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Hydrangea plant named `Perfection`
PP22221 Hydrangea plant named `Perfection`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP22221-3    Drawing: PP22221-4    
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(2 images)

Inventor: Iie
Date Issued: November 1, 2011
Application: 12/799,524
Filed: April 27, 2010
Inventors: Iie; Ryoji (Kyoto, JP)
Primary Examiner: McCormick Ewoldt; Susan
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Aguirre; Penny J.
U.S. Class: PLT/250
Field Of Search: PLT/250
International Class: A01H 5/00
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:

Abstract: A new cultivar of Hydrangea macrophylla named `PERFECTION` that is characterized by its free-flowering and reblooming habit, and its well-developed mop-head type inflorescences comprised of double sterile flowers that are dark pink in color.
Claim: It is claimed:

1. A new and distinct cultivar of Hydrangea plant named `PERFECTION` substantially as herein illustrated and described.
Description: Genus/species: Hydrangea macrophylla.

Varietal denomination: `PERFECTION`.


This application is co-pending with U.S. Plant Patent Applications filed for a plant derived from similar parentage in the Inventor's breeding program that are entitled Hydrangea Plant Named `PEACE` (U.S. Plant patent application No.12/658,301)* and Hydrangea Plant Named `FREEDOM` (U.S. Plant patent application 12/799,525)*.


The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Hydrangea macrophylla and will be referred to hereafter by its cultivar name, `PERFECTION`. `PERFECTION` represents a new bigleaf hydrangea, a perennial shrub grown for landscapeuse.

`PERFECTION` was derived from an ongoing controlled breeding program by the Inventor that focuses on developing new cultivars of bigleaf hydrangeas with unique flower colors and double flowers. `PERFECTION` originated from a cross conducted inthe Inventor's trial garden in June 1996 in Kyoto, Japan between an unnamed plant of Hydrangea macrophylla from the Inventor's breeding collection as the female parent and Hydrangea macrophylla `Yamaajisai` (not patented) as the male parent. The newHydrangea was selected as a unique single plant from the progeny of the cross in 2000.

Asexual reproduction of the new cultivar was first accomplished by softwood stem cuttings in Kyoto, Japan in 2000 by the Inventor. The characteristics of this cultivar have been determined to be stable and are reproduced true to type insuccessive generations.


The following traits have been repeatedly observed and represent the characteristics of the new cultivar. These attributes in combination distinguish `PERFECTION` as a unique cultivar of Hydrangea macrophylla. 1. `PERFECTION` exhibits doublesterile flowers that are pink in color. 2. `PERFECTION` exhibits a free flowering and repeating blooming habit; blooming from early May through early October in The Netherlands. 3. `PERFECTION` exhibits well-developed mop-head type inflorescences. 4. `PERFECTION` is sterile; fertile flowers do not open. `PERFECTION` can be compared to its male parent, `Yamaajisai`, which differs from `PERFECTION` in having smaller flowers, in having a flatter formed inflorescence, and in having weaker stems. `PERFECTION` can be compared to its female parent, which differs from `PERFECTION` in having fertile flowers that open and in having flowers that are lighter pink in color. `PERFECTION` can be most closely compared to the cultivars `FREEDOM`, `PEACE`and `RIE 05` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 18,508). `Freedom` differs from `PERFECTION` in having whitish to light pink flowers and `PEACE` differs from `PERFECTION` in having white flowers. `PERFECTION` differs from `RIE 05` in having longer internodes (6 cmversus 4 cm), bigger leaves, and wider inflorescences (20 cm versus 14 cm).


The photographs in the figures were taken of a two year-old plant of `PERFECTION` as grown under greenhouse conditions with ambient light in a 3-liter container in Leimuiden, The Netherlands.

The photograph in FIG. 1 illustrates a side view of `PERFECTION` in full bloom.

The photograph in FIG. 2 provides a close-up view of an inflorescence of `PERFECTION`.

The photograph in FIG. 3 provides a close-up view of a leaf of `PERFECTION`. The colors in the photographs are as close as possible with the digital photography and printing techniques utilized and the color codes in the detailed botanicaldescription more accurately describe the new Hydrangea.


The following is a detailed description of two year-old plants of `PERFECTION` as grown under greenhouse conditions in September with ambient light in 3-liter containers in Leimuiden, The Netherlands. The plants were grown under average daytemperatures of C. to C. and average night temperatures of C. to C. Phenotypic differences may be observed with variations in environmental, climatic, and cultural conditions. The color determination is inaccordance with The 2001 R.H.S. Colour Chart of The Royal Horticultural Society, London, England, except where general color terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. General description: Blooming period.--Continuously from early May throughOctober in The Netherlands. Plant habit.--Broadly upright, deciduous shrub, sturdy, overall globular in shape. Height and spread.--Average 39.1 cm in height and 69.7 cm in diameter. Hardiness.--At least in U.S.D.A. Zones 5 to 9. Diseasesresistance.--Not more susceptible or resistant to pests and diseases than other Hydrangea macrophylla cultivars. Root description.--Fibrous, dense. Growth and propagation: Propagation.--Softwood stem cuttings. Time required for root initiation.--About4 weeks during the summer and 5 weeks during the winter at an average temperature of C. (night)/ C. (day). Time required for root development.--About 3 months to fully develop as a young plant when grown under greenhouseconditions at an average temperature of C. (night)/ C. (day) in summer or C. (night)/ C. (day) in winter. Time required to produce a salable crop.--About 12 months from propagation to a flowering plant. Growth rate and vigor.--Moderate, approximately 10 cm per month in spring. Stem description: Stem shape.--Round. Stem strength.--Strong. Stem color.--Immature stem; 144A to 144B in color, very sparsely covered with lenticels 1 mm in length and 0.5 mmin width, 1 per 3 sq cm, and 187A in color; mature stem; 199A to 199B. Stem size.--Average of 26.5 cm (to base of inflorescence) and average of 5.5 mm in width. Stem surface.--Glabrous, moderately glossy. Branching.--Moderately branching, with anaverage of 9 lateral branches 26.5 cm in length and 5.5 mm in diameter. Internode length.--Average of 6.1 cm, ranges from 3.5 to 9.7 cm. Foliage description: Leaf shape.--Broadly oval to broadly elliptic. Leaf arrangement.--Opposite. Leafdivision.--Simple. Leaf number.--Average of 8 (4 pairs) per lateral branch. Leaf base.--Attenuate. Leaf apex.--Acuminate. Leaf margins.--Serrated. Leaf venation.--Pinnate, upper and lower surface 145A to 145B in color. Leaf size.--Average of 15.3cm in length, ranging from 13.4 to 16.2 cm, and 11.3 cm in width, ranging from 9.6 to 12.8 cm. Leaf attachment.--Petiolate. Leaf surface.--Smooth, slightly glossy. Leaf color.--Young foliage upper surface; a color between 141A and 143A, young foliagelower surface; 143A, mature foliage upper surface; a color between 137A and 147A, mature foliage lower surface; 138B. Petioles.--Average of 3.1 cm in length, ranging from 2.5 to 5.0 cm, and 4.0 mm in width, 144B in color, surface is smooth and slightlyglossy. Inflorescence description: Inflorescence type.--Terminal flattened-globular compound corymb of double rotate-shaped sterile flowers composed of an average of 15 sepals, fertile flowers form buds that do not open. Lastingness ofinflorescence.--Persistent with color lasting about 4 weeks. Inflorescence number.--One per lateral or sublateral stem. Inflorescence size.--Average of 12.0 cm in height and 20.8 cm in diameter. Flower number.--An average of 180 sterile flowers perinflorescence, 10 fertile flowers per inflorescence. Flower fragrance.--None. Flower aspect.--Upright and outward. Flower size.--Sterile flowers average of 4.3 cm in diameter, ranging from 3.9 to 5.4 cm, and 1.9 cm in depth, fertile flowers do notopen, remain as buds. Flower buds.--Fertile flowers; an average of 2.5 mm in length and 2 mm in width, obovate in shape, 144A to 144B in color. Peduncles.--Average of 6.9 cm in length, ranging angle to vertical, strong, 60C in color,glabrous surface. Pedicels.--An average of 35 mm in length (ranging from 21 to 51 mm in length) and 1 mm in width, held at an average angle of to vertical, 64A in color, moderate strength, glabrous surface. Petals.--Absent. Sepals.--Average of 15, rotate in arrangement, glabrous and dull surface (both surfaces), rhomboidal to narrowly elliptic in shape, margin is entire, tip bluntly acute, base cuneate, an average of 2.0 cm in length (ranging from 1.1 to 3.1 cm in length)and 1.4 cm in width (ranging from 0.5 to 2.1 cm in length), color when opening; 63B on upper surface and 63C to 63D on lower surface, color when fully opened, upper and lower surface; 68B with veins 67B in color. Reproductive organs: Androecium.--Notdeveloped, fertile flowers do not mature. Gynoecium.--Not developed, fertile flowers do not mature. Fruit and seed.--None formed.

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