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Osteospermum plant named `Sumost 07`
PP19118 Osteospermum plant named `Sumost 07`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP19118-4    
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(1 images)

Inventor: Schrader
Date Issued: August 19, 2008
Application: 11/728,161
Filed: March 23, 2007
Inventors: Schrader; Ralf (D-59348 Ludinghausen, DE)
Assignee:
Primary Examiner: Para; Annette H
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Whealy; C. A.
U.S. Class: PLT/360
Field Of Search: PLT/360
International Class: A01H 5/00
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References: UPOV-ROM GTITM Computer Database May 2007. GTI Jouve Retrieval Software PBR 2004 1870 Citation for `Sumost 07`. cited by examiner.









Abstract: A new and distinct cultivar of Osteospermum plant named `Sumost 07`, characterized by its compact, upright and outwardly spreading plant habit; freely branching growth habit; freely and continuous flowering habit; and daisy-type inflorescences with creamy white-colored ray florets with violet blue-colored bases.
Claim: It is claimed:

1. A new and distinct Osteospermum plant named `Sumost 07` as illustrated and described.
Description: Botanical designation:Osteospermum ecklonis.

Cultivar denomination: `Sumost 07`.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Osteospermum plant, botanically known as Osteospermum ecklonis, and hereinafter referred to by the name `Sumost 07`.

The new Osteospermum is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in Ludinghausen, Germany. The objective of the program is to create and develop new compact Osteospermum cultivars with attractive and unique inflorescencecoloration.

The new Osteospermum originated from a cross-pollination by the Inventor in February, 2002 of a proprietary selection of Osteospermum ecklonis identified as code number XY5, not patented, as the female, or seed, parent with a proprietaryselection of Osteospermum ecklonis identified as code number 01-7, not patented, as the male, or pollen, parent. The new Osteospermum was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a single flowering plant within the progeny of the statedcross-pollination in a controlled environment in Ludinghausen, Germany in May, 2003.

Asexual reproduction of the new Osteospermum by terminal cuttings in a controlled environment in Ludinghausen, Germany since June, 2003, has shown that the unique features of this new Osteospermum are stable and reproduced true to type insuccessive generations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The cultivar Sumost 07 has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype many vary somewhat with variations in environment such as temperature, daylength and light intensity, without, however, any variance ingenotype.

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of `Sumost 07`. These characteristics in combination distinguish `Sumost 07` as a new and distinct cultivar of Osteospermum: 1. Compact,upright and outwardly spreading plant habit. 2. Freely branching growth habit. 3. Freely and continuous flowering habit. 4. Daisy-type inflorescences with creamy white-colored ray florets with violet blue-colored bases.

In side-by-side comparisons conducted in Ludinghausen, Germany, plants of the new Osteospermum differ from plants of the female parent selection in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Osteospermum are more freely flowering thanplants of the female parent selection. 2. Plants of the new Osteospermum have smaller inflorescences than plants of the female parent selection. 3. Plants of the new Osteospermum and the female parent selection differ in ray floret coloration asplants of the female parent selection have soft orange-colored ray florets.

In side-by-side comparisons conducted in Ludinghausen, Germany, plants of the new Osteospermum differ from plants of the male parent selection in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Osteospermum are more compact than plants ofthe male parent selection. 2. Plants of the new Osteospermum and the male parent selection differ in ray floret coloration as plants of the male parent selection have lighter orange-colored ray florets.

Plants of the new Osteospermum can be compared to plants of the Osteospermum cultivar Sumost 02, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 15,975. In side-by-side comparisons conducted in Ludinghausen, Germany, plants of the new Osteospermum differedfrom plants of the cultivar Sumost 02 in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new Osteospermum were more compact than plants of the cultivar Sumost 02. 2. Plants of the new Osteospermum had shorter internodes than plants of the cultivarSumost 02. 3. Plants of the new Osteospermum had smaller inflorescences than plants of the cultivar Sumost 02. 4. Plants of the new Osteospermum and the cultivar Sumost 02 differed in ray floret coloration as plants of the cultivar Sumost 02 had softorange-colored ray florets. 5. Plants of the new Osteospermum did not produce seeds whereas plants of the cultivar Sumost 02 produced seeds.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPH

The accompanying photograph illustrates the overall appearance of the new Osteospermum. This photograph shows the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photograph may differslightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Osteospermum. The photograph comprises a top perspective view of a typical flowering plant of `Sumost 07`.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 2001 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. The aforementioned photograph, following observationsand measurements describe plants grown 10.5-cm containers in Ludinghausen, Germany during the summer and autumn in a glass-covered greenhouse and under conditions and practices which approximate those generally used in commercial Osteospermum production. During the production of the plants, day temperatures ranged from 18.degree. C. to 22.degree. C., night averaged 16.degree. C., and light levels ranged from 3,000 to 6,000 kilolux. Measurements and numerical values represent averages for typicalflowering plants. Plants were pinched one time and were about four months old when the photograph and description were taken. Botanical classification: Osteospermum ecklonis cultivar Sumost 07. Parentage: Female, or seed, parent.--Proprietaryselection of Osteospermum ecklonis identified as code number XY5, not patented. Male, or pollen, parent.--Proprietary selection of Osteospermum ecklonis identified as code number 01-7, not patented. Propagation: Type.--Terminal vegetative cuttings. Time to initiate roots, summer.--About 16 to 20 days at 20.degree. C. to 22.degree. C. Time to initiate roots, winter.--About 14 to 16 days at 16.degree. C. to 18.degree. C. Time to produce a rooted cutting, summer.--About 28 to 30 days at 20.degree. C. to 22.degree. C. Time to produce a rooted cutting, winter.--About 22 to 24 days at 16.degree. C. to 18.degree. C. Root description.--Medium thickness, fleshy; 161D in color. Rooting habit.--Moderate branching; moderately dense. Plant description:Plant form/growth habit.--Compact, upright and outwardly spreading plant habit. Inflorescences positioned above the foliar plane. Moderately vigorous growth habit. Plant height.--About 30 cm. Plant diameter.--About 20 cm. Lateral branches.--Quantityper plant: Freely branching, about five to six lateral branches per plant. Length: About 30 cm. Diameter: About 3 mm to 4 mm. Internode length: About 0.8 cm to 1 cm. Strength: Strong. Texture: Smooth, glabrous. Color: 144A to 144B. Foliagedescription.--Arrangement: Alternate, simple; sessile. Length: About 5 cm to 6 cm. Width: About 2.2 cm to 2.5 cm. Shape: Lanceolate. Apex: Acute. Base: Obtuse. Margin: Entire. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Venation pattern:Pinnate. Color: Developing foliage, upper surface: 147A. Developing foliage, lower surface: 146A. Fully expanded foliage, upper surface: 146A to darker than 146A; venation, 145C. Fully expanded foliage, lower surface: 146A to 146B; venation, 145C. Inflorescence description: Appearance.--Daisy-type inflorescence form with obovate-shaped ray florets. Inflorescences positioned above the foliage, arising from leaf axils. Disc and ray florets developing acropetally on a capitulum. Inflorescencesface mostly upright. Freely flowering habit; about 25 to 30 inflorescences develop over time per plant. Inflorescences not persistent. Inflorescences slightly fragrant, sweet. Flowering response.--In Germany, plants of the new Osteospermum flowerrecurrently to continuously from March to October. Plants begin flowering about 32 to 40 days after pinching. Inflorescences last about six days on the plant. Inflorescence bud.--Height: About 1.3 cm to 1.6 cm. Diameter: About 9 mm. Shape: Ovate. Color: 8D. Inflorescence size.--Diameter: About 5 cm to 5.5 cm. Depth (height): About 1 cm. Disc diameter: About 0.8 cm to 1 cm. Receptacle diameter: About 8 mm. Receptacle height: About 5 mm. Receptacle color: 145C. Ray florets.--Shape: Obovate. Length: About 2.2 cm to 2.4 cm. Width: About 6 mm. Apex: Obtuse. Base: Acute. Margin: Entire. Texture: Smooth, glabrous. Number of ray florets per inflorescence: About 24 to 26 in a single whorl. Color: When opening, upper surface: 11D; towardsthe base, 94B. When opening, lower surface: 8D. Fully opened, upper surface: 11D; towards the base, 94B; color becoming closer to 11C with development. Fully opened, lower surface: 8D; longitudinal stripes, 144B; color becoming closer to 162A withdevelopment. Disc florets.--Shape: Tubular; apex dentate, five-pointed. Length: About 4 mm. Diameter: About 1 mm. Number of disc florets per inflorescence: About 70. Color, immature and mature: Apex: 83A. Mid-section and base: 145C. Phyllaries.--Quantity per inflorescence: About 20. Length: About 1 cm. Width: About 2 mm. Shape: Lanceolate. Apex: Acuminate. Base: Truncate. Margin: Entire. Texture, upper surface: Smooth, glabrous. Texture, lower surface: Pubescent, rough. Color, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 146C. Peduncles.--Length: About 6 cm to 7 cm. Diameter: About 2 mm. Strength: Strong. Aspect: Mostly upright. Texture: Smooth, glabrous. Color: 145A. Reproductive organs.--Androecium: Present on discflorets only. Filament length: About 3 mm. Filament color: 29A. Anther shape: Ovate. Anther length: About 1 mm. Anther color: 83A. Pollen amount: Scarce. Pollen color: 29A. Gynoecium: Present on both ray and disc florets. Pistil length: About 3mm. Stigma shape: Bi-parted. Stigma color: N89A. Style length: About 2 mm. Style color: Close to 155C. Seeds/fruits.--Seed and fruit development have not been observed. Disease/pest resistance: Plants of the new Osteospermum have not been shown tobe resistant to pathogens and pests common to Osteospermums. Temperature tolerance: Plants of the new Osteospermum have been observed to tolerate temperatures ranging from about 1.degree. C. to about 40.degree. C.

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