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Colocasia plant named `DIAMOND HEAD`
PP19939 Colocasia plant named `DIAMOND HEAD`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP19939-4    Drawing: PP19939-5    Drawing: PP19939-6    Drawing: PP19939-7    Drawing: PP19939-8    
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Inventor: Cho
Date Issued: April 21, 2009
Application: 12/006,579
Filed: January 4, 2008
Inventors: Cho; John (Kula, HI)
Primary Examiner: McCormick Ewoldt; S. B
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent:
U.S. Class: PLT/373
Field Of Search: PLT/373
International Class: A01H 5/00
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:

Abstract: A new cultivar of Colocasia plant named `DIAMOND HEAD` that is characterized by a combination of large dark purple to black leaves with a glossy finish and a small circular-shaped dark burgundy colored `piko` and semi-glossy dark burgundy colored petioles. In combination these characteristics distinguish `DIAMOND HEAD` from all other varieties of Colocasia known to the inventor.
Claim: What is claimed is:

1. A new and distinct cultivar of Colocasia plant named `DIAMOND HEAD` as described and illustrated herein.
Description: Genus: Colocasia.

Species: esculenta.

Denomination: `DIAMOND HEAD`.


The present invention relates to a new and distinct variety of Colocasia commonly known as the taro plant or elephant ears. Colocasia is grown as a food crop or for use as an ornamental for container or the landscape. The new cultivar is knownbotanically as Colocasia esculenta and will be referred to hereinafter by the cultivar name `DIAMOND HEAD`. `DIAMOND HEAD` is one of is one of five co-pending applications by the inventor relating to new cultivars of Colocasia. The other fourco-pending applications are titled Colocasia plant named `Hawaiian Eye` (U.S. application Ser. No. 12/006,580), Colocasia plant named `Blue Hawaii` (U.S. application Ser. No. 12/006,576), Colocasia plant named `Pineapple Princess` (U.S. applicationSer. No. 12/006,581), and Colocasia plant named `Hilo Bay` (U.S. application Ser. No. 12/006,474).

Colocasia is a tuberous rooted perennial which is native to tropical Asia and Polynesia. It grows to 1.5-2 m in height from starchy tubers. The leaves of Colocasia are heart-shaped and very large in size. The tuberous roots are cooked andeaten as a starchy staple in many tropical areas. It is also grown as ornamental plants for the landscape in warmer climates or as a container plant in colder areas.

The new Colocasia variety named `DIAMOND HEAD` is the product of a formal breeding program, carried out in a cultivated area in Kula, Hi. The purpose of the breeding program is to develop new commercial varieties by combining attributes notfound in currently commercially available varieties.

`DIAMOND HEAD` is a seedling selection from the controlled pollination between the female parent variety `Putih` (not patented) and male parent variety `Black Magic` (not patented). Initially designated as `2005-17`, `DIAMOND HEAD` was derivedfrom a single plant selected in 2005.

The new variety `DIAMOND HEAD` has large dark purple almost black colored leaves with a glossy finish. `DIAMOND HEAD` produces uniform dark burgundy colored petioles with a semi-glossy finish. The leaves are 1/3 to 1/2 larger than its femaleparent and similar in size compared to its female parent, `Putih`. The female parent, `Putih` exhibits smaller green glossy leaves with a purple spot on the upper leaf surface at the point of leaf and petiole attachment and a smooth margin. Thepetioles are of a light green semi-glossy color. The male parent, `Black Magic`, exhibits dark purple to black colored leaves with a matte finish and a smooth margin. The petioles are dark burgundy in color with a matte finish. In these aspects, thisnew variety differs from its parents.

The closest comparison variety known to the inventor is its female parent `Black Magic` (not patented), its closest commercial variety. `DIAMOND HEAD` produces uniform dark purple colored leaves with a glossy finish compared with `Black Magic`that exhibit dark purple matte finish leaves.

The most commonly employed means of asexual propagation of the genus Colocasia is the excision and replanting of a shoot which consists of the apical 1 cm-2 cm portion of the plant corm with the attached basal 15 cm-20 cm portion of the petiole. In regions of the world where Colocasia is grown, this plant shoot is known as a "huli", and the means of propagation is known as "huli propagation." Asexual propagation of hulis of `DIAMOND HEAD` began in 2005 in Hawaii by the inventor using hulipropagation whereby the apical shoots are separated from the plant by cutting the shoot at the top of the corm immediately above the newest leaf scar and planted. Evaluation in field and pot studies have shown the unique features of `DIAMOND HEAD` to bestable, uniform, and reproduces true to type in successive generations of asexual propagation.


The following traits have been repeatedly observed and represent the distinguishing characteristics of the new Colocasia variety named `DIAMOND HEAD`. In combination these traits set `DIAMOND HEAD` apart from all other varieties of Colocasiaknown to the inventor. `DIAMOND HEAD` has not been tested under all possible conditions and phenotypic differences may be observed with variations in environmental, climatic and cultural conditions, however, without any variance in genotype: 1. `DIAMOND HEAD` exhibits large saggitate-shaped leaves and slightly undulating margins. 2. The leaves of `DIAMOND HEAD` are a glossy and dark purple in color. 3. The surface of the leaves of `DIAMOND HEAD` is a glossy finish. 4. `DIAMOND HEAD` hassemi-glossy dark burgundy colored petioles.


The accompanying color drawings FIGS. 1 to 5 illustrate the overall appearance of `DIAMOND HEAD` showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the drawing may differ from thecolor values cited in the detailed botanical description, which accurately describe the actual colors of the new variety `DIAMOND HEAD`.

The drawing labeled as FIG. 1 shows `DIAMOND HEAD` grown from a huli after approximately 3 months.

The drawing labeled as FIG. 2 shows the semi glossy dark burgundy colored petioles of `DIAMOND HEAD`.

The drawing labeled FIG. 3 illustrates a sagittate `DIAMOND HEAD` mature leaf blade whose lamina is dark purple to black with a smooth texture and glossy appearance. This drawing also illustrates that part of the leaf which is known as the`piko` namely the area of upper leaf surface which is present at the junction of the leaf blade with the petiole and from which three principal veins radiate.

The drawing labeled as FIG. 4 shows the underside of a mature leaf of `DIAMOND HEAD` with light purple lamina and purple venation.

The drawing labeled as FIG. 5 shows the inflorescence or spadix of `DIAMOND HEAD`.

The drawing labeled as FIG. 6 shows the sheath or spathe that normally encloses the spadix.

All drawings have been made from plants which were approximately 3 months old from a division and which have been grown out-of-doors. No growth regulators have been applied.


The following is a detailed description of the new Colocasia plant named `DIAMOND HEAD`. Data was collected from plants that were 3-6 months of age grown outside in Kula, Hi. as indicated. The color determinations are in accordance with the2001 edition of The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, London, England, except where general color terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. The growing requirements are similar to other Colocasia. Botanical classification: Genus:Colocasia. Species: esculenta. Denomination: `DIAMOND HEAD`. Common name: Taro or elephant ears. Plant use: Food, container or landscape plant. Cultural requirements: Cultural requirements are well draining soil or growing media, full sun to partialshade. Root system: Fibrous. Plant vigor: Vigorous. Parentage: Female parent.--`Putih`. Male parent.--`Black Magic`. Plant description: The plant has 4-6 suckers closely attached to the mother plant. A "mother plant" is the plant material which isfirst introduced into the soil to begin production. Typically, this plant material contains part of the huli and 2-3 leaf blades. This produces a "mother corm" which produces lateral shoots called `cormels` which give rise to daughter plants. Daughterplants begin to appear above soil level about 2-3 months after planting of the mother plant. Plant dimensions: 990 mm to 1230 mm in height and 785 mm to 1145 mm in width. Plant hardiness: USDA Zone 7. Propagation: Propagation is accomplished by hulipropagation and by tissue culture. Propagation: Root formation occurs immediately after transplanting. Propagation is complete when fully rooted. Daughter plants appear above soil level around 2-3 months after huli planting. Tissue Culture: Time todevelop a new plant capable of growing on its own roots: 3 weeks. Crop time: (from propagation to a saleable 1 gallon container):6-10 weeks at temperatures of 75 degrees Fahrenheit -65 degrees Fahrenheit. Pest or disease susceptibility and resistance:No more or less susceptible to disease or pests than other cultivars. Tuberous Roots: Dimensions.--6.7 inches in length, 4.1 inches in diameter. Color 155D. Foliage: Number.--On average, a 5-6 month old mother plant maintains 5-6 functional leaves ata time, each new leaf is produced approximately every 10 days until the corm matures. Petioles.--Length: Up to 125 cm in length. Width: 10.5 mm (just below attachment to lamina).times.21 mm (at the upper sinus).times.32 mm (at the middle of the sinus). Color: Mature leaf has a petiole color of 187A and younger leaves have petiole color of 177D. Sap color: Colorless. Leaf.--Dimensions at maturity (5-6 months old): 660 mm in length and 435 mm in width. Aspect: Erect with apex down. Shape: Sagittatelamina. Margins: Entire, slightly undulating. Apex: Pointed. Base: Peltate. Lamina appendages: Absent. Attachment: Petiolate with characteristic tissue formed at junction of leaf blade with the upper termination of the petiole. This area of theleaf tissue is also known as the "piko" and is evident by virtue of its upper surface being the same color as the veins or darker. The principal veins radiate from the piko. Piko color: N187A. Leaf sheaf: Open. Texture: Smooth appears glossy. Leafcolor (adaxial surface): Younger leaves are 138B; mature leaves are N147B. Leaf color (abaxial surface): Younger leaves are 198A; mature leaves are N187A. Venation: Palmate. Veins: Three principal veins radiating from the piko. The largest a midribextending from the piko to the tip of the lamina with up to 13 pairs of secondary veins radiating from it. Vein color (adaxial and abaxial surfaces): 187A. Flowers and reproductive organs: The inflorescence arises from the leaf axils. Theinflorescence is made up of a short peduncle, a spadix, and spathe. The spadix is botanically a spike, with a fleshy central axis to which the small sessile flowers are attached. The spadix is 110 mm to 120 mm long, with female flowers at the base,male flowers towards the tip, and sterile flowers in between, in the region compressed by the neck of the spathe. The extreme tip or appendage of the spadix has no flowers at all. The spathe is a large yellowish bract, 250 mm long, which sheaths thespadix. The lower part of the spathe is green (187D) in color and wraps tightly around the spadix and completely occludes the female flowers from view. The top portion of the spathe is yellow (13C) in color and is rolled inward at the apex, but is openon one side to reveal the male flowers on the spadix. The top and bottom portions of the spadix are separated by a narrow neck region, corresponding to the region of the sterile flowers on the spadix.

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