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Sedum plant named `Nonah`
PP23393 Sedum plant named `Nonah`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP23393-4    
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Inventor: MacKenzie
Date Issued: February 12, 2013
Application:
Filed:
Inventors:
Assignee:
Primary Examiner: Bell; Kent L
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Aguirre; Penny J.
U.S. Class: PLT/479
Field Of Search: PLT/479
International Class: A01H 5/00
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: A new cultivar of Sedum plant, `Nonah`, characterized by its evergreen foliage that emerges yellow-green often variably suffused with purple-red and holds this color throughout summer. During the fall and winter the purple-red hues intensify. Its flowers of early summer are bright lemon yellow upon erect flat-topped inflorescences, atop stout, leafy, upright floral stems that emerge from a low growing procumbent plant habit.
Claim: It is claimed:

1. A new and distinct variety of Sedum plant named `Nonah` as described and illustrated herein.
Description: Botanicalclassification: Sedum reflexum.

Variety denomination: `Nonah`.

CROSS REFERENCE TO A RELATED APPLICATION

This application is co-pending with U.S. Plant Patent Applications that pertain to plants derived from the same parentage, the Applications are entitled Sedum Plant named `Nonal` (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 13/200,436), SedumPlant named `Nonar` (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 13/200,451), Sedum Plant named `Noneb` (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 13/200,438), Sedum Plant named `Nonist` (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 13/200,437), Sedum Plantnamed `Nonen` (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 13/200,428), Sedum Plant named `Nonic` (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 13/200,435), Sedum Plant named `Noniw` (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 13/200,692), Sedum Plant named`Nonot` (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 13/200,673), Sedum Plant named `Nonow` (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 13/200,659), and Sedum Plant named `Nonul` (U.S. Plant patent application Ser. No. 13/200,674).

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

During the last several decades, botanists and horticulturists have disagreed as to whether the species Sedum reflexum and Sedum rupestre are truly distinct. An examination of today's most useful literature (Handbook of Cultivated Sedums byRonald L. Evans, and Sedum Cultivated Stonecrops by Ray Stephenson) are no different. Evans treats them as distinct species and Stephenson refers to them as synonymous and correctly identified as Sedum rupestre. The Applicant, a biologist, sides withEvans, and believes that there are sufficient morphological differences between the two plants as to be easily distinguished and to warrant recognition as two distinct species. Therefore, because the subject plant of this application is the result ofcross breeding two cultivars, which conform to Evan's description of Sedum reflexum (most notably foliage that covers the entire length of the stem, vs. just the distal end), the species, throughout this application, is referred to as Sedum reflexum.

The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Sedum plant, botanically known as Sedum reflexum `Nonah` and will be referred to hereinafter by its cultivar name, `Nonah`. The new cultivar of Sedum is a hardy herbaceousperennial grown for use as a landscape and container plant and is particularly suitable as a ground cover. `Nonah` was bred and selected by the Inventor at the Inventor's nursery in Nunica, Mich. `Nonah` was selected as a single unique plant in Marchof 2009 from amongst 10,000 seedlings that arose from a deliberate cross between Sedum reflexum `Angelina` (not patented) as the female parent and an unnamed plant of Sedum reflexum as the male parent.

Asexual reproduction of the new cultivar was first accomplished by stem cuttings in August of 2009 in Nunica, Mich. Propagation by cuttings and crown division has determined the characteristics to be stable and reproduced true to type insuccessive generations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the characteristics of the new cultivar. These attributes in combination distinguish `Nonah` as a unique cultivar of Sedum. 1. `Nonah` exhibits foliage that emergesyellow-green often variably suffused with purple-red and holds this color throughout summer. During fall and winter the purple red hues intensify. 2. `Nonah` exhibits flower buds that are bright yellow. 3. `Nonah` exhibits flat-topped, somewhatdrooping inflorescences with flowers of bright lemon yellow during early summer. 4. `Nonah` exhibits a dense, low growing habit with foliage that reaches 6 inches in height (from soil level to top of foliage plane).

The male parent, an unnamed plant of Sedum reflexum, differs from `Nonah` in having gray-blue foliage during spring, summer, fall and winter. The female parent, `Angelina`, differs in having chartreuse foliage that turns variably yellow, amber,or orange during the fall and winter. `Nonah` can be compared to other cultivars of Sedum reflexum (all are un-patented), which differ from `Nonah` in the following characteristics: `Green Spruce`; a weak grower that is colored dark green during springsummer and fall, and burgundy-green during winter, `Sea Gold`; a weak growing cream and gray-blue variegated cultivar, and `Sandy's Silver Crest`; a form that turns purple in strong sunlight and has new growth of contrasting yellow-white.

`Nonah` can be compared to other cultivars selected amongst seedlings from the same cross; `Nonist`, `Nonal`, `Nonar`, `Nonul`, `Nonot`, `Noneb`, `Nonen`, `Nonic`, `Noniw`, and `Nonow`. `Nonist` differs from `Nonah` by having leaves that emergeblue-gray and change to blue-green in maturity before becoming suffused with red-purple during fall and winter. Its habit reaches 6 to 7 inches tall. `Nonal` differs from `Nonah` in having leaves that emerge clear yellow and stay clear yellowthroughout summer. During late inches tall. `Nonar` differs from `Nonah` in that it has leaves that emerge bright yellow and stay bright yellow color until fall and winter when they change to hues of burnt orange. The exception is the leaves on thelower 2/3 of the floral stem, which are suffused with burnt orange during the summer. Its growth habit reaches 4 inches tall. `Nonul` differs from `Nonah` by having leaves emerge pale bluish-green and stay pale bluish-green throughout summer. Duringfall and winter the leaves become variably suffused with grayed-purple hues. Its growth habit reaches 5 inches tall. `Nonot` differs from `Nonah` by having leaves that emerge chartreuse-yellow and stay chartreuse-yellow throughout summer. During falland winter the leaves become variably suffused with red-purple. Its growth habit reaches 7 inches tall. `Noneb` differs from `Nonah` by having leaves that emerge gray-green and mature to medium blue variably suffused with red-purple before changingpredominantly to red-purple during late fall and winter. Its growth habit reaches 5 inches tall. `Nonen` differs from `Nonah` by having leaves that emerge vibrant spring green and stay this color during summer, fall, and winter. Its growth habitreaches 5 inches tall. `Nonic` differs from `Nonah` by having leaves that emerge sky blue and stay sky blue during summer until fall when they change to violet-blue. Its growth habit reaches 4 inches tall. `Noniw` differs from `Nonah` by having leavesthat emerge bright yellow, mature to light green during summer, then become red tipped during fall and winter. Its growth habit reaches 5 inches tall. `Nonow` differs from `Nonah` by having leaves that emerge chartreuse and mature to mid-green andstays mid-green throughout summer, fall and winter. Its growth habit reaches 7 inches in height. All eleven cultivars have flat-topped, somewhat drooping inflorescences, borne on leafy upright stems. All have flower buds that are bright yellow andflower petals that are bright lemon yellow.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying colored photograph illustrates the overall appearance and distinct characteristics of the new Sedum. The photograph was taken of a 2 year-old plant of `Nonah` as grown in the ground in full sun in Nunica, Mich.

The photograph in FIG. 1 illustrates the summer foliage of `Nonah`.

The colors in the photograph may differ slightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description, which accurately describe the colors of the new Sedum using The R.H.S. Colour Chart.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

The following is a detailed description of the new cultivar as observed on 2 year-old plants of `Nonah` as grown in the ground in full sun in Nunica, Mich. The phenotype of the new cultivar may vary with variations in environmental, climatic,and cultural conditions, as it has not been tested under all possible environmental conditions. The color determination is in accordance with The 2001 R.H.S. Colour chart of The Royal Horticultural Society, London, England, except where general colorterms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. General description: Blooming period.--The last two to three weeks of June to the first or second week of July in Michigan. Plant habit.--Herbaceous perennial, dense, low growing habit, mature plantsprawl from central crown with procumbent stems rooting as they contact the ground. Height and spread.--Reaches about 6 inches in height (foliage), 11 inches in bloom, maximum spread is about 2.5 feet. Hardiness.--Reliably in U.S.D.A. Zones 4B to 7B. Disease and pests.--No susceptibility or resistance to diseases or pests has been observed. Propagation.--Stem cuttings spring through summer and crown division throughout the year. Growth rate.--Moderate. Stem description: Stem shape.--Round. Stemsize.--6 to 8 inches in length and about 1/8 inch in width. Internode length.--Ranges from 1/16 to 1/8 inch. Stem color.--144B. Stem surface.--Glabrous. Branching habit.--Sparsely branched. Foliage description: Leaf shape.--Acicular. Leafdivision.--Simple. Leaf arrangement.--Alternate. Leaf base.--Connected directly to stem. Leaf apex.--Acute. Leaf venation.--Not conspicuous, color matched leaf color. Leaf margins.--Smooth, young leaves papilose-ciliate. Leafattachment.--Petiolate. Leaf presence and orientation.--Ascending. Leaf surface.--Glabrous and waxy on upper and lower surface. Leaf color.--Upper and lower surfaces of youth and mature leaves are 144B often variably suffused with 64B, increasinglyduring late fall and winter. Leaf size.--Young leaves; an average of 3/8 inch length and 1/16 inch in width, mature leaves; an average of 5/8 inches in length and 1/8 inch width. Petioles.--1/8 inch in length, 1/16 inch in width, 144B in color, surfaceis glabrous. Flower description: Inflorescence type.--Terminal, cymose, drooping and sub-globose in bud, erect and flat in flower, concave in fruit, branches short and forked, dense, many flowered, sparingly leafy. Inflorescence size.--An average of 2inches in width and 1 inch in depth. Lastingness of inflorescence.--About one month. Flower type.--Perfect, spreading, 6-starred. Flower number.--30 to 40 flowers per cyme. Flower fragrance.--None. Flower buds.--Conical in shape, about 3/8 inch inlength and 3/16 inch in diameter, ribbed surface, 7A in color. Flower size.--About 1/2 inch in depth and 3/4 inch in diameter. Peduncles.--Round, range from 1/2 inch to 3/4 inches in length, 1/8 inch in width, 145A in color, glabrous surface. Pedicels.--Round, about 1/4 inch in length, 1/16 inch in width, 145A in color, glabrous surface. Sepals.--6, spreading, ovate to lanceolate in shape, about 1/8 inch in length and 1/8 inch in width, 145A in color on both surfaces, entire margin, acuteapex, truncate base, glabrous on both surfaces. Petals.--6, spreading, lanceolate in shape, truncate base, acute apex, entire margin, color of inner and outer surfaces is 7A, glabrous on both surfaces. Reproductive organs: Pistils.--6, held erect,about 3/8 inch in length, stigma irregularly globose in shape, 1/32 inch in width and 7B in color, styles lanceolate in shape, 1/4 inch in length and 7B in color, ovary 1/10 inch in diameter and 7B in color. Stamens.--10, about 3/8 inch in length,filament 7B in color, anther conical in shape, 1/16 inch in length, 7B in color, pollen is sparse in quantity and 7A in color. Fruit.--Rounded with pointed tip, aggregate, range from 1/16 inch to 1/8 inch in length and 1/4 inch in width, 7B in color,seed production was not observed.

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