower alkanoyl and R.sub.3 ' is hydrogen.

5. The compound of claim 4 which is 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5- ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}acet yl salicylic acid.

6. The compound of claim 4 which is 3-methyl-2-propionyloxy-6-{-7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethy l-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrof uryl]heptyl}benzoic acid.

7. The compound of claim 4 which is 2-butyryloxy-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-. Badd..[.3-5.]..Baddend. .Iadd.3-methyl-5.Iaddend.-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl) -2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}benzoicacid.

8. A compound of claim 3 wherein R.sub.2 ' is hydrogen and R.sub.3 ' is halogen.

9. The compound of claim 8 which is 5-bromo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hep tyl}salicylic acid.

10. The compound of claim 8 which is 5-chloro-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-met hyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]he ptyl}salicylic acid.

11. The compound of claim 8 which is 5-iodo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl- .[.2-methyl.]..Iadd.3-methyl.Iaddend.-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetr ahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}salicylic acid.

12. A compound selected from the group of compounds of the formula ##STR13## wherein R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl, phenyl, and phenyl substituted by a member of the group consisting of halogen, nitro andlower alkyl; R.sub.2 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl, lower alkanoyl, ##STR14## benzoyl, and benzoyl substituted by a member of the group consisting of halogen, nitro and lower alkyl, and R.sub.3 is selected from the groupconsisting of hydrogen, halogen, nitro, amino, lower alkylamido and lower alkylamino and the pharmaceutically acceptable alkali metal, alkaline earth metal and ammonium salts thereof.

13. The compound of claim 12 which is 5-bromo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-et hyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4-heptenyl}s alicylic acid.
Description: DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to novel derivatives of antibiotic X-537A and to methods of preparing these derivatives. More particularly, the invention relates to derivatives of antibiotic X-537A prepared by substitution on the phenyl ring of theantibiotic, or substitution at the ketone position of the antibiotic molecule. These novel derivatives exhibit activity as coccidostatic agents and antibacterial agents.

Antibiotic X-537A is the designation given to a crystalline antibiotic produced by a Streptomyces organism isolated from a sample of soil collected at Hyde Park, Massachusetts. Lyophilized tubes of the culture bearing the laboratory designationX-537 were deposited with the United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Northern Utilization Research and Development Division, Peoria, Illinois. The culture, given identification number NRRL 3382 by the AgriculturalResearch Service, has been made available to the public through NRRL. .[.The culture is also available to the public from the International Center of Information in collaboration with W.H.O. in Belgium..].

The antibiotic material, heretofore identified as antibiotic X-537A, upon laboratory analysis has been found to be 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}-sal icylic acid, i.e., a compound of the formula ##STR2##

Antibiotic X-537A is prepared by growing the Steptomyces organism in an aerated submerged culture, with the pH of the broth adjusted to about neutral, i.e., about 6.5 to 7.5. The medium utilized contains a nitrogen source, such as yeast, a yeastderived product, corn meal, bean meal and the like, with soybean meal being the most preferred; and a carbohydrate source, such as sugar, molasses and the like, with brown sugar being the most preferred. The fermentation was carried out at slightlyelevated temperatures, i.e., between about 25.degree. and 35.degree. C., with the preferred incubation temperature being about 28.degree. C. After an incubation of about 4 to 6 days, the fermentation broth was filtered and the antibiotic recovered byextraction.

As indicated above, the present invention relates to novel derivatives of antibiotic X-537A. The novel derivatives to which the invention relates are selected from the group consisting of compounds of the formula ##STR3##

wherein R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl, phenyl, and phenyl substituted by a member of the group consisting of halogen, nitro and lower alkyl; R.sub.2 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, loweralkyl, lower alkanoyl, ##STR4## benzoyl, and benzoyl substituted by a member of the group consisting of halogen, nitro and lower alkyl; R.sub.3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, nitro, amino, lower alkylamido, lower alkylamino,phenylazo and phenylazo substituted by a member of the group consisting of halogen, nitro, lower alkyl and lower alkoxy; R.sub.4 is selected from the group consisting of --OH, .dbd.0, and .dbd.N--OH, provided that at least one of R.sub.1, R.sub.2 andR.sub.3 is other than hydrogen, or R.sub.4 is other than .dbd.0; ##STR5##

wherein R.sub.2 and R.sub.4 are as described above and the pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds of formula II.

As used herein, the term "lower alkyl" denotes straight or branched chain hydrocarbon groups containing from 1 to 7 carbon atoms inclusive, such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, pentyl, hexyl and the like, with groups containing fromone to four carbon atoms being preferred. The term "lower alkanoyl" includes the acyl residue of lower alkanoic acids, preferably containing from two to four carbon atoms, for example, acetyl, propionyl, and the like. The term "halogen" includes allfour forms thereof, that is fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine.

Representative of the compounds of formulas II and III are:

3-Methyl-6-{4,6-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-7-ethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-eth yl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl} salicylic acid:

(-)-3-Methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-{5-ethyl-3- methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydro-pyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofury l]heptyl} salicylic acid, sodium salt;

(-)-3-Methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3- methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydro-pyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofury l]heptyl} salicylic acid, hydroxylammonium salt;

(+)-3-Methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3- methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydro-pyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofury l]heptyl} salicylic acid, sodium salt;

3-Methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hep tyl} salicylic acid, methyl ester, isomer A;

3-Methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hep tyl} salicylic acid methyl ester, isomer B;

3-Methyl-6-{-7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5- ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl} acetyl salicylic acid, methyl ester;

2-Methoxy-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-met hyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]he ptyl}benzoic acid, methyl ester;

Ammonium-3-methyl-2-(2-methyl-propionyloxy)-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimeth yl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyra nyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}benzoate;

Ammonium-3-methyl-2-nicotinoyloxy-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7 -[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tet rahydrofuryl]heptyl}benzoate;

5-Nitro-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methy l-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-hep tyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt;

5-Amino-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methy l-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-hep tyl}salicylic acid;

5-Acetamido-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-m ethyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl] heptyl}salicylic acid;

5-Acetamido-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-m ethyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl] heptyl}acetyl salicylic acid;

5-Diazo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methy l-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hept yl}salicylic acid;

5-Phenylazo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-m ethyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl] heptyl}salicylic acid;

2-Benzoyloxy-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3- methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl ]heptyl}benzoic acid.

A preferred group of compounds falling within the scope of formula II are those having the formula ##STR6##

wherein R.sub.1 -R.sub.3 are as described above and the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

A most preferred group of compounds falling within the scope of formula II are those having the formula ##STR7##

wherein R.sub.2 ' is hydrogen or lower alkanoyl, R.sub.3 ' is hydrogen or halogen, and at least one of R.sub.2 ' or R.sub.3 ' is other than hydrogen, and the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

Representative of the compounds of formula II-b are:

3-Methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-e thyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl} acetyl salicylic acid, sodium salt;

3-Methyl-2-propionyloxy-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl- 3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofur yl]-heptyl}benzoic acid, sodium salt;

2-Butyryloxy-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3- methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl ]heptyl}benzoic acid, sodium salt;

5-Bromo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methy l-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hept yl}salicylic acid, sodium salt;

5-Iodo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-2-methyl -5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydro-pyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hept yl}salicylic acid, sodium salt;

5-Chloro-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hep tyl}salicylic acid;

5-Bromo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methy l-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydro-pyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hep tyl} acetyl salicylic acid, sodium salt.

Further, the present invention relates to dehydrated derivatives of antibiotic X-537A. These dehydration products may be represented by the formula ##STR8##

wherein R.sub.1 -R.sub.3 are as described above, and the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

Representative of compounds of formula IV are:

3-Methyl-6-{7-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-(5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-[5-ethyl-5-hyd roxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4-heptenyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt, Isomer A;

3-Methyl-6-{7-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hyd roxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4-heptenyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt, Isomer B;

5-Bromo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-eth yl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4-heptenyl}sa licylic acid, sodium salt.

The derivatives of antibiotic X-537A form a variety of pharmaceutically acceptable salts. These salts are prepared from the free acid form of the antibiotic or its derivatives by methods well known in the art; for example, by washing the freeacid in solution with a suitable base or salt. Examples of such pharmacuetically acceptable basic substances capable of forming salts for the purpose of the present invention include alkali metal bases, such as sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide,lithium hydroxide and the like; alkaline earth metal bases, such as calcium hydroxide, barium hydroxide and the like; and ammonium hydroxide. Alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salts suitable for forming pharmaceutically acceptable salts can includeanions such as carbonates, bicarbonates and sulfates.

The compounds of formulas II, III and IV may be prepared following a variety of procedures. The choice of procedure will depend upon the site or sites upon the antibiotic molecule where substitution is to take place. For example, the compoundof formula I or compounds of formulas II and IV above wherein R.sub.1 is hydrogen can be converted into the corresponding compounds of formulas II or IV above wherein R.sub.1 is alkyl, phenyl and substituted phenyl by conventional esterifying techniques. Representative of compounds which can effect the esterification are lower alkanols, such as ethanol, methanol, propanol, and the like; and aromatic alcohols, such as phenol, p-halophenol, p-nitrophenol, o-nitrophenol, trimethoxyphenol and the like.

The compound of formula I or compounds of formulas II and IV wherein R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.2 is hydrogen can be converted into the corresponding compounds wherein R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.2 is lower alkyl. Preferably, the substitution is accomplishedby dissolving a compound of formula I or a compound of formulas II or IV above wherein R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.2 is hydrogen in an inert organic solvent, such as N,N-dimethylformamide. To the resulting solution is added an alkylating agent such as a loweralkyl halide, e.g., methyliodide, ethyliodide, propyliodide and the like, or a dilower alkyl sulfate, e.g., dimethyl sulfate, diethyl sulfate and the like. The reaction mixture is allowed to stand at a temperature in the range of about 20.degree. toabout 50.degree., most preferably at room temperature. When advantageous, the reaction is effected in the presence of a catalyst, which may be a noble metal oxide, such as silver oxide and the like. By proceeding according to this method, from acompound of formula I or compounds of formulas II or IV above wherein R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.2 is hydrogen, there can be obtained compounds which contain a lower alkyl group in R.sub.1 and/or R.sub.2.

A compound of formula I or compounds of formulas II or IV above which bear hydrogen at R.sub.2 can be provided with a lower alkanoyl group with any conventional and conveniently available lower alkanoyl group providing agents. Representative ofsuch lower alkanoyl group providing agents are acid anhydrides, such as acetic anhydride, propionic anhydride and the like, and acid chlorides, such as acetyl chloride, propionyl chloride, butyryl chloride and the like.

Compounds of formulas II or IV above wherein R.sub. 3 is halogen can be prepared from the compound of formula I or a compound of formulas II or IV above wherein R.sub.3 is hydrogen by any conveniently available halogenating technique. Among themany procedures suitable for this purpose there may be included bromination utilizing bromine, chlorination utilizing chlorine, or iodination utilizing iodine mono-chloride and the like.

Compounds of formulas II or IV above wherein R.sub.3 is nitro can be prepared by treating the compound of formula I or a compound of formulas II or IV above wherein R.sub.3 is hydrogen with nitric acid in the presence of glacial acetic acid. Theresulting nitro compound can be hydrogenated in the presence of any suitable reducing system, such as one which includes Raney nickel, to yield the corresponding compound wherein R.sub.3 is amino. It is, of course, to be understood that when a compoundof formula IV above is involved, careful selection of the hydrogenation system should be effected so as to reduce the nitro group at R.sub.3 while leaving the double bond present in the heptenyl radical unaffected.

If desirable, the compounds of formula II wherein R.sub.3 is amino, prepared as described in the preceding paragraph, may be converted to the corresponding diazonium salt of formula III above by treatment with nitrous acid followed by cuprouschloride. The formation of the diazonium salt is effected by first preparing a solution of a compound of formula II above wherein R.sub.3 is amino in a dilute mineral acid, such as aqueous sulfuric acid, aqueous hydrochloric acid and the like. Thissolution is then treated with nitrous acid. Preferably, the nitrous acid is provided by adding to said solution an aqueous solution of an alkali metal nitrite, preferably sodium nitrite. The nitrous acid treatment is preferably carried out at or belowroom temperature so that the reaction does not proceed too energetically. Thus, temperatures between -5.degree. to 25.degree. C. are preferred.

Compounds of formula II and IV above wherein R.sub.3 is amino can be converted to the corresponding compounds wherein R.sub.3 is lower alkylamino by conventional alkylation procedures. For example, the solution salt of a compound of formulas IIor IV wherein R.sub.3 is amino can be reacted with a molar equivalent of a lower alkyl halide to obtain a compound of formulas II or IV wherein R.sub.3 is lower alkylamino. For the purposes of this process, lower alkyl halides such as methyl iodine,ethyl bromide, sulfates such as dimethyl sulfate, diethyl sulfate and the like may be used.

In an alternate process, compounds of formulas II and IV above wherein R.sub.3 is lower alkylamino can be prepared by reducing the nitro group of compounds of formulas II and IV above wherein R.sub.3 is nitro in the presence of a lower alkylaldehyde and preferably in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst such as Raney Nickel.

Compounds of formulas II and IV above wherein R.sub.3 is amino can also be converted into the corresponding compounds wherein R.sub.3 is lower alkylamide by treating the corresponding compounds wherein R.sub.3 is amino with a lower alkanoyl groupproviding agent. Representative of lower alkanoyl group providing agents are acid anhydrides, such as acetic anhydride, propionic anhydride, butyric anhydride and the like, and acid chlorides such as acetyl chloride, propionyl chloride, butyryl chlorideand the like. Conveniently, this reaction is effected in the presence of an inert organic solvent, such as pyridine and the like.

Compounds of formulas II or IV wherein R.sub.3 is a phenylazo group or a substituted phenylazo group can be prepared from the compound of formula I or a compound of formulas II or IV above wherein R.sub.3 is hydrogen by treating the same with adiazonium salt obtained from aniline or substituted derivatives thereof such as p-chloroaniline, p-nitroaniline, p-lower alkylaniline, p-lower alkoxyaniline and the like. Preferably, this reaction is effected by adding the aniline or the substitutedderivative thereof to an aqueous solution of sodium nitrite whereby to form the diazonium salt and then adding the resulting solution containing the diazonium salt to an alcoholic solution of the compound of formula I or a compound of formulas II or IVwherein R.sub.3 is hydrogen. Conveniently, the reaction is effected in the cold, e.g., from temperatures of -10.degree. to 15.degree., most preferably from -5 to 5.degree..

Compounds of formula II above wherein R.sub.4 is a .dbd.N--OH group can be prepared from the compound of formula I or a corresponding compound of formula II above wherein R.sub.4 is a ##STR9## group by treating the ketone containing compound withhydroxylamine hydrochloride in a molar excess. The procedure is preferably conducted in the presence of pyridine.

The ketone group present in the compound of formula I or a compound of formula II wherein R.sub.4 is .dbd.0 may be reduced to the corresponding compound of formula II wherein R.sub.4 is --OH by treating the starting material with an alkali metalborohydride, such as sodium borohydride, potassium borohydride and the like. Preferably, the reduction is effected in the presence of an inert organic solvent. Among the inert organic solvents suitable for this purpose may be included lower alkanols,such as methanol, ethanol, propanol, butanol and the like, ethers, such as diethyl ether, methylethyl ether, dioxane and the like, and similar type organic solvents.

Compounds of formula IV can be prepared from the compound of formula I or a compound of formula II above wherein R.sub.4 is .dbd.O by treating said compound with a dehydrating agent. Dehydrating agents suitable for use in the preparation of thecompounds of formula IV above according to one broad process aspect of the present invention may be represented by inorganic bases such as alkali metal hydroxides, e.g., sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, and lithium hydroxide, and alkali earth metalhydroxides such as calcium hydroxide, barium hydroxide and the like. An inorganic alkali metal base such as sodium hydroxide is preferred.

In one embodiment of the dehydrating process, the compound of formula I or a compound of formula II above wherein R.sub.4 is .dbd.O is added to an inert organic solvent, such as p-dioxane. To the resulting reaction mixture is added an aqueoussolution of the dehydrating agent, preferably aqueous sodium hydroxide and the mixture is permitted to stand. Although temperature is not a critical aspect of this process embodiment, it is preferable to perform the dehydration at a temperature of fromabout 20.degree. to about 50.degree., most preferably at room temperature. The mixture can be maintained under such conditions for a period of 1 to several hours, with a duration of about 7 hours being preferred. Thereafter, the desired product can beisolated and purified from the resulting mixture, which contains both isomers, employing conventional techniques such as recrystallization or chromatography.

The compounds of formulas II and IV, either in their crystalline form or in the form of their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, and the compounds of formula III are useful for both the prophylaxis and therapy of coccidiosis in poultry. Coccidiosis is a disease caused by a microscopic protozoal parasite belonging to the genus Eimeria. The compounds of the present invention are especially useful because of their high activity against single and multiple infections, that is infectionscaused by a single species or by a combination of species. Following standard procedures for ascertaining coccidiostatic activity, the compounds of formulas II, III and IV were administered to chickens at varying levels in their feed, with the resultthat these compounds were shown to be active coccidiostats. For example, compounds such as:

3-Methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-e thyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl} acetyl salicylic acid, sodium salt;

3-Methyl-2-propionyloxy-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl- 3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofur yl]heptyl}benzoic acid, sodium salt;

2-Butyryloxy-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3- methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl ]heptyl}benzoic acid, sodium salt; and

5-Bromo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methy l-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hept yl}salicylic acid, sodium salt show coccidiostatic activity in chickens at a feed level of0.03 per cent.

Further, the compounds of formulas II and IV, either in their crystalline form or in the form of their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, and the compounds of formula III are useful as antibacterial agents. Following standard procedures fordetermining antibacterial activity, compounds of the present invention such as:

(-)-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-( 5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}sa licylic acid, hydroxylammonium salt;

5-bromo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methy l-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hept yl}salicylic acid, sodium salt;

5-nitro-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methy l-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-hep tyl} salicylic acid, sodium salt; and

5-iodo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-2-methyl -5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hepty l} salicylic acid, sodium salt show in vitro activity against E. Bacillus.

Theinvention is further illustrated by the following examples. Unless otherwise indicated, all temperatures given are in degrees centigrade.

EXAMPLE 1

Preparation of 3-methyl-6{ 7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5(5-ethyl-5-hydro xy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl} salicylic acid (crystalline antibiotic X-537A)

The Streptomyces organism was grown in aerated submerged culture in shaken flasks. The pH of the broth was adjusted by the addition of KOH solution to 6.5-7.5, then the broth was sterilized. A tank fermentation was used wherein a 5-10 percentinoculum consisting of 3 day old submerged growth from aerated bottles was used in the tank. The medium contained 2 percent soybean flour, 2 percent brown sugar, 0.5 K.sub.2 HPO.sub.4. The fermentation was carried out at 28.degree. C., under positiveair pressure, with air-flows of 5-10 cu. ft. of air per minute per 40 to 80 gallon liquid charge. The broth was harvested after 4 to 6 days fermentation, filtered, and the antibiotic was recovered by extraction. The extraction was carried out asfollows:

204 Liters of broth were filtered and the wet filter cake was suspended in 100 liters of butyl acetate and mixture was stirred overnight, at room temperature. The mixture was then filtered and the water layer was separated and discarded. Thebutyl acetate solution, assaying 30 million Bacillus E units, was concentrated in vacuo to 3 liters, washed with 10 percent sodium carbonate solution, and dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate.

On further concentration to 300 ml. and dilution with 350 ml. of petroleum ether (b.p. 50.degree.-60.degree. C.), 41 g of solid material, assaying 25 million Bacillus E units, separated. This solid material was then extracted in a Soxhletapparatus with 4 liters petroleum ether (b.p. 50.degree.-60.degree. C.) for 40 hours. The extract was taken to dryness in vacuo, the crystalline residue suspended in petroleum ether and filtered, yielding 24.49 g of a mixture of the salt and free acidform of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5- ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl} salicylic acid. The mother liquor of the solid yielded an additional 5.73 grams of the antibiotic.

After recrystallization from ether-petroleum ether, this material, which contained sodium, was dissolved in ether and washed with dilute sulfurc acid to convert it to the free acid. Removal of the ether left an oily residue which crystallizedfrom ethanol to yield pure 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5- ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl} salicylic acid. Several recrystallizations from ethanol did not change themelting point which remained unsharp at 100.degree.-109.degree. C.

EXAMPLE 2

Preparation of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hy droxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4-heptenyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt, Isomer A

To a solution of 10 g of crystalline antibiotic X-537A in 100 ml of p-dioxane was added 200 ml of 10 percent aqueous sodium hydroxide and the mixture stirred at room temperature. After 7 hours the mixture, which had separated into two phases,was extracted twice with an equal volume of ether. The ether extracts were dried (Na.sub.2 SO.sub.4) and concentrated to a viscous oil which on standing partially crystallized. The crystals were removed by the addition of ether and filtration. Recrystallization of a sample from ether gave colorless needles of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hy droxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4-heptenyl}-salicyli c acid, sodium salt, Isomer A; m.p. 220.degree. , [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -19.96.degree. (1%, CH.sub.3 OH).

EXAMPLE 3

Preparation of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hy droxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4-heptenyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt, Isomer B

The ether filtrate obtained in Example 2 was evaporated to dryness, dissolved in hexane and chromatographed on a florisil column (200 g) using gradient elution from 2 l. hexane/ether (1:1) to 2 l. ether/acetone (1:1). The first fraction elutedwas discarded. The second fraction was a mixture, which on concentration and treatment with ethyl acetate gave an additional yield of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4 -heptenyl} salicylic acid, sodium salt, Isomer A. Chromatography of the filtrate on silica gel using gradient elution from methylene chloride to acetone gave the second component of the mixture asan oil, which crystallized on standing to yield 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hy droxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4-heptenyl} salicylic acid, sodium salt, Isomer B; m.p. 125.degree.,[.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 + 27.64.degree. (1%, CH.sub.3 OH).

EXAMPLE 4

Preparation of 5-bromo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-et hyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4-heptenyl} salicyclic acid, sodium salt

To 1.34 g of crystalline antibiotic X-537A in carbon disulfide (25 ml) was added dropwise a solution of bromine (0.12 ml) in carbon disulfide (10 ml). The reaction mixture was left overnight under a stream of nitrogen to remove the CS.sub.2. The residue which contained the free acid form of the desired end product, was dissolved in ethyl acetate. After washing successively with aqueous sodium bisulfate and saturated sodium carbonate, the ethyl acetate solution was dried (Na.sub.2 SO.sub.4)and evaporated under reduced pressure. Crystallization from methylene chloride/hexane gave colorless needles of 5-bromo-3-methy-6-{7-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-eth yl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-4-heptenyl} salicyclic acid, sodium salt, m.p. 235.degree. , [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 +9.63.degree. (1% DMSO).

EXAMPLE 5

Preparation of 5-bromo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hep tyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt

To a solution of 1.53 g of the sodium salt of antibiotic X-537A in 30 ml carbon disulfide was added dropwise a solution of 0.14 ml bromine 10 ml carbon disulfide at -5.degree. over 10 minutes. The solvent was removed under a stream of nitrogenat room temperature (approximately 2 hours). The residue was purified by dissolving it in ethyl acetate and the solution washed successively with aqueous sodium bisulfite and sodium carbonate. After drying (Na.sub.2 SO.sub.4), the solution wasevaporated under reduced pressure and the residue crystallized from ethyl acetate to give 5-bromo-3-methyl-6{-7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydro-pyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]he ptyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt as colorless cubes, m.p. 185.degree., [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -7.36.degree. (1% in methanol).

EXAMPLE 6

Preparation of 3-methyl-6-{4,6-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-7-ethyl-7[-5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-et hyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}salicy lic acid

To a solution of 10 g of crystalline antibiotic X-537A in 500 ml of absolute ethanol was added 1.36 g of NaBH.sub.4. The reaction was followed by assaying with thin layer chromatography (silica gel - CHCl.sub.3 /acetone 8:2) and the reaction wascontinued overnight after adding an additional 1.0 g. of NaBH.sub.4. The following morning the solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the heavy oil diluted with methylene chloride, washed with dilute HCl, dried (Na.sub.2 SO.sub.4), andconcentrated to a solid foam. The slightly pink solid was chromatographed on a 500 g silica gel column eluting with 2 l. hexane-methylene chloride (1:1), 2 l. methylene chloride 2 l. methylene chloride ether (1:1), The 250 ml fractions were assayed byTLC and fractions 13-17 pooled, concentrated to a yellow solid and rechromatographed on a 150 g florisil column eluting with a gradient from hexane to acetone. The fractions containing3-methyl-6-{4,6-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-7-ethyl-7-]5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-et hyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl 2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}salicylic acid were pooled and concentrated to a small volume from which pure3-methyl-6-{4,6-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-7-ethyl-7 -[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-( 5-ethyl-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl) 2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}salicylic acid crystals were recovered, m.p. 151.degree.-153.degree.. From the mother liquor, additional material wascrystallized, [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 + 0.83 (C=.60%, CH.sub.3 OH).

EXAMPLE 7

Preparation of 2-methoxy-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-me thyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]h eptyl}benzoic acid, methyl ester.

A solution of 5 g of crystalline antibiotic X-537A in 50 ml of N,N-dimethyl formamide was stirred overnight with 6 g of silver oxide and 50 ml of methyl iodide. After assay (TLC slica gel - benzene/acetone, 9:1) an additional 5 g of silver oxideand 10 ml of methyl iodide was added. After 48 hours the solids were removed by filtration and the filtrate diluted with water and methylene chloride. The solvent was separated, removed under reduced pressure and the remaining N,N-dimethyl formamideremoved by water washing of an ether solution. The ether layer was chromatographed on a 140 g florisil column eluting with a gradient between hexane (1 liter) to acetone (1 liter). The fractions containing the product were pooled and concentrated to aclear oil which could be distilled at 165.degree. and 0.05 mm. yielded pure 2-methoxy-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-me thyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]h eptyl}benzoic acid,methyl ester, .alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -10.79.degree. (CH.sub.3 OH, C = 1%).

EXAMPLE 8

Preparation of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5- ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl} acetyl salicylic acid, sodium salt

To a solution of 6.12 g (10 mm.) of crystalline antibiotic X-537A in 10 ml dry pyridine was added 2 ml acetic anhydride. After 2 hours, 10 g of ice was added to the reaction solution and the resulting mixture was washed into a separatory funnelwith ethyl acetate and 1N HCl The ethyl acetate solution was washed with 1N HCl until all the pyridine had been removed. The ethyl acetate solution was then washed with saturated sodium carbonate solution, dried (Na.sub.2 SO.sub.4) and evaporated todryness under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in methylene chloride and the solution evaporated on the steam bath with additions of hexane until crystallization started. Cooling to 0.degree., gave3-methyl-6{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-et hyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydroyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl} acetyl salicylic acid, sodium salt as white needles, m.p. 186.degree.-187.degree., [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25-18.75.degree. (1 %, CH.sub.3 OH).

EXAMPLE 9

Preparation of (-)-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3 -methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofury l]heptyl} salicylic acid, hydroxyl-ammonium salt

A mixture of 10 g of crystalline antibiotic X-537A and 5 g of hydroxylamine hydrochloride in 50 ml ethanol containing 5 ml pyridine was heated under reflux for 60 hours. The solution was evaporated to dryness and 5 ml water added. The solidproduct was triturated and filtered, then recrystallized from aqueous ethanol to give (-)-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3 -methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydro-pyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofur yl]heptyl}salicylic acid, hydroxylammonium salt; m.p. 168.degree.-170.degree., [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -12.34.degree. (1%, DMSO).

EXAMPLE 10

Preparation of (+)-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3 -methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydro-pyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofur yl]heptyl}salicylic acid sodium salt; and(-)-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3 -methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofury l]heptyl} salicylic acid, sodium salt

A mixture of 10 g of crystalline antibiotic X-537A and 5 g of hydroxylamine hydrochloride in 50 ml ethanol containing 5 ml pyridine was heated under reflux for 60 hours. The solution was evaporated to dryness and treated with a mixture of 1N HCland ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate layer was washed with 1N HCl until all the pyridine and hydroxylamine had been removed. It was then treated with a saturated aqueous solution of sodium carbonate, separated and dried (Na.sub.2 SO.sub.4). Afterevaporation to dryness, the residue was fractionally crystallized from ethanol. The first fraction was shown by TLC on silica gel using benzenemethano (9:1) as solvent to be the sodium salt of the oxime previously isolated in Example 9 as itshydroxylammonium salt. Recrystallization from CH.sub.2 CL.sub.2 /hexane gave white prisms of (-)-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3 -methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydro pyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt, m.p. 173.degree.-174.degree. , [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -11.99.degree. (1%, methanol). The second crop (1.63 g) isolated by fractional crystallization of the crude sodium salt of the oxime was found to be an isomer of(-)-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3 -methyl-5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydro pyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt. Recrystallization from CH.sub.2 CL.sub.2 /hexane gave white needlesof (-)-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3 -methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2tetrahydrofuryl ]heptyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt, m.p. 220.degree. C, [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 +27.16.degree. (1, methanol).

EXAMPLE 11

Preparation of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3-met hyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)2-tetrahydrofuryl]hept yl}salicylic acid methyl ester, Isomer A

A solution of 3.55 g of (-)-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3 -methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5hydroxy-6-methyl-2tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl] heptyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt in 100 ml methylene chloride wastreated with 1N HCl. The solvent layer was separated, washed with water and concentrated under reduced pressure to a solid. A portion (1.3 g) of the solid, equal to 2.15 millimole, was dissolved in ether and treated with 4.25 millimole of an etherealsolution of diazomethane. At the end of one hour the solvent was removed at reduced pressure leaving an oil which upon standing under a high vacuum solidified to yield 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]he ptyl} salicylic acid, methyl ester, isomer A; [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 +5.77.degree. (1.03, CH.sub.3 OH).

EXAMPLE 12

Preparation of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[ 5-ethyl-3-me thyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]h eptyl} salicylic acid methyl ester, Isomer B.

A solution of 1.77 g of (+)-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3- methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydro pyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt in 100 ml of methylene chloride waswashed with 1N HCl The solvent layer was separated, washed with water, and concentrated at reduced pressure to a solid. A portion (1.48 g) of the solid, equal to 2.45 millimoles, was dissolved in ether and treated with 5 millimoles of a solution ofdiazomethane in ether. After one hour the solvent was removed in vacuo leaving an oil which upon standing under high vacuum solidified to yield 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxyimino-3,5-dimethyl-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]he ptyl} salicylic acid methyl ester, Isomer B; [.alpha.].sub.D 25+32.63.degree. (1.01%, CH.sub.3 OH).

EXAMPLE 13

Preparation of 5-iodo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-2-methy l-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetra-hydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hep tyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt

A solution of 1.8 g of crystalline antibiotic X-537A in 50 ml of glacial acetic acid was treated with 980 mg of iodine monochloride (freshly distilled 97.degree.-99.degree. fraction). The ICl was mixed with 5 ml of acetic acid and added to thereaction slowly over a period of 15 minutes. After an additional 15 minutes, water (100 ml) was slowly added and the mixture extracted with ether. The solvent layer was separated and washed successively with aqueous solutions of sodium bisulfite,sodium bicarbonate and sodium carbonate. The solvent was dried (Na.sub.2 SO.sub.4). After concentration and crystallization, the product 5-iodo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-2-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl[hept yl}salicylic acid, sodium salt was recovered by filtration. Recrystallization from ethyl acetate gave 5-iodo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-2-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5 -hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt, m.p. 222.5.degree.-223.degree., [.alpha.].sub.D 25-48.7.degree. (1%, CHCl.sub.3).

Alternatively 5-iodo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-2-methy l-5-(5-ethyl-5 -hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt could be prepared by treatment of crystallineantibiotic X-537A (1 millimole) with iodine (1 millimole) and morpholine (3 millimoles). The reaction usually was complete in 5 days and the product, purified by chromatography, was identical to the above.

EXAMPLE 14

Preparation of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5- ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}acet yl salicylic acid, methyl ester

1.344 g (2 mmole) of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5- ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}-ace tyl salicylic acid, sodium salt was treated with ether (30 ml) and 1N HCl(30 ml). The mixture was shaken in a separatory funnel until all the starting material had dissolved. The ether layer was then washed twice with water and treated with 20 ml solution of ethereal diazomethane (5 mmole). After drying (Na.sub.2SO.sub.4), the solution was evaporated to give 3-methyl-6{ 7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydr oxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2tetrahydrofuryl]acetyl salicylic acid, methyl ester as an oil, [.alpha.].sub.D25+0.99.degree. (1 percent in methanol).

EXAMPLE 15

Preparation of 5-bromo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetra-hydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]he ptyl}acetyl salicylic acid, sodium salt

To a solution of 2.11 g of the sodium salt of 5-bromo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetra-hydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]he ptyl}salicylic acid in 20 ml of dry pyridine wasadded 0.66 ml of acetic anhydride. After 4 hours at room temperature, the reaction mixture was diluted with ice water containing 40 ml of HCl and ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate was separated, washed with 1N HCl until the pyridine was removed and thenwashed with a saturated aqueous solution of sodium carbonate and dried over Na.sub.2 SO.sub.4. The ethyl acetate was evaporated to 25 ml from which 5-bromo-3-methyl-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hepty l}acetyl salicylic acid, sodium salt was recovered by filtration. M.p. 213.degree.-215.degree. [.alpha.].sub.D -3.5.degree. (1 percent, methanol). An additional yield of thedesired product was recovered from the mother liquor after crystallization from methylene chloride/hexane.

EXAMPLE 16

Preparation of 5-nitro-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hep tyl}salicylic acid, sodium salt

To a solution of 2 g. of crystalline antibiotic X-537A in 75 ml. glacial acetic acid was added 1 ml. concentrated nitric acid and after stirring for one-half hour, an equal volume (75 ml.) of water was added. The resulting yellow amorphousprecipitate was extracted with ether. The ether layer was washed with sodium carbonate until all the acetic acid has been removed. After drying (Na.sub.2 SO.sub.4), the ether was removed under reduced pressure to give 2.4 g. of a yellow solid. Treatment with methylene chloride followed by filtration gave a crystalline product which was discarded. The methylene chloride filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and chromatographed on a silica (20 g.) column using methylene chloridecontaining 1 percent methanol as eluant. The first fraction eluted gave 5-nitro-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hep tyl} salicylic acid, sodiumsalt which on recrystallization from methylene chloride/hexane gave pale yellow plates, m.p. 214.degree.-215.degree. , [.alpha.].sub.D 25 98.05.degree. (1%, DMSO).

EXAMPLE 17

Preparation of 3-methyl-2-propionyloxy-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl -3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofu ryl]heptyl}acid, sodium salt

To a solution of 3.0 g. (49 mmoles) of the crystalline antibiotic X-537A in 75 ml. of pyridine, 0.7 ml. (54 mmoles) of propionic anhydride was added and the mixture kept at room temperature for 16 hours. Most of the solvent was then removed byconcentration at reduced pressure below 35.degree.. The residue was dissolved in methylene chloride, washed with dilute hydrochloric acid, dilute sodium carbonate and water and dried (Na.sub.2 SO.sub.4). Solvent was then removed by distillation underreduced pressure. The residue crystallized from hexane to yield 3-methyl-2-pro-pionyloxy-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethy l-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl-2-tetrahydrofu ryl]heptyl}benzoic acid, sodium salt;m.p. 193-195.degree.. Recrystallization did not alter the melting point; [.alpha.].sub.D 25-20.3.degree. (C=1.3, MeOH).

EXAMPLE 18

In a similar fashion as that disclosed in Example 17, the following compounds may be prepared from the indicated starting materials:

2-butyryloxy-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3- methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl ]heptyl}benzoic acid, sodium salt, m.p. 191.degree.-193.degree., [.alpha.].sub.D25-20.1.degree. (C=1, MeOH); from 3.0 g. of crystalline antibiotic X-537A and 0.88 ml. of butyric anhydride.

2-benzoyloxy-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3- methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl ]heptyl}benzoic acid, sodium salt, m.p. 177.degree.-180.degree.; from crystalline antibioticX-537A and benzoic anhydride.

EXAMPLE 19

Preparation of the Ammonium Salt of Antibiotic X-537A

15.0 g. of the sodium salt of antibiotic X-537A was dissolved in ethyl acetate (500 ml.) and washed three times with water, and three times with 200 ml. portions of 2.8 percent ammonium hydroxide solution. Removal of solvent from the ethylacetate phase left a residue which was crystallized from methylene chloride/hexane to afford white crystals of the ammonium salt of antibiotic X-537A, m.p. 195.degree.-196.5.degree. (dec.), [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -50.84.degree. (C=1.3 in methanol). Concentration of the mother liquors afforded additional material, m.p. 194.degree.-196.degree..

EXAMPLE 20

Preparation of Sodium Salt of Antibiotic X-537A

The sodium salt was prepared by shaking an ether solution of the free acid of antibiotic X-537A with aqueous sodium carbonate. The salt which remained in the ether was recrystallized twice from benzene-ligroin and dried. It had a melting point,taken in an open capillary tube of 191.degree.-192.degree. C. dec.

EXAMPLE 21

Preparation of the Lithium Salt of Antibiotic X-537A

5.0 g. of the sodium salt of antibiotic X-537A dissolved in ethyl acetate (200 ml.). The solution was washed in turn with 100 ml. portions of 1N hydrochloric acid (twice), water (twice), barium hydroxide solution (twice) and lithium sulfatesolution (twice). A white solid was recovered by evaporation of the organic phase, and on recrystallization from methylene chloride/hexane yielded the lithium salt as white crystals, m.p. 161.degree.-162.degree. (dec.), [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25-8.27.degree. (C=1.23 in methanol).

EXAMPLE 22

Preparation of 3-methyl-2-propionyloxy-6-{7-ethyl-4-Hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7 -[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-te trahydrofuryl]heptyl}benzoic acid, sodium salt

6.12 g. of the sodium salt of antibiotic X-537A was dissolved in pyridine (10 ml.) by warming slightly. The solution was cooled in an ice bath and treated with propionyl chloride, then allowed to stand at room temperature for 2 hours. Themixture was poured into water, extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic phase washed in succession with 1N hydrochloric acid (several times) and sodium carbonate solution (twice). Evaporation of the ethyl acetate solution left a residue which wascrystallized from methylene chloride/hexane to afford 3-methyl-2-propionyloxy-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo- 7[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-te trahydrofuryl]heptyl}benzoic acid, sodium salt, m.p. 185.degree.-186.5.degree. [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -20.00.degree. (C=1.00 in methanol).

EXAMPLE 23

Preparation of ammonium 3-methyl-2-(2-methylpropionyloxy)-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo- 7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-te trahydro-furyl]heptyl} benzoate

A solution of the sodium salt of antibiotic X-537A (6.12 g.) in pyridine (10 ml.) was cooled in an ice bath and treated with isobutyric anhydride (1.74 g. in 3 ml. of pyridine). After stirring at room temperature for 2 days, the mixture waspoured into water, extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic phase washed with 1N hydrochloric acid and 2.8% ammonium hydroxide. The residue obtained on evaporation of the ethyl acetate solution wasammonium-3-methyl-2-2-methyl-propionyloxy)-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimeth yl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyra nyl)-2-tetrahydro-furyl]heptyl}benzoate in solid form, m.p. approx. 98.degree. (dec.), [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -23.33.degree. (C=1.25 in methanol).

EXAMPLE 24

Preparation of ammonium-3-methyl-2-nicotinoyloxy-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo- 7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-te trahydrofuryl]heptyl}benzoate

A solution of the sodium salt of antibiotic X-537A (6.12 g.) in pyridine (10 ml.) was stirred at room temperature under nitrogen with 3 g. of nicotinoyl chloride hydrochloride for 13 days. Extraction and purification as in Example 22 gave ayellow residue which resisted crystallization. Attempted crystallization from hexane gave a gum which was dried on a clay plate to an amorphous solid, m.p. 81.degree.-92.degree. (dec.) [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -14.64.degree. (C=1.04 in methanol).

EXAMPLE 25

Preparation of 5-phenylazo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3- methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl ]heptyl}salicylic acid

To a solution of 0.18 ml. of aniline in 8 ml. of N HCl, cooled to 0.degree.-5.degree. C. in an ice bath as slowly added 150 mg. of NaNO.sub.2 in water chilled to the same temperature. To the above solution was added a cold methanolicsolution of 550 mg. of crystalline antibiotic X-537A. The reaction mixture was kept at 3.degree. to 5.degree. for 15 minutes and then allowed to slowly reach room temperature. At the end of 2 hours, the reaction mixture was diluted with water andextracted with ethyl acetate. The solvent extract was washed with a saturated solution of Na.sub.2 CO.sub.3, dried over NaSO.sub.4 and concentrated to a solid. The solid was chromatographed on a 30 g. silica gel (Grade 62 ) column eluting with agradient between 300 ml. methylene chloride and 500 ml. ether. The product was eluted in the first peak and crystallized from methylene chloride/hexane, m.p. 212.degree.-215.degree., [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -27.30.degree. (0.586 percent CH.sub.3 OH).

EXAMPLE 26

Preparation of 5-amino-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-he ptyl}salicylic acid

A solution of 5.0 g. (7.6 millimole) of 5-nitro-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-he ptyl}salicylic acid in ethanol (450 ml.) washydrogenated over 2 g. of Raney-nickel with an uptake of 22.2 mm. of hydrogen. The reaction was filtered (over N.sub.2) and 17.2 ml. of N HCl was added. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure, and the residue was crystallized from aqueousacetone to give 5-amino-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl- 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-methyl-3-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2 -tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-heptyl}salicylic acid, m.p. 223.degree.-225.degree. [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 +17.92.degree. (1percent, MeOH).

EXAMPLE 27

Preparation of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy- 3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tet rahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}salicylic acid, methyl ester

To a solution of 6.2 g. of crystalline antibiotic X-537A in 125 ml. of methylene chloride was added 4.6 g. of silver oxide and 14 g. of methyl iodide. After stirring for 18 hours, the reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate concentratedto 7.07 g. of a light yellow oil, which was decolorized with Darco, giving 6.09 g. of a colorless foam. A portion (4 g.) of the foam was chromatographed on a florisil column (150 g.) eluting with a gradient between methylene chloride (1 l.) to ether (1l.) and then ether (500 ml.) to acetone (500 ml.). Rechromatography of the slightly yellow oil, recovered from the florisil column, on a 75 g. silica gel column and eluting with a gradient between methylene chloride (1 l.) and 15 percentether/-methylene chloride gave 200 mg. of a clear viscous oil, Bp. 170.degree.d/005 mm. [.alpha.] .sub.D.sup.25 -7.19.degree. , (1.1 percent CH.sub.3 OH).

EXAMPLE 28

Preparation of 5-acetamido-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3- methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl ]heptyl}salicylic acid

To a suspension of 1.21 g. (2 mmole) of 5-amino-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-he ptyl}salicylic acid in 50 ml. glacial acetic acid wasadded 1 ml. acetic anhydride (.about.10 mmoles). On warming the mixture to 70.degree. on a steam bath, the amine dissolved and after a further half an hour at room temperature, the solution was poured on to crushed ice. The mixture was carefully madealkaline with sodium carbonate solution and extracted twice with 400 ml. ether. After drying (NaSO.sub.4) the ethereal solution was evaporated to approximately 100 ml. The resulting microcrystalline product had m.p. 189-190.degree., [.alpha.].sub.D-17.45.degree. (1 percent, MeOH).

EXAMPLE 29

Preparation of 5-diazo-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hep tyl}salicylic acid

A solution of 5-amino-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-[6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-met hyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl-2-tetrahydrofuryl]hep tyl}salicylic acid (1.28 g.) in 10 ml. methanol and 2 ml. of aqueous N HCl wascooled to 0.degree. and a chilled solution of 150 mg. of NaNO.sub.2 in 1 ml. water was slowly added. To the solution was added 320 mg. of CuCl in 1 ml. of concentrated HCl. The reaction mixture was allowed to slowly warm up to room temperature andthen diluted with water and extracted with ether. The ether extract was concentrated to a small volume and the crystallized product was collected by filtration, m.p. 137.degree.-138.degree., [.alpha.].sub.D -13.5.degree. (0.7 percent, CH.sub.3 OH).

EXAMPLE 30

Preparation of 5-acetamido-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-m ethyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl] heptyl}acetyl salicylic acid

To a solution of 5-amino-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-meth yl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]-he ptyl}salicylic acid (1.21 g.) in 20 ml. of pyridine was added 0.56 ml. ofacetic anhydride. At the end of 4 hours, the reaction was poured into 100 ml. ice water containing 20 ml. of concentrated HCl The solution was extracted with ether, twice, and the solvents concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethylacetate from which a semicrystalline material was recovered after addition of hexane. Recrystallization of this material from methylene chloride/ether gave the crystaline product, m.p. 190.degree.-192.degree., [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -18.38.degree. (C,1.1 percent, CH.sub.3 OH).

EXAMPLE 31

Preparation of 5-chloro-3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-met hyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]he ptyl}salicylic acid

To a cold solution (.about.3.degree.) of 6.12 g. of the sodium salt of antibiotic X-537A in 50 ml. of chloroform/3 ml. of carbon tetrachloride was slowly added 34 ml. of arbon tetrachloride saturated with 10 millimoles of chlorine gas. Thereaction was continued for one-half hour after which the solution was filtered and the filtrate treated with a saturated aqueous solution of Na.sub.2 CO.sub.3. The solvent layer was dried over Na.sub.2 SO.sub.4 and concentrated to a small volume fromwhich after addition of hexane the crystalline product was recovered. The crystalline material which had a tendency to incorporate the solvent of crystallization was twice recrystallized from methylene chloride/ether and acetone/-hexane, m.p. 183.degree.-185.degree., [.alpha.].sub.D.sup.25 -44.31.degree. (C, 0.99 percent CHCl.sub.3).

EXAMPLE 32

This example illustrates the utilization of a representative member of the compounds of the present invention as a coccidiostatic agent in an animal feed. In a manner similar to that described below, the remaining compounds encompassed by thepresent invention may also be incorporated as active coccidiostatic agents into animal feeds.

A medicated poultry feed intended as a starter feed for broilers is prepared by blending 0.005 per cent by weight of 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl} acetyl salicylic acid, sodium salt in a basic poultry ration consisting of:

______________________________________ Corn meal, No. 2, yellow, ground 1123 Stabilized grease or vegetable oil 60 Soybean oil meal (low fiber content 50% protein) 480 Corn Gluten meal 50 Fish meal, antioxidant treated, 60% protein 30 Fish solubles, dried basis 10 Meat and bone scraps, 50% protein 140 Corn distillers dried solubles 50 Alfalfa meal, 17% protein 100,000 A/lb. 30 Salt, iodized 5 Manganese sulfate, feed grade 0.75 Zinc carbonate or oxide 0.25 Riboflavin, Grams3 Vitamin B.sub.12, mg. 6 Calcium pantothenate, gms. 5 Niacin, gm. 30 Stabilized vitamin A USP units 6,000,000 Vitamine D.sub.3, IC units 650,000 Vitamin E acetate, IU 5,000 Vitamin E, (menadione sodium bisulfite) gms. 2 DI-methionine orhydroxy analog, pound 1 Antioxidant (ethoxyquin or butylated hydroxy toluene) lb. 0.25 ______________________________________

Similar feeds can be prepared containing the active ingredient 3-methyl-6-{7-ethyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-oxo-7-[5-ethyl-3-methyl-5-(5- ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-tetrahydropyranyl)-2-tetrahydrofuryl]heptyl}acet yl salicylic acid, sodium saltat other concentrations, for example containing from 0.001 percent to 0.0125 percent by weight of said compound .

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