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Chrysanthemum Plant Named `Grano Red`
PP19816 Chrysanthemum Plant Named `Grano Red`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP19816-3    
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(1 images)

Inventor: Noodelijk
Date Issued: March 10, 2009
Application: 12/001,651
Filed: December 12, 2007
Inventors: Noodelijk; Robert (Woubrugge, NL)
Assignee:
Primary Examiner: Bell; Kent L
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Jondle & Associates, P.C.
U.S. Class: PLT/293
Field Of Search: PLT/298; PLT/293
International Class: A01H 5/00
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: A chrysanthemum plant named `Grano Red` characterized by its medium-sized blooms with greyed-red ray florets and prolific branching, a natural season flowering date of September 15, a blooming period of 6 weeks, a rounded plant habit, a spreading growth habit and a moderate growth rate, is disclosed.
Claim: I claim:

1. A new and distinct variety of chrysanthemum plant as described and illustrated.
Description: Genus: Chrysanthemum morifolium.

Variety denomination: `Grano Red`.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

`Grano Red` is a product of a breeding and selection program for outdoor pot mums (garden mums) which had the objective of creating new chrysanthemum cultivars with a decorative type inflorescence, a natural season flowering date around September15 and a blooming period of 6 weeks. The new plant of the present invention comprises a new and distinct cultivar of chrysanthemum plant.

`Grano Red` is a seedling resulting from the open pollination among groups of un-named and unpatented chrysanthemum cultivars maintained under the control of the inventor for breeding purposes. The new and distinct cultivar was discovered andselected as one flowering plant by Rob Noodelijk on a cultivated field in Woubrugge, The Netherlands in September 2005. The plant has been asexually reproduced by cuttings in greenhouses at Woubrugge, The Netherlands over a two year period. The newcultivar has been found to retain its distinctive characteristics through successive asexual propagations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The following are the most outstanding and distinguishing characteristics of the new cultivar when grown under normal horticultural practices in Woubrugge, The Netherlands. 1. Large greyed-red inflorescences; 2. A rounded plant habit; and 3. A spreading growth habit and moderate growth rate.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS

The present invention of a new and distinct variety of chrysanthemum is shown in the accompanying photographs, the colors being as nearly true as possible with color photographs of this type.

FIG. 1 shows a close-up of the individual inflorescences, florets, bud and leaves.

FIG. 2 shows a plant of the cultivar in full bloom.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

This new variety of chrysanthemum is of the botanical classification Chrysanthemum morifolium. The observations and measurements were gathered from plants grown out door in Woubrugge, The Netherlands under natural day length and temperature andplanted in week 22 in 2005 and 2006. The natural blooming date of this crop was September 15. The average height of the plants was 40 cm. No growth retardants were used. No tests were done on disease or insect resistance or susceptibility. No testswere done on cold or drought tolerance. This new variety produces medium-sized blooms with greyed-red ray florets and a red center blooming for a period of 6 weeks.

The following is a description of the plant and characteristics that distinguish `Grano Red` as a new and distinct variety. The color designations are taken from the plant itself. Accordingly, any discrepancies between the color designationsand the colors depicted in the photographs are due to photographic tolerances. The color chart used in this description is The Royal Horticultural Society color chart, edition 1995.

BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION OF `GRANO RED`

Plant: Shape.--Rounded Growth habit.--Spreading. Growth rate.--Moderate. Height.--38 cm to 44 cm. Width.--44 cm to 48 cm. Branches: Stem.--Color: RHS 137C (green). Strength: Strong. Brittleness: Branches are brittle. Anthocyanincoloration: Present; a slight layer of RHS 181A (greyed-red) mainly at the base of the stem. Length of lateral branch (from top to bottom).--12 cm to 19 cm. Diameter of lateral branch.--0.3 cm. Lateral branch color.--RHS 137C (green). Lateral branchattachment.--Petiolate. Branching (average number of lateral branches).--Prolific with 10 breaks after pinching. Leaves: Color.--Upper surface: RHS 147A (yellow-green). Lower surface: RHS 137B (green). Size.--General: Small to medium Length: 4.0 cmto 4.5 cm. Width: 1.0 cm to 1.3 cm. Quantity (number per lateral branch).--7 to 8. Shape.--Rhombic. Apex.--Acute. Base.--Acute. Margin.--Serrate. Texture.--Upper surface: Glabrous. Lower surface: Pubescent. Venation arrangement.--Palmate. Shapeof base of sinus between lateral lobes.--Round. Margin of sinus between lateral lobes.--Diverging. Bud: Size.--General: Medium. Cross-section: 1.5 cm. Height: 1.5 cm. Outside color.--RHS 185A (greyed-purple). Involucral bracts.--2 rows, length 0.6cm, width 0.3 cm. Involucral bracts among disc-florets.--Absent. Involucral bracts color.--RHS 138A (green). Bloom: Type.--Double. size.--General: medium. Fully expanded: 5.0 cm to 5.5 cm. Number of blooms per branch.--Approximately 6 to 7 bloomsper branch. Color of center of the inflorescence.--Immature: RHS 185A (greyed-purple). Mature: RHS 185A (greyed-purple). Tonality from distance.--A garden mum with red inflorescences. Discoloration to color.--To RHS 172D (greyed-orange). Performanceon the plant (blooming period).--6 weeks. Fragrance.--Typical chrysanthemum; slight. Peduncle.--Length: 6 cm to 7 cm. Diameter: 0.2 cm. Color: RHS 137C (green). Natural season blooming date.--September 15. Ray florets: Texture.--Both the upper andlower surfaces are smooth. Number.--130 to 150. Cross-section.--Flat to twisted. Longitudinal axis of majority.--Straight. Color.--Upper surface of the (outer) ray-florets: RHS 180A (greyed-red). Lower surface: RHS 180D (greyed-red). Length ofcorolla tube.--0.2 cm to 0.3 cm. Apex.--Round. Margin.--Entire. Length.--1.7 cm to 1.9 cm. Width.--0.5 cm to 0.6 cm. Ratio length/width.--High. Disc florets: Absent. Reproductive organs: Stamen (present in disc florets only).--Absent. Pollen.--Absent. Styles.--Thin. Style color.--RHS 144A (yellow-green). Style length.--0.3 cm to 0.4 cm. Stigma color.--RHS 144A (yellow-green). Stigma width.--0.1 cm. Ovaries.--Enclosed in calyx. Fruit/Seed set: Seeds are produced in smallquantities; ovate, RHS 199A (grey-brown) and 0.15 cm in length.

COMPARISON WITH COMMERCIAL CULTIVARS

`Grano Red` differs from the commercial cultivar `Yotabitha` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 16,110) in that `Grano Red` flowers earlier (September 15) than `Yotabitha` (September 24). Additionally, `Grano Red` has large (up to 5.5 cm) greyed-redinflorescences, while `Yotabitha` has smaller (up to 4 cm) red-purple inflorescences.

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