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Sarcococca plant named `Sarsid 2`
PP19951 Sarcococca plant named `Sarsid 2`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP19951-3    Drawing: PP19951-4    
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(2 images)

Inventor: Sidhu
Date Issued: April 21, 2009
Application: 12/075,490
Filed: March 12, 2008
Inventors: Sidhu; Gurjit (Mission, BC, CA)
Assignee:
Primary Examiner: McCormick Ewoldt; S. B
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Aguirre; Penny J.
U.S. Class: PLT/226
Field Of Search: PLT/226
International Class: A01H 5/00
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: A new cultivar of Sarcococca named `Sarsid 2`, characterized by large and broad, oblanceolate shaped leaves, its dwarf, consistent, and dense but spreading plant habit that is suitable as a groundcover, its vigorous growth habit, and its small highly fragrant flowers that emerge in mid winter.
Claim: It is claimed:

1. A new and distinct cultivar of Sarcococca plant named `Sarsid 2` as herein illustrated and described.
Description: RELATEDAPPLICATIONS

This application is co-pending with a U.S. Plant Patent application for a cultivar discovered from similar parentage entitled Sarcococca Plant Named `Sarsid 1`. (U.S. Co-pending application 12/075,529).

Botanical classification: Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis.

Variety denomination: `Sarsid 2`.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis. The new cultivar will be referred to hereafter by its cultivar name, `Sarsid 2`. `Sarsid 2` is an evergreen shrub grown for use as a landscapeplant.

The inventor discovered `Sarsid 2` as a naturally occurring whole plant mutation in spring of 2002 in his nursery in Mission, British Columbia, Canada. `Sarsid 2` was selected as a single unique plant after evaluation of 2,000 seedlings derivedfrom seed sown in 1999 of unnamed plants of Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis.

Asexual reproduction of the new cultivar was first accomplished by the inventor using stem cuttings in winter of 2002 in Mission, British Columbia, Canada. The characteristics of this cultivar have been determined to be stable and are reproducedtrue to type in successive generations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and represent the characteristics of the new cultivar as grown outdoors in a trial garden for five years in Mission, British Columbia, Canada. These attributes in combination distinguish `Sarsid2` as a unique cultivar of Sarcococca. 1. `Sarsid 2` exhibits large and broad oblanceolate shaped leaves. 2. `Sarsid 2` exhibits a dwarf, consistent and vigorous growth habit. 3. `Sarsid 2` exhibits a consistent plant habit; forms a dense clump butslowly spreading by rhizomes; suitable as a groundcover. 4. `Sarsid 2` produces racemes of small, nearly white, highly fragrant flowers in February in British Columbia, Canada.

`Sarsid 2` differs from its parent species Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis, in having larger and broader leaves and in having a more consistent plant habit and a more consistent and vigorous growth habit. `Sarsid 2` can be compared to`Sarsid 1`, another selection of the inventor. `Sarsid 1` is similar to `Sarsid 2` in growth and plant habit, however `Sarsid 1` has narrower leaves. `Sarsid 2` can be compared to Sarcococca hookeriana var. digna (not patented); var. digna it is amuch larger plant as `Sarsid 2` is a cultivar derived from the dwarf var. humilis and `Sarsid 2` also has broader leaves.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

The accompanying colored photographs illustrate the overall appearance and distinct characteristics of two year-old plants the new Sarcocca and comparison plants as grown in one-gallon containers in Mission, British Columbia, Canada.

The photograph in FIG. 1 provides a side view of `Sarsid 2` in bloom.

The photograph in FIG. 2 provides a close-up view of the foliage of `Sarsid 2`.

FIG. 3 provides a comparison of `Sarsid 1` (right), Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis (center), and `Sarsid 2` (left).

The colors in the photographs are as close as possible with the digital photography techniques available, the color values cited in the detailed botanical description accurately describe the colors of the new Sarcococca.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

The following is a detailed description of two year-old plants of the new cultivar as grown outdoors in one-gallon containers in Mission, British Columbia, Canada. The phenotype of the new cultivar may vary with variations in environmental,climatic, and cultural conditions, as it has not been tested under all possible environmental conditions. The color determination is in accordance with the 2007 R.H.S. Colour Chart of the Royal Horticultural Society, London, England, except wheregeneral color terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. General description: Blooming period.--Blooms for approximately 4 weeks beginning in early in February in Mission, British Columbia, Canada. Plant habit.--Relatively dwarf, evergreenshrub with an upright, dense habit but slowly spreading habit. Height and spread.--About 22 cm in height and 28 cm in width in a one gallon container, the original plant reached a height of about 76 cm in height and about 107 cm in width after sevenyears of growth. Cold hardiness.--U.S.D.A. Zone 6. Diseases and pests.--No susceptibility or resistance to diseases or pests has been observed. Root description.--Fleshy from rhizomes 162D in color with an average width of 4 mm. Growth andpropagation: Propagation.--Stem cuttings. Root initiation.--Roots develop in about 6 weeks in winter at 20.degree. C. Time required for root development.--About 2 years to finish a one gallon container from a cutting. Growth rate.--Vigorous relativeto parent species. Stem description: Shape.--Oval. Stem color.--New growth emerges N144A, maturing to 137C with some stems suffused with 175A. Stem size.--Main stems; about 27 cm in length and 3 mm in diameter, lateral branches; about 8 cm in lengthand 2 mm in width. Branching.--Average of 5 lateral branches. Foliage description: Leaf shape.--Broadly oblanceolate. Leaf division.--Simple. Leaf base.--Cuneate. Leaf apex.--Acute to acuminate. Leaf fragrance.--None. Leaf venation.--Pinnate, onlymidrib is conspicuous, 144B in color on upper surface and 144D in color on lower surface. Leaf margins.--Entire. Leaf arrangement.--Primarily alternate with some opposite. Leaf attachment.--Petiolate. Leaf surface.--Glabrous and shiny on uppersurface, glabrous and dull on lower surface, leathery. Leaf size.--Average of 6 cm in length and 2 cm in width. Leaf quantity.--Average of 12 leafs per stem 15 cm in length. Leaf color.--Newly expanded leaves; upper surface 137B, lower surface 144A,mature leaves; upper surface 137A, lower surface 144A. Petioles.--About 7 mm in length and 2 mm in width, glabrous surface, 145C in color. Stipules.--None. Inflorescence description: Inflorescence type.--Short racemes of small, apetalous, non-showyflowers emerging from leaf axils with male flowers near apex and female flowers near base of raceme. Flower fragrance.--Highly scented, hyacinth-like. Lastingness of inflorescence.--About 10 days. Flower quantity.--Average of 3 racemes per lateralstem and 8 flowers per raceme. Flower type.--Tubular, apetalous, reproductive organs surrounded by imbricate sepals. Flower size.--Male; average of 3 mm in diameter and 5 mm in depth, female; average of 6 mm in length and 2 mm in width. Racemesize.--About 1 cm (from base of peduncle) in length and about 5 mm in diameter. Peduncles.--About 3 mm in length and 1 mm in diameter, 144B in color, surface glabrous. Pedicels.--About 1 mm in length and width, 144B in color, surface glabrous. Flowerbuds.--Oblong in shape, up to 5 mm in length and 2 mm diameter, color; blend of N144B and 155C with a blush of 61A. Petals.--None. Sepals.--Male flowers; 4, ovate in shape, imbricate and opening to a campanulate shaped calyx, color a blend of N144Bwith 155C with a blush of 61A, glabrous surface, about 4 mm in length and 2 mm in width, entire margin, round apex and attenuate base, female flowers; 4, un-fused but remain imbricate into tube about 4 mm in length and 2 mm in width, 144B in color,glabrous surface. Imbricate bracts.--Male flowers, about 1 mm in length and width, 144B in color, female flowers; about 2 mm in length and width and surrounding pedicel, 144B in color, glabrous surface. Reproductive organs: Gynoecium.--1 pistil, 2stigmas that are recurved at tube apex and N144B in color at base and 144D in color at apex, about 2 mm in length and 0.5 mm in width, style and ovary is not discernable. Androcoecium.--4 stamens, un-fused and exserted, filaments are 155A in color,about 5 mm in length and 1 mm in width, anthers are basifixed, about 1 mm in length and 0.7 mm in width and N77A in color, pollen was moderate to scarce in abundance and 198D in color. Fruit and seed.--Berry production was not observed on the plantsavailable for data collection, globose purplish-black drupe may form under the right conditions.

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