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Cherry rootstock GI 195/2
PP9631 Cherry rootstock GI 195/2
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP9631-3    Drawing: PP9631-4    
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(2 images)

Inventor: Gruppe, et al.
Date Issued: August 20, 1996
Application: 08/485,405
Filed: June 7, 1995
Inventors: Gruppe; Werner (Linden, DE)
Schmidt; Hanna (Ahrensburg, DE)
Assignee: Inter-Plant Patent Marketing, Inc. (Ontario, CA)
Primary Examiner: Feyrer; James R.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Flynn, Thiel, Boutell & Tanis, P.C.
U.S. Class: PLT/183
Field Of Search: Plt/37
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents: PP8852; PP8954
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: The new and distinct cultivar of cherry rootstock, which has been given the designation GI 195/2 produces a tree which is generally spreading and which upon grafting produces a dwarf tree.
Claim: What is claimed is:

1. A new and distinct variety of cherry hybrid tree as shown and described herein.
Description: FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates generally to cherry trees and more specifically to a new and distinct variety of cherry hybrid tree which is particularly useful as a rootstock.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The use of cherry hybrid trees as rootstock is known in the art of producing cherry trees. One such variety is F12/1, a vegetatively propagated P. avium-selection. Rootstock varieties of GI 148/2 and GI 148/8 are described in U.S. PlantPatents 8852 and 8954 respectively. The use of cherry hybrid varieties as rootstock produces a dwarf tree that comes into earlier and heavier bearing without sacrificing fruit size.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The new and distinct cultivar of cherry rootstock, which has been given the designation GI 195/2 produces a tree which is generally spreading and which upon grafting produces a dwarf tree.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 illustrates a branch and dormant lateral buds, bark and lenticels of GI 195/2.

FIG. 2 illustrates GI 195/2 flowers.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The new and distinct variety of cherry hybrid tree of the present invention was bred by the inventors as a cross of Prunus canescens.times.Prunus cerasus cv. "Leitzkauer" with Prunus canescens in Giessen, Germany. It has been successfullyasexually propagated by softwood cuttings at the University of Giessen in Giessen, Germany, and has been observed to remain true to the description set forth herein.

GI 195/2 as used as a rootstock for sweet cherry trees induces dwarfing to a significant degree. Precocity, high production of fruit and yield efficiency, good fruit size and no or very few suckers were induced. GI 195/2 as a rootstock confersearlier and heavier bearing to the scion as compared to F12/1 clonal cherry rootstock. As a mean of seven years, 100-fruit-weight of "Hedelfinger" grafted on 195/2 was 737 grams, while 100-fruit-weight of "Hedelfinger" grafted on F12/1 was 735 grams.

GI 195/2 itself is bushy, of medium vigor and has medium frosthardiness. After eight growing seasons near Giessen, Germany, GI 195/2 demonstrated a height of 3.30 meters and a width of 3.30 meters.

The following varieties of sweet and sour cherries have been successfully grafted onto GI 195/2: Hedelfinger, Buttners Rote Knorpel, Grosse Schwarze Knorpel, Van, and Montmorency. No graft incompatibility is presently known.

Ploidy of 195/2 is probably triploid (2n=3x). The ploidy status of the parents has been investigated by isoenzyme analysis and is tetraploid (2n=4x) for the mother plant=Prunus cerasus, cv "Leitzkauer", and diploid (2n=2x) for the father plant,Prunus canescenes.

Leaves:

Overall shape.--Obvate.

Apex shape.--Acute to slightly acuminate.

Base shape.--Rounded, slightly acute.

Leaf serration.--Doubly serrate leaf margin, secondary notches are indistinct.

Veination.--Pinnate, 9-11 veins, mainly alternate.

Stipules.--Prominent at base of petiole on most leaves.

Glands.--Rounded, attached to bottom edge of blade.

Pubescence.--Very sparse pubescence on adaxil surface (top), lightly pubescent on abaxil surface especially on veins.

Color.--Light green.

Leaf dimensions of GI 195/2 at 5th and 9th leaf:

______________________________________ 5th leaf 9th leaf ______________________________________ Mean length of leaves 59 80 Mean width of leaves 32 50 Mean length of petioles 73 70 ______________________________________

Branches: One year old branches are very slightly pubescent, buds alternate on branch.

Color of 2-year old branch.--Greyed red; Fan 4, 178 B (R.H.S. Colour Chart).

Branch dimensions: (For a single GI 195/2 plant in the ungrafted condition after the 5th leaf; in brackets, comparable data for F12/1).

Mean length of 1-year-old branches.--19.0 cm (19.8 Cm).

Mean length of 2-year-old branches.--28.4 cm (35.0 cm).

Mean length of 3-year-old branches.--29.5 cm (63.2 cm).

Mean diameter of 1-year-old branches.--1.8 mm (3.4 mm).

Mean diameter of 2-year-old branches.--3.0 mm (5.8 mm).

Mean diameter of 3-year-old branches.--4.9 mm (10.1 mm).

Mean no. of branches from 2-year-old branches.--1.2 (0.7).

Mean no. of branches from 3-year-old branches.--6.4 (2.4).

Mean no. of nodes of 2-year-old branches.--12.2 (15.3).

Mean no. of nodes of 3-year-old branches.--11.4 (22.4).

Mean angle of 3-year-old branches.--75.0 (59.7).

Mean angle of 4-year-old branches.--78.3 (58.3).

Buds: Conical, acute, adpressed, 2-3 mm long, overlapping bud scales, with prominent leaf scars. No ornamental value.

Flowers:

Flowering.--Flowers in the 1st year.

Abundance.--Good flower density 2nd year.

Petal color.--White.

Petal shape.--Almost round.

Bloom:

Begin of bloom.--Late.

Overall vigor:

Suckers.--None.

Survey of growth data: Growth of one ungrafted, 60 kilometers south of Gliessen, Germany after 5th and 9th leaf is shown in Table 1 below.

TABLE 1 ______________________________________ 5th leaf 9th leaf ______________________________________ Height (cm) 230 370.0 Width (cm) 185 380.0 Depth (cm) 450.0 Fresh weight (kg) 41.5 ______________________________________

A crown-silhouette comparison of GI 195/2 and F12/1-(m2)=height.times.(width+depth)/2 is shown in Table 2.

TABLE 2 ______________________________________ GI 195/2 F12/1 ______________________________________ After 4 years in orchard: 3.7 7.7 After 6 years in orchard: 5.9 14.3 ______________________________________

Enzyme polymorphism of GI 195/2: (Studied by horizontal starch gel electrophoresis of leaf tissue of 8 loci.) is shown in Table 3.

TABLE 3 ______________________________________ 195/2 ______________________________________ Aconitase-2 22 Alkoholdehydrogenase-1 112 Isocitratdehydrogenase-2 122 Leucinaminopeptisase-1 23 5-Phosphogluconat-Dehydrogenase-1 1H 6-Phosphogluconat-Dehydrogenase-2 122 Phophoglucose-Isomerase-2 124 Phosphoglucomutase-2 25 ______________________________________

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