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Chrysanthemum named Bronze Reagan
PP8865 Chrysanthemum named Bronze Reagan
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP8865-5    Drawing: PP8865-6    
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Inventor: Van Der Jagt
Date Issued: August 16, 1994
Application: 08/092,941
Filed: July 19, 1993
Inventors: Van Der Jagt; Martinus (CJ Langeraar, NL)
Assignee:
Primary Examiner: Locker; Howard J.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Parkhurst, Wendel & Rossi
U.S. Class: PLT/296
Field Of Search: Plt/82.2; Plt/82.3
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References: Datta, 1991, "Evaluation of Recurrent Irradiation on Vegetatively Propagated Ornamentals: Chrysanthem", J. Nuclear Agric. Biol., 20(2):81-86..
Banerji, et al., 1990, "Induction of Somatic Mutation in Chrysanthemum Cultivar `Anupam`", J. Nuclear Agric. Biol., 19:252-256..
"Mutation Studies on Chrysanthemum", NBRI Newsletter, 1989 16(1):2-3..
Gosling, ed., 1979, "The Chrysanthemum Manual-6th edition", The National Chrysanthemum Society, London, Essex Telegraph Press, Ltd., pp. 329-336..
Broertjes, et al., "Application of Mutation Breeding Methods In The Improvement of Vegetatively Propagated Crops", Elsevier Sci. Pub. Co., New York, pp. 162-175..
Gupta, et al., 1978, "Mutation Breeding of Chrysanthemums. II. Detection of Gamma Ray Induced Mutations in vM.sub.2 ", J. Nuclear Agric. Biol., 7(2):50-54..
Das, et al., 1977, "Improvement of Some Vegetatively Propagated Ornamentals by Gamma Radiation", Indian J. Hort., 34(2):169-174..
Searle, et al., 1968, "Chrysanthemums the Year Round", Blanford Press, London, pp. 27-29, 320-327..
Broertjes, 1966, "Mutation Breeding of Chrysanthemums", Euphytica, 15:156-162..
Dowrick, et al., 1966, "The Induction of Mutation in Chrysanthemum Using X- and Gamma Radiation", Euphytica, 15:204-210..









Abstract: A new and distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant named Bronze Reagan, bearing medium sized pale bronze blooms with a yellow-green center and a performance of 24-28 days.
Claim: What is claimed:

1. A new and distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant named Bronze Reagan, as described and illustrated.
Description: ORIGIN ANDHISTORY OF THE NEW PLANT

The new plant of the present invention comprises a new and distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant which is a naturally occurring sport of a Chrysanthemum named Reagan, which in turn is a cross of unknown Chrysanthemum morifolium parents. TheChrysanthemum named Reagan is described in co-pending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 07/780,305. The invention was discovered in 1988 as a whole plant mutation in Holland. The plant has been asexually reproduced by cuttings in greenhouses at TerAar, Holland. The new cultivar has been found to retain all of its distinctive characteristics through successive propagations.

SUMMARY OF THE NEW PLANT

The present invention is a new and distinct variety of Chrysanthemum of a medium sized bloom and bronze color.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present new and distinct Chrysanthemum cultivar is shown in the accompanying drawings, the color being as nearly true as possible with color photographs of this type.

Sheet 1 shows the full bloom of the new cultivar;

Sheet 2, top, shows various stages of bloom of the new cultivar; and

Sheet 2, bottom, shows the foliage and petiole of the new cultivar.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

This new variety of Chrysanthemum is of the botanical classification Chrysanthemum morifolium, and is named Bronze Reagan. When grown in the vicinity of Ter Aar, Holland, it has a response time of approximately 71/2 weeks. This new varietyproduces medium sized bronze blooms with a yellow green center having a 4 week performance (i.e., a vase life of 24-28 days). This new variety of Chrysanthemum has been found to retain its distinctive characteristics throughout successive propagationsand may be planted under greenhouse conditions in Holland between weeks fifty and thirty-five (i.e., between December 1 and August 30). Pest resistance, disease resistance and frost tolerance are unknown.

The following is a description of the plant and characteristics (color designations are from R.H.S. Colour Chart) that distinguish it over related known varieties and its antecedents:

Botanical classification: Chrysanthemum morifolium.

Bud:

Size.--Medium (cross section .+-.1.0 cm, height .+-.0.7 cm.).

Form.--Round and flat.

Outside color.--Greyed-red 179 C.

Bloom:

Size.--Medium.

Fully expanded.--61/2-7 cm.

Borne.--Upper portion, single flower per peduncle; lower portion, plural flowers per peduncle.

Stems.--Strong, thick.

Form.--Single (daisy).

Performance.--Very good 24-28 days (18.degree.-20.degree. C.).

Color:

Center of flower.--Immature: Yellow Green 151 C. Mature: Yellow Green 154 A.

Base of petals.--8 A with an overlay of Greyed-Red 179 B.

Inside of petals.--8 A with an overlay of Greyed-Red 179 B.

Reverse of petals.--8 C tinged along the center with Greyed-Red 179 B in a tesselated pattern.

Outer petals.--8 A with an overlay of Greyed-Red 179 B.

Tonality from a distance.--A pale bronze daisy with a fresh looking center having little or no pollen.

Discoloration.--None.

Pollen.--Yellow-Orange 14 A.

Petals:

Texture.--Upperside smooth, underside smooth.

Number.--24-30 (two rows).

Cross-section.--Flat, two keels.

Arrangement.--Imbricated.

Persistence.--Good. Petals keep straight or reflex somewhat at the edge at the end of blooming.

Fragrance.--Typical Chrysanthemum.

Disc diameter.--1.5 cm.

Reproductive organs:

Stamen.--Yellow, thick, 3 mm in length.

Pollen.--Appears at a late stage of blooming, yellow-orange in color.

Styles.--Green thick. Length.--.+-.5 mm.

Stigmas.--Yellow. Width: .+-.1 mm.

Ovaries.--Enclosed in calyx.

Plant:

Form.--Spray mum meant for erect culture. Herbaceous.

Growth.--Strong.

Height.--100-125 cm.

Peduncle.--Near the top .+-.14 cm, Near the middle .+-.24 cm, Near the bottom .+-.28 cm.

Internodes.--3 cm.

Flowering response.--71/2 weeks.

Foliage:

Color.--Upperside Green 137 A, Underside 137 C.

Size.--Length.+-.12 cm, Width.+-.9 cm.

Quantity.--22-28.

Shape.--Lobed, see photograph.

Texture.--Upperside rough, underside smooth slightly hirsute.

Ribs and veins.--Ribs well developed, veins not so developed.

Edge.--Crenated.

Distinguishing characteristics of the Chrysanthemum of the Reagan family are summarized below in Table IA and IB. Color designations therein are taken from the R.H.S. Colour Chart.

TABLE IA ______________________________________ TITLE WHITE CORAL REAGAN REAGAN REAGAN ______________________________________ BUD GREYED- YELLOW 4D GREYED- OUTSIDE PURPLE PURPLE COLOR 186D BUT 186A PALER CENTER OF FLOWER IMMATURE:YELLOW- YELLOW- YELLOW- GREEN GREEN GREEN 151C 151C 151C MATURE: YELLOW- YELLOW- YELLOW- GREEN GREEN GREEN 154A 154A 154A BASE OF PURPLE WHITE 155D GREYED-RED PETALS 75B BUT 179C BUT WHITER REDDER AND BRIGHTER INSIDE OF PURPLE WHITE 155DGREYED-RED PETALS 75B BUT 179C BUT WHITER REDDER AND BRIGHTER REVERSE OF RED- WHITE 155D GREYED- PETALS PURPLE BUT YELLOW 162D 69A BUT WHITER TINGED PALER AND WITH RED- BRIGHTER PURPLE 71B BETWEEN RIBS AND MARGIN OUTER PURPLE WHITE 155DGREYED-RED PETALS 75B BUT 179C BUT WHITER REDDER AND BRIGHTER PETAL FLAT FLAT FLAT CROSS- SECTION ______________________________________ TITLE DARK ORANGE BRONZE REAGAN REAGAN REAGAN ______________________________________ BUD BETWEEN GREYED-GREYED- OUTSIDE GREYED RED RED COLOR PURPLE 180A 179C 186A AND B CENTER OF FLOWER IMMATURE: YELLOW- YELLOW- YELLOW- GREEN GREEN GREEN 151C 151C 151C MATURE: YELLOW- YELLOW- YELLOW- GREEN GREEN GREEN 154A 154A 154A BASE OF RED-PURPLE BETWEENYELLOW 8A PETALS 69B LIGHTLY GREYED WITH AN OVERLAID ORANGE OVERLAY WITH 169A AND B OF GREYED RED-PURPLE RED 179B 72A GIVING AN OVERALL IMPRESSION OF PURPLE 75A BUT PINKER INSIDE OF RED-PURPLE BETWEEN YELLOW 8A PETALS 69B LIGHTLY GREYED WITHAN OVERLAID ORANGE OVERLAY WITH 169A AND B OF GREYED RED-PURPLE RED 179B 72A GIVING AN OVERALL IMPRESSION OF PURPLE 75A BUT PINKER REVERSE OF RED-PURPLE NEAREST YELLOW 8C PETALS 69C WITH TO TINGED A LIGHT GREYED- ALONG THE TESSEL- ORANGECENTER LATION OF 163B WITH RED-PURPLE TINGED GREYED 72A WITH RED RED 179B BETWEEN IN A THE RIBS TES- SELATED PATTERN OUTER RED-PURPLE BETWEEN YELLOW 8A PETALS 69B LIGHTLY GREYED- WITH AN OVERLAID ORANGE OVERLAY WITH 169A AND B OF GREYED RED-PURPLE RED 179B 72A GIVING AN OVERALL IMPRESSION OF PURPLE 75A BUT PINKER PETAL CONVEX CONVEX FLAT CROSS- SECTION ______________________________________ TITLE YELLOW SULPHUR SALMON REAGAN REAGAN REAGAN ______________________________________ BUD YELLOW 9C YELLOW 10C NEAREST OUTSIDE TO COLOR YELLOW- ORANGE 23D CENTER OF FLOWER IMMATURE: YELLOW- YELLOW- YELLOW- GREEN GREEN GREEN 151C 151C 151C MATURE: YELLOW- YELLOW- YELLOW- GREEN GREEN GREEN 154A 154A 154A BASE OF YELLOW 5C YELLOW 6D NEAREST PETALS TO ORANGE 29C INSIDE OF YELLOW 5C YELLOW 6D NEAREST PETALS TO ORANGE 29C REVERSE OF YELLOW 4C YELLOW 6D NEAREST PETALS TO YELLOW- ORANGE 22D OUTER YELLOW 5C YELLOW 6D NEAREST PETALS TO ORANGE 29C PETAL FLAT FLAT FLAT CROSS- SECTION ______________________________________

TABLE IB ______________________________________ TITLE WHITE CORAL REAGAN REAGAN REAGAN ______________________________________ STEM INFORMATION STEM: YELLOW- NEAREST YELLOW- GREEN GREEN GREEN GREEN COLOR 144A 143C 144A STEM: ABSENT ABSENTPRESENT ANTHO- CYANIN COLOR- ATION STEM: MEDIUM MEDIUM TO MEDIUM STRENGTH STRONG STEM: PRESENT PRESENT ABSENT BRIT- TLENESS PEDUNCLE INFORMATION LATERAL MEDIUM WEAK TO WEAK TO SHOOT: MEDIUM MEDIUM ATTACH- MENT TO STEM LATERAL MEDIUMMEDIUM SMALL SHOOT: ANGLE BETWEEN LATERAL SHOOT AND STEM ADDITIONAL FOLIAGE INFORMATION LEAF: ROUND ROUND ROUND SHAPE OF BASE OF SINUS BETWEEN LATERAL LOBES LEAF: CON- CON- CON- MARGINS VERGING VERGING VERGING OF SINUS BETWEEN LATERAL LOBES LEAF: ROUNDED ASYM- ASYM- SHAPE OF METRIC METRIC BASE LEAF: CUSPIDATE MUCRONATE CUSPIDATE APEX GROWTH: DIFFERENCE IN AVERAGE LENGTH (IN CMS) 0 0 -5 RESPONSE TIME: DIFFERENCE IN DAYS OF AVERAGE RESPONSE 0 0 +1 RESPONSE ON ALAR: DOSE THATHAS TO BE USED TO GET AN AVERAGE LENGTH OF ABOUT 90 CMS (DOSE IN GRAMS PER 100 LITER OF WATER) 300 300 250 YEAR OF 1986 1989 1988 DIS- COVERY ______________________________________ TITLE DARK ORANGE BRONZE REAGAN REAGAN REAGAN ______________________________________ STEM INFORMATION STEM: YELLOW- BETWEEN YELLOW- GREEN GREEN YELLOW- GREEN COLOR 144A GREEN 144A 144A AND 146B STEM: PRESENT PRESENT PRESENT ANTHO- CYANIN COLOR- ATION STEM: MEDIUM MEDIUM MEDIUM STRENGTH STEM: PRESENT PRESENT ABSENT BRIT- TLENESS PEDUNCLE INFORMATION LATERAL MEDIUM MEDIUM WEAK SHOOT: ATTACH- MENT TO STEM LATERAL MEDIUM SMALL SMALL SHOOT: ANGLE BETWEEN LATERAL SHOOT AND STEM ADDITIONAL FOLIAGE INFORMATION LEAF: ROUNDROUND ROUND SHAPE OF BASE OF SINUS BETWEEN LATERAL LOBES LEAF: CON- CON- CON- MARGINS VERGING VERGING VERGING OF SINUS BETWEEN LATERAL LOBES LEAF: ASYM- TRUNCATE ASYM- SHAPE OF METRIC METRIC BASE LEAF: MUCRONATE CUSPIDATE CUSPIDATE APEX GROWTH: DIFFERENCE IN AVERAGE LENGTH (IN CMS) 0 +10 0 RESPONSE TIME: DIFFERENCE IN DAYS OF AVERAGE RESPONSE +1/2 -1 -1/2 RESPONSE ON ALAR: DOSE THAT HAS TO BE USED TO GET AN AVERAGE LENGTH OF ABOUT 90 CMS (DOSE IN GRAMS PER 100 LITER OF WATER) 300 450 250 YEAR OF 1988 1988 1988 DIS- COVERY ______________________________________ TITLE YELLOW SULPHUR SALMON REAGAN REAGAN REAGAN ______________________________________ STEM INFORMATION STEM: YELLOW- NEAREST YELLOW- GREEN GREEN GREEN GREEN COLOR 146B 143C 144A STEM: ABSENT ABSENT PRESENT ANTHO- CYANIN COLOR- ATION STEM: MEDIUM MEDIUM TO MEDIUM STRENGTH STRONG STEM: ABSENT ABSENT PRESENT BRIT- TLENESS PEDUNCLE INFORMATION LATERAL WEAK TO WEAK TO MEDIUM SHOOT: MEDIUM MEDIUM ATTACH- MENT TO STEM LATERAL SMALL SMALL MEDIUM SHOOT: ANGLE BETWEEN LATERAL SHOOT AND STEM ADDITIONAL FOLIAGE INFORMATION LEAF: ROUND ROUND ROUND SHAPE OF BASE OF SINUS BETWEEN LATERAL LOBES LEAF: PARALLEL PARALLEL PARALLEL MARGINS OF SINUS BETWEEN LATERAL LOBES LEAF: ASYM- ASYM- ASYM- SHAPE OF METRIC METRIC METRIC BASE LEAF: MUCRONATE MUCRONATE CUSPIDATE APEX GROWTH: DIFFERENCE IN AVERAGE LENGTH (IN CMS) 0 +10 +10 RESPONSE TIME: DIFFERENCE IN DAYS OF AVERAGE RESPONSE +1 -1 0 RESPONSE ON ALAR: DOSE THAT HAS TO BE USED TO GET AN AVERAGE LENGTH OF ABOUT 90 CMS (DOSE IN GRAMS PER 100 LITER OF WATER) 280 450 350 YEAR OF 1990 1990 1987 DIS- COVERY ______________________________________

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