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Chrysanthemum plant named `Matador Yellow`
PP24185 Chrysanthemum plant named `Matador Yellow`
Patent Drawings:

Inventor: Pieters
Date Issued: January 21, 2014
Application:
Filed:
Inventors:
Assignee:
Primary Examiner: Haas; Wendy C
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Whealy; C. A.
U.S. Class: PLT/295
Field Of Search: ;PLT/295; ;PLT/289
International Class: A01H 5/00
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: A new and distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant named `Matador Yellow`, characterized by its upright, outwardly spreading and rounded plant habit; moderately vigorous growth habit; freely branching habit; dense and full plant habit; large dark green-colored leaves; uniform, early and freely flowering habit; large decorative-type inflorescences with intense dark yellow-colored ray florets; and excellent garden performance.
Claim: It is claimed:

1. A new and distinct Chrysanthemum plant named `Matador Yellow` as illustrated and described.
Description: Botanicaldesignation: Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium.

Cultivar denomination: `MATADOR YELLOW`.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant, botanically known as Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium, and hereinafter referred to by the name `Matador Yellow`.

The new Chrysanthemum plant is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium. The objective of the breeding program is to create new freely flowering Chrysanthemum plants with unique and attractiveray floret coloration.

The new Chrysanthemum plant originated from a cross-pollination made by the Inventor in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium in September, 2005 of Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium `PPP MIL YL05`, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 18,106, as the female, orseed, parent with Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium `Gedi One Gal`, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 13,807, as the male, or pollen, parent. The new Chrysanthemum plant was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a flowering plant from within theprogeny of the stated cross-pollination in a controlled greenhouse environment in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium in September, 2006.

Asexual reproduction of the new Chrysanthemum plant by vegetative cuttings was first conducted in a controlled greenhouse environment in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium in January, 2007. Asexual reproduction by cuttings has shown that the uniquefeatures of this new Chrysanthemum plant are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Plants of the new Chrysanthemum have not been observed under all possible environmental conditions and cultural conditions. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environmental conditions such as temperature, daylength and lightintensity, without, however, any variance in genotype.

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of `Matador Yellow`. These characteristics in combination distinguish `Matador Yellow` as a new and distinct Chrysanthemum plant: 1. Upright, outwardly spreading and rounded plant habit; moderately vigorous growth habit. 2. Freely branching habit; dense and full plant habit. 3. Large dark green-colored leaves. 4. Uniform, early and freely flowering habit. 5. Largedecorative-type inflorescences with intense dark yellow-colored ray florets. 6. Excellent garden performance.

Plants of the new Chrysanthemum differ primarily from the female parent, `PPP MIL YL05`, in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum have larger leaves than plants of `PPP MIL YL05`. 2. Inflorescences of plants of thenew Chrysanthemum have more ray florets than inflorescences of plants of `PPP MIL YL05`. 3. Ray florets of plants of the new Chrysanthemum are darker and more intense in color than ray florets of plants of `PPP MIL YL05`.

Plants of the new Chrysanthemum differ primarily from the male parent, `Gedi One Gal`, in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum have larger leaves than plants of `Gedi One Gal`. 2. Plants of the new Chrysanthemumand `Gedi One Gal` differ in inflorescence form. 3. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum and `Gedi One Gal` differ in ray floret color as plants of `Gedi One Gal` have dark red purple-colored ray florets.

Plants of the new Chrysanthemum can also be compared to plants of Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium `Allegra Yellow`, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 21,785. In side-by-side comparisons conducted in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium, plants of the newChrysanthemum differed from plants of `Allegra Yellow` in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum were more vigorous than and not as compact as plants of `Allegra Yellow`. 2. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum had larger leavesthan plants of `Allegra Yellow`. 3. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum flowered later than plants of `Allegra Yellow`.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPH

The accompanying photograph illustrates the overall appearance of the new Chrysanthemum plant showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photograph may differ slightlyfrom the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Chrysanthemum plant.

The photograph comprises a side perspective view of a typical flowering plant of `Matador Yellow` grown in a container.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

The aforementioned photograph and following observations and measurements describe plants grown in 19-cm containers during the late summer and early autumn in an outdoor nursery in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium and under cultural practices whichapproximate those generally used in commercial Chrysanthemum production. During the production of the plants, day temperatures ranged from 25.degree. C. to 30.degree. C. and night temperatures ranged from 15.degree. C. to 20.degree. C. Plants were20 weeks old when the photograph and detailed description were taken. In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 2005 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significanceare used. Botanical classification: Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium `Matador Yellow`. Parentage: Female, or seed, parent.--Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium `PPP MIL YL05`, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 18,106. Male, or pollen,parent.--Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium `Gedi One Gal`, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 13,807. Propagation: Type.--Terminal vegetative cuttings. Time to initiate roots, summer.--About 14 days at temperatures of about 20.degree. C. Time to initiateroots, winter.--About 20 days at temperatures of about 20.degree. C. Time to produce a rooted young plant, summer.--About 30 days at temperatures of about 20.degree. C. Time to produce a rooted young plant, winter.--About 40 days at temperatures ofabout 20.degree. C. Root description.--Fine, fibrous; light brown in color. Rooting habit.--Freely branching; medium density. Plant description: Appearance.--Perennial decorative-type Chrysanthemum; stems upright and outwardly spreading giving auniformly rounded appearance to the plant; plants roughly spherical; very freely branching habit, about 20 primary lateral branches develop, each primary lateral branch with multiple secondary branches; pinching enhances lateral branch development; denseand full plant habit; moderately vigorous growth habit; plants flexible, not brittle. Plant height.--About 40 cm. Plant width.--About 50 cm. Lateral branches.--Length: About 30 cm. Diameter: About 2 mm to 3 mm. Internode length: About 2 cm to 2.5cm. Strength: Strong, flexible. Texture: Pubescent; longitudinally ridged. Color: Close to 141A. Leaves.--Arrangement: Alternate, simple. Length: About 4.5 cm to 6.5 cm. Width: About 2.5 cm to 3.5 cm. Apex: Rounded. Base: Attenuate. Margin:Palmately lobed and serrate, sinuses between lateral lobes divergent to parallel. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Slightly pubescent. Color: Developing leaves, upper surface: Close to 141A. Developing leaves, lower surface: Close to 139C. Fullyexpanded leaves, upper surface: Close to 137A; venation, close to 148C. Fully expanded leaves, lower surface: Close to 137C; venation, close to 147B to 147C. Petiole: Length: About 1 cm. Diameter: About 2 mm. Texture, upper and lower surfaces:Slightly pubescent and rough. Color, upper surface: Close to 137A. Color, lower surface: Close to 137C. Inflorescence description: Appearance.--Decorative inflorescence form; inflorescences borne on terminals above foliar plane; disc and ray floretsarranged acropetally on a capitulum. Fragrance.--Slightly fragrant, pungent. Flowering response.--Under natural season conditions, plants flower in early September in Belgium; flowering response time, about five weeks. Postproductionlongevity.--Inflorescences maintain good color and substance for about 38 to 40 days in an outdoor nursery; inflorescences persistent. Quantity of inflorescences.--About 20 to 25 inflorescences develop per lateral branch. Inflorescence bud.--Height:About 7 mm. Diameter: About 1 cm. Shape: Globular. Color: Close to 137C. Inflorescence size.--Diameter: About 5.5 cm. Depth (height): About 4 cm. Disc diameter: About 5 mm. Receptacle diameter: About 3 mm. Receptacle height: About 2.5 mm to 3 mm. Receptacle color: Close to 144B. Ray florets.--Length: About 3.5 cm to 5 cm. Width: About 8 mm. Shape: Oval. Apex: Rounded. Base: Attenuate. Margin: Entire. Aspect: Mostly flat. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Number of rayflorets per inflorescence: About 125 to 150 arranged in about seven whorls. Color: When opening, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 20A. Fully opened, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 20A; color does not change with development. Discflorets.--Length: About 3 mm. Diameter: About 0.5 mm to 1 mm. Shape: Tubular, elongated; apices acute. Number of disc florets per inflorescence: About 50 to 60 massed at the center of the inflorescence. Color, immature: Close to 145A. Color, mature:Close to 12A. Phyllaries.--Number of phyllaries per inflorescence: About 25 arranged in two or three whorls. Length: About 4 mm to 6 mm. Width: About 2 mm to 3 mm. Shape: Ovate. Apex: Rounded. Base: Rounded to truncate. Margin: Entire. Texture,upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Color, upper surface: Close to 137A. Color, lower surface: Close to N137B. Peduncles.--Length, terminal peduncle: About 5 cm. Length, fourth peduncle: About 7 cm. Length, seventh peduncle: About 7 cm. Diameter: About 2.5 mm. Angle: About 30.degree. from vertical. Strength: Moderately strong. Texture: Slightly pubescent. Color: Close to 146B. Reproductive organs.--Androecium: Not observed. Gynoecium: Not observed. Seeds and fruits.--Seed andfruit production have not been observed on plants of the new Chrysanthemum. Disease & pest resistance: Resistance to pathogens and pests common to Chrysanthemums has not been observed on plants grown under commercial conditions. Garden performance:Plants of the new Chrysanthemum have demonstrated excellent garden performance and will tolerate temperatures ranging from about 0.degree. C. to about 45.degree. C.

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