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Verbena plant named `Balazdapima`
PP17292 Verbena plant named `Balazdapima`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP17292-4    
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Inventor: Thorup
Date Issued: December 19, 2006
Application: 11/312,200
Filed: December 20, 2005
Inventors: Thorup; Troy (Shell Beach, CA)
Assignee: Ball Horticultural Company (West Chicago, IL)
Primary Examiner: Bell; Kent
Assistant Examiner: Para; Annette H
Attorney Or Agent: Charles; Audrey
U.S. Class: PLT/308
Field Of Search: PLT/308
International Class: A01H 5/00
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References: European Plant Breeders' Rights application No. 2005/1960 filed Oct. 24, 2005. cited by other.

Abstract: A new and distinct cultivar of Verbena plant named `Balazdapima` characterized by its dark pink-colored flowers, medium green-colored foliage, good basal branching, and compact, spreading growth habit.
Claim: What is claimed is:

1. A new and distinct cultivar of Verbena plant named `Balazdapima`, substantially as herein shown and described.
Description: Latin name of genus and species of plant claimed: Verbena.times.hybrida.

Variety denomination: `Balazdapima`.


The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Verbena plant botanically known as Verbena.times.hybrida and hereinafter referred to by the cultivar name `Balazdapima`.

The new cultivar originated in a controlled breeding program in Guadalupe, Calif. during 2002. The object of the breeding program was the development of Verbena cultivars with attractive flower coloration, continuous flowering, small, darkgreen-colored foliage, excellent basal branching, and a spreading trailing growth habit.

The female (seed) parent of the new cultivar was the proprietary Verbena.times.hybrida breeding selection designated 905-5, not patented, characterized by its burgundy-colored flowers, and compact, well-branched growth habit. The male (pollen)parent of the new cultivar was the proprietary Verbena.times.hybrida breeding selection designated 957-4, not patented, characterized by its burgundy-colored flowers, and compact, well-branched growth habit. The new Verbena was discovered and selectedby the inventor as a single flowering plant within the progeny of the above stated cross-pollination during the spring of 2003 in a controlled environment at Rijsenhout, the Netherlands.

Asexual reproduction of the new cultivar by terminal stem cuttings since the spring of 2003 at Rijsenhout, the Netherlands and West Chicago, Ill. has demonstrated that the new cultivar reproduces true to type with all characteristics, as hereindescribed, firmly fixed and retained through successive generations of such asexual propagation.


The following characteristics of the new cultivar have been repeatedly observed and can be used to distinguish `Balazdapima` as a new and distinct cultivar of Verbena plant: 1. Dark pink-colored flowers; 2. Medium green-colored foliage; 3. Good basal branching; and 4. Compact, spreading growth habit.

Plants of the new cultivar differ from plants of the female parent primarily in flower color and from plants of the male parent primarily in flower color.

Of the many commercially available Verbena cultivars known to the inventor, the most similar in comparison to the new cultivar is `Balwilrose`, U.S. Plant Pat. No. 12,927. However, in side by side comparisons, plants of the new cultivar differfrom plants of `Balwilrose` in the following characteristics: 1. Plants of the new cultivar are shorter than plants of `Balwilrose`; 2. Plants of the new cultivar are wider than plants of `Balwilrose`; and 3. Plants of the new cultivar have smallerinflorescences than plants of `Balwilrose`.


The accompanying photographs show, as nearly true as it is reasonably possible to make the same in color illustrations of this type, typical flower and foliage characteristics of the new cultivar. Colors in the photographs differ slightly fromthe color values cited in the detailed description, which accurately describes the colors of `Balazdapima`. The plants were grown in 10 cm pots for 13 weeks in a greenhouse at West Chicago, Ill.

FIG. 1 illustrates a side view of the overall growth and flowering habit of `Balazdapima`.

FIG. 2 illustrates a close-up view of a single inflorescence of `Balazdapima`.

FIG. 3 illustrates a close-up view of a single flower of `Balazdapima`.


The new cultivar has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions to date. Accordingly, it is possible that the phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in the environment, such as temperature, light intensity, and daylength, without, however, any variance in genotype.

The chart used in the identification of colors described herein is The R.H.S. Colour Chart of The Royal Horticultural Society, London, England, 2001 edition, except where general color terms of ordinary significance are used. The color valueswere determined on Apr. 25, 2005 between 3:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. under natural light conditions, in West Chicago, Ill.

The following descriptions and measurements describe plants produced from cuttings taken from stock plants and grown in a double polycarbonate-covered greenhouse under conditions comparable to those used in commercial practice. The plants weregrown at West Chicago, Ill. in 10 cm pots for 13 weeks utilizing a soilless growth medium. Greenhouse temperatures were maintained at approximately F. to F. ( C. to C.) during the day and F. to F. ( C. to C.) during the night. Greenhouse light levels of 5,000 to 8,000 footcandles were maintained during the day. Botanical classification: Verbena.times.hybrida cultivar Balazdapima. Parentage: Female parent.--Proprietary Verbena.times.hybrida breeding selection designated 905-5, not patented. Male parent.--Proprietary Verbena.times.hybrida breeding designated 957-4, not patented. Propagation: Type cutting.--Terminal stem. Time toinitiate roots.--Approximately 6 to 9 days. Time to produce a rooted cutting.--Approximately 21 to 28 days. Root description.--Fibrous. Rooting habit.--Freely branching. Plant description: Crop time.--Approximately 5 to 7 weeks from a rooted cutting. Growth habit and general appearance.--Compact, spreading. Size.--Height from soil level to top of plant plane: Approximately 5.7 cm. Width: Approximately 61.4 cm. Branching habit.--Freely basal branching. Approximately 8 main branches per plant withlateral branches potentially forming at every node. Branch.--Shape: Square in cross section. Strength: Strong. Length: Approximately 32.4 cm. Diameter: Approximately 1.8 mm. Texture: Hispid. Color: 144B with 59A along edges. Internode length atcenter of branch: Approximately 2.5 cm. Foliage.--Number of leaves per main branch: Approximately 24. Fragrance: None. Form: Simple. Arrangement: Opposite. Aspect: At right to acute angle to stem. Shape: Ovate. Margin: Lobed. Apex: Acute. Base:Attenuate. Venation pattern: Pinnate. Length of mature leaf: Approximately 3.2 cm. Width of mature leaf: Approximately 2.2 cm. Texture of upper surface: Hirsute. Texture of lower surface: Glabrous except hirsute along veins. Color of upper surfaceof young and mature foliage: 137A with venation of 145A. Color of lower surface of young and mature foliage: 137C with venation of 145B. Petiole length: Approximately 9.1 mm. Petiole diameter: Approximately 1.8 mm. Petiole texture: Hirsute. Petiolecolor: 145B. Flowering description: Flowering habit.--`Balazdapima` is freely flowering under outdoor growing conditions with substantially continuous blooming from spring through autumn and year round in greenhouse environment. Time to firstflower.--Approximately 10.3 weeks from sticking of unrooted cutting. Lastingness of individual bloom.--Approximately 5 to7 days. Inflorescence description: Type.--Corymb. Quantity per plant: Approximately 9 at 13 weeks. Length/Height: Approximately2.3 cm. Width: Approximately 4.6 cm. Quantity of fully opened flowers per inflorescence at any one time: Approximately 14. Peduncle.--Strength: Strong. Aspect: Erect. Length: Approximately 2.0 cm. Diameter: Approximately 1.1 mm. Texture: Hispid. Color: 144B. Flower description: Type.--Sessile, salverform. Fragrance: None. Bud rate of opening.--Generally takes 3 to 6 days for bud to progress from first color to fully open flower. Bud just before opening.--Shape: Elongated, globular. Length:Approximately 3.0 mm. Diameter: Approximately 3.0 mm. Color: Closest to 60B. Corolla.--Shape: Round. Diameter: Approximately 1.6 cm. Depth: Approximately 4.0 mm. Petals.--Quantity: 5, fused at base forming a tube. Appearance: Velvety. Aspect:Flat. Shape: Obovate. Apex: Emarginate. Margin: Entire. Texture of upper surface: Glabrous. Texture of lower surface: Glabrous to puberulent. Length of upper petal from tube: Approximately 7.8 mm. Width of upper petal: Approximately 7.3 mm. Length of lateral petal from tube: Approximately 7.6 mm. Width of lateral petal: Approximately 6.9 mm. Length of lower petal from tube: Approximately 7.3 mm. Width of lower petal: Approximately 5.1 mm. Color of upper surface when fully open: N74B. Color of lower surface when fully open: N74C. Whiskers of 150D surround the opening of the corolla tube. Corolla tube.--Length: Approximately 1.7 cm. Diameter at corolla: Approximately 2.0 mm. Diameter at base: Approximately 1.0 mm. Texture of innersurface: Densely pubescent. Texture of outer surface: Glabrous with moderate pubescence at distal end. Color of inner and outer surfaces: 155A with 145C at distal end. Calyx.--Shape: Tubular, with 5 acute tips. Length/Depth: Approximately 1.2 cm. Width: Approximately 2.1 mm. Sepals.--Quantity per flower: 5. Shape: Lanceolate. Apex: Acuminate. Margin: Fused. Sepal length: Approximately 1.2 cm. Sepal width: Approximately 1.3 mm. Texture: Densely pubescent with a mixture of glandular andnon-glandular hairs. Gland color: 79A. Color of upper or inner surface: 144A. Color of lower or outer surface: 144A with N77B along margins of apex. Stipule shape: Lanceolate. Stipule apex: Acuminate. Stipule length: Approximately 4.3 mm. Stipulewidth at base: Approximately1.8 mm. Stipule texture: Densely pubescent with a mixture of glandular and non-glandular hairs. Stipule gland color: 79A. Stipule color: 144B. Reproductive organs.--Androecium: Stamen quantity: 4. Stamen length:Approximately 1.0 mm. Anther shape: Ovate, bilobed. Anther length: Approximately 0.8 mm. Anther color: N144C. Pollen amount: None observed. Gynoecium: Pistil quantity: One per flower. Pistil length: Approximately 1.9 cm. Stigma shape: Funnel. Stigma length: 2.5 mm. Stigma color: 144A. Style length: Approximately 1.5 cm. Style color: 144C. Ovary diameter: Approximately 1.5 mm. Ovary texture: Glabrous. Ovary color: 144B. Seed and fruit production: Neither seed nor fruit production hasbeen observed. Disease and pest resistance: Resistance to pathogens and pests common to Verbena has not been observed.

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