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Chrysanthemum plant named `Mefisto Purple`
PP21896 Chrysanthemum plant named `Mefisto Purple`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP21896-3    
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Inventor: Pieters
Date Issued: May 3, 2011
Application: 12/653,951
Filed: December 18, 2009
Inventors: Pieters; Dirk (Oostnieuwkerke, BE)
Assignee: Paraty B.V.B.A. (Oostnieuwkerke, BE)
Primary Examiner: Hwu; June
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Whealy; C. A.
U.S. Class: PLT/287
Field Of Search: PLT/287; PLT/292
International Class: A01H 5/00
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: A new and distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant named `Mefisto Purple`, characterized by its compact, upright, outwardly spreading and rounded plant habit; freely branching habit; dense and full plant habit; uniform and freely flowering habit; and decorative-type inflorescences with red purple-colored ray florets.
Claim: It is claimed:

1. A new and distinct Chrysanthemum plant named `Mefisto Purple` as illustrated and described.
Description: Botanical designation:Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium.

Cultivar denomination: `MEFISTO PURPLE`.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant, botanically known as Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium, and hereinafter referred to by the name `Mefisto Purple`.

The new Chrysanthemum plant is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium. The objective of the breeding program is to create new freely flowering Chrysanthemum plants with unique and attractiveray floret coloration.

The new Chrysanthemum plant originated from a cross-pollination made by the Inventor in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium in October, 2005 of Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium `Marenco Purple`, not patented, as the female, or seed, parent withChrysanthemum.times.morifolium `Gedi One Car`, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 13,794. The new Chrysanthemum plant was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a flowering plant from within the progeny of the stated cross-pollination in acontrolled greenhouse environment in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium in October, 2006.

Asexual reproduction of the new Chrysanthemum plant by vegetative cuttings was first conducted in a controlled greenhouse environment in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium in January, 2007. Asexual reproduction by cuttings has shown that the uniquefeatures of this new Chrysanthemum plant are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Plants of the new Chrysanthemum have not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environment such as temperature, daylength and light intensity, without, however, anyvariance in genotype.

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of `Mefisto Purple`. These characteristics in combination distinguish `Mefisto Purple` as a new and distinct Chrysanthemum cultivar: 1. Compact, upright, outwardly spreading and rounded plant habit. 2. Freely branching habit; dense and full plant habit. 3. Uniform and freely flowering habit. 4. Decorative-type inflorescences with red purple-colored ray florets.

Plants of the new Chrysanthemum differ from the female parent, `Marenco Purple`, in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum are more vigorous and larger than plants of `Marenco Purple`. 2. Plants of the newChrysanthemum have darker green-colored leaves than plants of `Marenco Purple`. 3. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum and `Marenco Purple` differ in ray floret color as plants of `Marenco Purple` have darker-colored ray florets.

Plants of the new Chrysanthemum differ from the male parent, `Gedi One Car`, in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum flower later than plants of `Gedi One Car`. 2. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum have largerinflorescences than plants of `Gedi One Car`. 3. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum and `Gedi One Car` differ in ray floret color as plants of `Gedi One Car` have darker-colored ray florets.

Plants of the new Chrysanthemum can be compared to plants of Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium `Contessa Lilac`, not patented. In side-by-side comparisons conducted in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium, plants of the new Chrysanthemum differed from plantsof `Contessa Lilac` in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum were not as vigorous as plants of `Contessa Lilac`. 2. Plants of the new Chrysanthemum had larger inflorescences than plants of `Contessa Lilac`. 3. Ray floretsof plants of the new Chrysanthemum were flat and oval in shape whereas ray florets of plants of `Contessa Lilac` were fused and tubular in shape.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPH

The accompanying photograph illustrates the overall appearance of the new Chrysanthemum plant. This photograph shows the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photograph maydiffer slightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Chrysanthemum plant. The photograph comprises a side perspective view of a typical flowering plant of `Mefisto Purple`grown in a container.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

The aforementioned photograph and following observations and measurements describe plants grown in 19-cm containers in an outdoor nursery in Oostnieuwkerke, Belgium during the summer and autumn under conditions and practices which approximatethose generally used in commercial production. During the production of the plants, day temperatures ranged from 25.degree. C. to 30.degree. C. and night temperatures ranged from 15.degree. C. to 20.degree. C. Plants were 20 weeks old when thephotograph and description were taken. In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 2005 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. Botanicalclassification: Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium `Mefisto Purple`. Parentage: Female, or seed, parent.--Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium `Marenco Purple`, not patented. Male, or pollen, parent.--Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium `Gedi One Car`, disclosed inU.S. Plant Pat. No. 13,794. Propagation: Type.--Terminal vegetative cuttings. Time to initiate roots, summer.--About 14 days at temperatures of about 20.degree. C. Time to initiate roots, winter.--About 20 days at temperatures of about 20.degree. C. Time to produce a rooted young plant, summer.--About 30 days at temperatures of about 20.degree. C. Time to produce a rooted young plant, winter.--About 40 days at temperatures of about 20.degree. C. Root description.--Fine, fibrous; light brown incolor. Rooting habit.--Freely branching; moderately dense. Plant description: Appearance.--Perennial decorative-type Chrysanthemum; compact plant habit with stems upright and outwardly spreading giving a uniformly rounded appearance to the plant; veryfreely branching habit, about 25 primary lateral branches develop, each primary lateral branch with multiple secondary branches; pinching enhances lateral branch development; dense and full plant habit; strong and moderately vigorous growth habit. Plantheight.--About 40 cm. Plant width.--About 60 cm. Lateral branches.--Length: About 25 cm. Diameter: About 2 mm to 3 mm. Internode length: About 2 cm. Strength: Strong. Texture: Pubescent; longitudinally ridged. Color: Close to 144A. Leaves.--Arrangement: Alternate, simple. Length: About 2.5 cm to 5 cm. Width: About 1.5 cm to 3 cm. Apex: Rounded to cuspidate. Base: Attenuate. Margin: Palmately lobed and serrate, sinuses between lateral lobes divergent to parallel. Texture,upper and lower surfaces: Slightly pubescent. Color: Developing leaves, upper surface: Close to 137C. Developing leaves, lower surface: Close to 137D. Fully expanded leaves, upper surface: Close to N137C; venation, close to 148C. Fully expandedleaves, lower surface: Close to 147B; venation, close to 147B to 147C. Petiole: Length: About 1 cm. Diameter: About 2 mm. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Slightly pubescent and rough. Color, upper surface: Close to 146C. Color, lower surface:Close to 146D. Inflorescence description: Appearance.--Decorative-type inflorescence form; inflorescences borne on terminals above foliage; disc and ray florets arranged acropetally on a capitulum. Fragrance.--Faintly fragrant, pungent. Floweringresponse.--Under natural season conditions, plants flower mid-October in Belgium. Postproduction longevity.--Inflorescences maintain good color and substance for about 35 days in an outdoor nursery; inflorescences persistent. Quantity ofinflorescences.--About 20 inflorescences develop per lateral branch. Inflorescence bud.--Height: About 4 mm. Diameter: About 7 mm. Shape: Globular. Color: Between 144A and 137C. Inflorescence size.--Diameter: About 4.5 cm. Depth (height): About 2.5cm. Disc diameter: About 1 mm. Receptacle diameter: About 3 mm. Receptacle height: About 2.5 mm to 3 mm. Receptacle color: Close to 144B. Ray florets.--Length: About 1.3 cm to 2 cm. Width: About 7 mm. Shape: Oval. Apex: Rounded. Base: Attenuate. Margin: Entire. Aspect: Mostly flat. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Number of ray florets per inflorescence: About 200 arranged in about ten whorls. Color: When opening, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 72B. Fully opened,upper surface: Close to N74A; color becoming closer to N74B with development. Fully opened, lower surface: Close to 73A; color becoming closer to N74C with development. Disc florets.--Length: About 3 mm. Diameter: About 0.5 mm to 1 mm. Shape:Tubular, elongated; apices acute. Number of disc florets per inflorescence: About 20. Color: Apex: Close to 144C. Mid-section: Close to 5B. Base: Close to 145D. Phyllaries.--Number of phyllaries per inflorescence: About 25 arranged in two or threewhorls. Length: About 4 mm to 6 mm. Width: About 2 mm to 3 mm. Shape: Ovate. Apex: Rounded. Base: Rounded to truncate. Margin: Entire. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Color, upper surface: Close to 137A. Color, lowersurface: Close to N137B. Peduncles.--Length, terminal peduncle: About 4 cm. Length, fourth peduncle: About 6 cm. Length, seventh peduncle: About 8 cm. Diameter: About 2 mm. Angle: About 30.degree. from vertical. Strength: Moderately strong. Texture: Slightly pubescent. Color: Close to 146B. Reproductive organs.--Androecium: Not observed. Gynoecium: Not observed. Seed/fruit.--Seed and fruit production have not been observed. Disease/pest resistance: Resistance to pathogens and pestscommon to Chrysanthemums has not been observed on plants grown under commercial conditions. Garden performance: Plants of the new Chrysanthemum have demonstrated excellent garden performance and will tolerate temperatures ranging from about 0.degree. C. to about 45.degree. C.

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