Resources Contact Us Home
Browse by: INVENTOR PATENT HOLDER PATENT NUMBER DATE
 
 
Chrysanthemum plant--Clear Yellow May Shoesmith
PP4071 Chrysanthemum plant--Clear Yellow May Shoesmith
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP4071-1    
« 1 »

(1 images)

Inventor: Kono
Date Issued: July 5, 1977
Application: 05/617,525
Filed: September 29, 1975
Inventors: Kono; Yoshio (La Mirada, CA)
Assignee:
Primary Examiner: Bagwill; Robert E.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Cypher; James R.
U.S. Class: PLT/289
Field Of Search: PLT/78
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: This invention relates to a sport of May Shoesmith chrysanthemum, which is distinguished therefrom by its clear yellow blossom color.
Claim: I claim:

1. A new and distinct variety of chrysanthemum plant, substantially as herein shown and described, characterized by a yellow flower 12.7 mm to 19.05 mm smaller than the parent MayShoesmith; having a clearer yellow color which is more toward the yellow-green than toward the yellow-orange; exhibiting an absence of a darker yellow; the distal end of the petal shows occasional whiskers; has a two to three day earlier responsetime than the parent and other known sports of the parent; plant growth is 5.08 cm to 7.62 cm shorter, the leaf surface has a sheen; the flower is less formal incurving; and the individual petals appear more narrow and exhibit greater cupping throughthe length of the petal.
Description: This invention relates to a new and distinct variety of chrysanthemum plant which is a sport of May Shoesmith, an unpatented commercial variety.

This sport was selected from a flowering of May Shoesmith in my commercial greenhouses in La Mirada, Calif., because of the yellow color compared to May Shoesmith. The color is a clear yellow with an absence of a gold undertone. Underfluorescent light the color is enhanced. The size of the flower is approximately 1/2-3/4 inch smaller in diameter than May Shoesmith.

The plant has been revegetated and through repeated flowerings, the growth proved to be 2-3 inches shorter and a response bloom time of 2-3 days earlier than May Shoesmith. Flower petals exhibit several whiskers on the upper reverse tips of thepetals, which are not objectionable to the eye. When grown under cooler night temperature the whiskers become more predominant.

This new sport is similar to May Shoesmith in the following characteristics:

1. Foliage shape

2. Heavy stem and growth

This new sport is different from May Shoesmith in the following characteristics:

1. Yellow color

2. 1/2-3/4 INCH SMALLER

3. 2-3 INCHES SHORTER IN GROWTH

4. 2-3 DAYS EARLIER IN RESPONSE

5. Leaf appearance has more sheen

Asexual reproduction of my new and distinct variety has proven to be consistent in:

1. Vegetative growth

2. Claims of flower characteristics

3. Leaf sheen

The overall growth characteristics may vary according to environmental conditions under which it is grown, however, here in La Mirada, Calif., it has been consistent as stated above.

It is recommended to flower from September to May for cut flower growers.

The accompanying photograph illustrates the color as being as true as possible with color illustrations of this type. The color of the new variety will be apparentin the photograph.

The color designation is by use of the Royal Horticulture Society color chart, R. F. Wilson, of the Royal Horticulture Society of London, England.

Plant:

Botanical classification.--Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.

Origin.--Selected from commercial flowering.

Form.--Herbaceous.

Height.--108 cm.

Growth.--Strong; vigorous; upright.

Leaf:

Size.--15 cm..times. 7 cm.

Shape.--Lanceolate, deeply lobed.

Texture.--Smooth.

Ribs & Veins.--Prominent.

Margin.--Deeply lobed with serrations.

Color.--139A green group RHS.

Bud:

Diameter.--3 cm.

Depth.--1.5 cm.

Color.--7B yellow group RHS.

Flower color:

Center of flower.--7C yellow group RHS.

base of petal (6.35 mm from end).--7C yellow group RHS.

inside of petal.--7C yellow group RHS.

reverse of petal.--7D yellow group RHS.

tonality from distance.--7C yellow group RHS.

Other characteristics:

Size of flower.--14 cm..times. 9 cm.

Pollen.--Visible.

Disc florets.--Present.

Pistil.--Present.

This new variety of chrysanthemum plant was compared with other sports of May Shoesmith (unpatented); namely, Bright Yellow Shoesmith, (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,486), Yellow May Shoesmith (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,280), and Sunshine (unpatented),after growing all of them under the same conditions in Fremont, Calif.

This new variety, Clear Yellow May Shoesmith, was compared with the other sports with readings being taken in September, October, and January. Clear Yellow May Shoesmith consistently flowers a few days earlier than the other sports when plantedat the same time. There is a clear and distinct difference in color between Clear Yellow May Shoesmith and the other sports tested. A chart showing the color differences is set forth below:

______________________________________ CLEAR YELLOW MAY SHOESMITH ______________________________________ 1 2 3 4 5 ______________________________________ CENTER OF FLOWER 5C 7D 7C 7B-C 7B-C BASE OF PETAL 3C 5C 5C 5C 5C (1/4" from end) INSIDE OF PETAL 3C 5C 5C 5C 5C REVERSE OF PETAL 2D 2D 5D 5D 8D TONALITY FROM 5C 7D 7C 7C 7C-D DISTANCE BRIGHT YELLOW MAY SHOESMITH NO. 1 ______________________________________ 1 2 3 4 5 ______________________________________ CENTER OF FLOWER 12B 12A-B 12A-B 12A-B 12B BASE OF PETAL 5C 7D 7D 7D 7D (1/4" from end) INSIDE OF PETAL 5C 7D 7D 7D 7D REVERSE OF PETAL 5D 5D 6D 8D 8C TONALITY FROM 7D 8B 9C 9C 8A DISTANCE BRIGHT YELLOW MAY SHOESMITH NO. 2 ______________________________________ 1 2 3 4 5 ______________________________________ CENTER OF FLOWER 12B 12A-B 12A-B 12A-B 12B BASE OF PETAL 6C 7D-8B 6C-7C 6C-7C 5C (1/4" from end) INSIDE OF PETAL 6C 7C-8B 6C-7C 6C-7C 5C REVERSE OF PETAL 5D6D 6D 5D 8C TONALITY FROM 9C 9C 9B 9B 9B DISTANCE SUNSHINE ______________________________________ 1 2 3 4 5 ______________________________________ CENTER OF FLOWER 7B 7B 9B 9C 8B BASE OF PETAL 5C 6C 5C-6C 6C 6D-7D (1/4" from end) INSIDE OFPETAL 5C 6C 5C-6C 6C 6D-7D REVERSE OF PETAL 5D 5D-6D 5D 5D 8D TONALITY FROM 7D 9C 9B-9C 8B 8B DISTANCE YELLOW MAY SHOESMITH ______________________________________ 3 4 5 ______________________________________ CENTER OF FLOWER 5D-6D 5D-6D 5D-6D BASE OF PETAL 4C 4C 2D (1/4" from end) INSIDE OF PETAL 4C 4C 2D REVERSE OF PETAL 4D 4D 2D TONALITY FROM 5D-6D 5D-6D 5D-6D DISTANCE (a) Date: 9-16-76 (b) Time: 10:25 A.M. - 1:30 P.M. (c) Partly cloudy to sunny (d) Sun to back (e) Color chipheld at 180.degree. to flower (f) Flower 90% open (a) Date: 9-19-76 (b) Time: 4:15 - 5:30 P.M. (c) Balance of information same as No. 1 (a) Date: 10-17-76 (b) Time: 12:30 - 2 P.M. (c) Sunny (d) Flower 1/3 open (e) Balance of information sameas No. 1 (a) Date: 10-22-76 (b)Time: 1:00 - 2:30 P.M. -(c) Sunny (d) Flower 2/3 - 3/4 open (e) Balance of information same as No. 1 (a) Date: 10-22-76 (b) Time: 10 - 12:00 noon (c) Inside fluorescent lighting (F96T12-CW Lifeline Sylvania) (d)Flower 2/3 - 3/4 open (e) Balance of information same as No. 1 ______________________________________

While it may be seen that there was a range of color differences of each and every variety opening upon the date the reading was taken, the time of day, the type of weather, the maturity of the flower and the degree of flower opening or whetherthe reading was taken indoors or outdoors, the same substantial degree of color difference between Clear Yellow May Shoesmith and the other sports remained constant.

It may be noted that the readings in the above chart do not match exactly with the color chart readings set forth in the patent specification of the patented sports. Further, the readings of this new variety grown in Fremont do not match exactlywith this new variety of plants grown in La Mirada, Calif. This is to be expected since colors in chrysanthemums depend upon several conditions.

In addition to the clear color differences between this variety and the above sports, there are several differences as to form.

Yellow May Shoesmith (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,280) has a flower which is incurved, but not fully of incurving form. It has slight florets with broad ray florets. The florets are void of whiskers on the distal end. Bright Yellow May Shoesmith(U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,486) and Sunshine (unpatented) both have an incurve but not fully incurving form. These also have slight skirted florets. Ray florets are more narrow than Yellow May Shoesmith (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,280). The florets arevoid of whiskers on the distal end.

This plant, Clear Yellow May Shoesmith, in distinct contrast to the other sports of May Shoesmith compared, has less formal incurving, more toward decorative form. It appears to have a higher ray floret count in the center than all of the othersports compared. The width of the ray floret is more narrow than the other sports described. Clear Yellow May Shoesmith also has a greater cupping of the floret through the length of the floret than the other sports described. Finally, the distal endof the floret of Clear Yellow May Shoesmith, in contrast to the other sports described, will have occasional whiskers.

The petals of Clear Yellow May Shoesmith were smaller in width and length than the petals of the other sports described. The petals compared from each variety were taken from medium petals approximately at a 45.degree. angle from the center. The exact measurements are as follows:

______________________________________ Petal Petal Width Length ______________________________________ YELLOW MAY SHOESMITH 12.5 mm 80 mm BRIGHT YELLOW MAY 10 mm 73.5 mm SHOESMITH NO. 1 BRIGHT YELLOW MAY 9 mm 71 mm SHOESMITH NO. 2 SUNSHINE9 mm 69 mm CLEAR YELLOW MAY SHOESMITH 7.5 mm 65 mm ______________________________________

This new variety of chrysanthemum plant when grown under the same growing conditions has a yellow flower 12.7 mm to 19.05 mm smaller than the parent May Shoesmith. The flowering tests with the known yellow May Shoesmith sports show that this newvariety has a clearer yellow color which is more toward the yellow-green than toward the yellow-orange. The overall color exhibited an absence of a darker yellow. In regard to other characteristics, the distal end of the petal of the new variety willshow occasional whiskers. Further, the new variety has a two to three day earlier response time than the parent and other known yellow May Shoesmith sports. Plant growth is 5.08 cm to 7.62 cm shorter. The leaf surface has a sheen compared to a flatsurface on the yellow sports. The flower of the new variety is less formal incurving. The individual petals appear more narrow instead of U-shaped which is apparent in the other sports and also has a greater cupping through the length of the petal.

* * * * *
 
 
  Recently Added Patents
Nano-pigment inkjet ink composition that has a low odor and is environmentally-friendly
Computer implemented apparatus for generating and filtering creative proposal
Pressing mold for optical lenses and method for manufacturing glass optical lenses
Profiling activity through video surveillance
Refuelable battery-powered electric vehicle
Information-provision control method, information reproduction system, information-provision apparatus, information reproduction apparatus and information-presentation control program
Methods and systems for automatically identifying a logical circuit failure in a data network
  Randomly Featured Patents
Selective call receiver with automatic re-registration capability
Electromechanical remote cam selector for sewing machines
Process for production of positive electrode active material for nonaqueous electrolyte lithium secondary cell
Detector for detecting foreign matter in an object by detecting electromagnetic parameters of the object
Elimination of glowing artifact in digital images captured by an image sensor
Smart bottle and system for neonatal nursing development
Container supporting display rack
Combined watch and wristlet
Methods and compositions for controlling plant development
Method and composition for inhibiting the corrosion of metals