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Kalanchoe plant named `Pippijn`
PP15992 Kalanchoe plant named `Pippijn`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP15992-3    
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(1 images)

Inventor: Smaal
Date Issued: September 27, 2005
Application: 10/644,660
Filed: August 20, 2003
Inventors: Smaal; Andres (De Kwakel, NL)
Assignee: A.B. Breeding BV (Kwakel, NL)
Primary Examiner: Campell; Bruce R.
Assistant Examiner: McCormick-Ewoldt; S B
Attorney Or Agent: Wood, Phillips, Katz, Clark & Mortimer
U.S. Class: PLT/341
Field Of Search: PLT/341
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References: Netherlands PBR Publication Document relating to Application KLN 276 (1 page)--in Dutch..









Abstract: A new and distinct cultivar of Kalanchoe plant named Pippijn is provided. This new cultivar is characterized by its bright red flowers, dark green foliage, compact growth habit and excellent basal branching.
Claim: I claim:

1. A new and distinct cultivar of Kalanchoe plant named `Pippijn` substantially as herein shown and described, which: (a) exhibits dark red flowers, (b) forms dark green foliage, (c)exhibits a good basal branching character, and (d) exhibits a compact upright growth habit.
Description: Latin name of genus and species of plant claimed: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana.

Variety denomination: `Pippijn`.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention comprises a new and distinct Kalanchoe plant, botanically known as Kalanchoe blossfeldiana, and hereinafter referred to by the cultivar name `Pippijn`.

The new cultivar was developed by the inventor through a controlled breeding program during August 1995 in The Netherlands. The female (seed) parent of `Pippijn` was the proprietary Kalanchoe blossfeldiana selection designated `93114-057` (notpatented) characterized by its red flowers. The male (pollen) parent of `Pippijn` was the propriety Kalanchoe selection designated `94077` (not patented), characterized by its purple flowers and dark green foliage. `Pippijn` was discovered and selectedas a flowering plant within the progeny of the stated cross by the inventor in June 1996.

Asexual reproduction of the new cultivar at Arroyo Grande, Calif. and West Chicago, Ill. has been through the use of terminal vegetative cuttings and has demonstrated that the characteristics of the new cultivar as herein described are firmlyfixed and retained through successive generations of such asexual propagation.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It was found that the cultivar of the present invention: (a) exhibits bright red flowers, (b) forms dark green foliage, (c) exhibits a good basal branching character, and (d) exhibits a compact upright growth habit.

The new cultivar of the present invention can be compared to `Calbuco` (patent status unknown). In side by side comparisons with `Calbuco`, it is found that the new cultivar is less compact, more floriferous and exhibits smaller flowers of adarker red color. A detailed comparison can be found in Table 1.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF PHOTOGRAPH

The accompanying photograph shows as nearly true as it is reasonably possible to make the same in color illustrations of this type, typical flower and foliage characteristics of the new cultivar. The plants were grown in a greenhouse at WestChicago, Ill., U.S.A.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

The cultivar Pippijn has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions to date. Accordingly, it is possible that the phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in the environment, such as temperature, light intensity, and daylength.

The chart used in the identification of colors described herein is The R.H.S. Colour Chart of The Royal Horticultural Society, London, England. The color values were determined on Jan. 4, 2001 between 9:00 and 9:30 am under natural daylight. The plants used for the following observations and measurements were produced from cuttings taken from stock plants and grown in West Chicago, Ill. in 10 cm pots for sixteen (16) weeks. Plants were grown in a double poly carbonate covered greenhouseunder conditions comparable to those used in commercial practice while utilizing a soilless growth medium and maintaining temperatures of approximately 82.degree. F. during the day and approximately 66.degree. F. during the night. Plants were exposedto three weeks of long days followed by 9 weeks of short days. Growth regulators were applied as follows: B nine, 3000 ppm at days 17 and 28 and 1500 ppm day 42. Classification: Botanical.--Kalanchoe blossfeldiana, cultivar `Pippijn`. Parantage: Male(pollen) parent.--Proprietary Kalanchoe blossfeldiana selection #`94077`. Female (seed) parent.--Proprietary Kalanchoe blossfeldiana selection #`93114-057`. Propagation: Type cutting.--Terminal tip. Time to initiate roots.--Approximately 7-14 dayswith the shorter times generally being experienced in the summer and the longer times in the winter. Time to develop roots -- Approximately 21 days. Root description.--Fibrous, branching. Plant description: Habit of growth.--Moderately vigorous withgood basal branching. A mature plant, at 16 weeks after the planting of an unrooted cutting, commonly measures approximately 13.1 cm in height and approximately 11.9 cm in width. Branching habit.--Typically forms one main stem 11 cm in length and 5 mmin diameter and 11 lateral branches approximately 6 cm in length and 3 mm in diameter. Internode length: approximately 1.2 cm. Plant form.--Upright and mounded. Foliage.--Form: Simple. Arrangement: Opposite. Shape: Ovate with obtuse apex, cuneatebase and crenate margin. Texture: Glabrous, succulent. Size of mature foliage: Approximately 6.7 cm in length and approximately 4.9 cm in width. Color of mature foliage: Upper surface closest to 137A and 139A; lower surface closest to 137B. Petiolelength: Approximately 1.3 cm. Petiole diameter: Approximately 3.2 mm. Petiole color: Closest to 137k. Flower description: Flowering habit.--Freely flowering. Natural flowering season.--Early January. Flowering time is dependent on temperature, lightintensity and other growing conditions. Flowering response time.--Approximately 11 weeks. Inflorescence type.--Dichasial cymes. Flowers borne.--Above foliage. Flower longevity.--Approximately 7 days. Fragrance.--None. Quantity offlowers.--Approximately 24 flowers on main stem and 15 flowers on each lateral branch. Flower buds.--Shape: Elliptical, becoming elongated as it matures. Size just before opening: Length is approximately 1.1 cm, width is approximately 5 mm. Color is43D. Flower.--Salverform. Corolla: Diameter is approximately 1 cm, depth is approximately 3 mm and aspect is cupped. Corolla tube length is approximately 9.5 mm and diameter is approximately 3 mm. Petals.--Number: Four. Shape: Ovate with cuspidateapex, rounded base. Approximate size: 7 mm in length, 6 mm in width. Aspect: Slightly convex. Texture: Glabrous. Appearance: Somewhat iridescent. Mature flower color.--Upper surface of petals is closest to 53B fading to slightly more blue than 53Bat senescence; lower surface of petals is closest to 43D. Sepals.--Number: Four. Shape: Lanceolate with acute apex, entire margin. Size: 6 mm in length, 2 mm in width. Texture: Glabrous. Color: Upper and lower surface: 144B. Peduncle.--Length:Approximately 0.9 cm in length and 2 mm in diameter. Pedicel length.--Approximately 5 mm. Reproductive organs.--Androecium: 8 stamens arranged in two groups of four -- one group being shorter than the other. Anther shape is oblong and flat; length is<1 mm. Pollen color is 6C. Gynoecium: Stigma shape is flat, appearance is crystalline, colorless and transparent, size is <1 mm in length. Style length is approximately 2 mm; color is 151D. Ovary is: 4 celled, 6.5 mm in length. Color is 144B. Seed development: Seed development has not been observed. Disease resistance: Resistance to known Kalanchoe pathogens has not been observed.

TABLE 1 CHARACTERISTIC `PIPPIJN` `CALBUCO` PLANT HEIGHT 13.1 cm 9.5 cm NUMBER OF BRANCHES 11 13 FLOWER DIAMETER 1 cm 1.8 cm PETAL COLOR-FULLY 53B Between 54A and 51A OPENED-UPPER SURFACE APPROXIMATE NUMBER OF 186 50 FLOWERS PER PLANT COROLLA DIAMETER .9 cm 1.8 cm

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