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Calibrachoa plant named `USCALI411-7`
PP19492 Calibrachoa plant named `USCALI411-7`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP19492-4    
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(1 images)

Inventor: Sakazaki
Date Issued: November 25, 2008
Application: 11/978,128
Filed: October 25, 2007
Inventors: Sakazaki; Ushio (Shiga, JP)
Assignee: Plant 21 LLC (San Marco, CA)
Primary Examiner: Haas; Wendy C.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Whealy; C. A.
U.S. Class: PLT/413
Field Of Search: PLT/413
International Class: A01H 5/00
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References: UPOV ROM GTITM Computer Database, GTI Jouve Retrieval Software Feb. 2007, Citation for `USCALI411-7`. cited by examiner.









Abstract: A new and distinct cultivar of Calibrachoa plant named `USCALI411-7`, characterized by its compact, mounding and outwardly spreading growth habit; numerous orange-colored flowers; and good garden performance.
Claim: It is claimed:

1. A new and distinct Calibrachoa plant named `USCALI411-7` as illustrated and described.
Description: Botanical designation:Calibrachoa sp.

Cultivar denomination: `USCALI411-7`.

CROSS-REFERENCED TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

Title: Calibrachoa Plant Named `USCALI411-12`

Applicant: Ushio Sakazaki

Filed: Concurrently

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Calibrachoa, botanically known as Calibrachoa sp. and hereinafter referred to by the name `USCALI411-7`.

The new Calibrachoa is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in Hikone, Shiga, Japan. The objective of the breeding program is to create new Calibrachoa cultivars with uniform plant habit and attractive flowers.

The new Calibrachoa originated from a cross-pollination made by the Inventor on Apr. 19, 2004 in Hikone, Shiga, Japan of a proprietary seedling selection of Calibrachoa sp. identified as code number CJ04-18, not patented, as the female, orseed, parent with a proprietary seedling selection of Calibrachoa sp. identified as code number CJ04-22, not patented, as the male, or pollen, parent. The new Calibrachoa was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a single flowering plant withinthe progeny of the stated cross-pollination in a controlled environment in Gensingen, Germany on May 24, 2005.

Asexual reproduction of the new Calibrachoa by terminal cuttings in a controlled environmental in Gensingen, Germany since May 25, 2005 has shown that the unique features of this new Calibrachoa are stable and reproduced true to type insuccessive generations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The cultivar USCALI411-7 has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environment and cultural practices such as temperature, daylength and light intensity without,however, any variance in genotype.

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of `USCALI411-7`. These characteristics in combination distinguish `USCALI411-7` as a new and distinct cultivar of Calibrachoa: 1. Compact,mounding and outwardly spreading growth habit. 2. Numerous orange-colored flowers. 3. Good garden performance.

The new Calibrachoa can be compared to plants of the female parent selection. Plants of the new Calibrachoa differ from plants of the female parent selection in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Calibrachoa are not as uprightas plants of the female parent selection. 2. Plants of the new Calibrachoa and the female parent selection differ in flower color as plants of the female parent selection have red pink-colored flowers.

Plants of the new Calibrachoa can be compared to plants of the male parent selection. Plants of the new Calibrachoa differ from plants of the male parent selection in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Calibrachoa are moreupright than plants of the male parent selection. 2. Plants of the new Calibrachoa and the male parent selection differ in flower color as plants of the male parent selection have yellow-colored flowers.

Plants of the new Calibrachoa can be compared to plants of the cultivar USCALI411-12, disclosed in a U.S. Plant Patent application filed concurrently. Plants of the new Calibrachoa differ from plants of the cultivar USCALI411-12 primarily inflower color as plants of the cultivar USCALI411-12 have scarlet red-colored flowers.

Plants of the new Calibrachoa can be compared to plants of the cultivar Sunbelfire, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 16,684. In side-by-side comparisons conducted in Gensingen, Germany, plants of the new Calibrachoa differed from plants of thecultivar Sunbelfire in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Calibrachoa flowered earlier than plants of the cultivar Sunbelfire. 2. Plants of the new Calibrachoa had larger flowers than plants of the cultivar Sunbelfire.

Plants of the new Calibrachoa can also be compared to plants of the cultivar KLEC03083, not patented. In side-by-side comparisons conducted in Gensingen, Germany, plants of the new Calibrachoa differed from plants of the cultivar KLEC03083 inthe following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Calibrachoa flowered earlier than plants of the cultivar KLEC03083. 2. Plants of the new Calibrachoa and the cultivar KLEC03083 differed in flower color as plants of the cultivar KLEC03083 hadapricot orange-colored flowers.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS

The accompanying colored photographs illustrate the overall appearance of the new Calibrachoa, showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photographs may differ slightlyfrom the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Calibrachoa.

The photograph at the bottom of the sheet comprises a side perspective view of a typical flowering plant of `USCALI411-7` grown in a container.

The photograph at the top of the sheet comprises a close-up of typical flowers of `USCALI411-7`.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

The aforementioned photographs and following observations, measurements and values describe plants grown in Bonsall, Calif., under commercial practice during the spring and summer in an outdoor nursery with day temperatures ranging from 7.degree. C. to 35.degree. C. and night temperatures ranging from 7.degree. C. to 21.degree. C. Rooted young plants were grown for about eight weeks in 15-cm containers. In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural SocietyColour Chart, 1995 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. Botanical classification: Calibrachoa sp. cultivar USCALI411-7. Parentage: Female, or seed, parent.--Proprietary seedling selection of Calibrachoa sp. identified as code number CJ04-18, not patented. Male, or pollen, parent.--Proprietary seedling selection of Calibrachoa sp. identified as code number CJ04-22, not patented. Propagation: Type.--By terminal cuttings. Time to produce a rooted youngplant, summer.--About three weeks at temperatures of 20.degree. C. Time to produce a rooted young plant, winter.--About four weeks at temperatures of 20.degree. C. Root description.--Fine; white in color. Rooting habit.--Freely branching; dense. Plant description: Plant and growth habit.--Compact, mounding and outwardly spreading plant habit. Freely branching habit with about six to seven primary lateral branches each with multiple secondary lateral branches; pinching enhances branching. Moderately vigorous growth habit. Plant height.--About 21 cm. Plant diameter.--About 51 cm. Lateral branch description: Length.--About 25 cm. Diameter.--About 2.5 mm. Internode length.--About 1.3 cm. Strength.--Strong. Aspect.--Initially uprightto outwardly spreading. Texture.--Pubescent. Color.--146B. Foliage description: Arrangement.--Before flowering, alternate, simple; after flowering, opposite, simple. Length.--About 4 cm. Width.--About 1.4 cm. Shape.--Elliptical. Apex.--Broadlyacute to rounded. Base.--Attenuate. Margin.--Entire. Texture, upper and lower surfaces.--Pubescent. Venation pattern.--Pinnate; arcuate. Color.--Developing and fully expanded foliage, upper surface: 146A; venation, 146C. Developing and fullyexpanded foliage, lower surface: 146B; venation, 146D. Petiole.--Length: About 4 mm. Diameter: About 2 mm. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Pubescent. Color, upper and lower surfaces: 146D. Flower description: Flower arrangement and habit.--Singlesalverform flowers arranged singly arising from leaf axils. Freely flowering habit with usually about 45 open flowers and flower buds per lateral branch. Flowers persistent. Flowers face upright to mostly outwardly. Fragrance.--Faint, spicy. naturalflowering season.--Plants of the new Calibrachoa initiate and develop flowers about four to six weeks after planting. Plants flower continuously from April to October in Southern California. Flower longevity.--Individual flowers last about five toseven days on the plant. Flower diameter.--About 2.5 cm by 2.6 cm. Flower length (height).--About 2.4 cm. Flower throat diameter.--About 5 mm by 7 mm. Flower tube diameter, base.--About 2 mm. Flower tube length.--About 1.8 cm. Flower bud.--Shape:Elongated oblong. Length: About 2.2 cm. Diameter: About 5 mm. Color: 163C. Corolla.--Arrangement: Five petals fused at the base and opening into a flared trumpet. Petal length from throat: About 1.2 cm. Petal lobe width: About 1.3 cm. Petal shape:Roughly obovate. Petal apex: Obtuse. Petal margin: Entire. Petal texture, upper surface: Smooth, velvety. Petal texture, lower surface: Pubescent. Throat texture: Smooth, velvety. Tube texture: Pubescent. Color: Petal, when opening, upper surface:46B to 46C. Petal, when opening, lower surface: 50C. Petal, fully opened, upper surface: 33B; with development, color shifts to 28B tinted with 30A; then color shifts to 163A; color further shifts to 15B; eventually fading to 7C. Venation, initially33A; shifting to 28A; eventually, 163A. Petal, fully opened, lower surface: 179B; with development, color shifts to 179D; then color shifts to 168D; eventually becoming closer to 162A. Venation, 146D. Throat: 12A; venation, 145C. Tube: 163C;venation, 146C. Calyx.--Arrangement: One star-shaped calyx tube with five sepals fused at the base per flower. Sepal length: About 7 mm. Sepal width: About 2.5 mm. Sepal shape: Lanceolate. Sepal apex: Acute. Sepal margin: Entire. Sepal texture,upper and lower surfaces: Pubescent. Color, upper and lower surfaces: 146B. Peduncles.--Length: About 2.7 cm. Diameter: About 1 mm. Angle: About 35.degree. to 45.degree. from stem axis. Strength: Moderately strong. Texture: Pubescent. Color:146C. Reproductive organs.--Stamens: Quantity/arrangement: About five per flower. Anther shape: Oval. Anther length: About 1 mm. Anther color: 4B. Pollen amount: Moderate. Pollen color: 5A. Pistils: Quantity: One per flower. Pistil length: About1.2 cm. Style length: About 1 cm. Style color: 145B. Stigma shape: Oval. Stigma color: 145A. Ovary color: 145A. Seed/fruit: Seed and fruit development have not been observed on plants of the new Calibrachoa. Garden performance: Plants of the newCalibrachoa have been observed to have good garden performance and tolerate wind, rain and temperatures ranging from about 1.degree. C. to about 40.degree. C. Pathogen/pest resistance: Plants of the new Calibrachoa have been observed to be resistant toThielaviopsis. Plants of the new Calibrachoa have not been observed to be resistant to pests and other pathogens common to Calibrachoa.

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