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Blueberry-variety Reka
PP6700 Blueberry-variety Reka
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP6700-3    Drawing: PP6700-4    Drawing: PP6700-5    Drawing: PP6700-6    
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Inventor: Wood
Date Issued: March 28, 1989
Application: 07/102,151
Filed: September 28, 1987
Inventors: Wood; Franklin H. (Hamilton, NZ)
Assignee: Maftech North, Ruakura Agricultural Research Centre (Hamilton, NZ)
Primary Examiner: Bagwill; Robert E.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Abelman Frayne Rezac & Schwab
U.S. Class: PLT/157
Field Of Search: Plt/33
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: A blueberry plant which bears high yields of medium-large berries early in the season.
Claim: I claim:

1. A new and distinct variety of blueberry, substantially as herein shown and described, characterised particularly by

(a) a high percentage of total yield is produced early in the season,

(b) medium-large fruit weight,

(c) small dry scar tissue.
Description: In 1969, seed from a range of blueberry crosses was gifted to Ruakura as a result of an agreement between P. Bates (Ruakura) and A.D. Draper (USDA). The NZobjective was to identify plant material which was more suitable for local conditions. Over a thousand seedlings were initially screened in the first stage evaluation from which forty seedling types were identified as promising. Closer criticalexamination of these seedlings over several years, resulted in the selection of ten elite types. Seven of these ten seedlings had Earliblue, Blue-crop parentage and characteristically produced early maturing, high quality fruit. The remainder hadBerkeley and Blueray parentage and typically produced later maturing fruit. These elite seedlings were planted out in 1982 in a fully replicated trial to determine their commerical usefulness, Puru, Nui and Reka, three elite Ruakura selections, arechange seedlings arising from Earliblue and Bluecrop crosses. They are the product of careful screening and evaluation which has taken place over many years.

COMPARISON OF REKA AND SIMILAR CULTIVARS

Reka, also a seedling with Earliblue, Bluecrop parentage is probably the most outstanding selection of the three new cultivars. A consistently high yielding, early cropper, Reka is easily distinguishable from standard selections as well as fromPuru and Nui. Fruit size is on average smaller than that of Puru and Nui (see Table 2), however other berry qualities such as scar size and shelf life compare favourably. As with Puru and Nui, the five standard cultivars that best compare with Reka areEarliblue, Collins, Stanley, Darrow and Bluecrop. Table 1 summarizes basic similarities and differences and the precise nature of these are included in attached tables and figures.

Physical differences such as the predominance of pubescence on stems and beneath leaves as well as the characteristic colour of mature stems and fruit enables fairly rapid field identification.

The drawings show flowers, fruit, bushhabit, and fruit production data.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF REKA

Seedling reference: No. 17.

Flowering habit: White flower with a delicate pink blush and faint pink stripe. Elongated flower (cylindraceous). Flowering takes place in the first or second week of September, which is early to mid season in the Southern Hemisphere.

Cluster: Large clusters of 8-12 flowers.

Leaves: Deciduous shiny green leaves, average length 63 mm and average width 36 mm with slightly indented veins. Predominantly ovate with pubescence undersides.

Stems: Slightly pubescence stems which are green/pink when young and turn pink/red with age.

Fruit: Moderate to large greyish blue fruit, averagediameter being 14 mm and average weight being 1.6 g. Small dry scar. Fruit matures from mid to late November to early January which is early in the fruiting season in the Southern Hemisphere. The clusters are relatively tight, have medium aroma, average tendency of the fruit to drop when ripe and low resistance to cracking.

TABLE 1 ______________________________________ Similarities and differences between Reka and five standard cultivars. Cultivar Similarities Differences* ______________________________________ Earliblue flavour berry colour berry size lessbush vigour early maturing habit less precocious larger scar extended harvest spreading growth habit Collins early maturing habit less precocious flavour less bush vigour berry size larger scar Stanley early maturing habit less precocious bush vigour smaller berry size berry colour larger scar Darrow bush vigour larger berry size berry colour less precocious later maturing larger scar berry flavour Bluecrop bush vigour less precocious flavour later maturing scar berry colour berry size ______________________________________ (*cultivar differences with respect to Reka)

TABLE 2 ______________________________________ Fruit production of three new early Ruckura blueberry selections, Puru, Nui and Reka, and five standard varieties. Yield per season (kg/bush) Cultivar 1 2 3 Year 5 onwards (mean) ______________________________________ Earliblue 0.2 0.8 1.2 2.4 Collins 0.2 0.9 1.1 1.6 Stanley 0.3 1.1 1.9 3.1 Bluecrop 0.1 0.5 1.4 5.8 Darrow 0.1 0.7 1.1 4.9 Puru 0.5 0.6 2.0 4.8 Nui 0.6 0.8 1.8 5.6 Reka 2.2 2.3 4.4 9.3 ______________________________________

TABLE 3 ______________________________________ Average berry weights of three new early Ruckura selections, Puru, Nui, Reka and five standard varieties. Cultivar Average berry weight (gms) ______________________________________ Earliblue 1.6 Collins 1.6 Stanley 1.2 Bluecrop 1.7 Darrow 2.0 Puru 2.2 Nui 2.1 Reka 1.6 ______________________________________

TABLE 4 ______________________________________ Pre-Christmas fruit production of three new early varieties, Puru, Nui, Reka and five standard varieties. Yield pre-Christmas as a Cultivar percentage of total production ______________________________________ Earliblue 69 Collins 82 Stanley 67 Bluecrop 55 Darrow 28 Puru 91 Nui 88 Reka 95 ______________________________________

TABLE 5 ______________________________________ General characteristics of three new early Ruakura selections, Puru, Nui, Reka and five standard varieties. Bush Growth Fruit Fruit Cultivar Season Habit Size Colour Scar ______________________________________ Earliblue v. moderate medium- light blue medium/dry early spreading large Collins early moderate medium pale blue medium/dry spreading Stanley early vigorous medium- pale blue medium/dry upright small Bluecrop mid vigorous medium- pale blue small/dry upright large Darrow late vigorous large pale blue medium/wet upright Nui v. vigorous V. large pale blue small/dry early upright Puru v. vigorous large pale blue small/dry early upright Reka v. vigorous medium- light blue small/dry early spreading large ______________________________________

Additional Notes

(i) Leaf measurements were taken on mature leaves and not at the time of full flowering as the leaves at this stage are still expanding.

(ii) Pubescence on lower leaf surface is confined to central leaf vein only.

(iii) Fruit diameter and weight vary within the season. Early season fruit which is produced on primary whips is larger and heavier than subsequent fruit produced on secondary and tertiary whips.

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