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Nectarine tree named `Burnectfifteen`
PP15622 Nectarine tree named `Burnectfifteen`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP15622-5    
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Inventor: Slaughter, et al.
Date Issued: March 1, 2005
Application: 10/742,234
Filed: December 18, 2003
Inventors: Gerdts; Timothy J. (Kingsburg, CA)
Slaughter; John K. (Clovis, CA)
Assignee: The Burchell Nursery, Inc. (Oakdale, CA)
Primary Examiner: Campell; Bruce R.
Assistant Examiner: McCormick-Ewoldt; S B
Attorney Or Agent: Wells St. John P.S.
U.S. Class: PLT/190
Field Of Search: PLT/190
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:

Abstract: A new and distinct variety of nectarine tree (Prunus nucipersica), and which is denominated varietally as `Burnectfifteen`, and which produces an attractively colored yellow-fleshed, clingstone nectarine which is mature for harvesting approximately July 5th to July 12 under ecological conditions prevailing in the San Joaquin Valley of central California.
Claim: Having thus described and illustrated our new variety nectarine tree, what we claim is new and desire to secure by Plant Letters Patent is:

1. A new distinct variety of nectarine tree,substantially as illustrated and described, and which is characterized principally as to novelty by producing an attractively colored yellow-fleshed, clingstone nectarine which is mature for harvesting approximately July 5th to July 12th under theecological conditions prevailing in the San Joaquin Valley of central California.

The present invention relates to a new, novel and distinct variety of nectarine tree, `Prunus nucipersica`, and which has been denominated varietally as `Burnectfifteen` hereinafter.

The present variety of nectarine tree resulted from an on-going program of fruit and nut tree breeding. The purpose of this program is to improve the commercial quality of deciduous fruit and nut varieties, and rootstocks, by creating andreleasing promising selections of prunus, malus and regia species. To this end we make both controlled and hybrid cross pollinations each year in order to produce seedling populations from which improved progenies are evaluated and selected.

The seedling `Burnectfifteen` was originated by us from a population of seedlings grown in our experimental orchards located near Fowler, Calif. The seedlings, grown on their own roots, were the result of an open pollinated seedling of theyellow-fleshed clingstone nectarine tree `A38.050` (nonpatented). One seedling, which is the present variety, exhibited especially desirable characteristics and was marked for subsequent observation. After the 1997 fruiting season, the new variety ofnectarine tree was selected for advanced evaluation and repropagation.


Asexual reproduction of this new and distinct variety of nectarine tree was accomplished by budding the new nectarine tree to `Nemaguard` Rootstock (nonpatented). This was performed by us in our experimental orchard located near Fowler, Calif. Subsequent evaluations have shown those asexual reproductions run true to the original tree. All characteristics of the original tree, and its fruit, were established and appear to be transmitted through succeeding asexual propagations.


`Burnectfifteen` is a new and distinct variety of nectarine tree, which is considered of large size, and which has vigorous growth. This new nectarine tree is also a regular and productive bearer of relatively large, firm, yellow fleshed,clingstone fruit which have good flavor and eating qualities. This new tree has a medium chilling requirement of approximately 700 hours, and further produces relatively uniformly sized fruit throughout the tree. The fruit produced by this new varietyhas a non-melting flesh which makes it ideal for storage. In addition, the fruit also appears to have good handling and shipping qualities. Still further, the `Burnectfifteen` nectarine tree bears fruit which are ripe for commercial harvesting andshipment on approximately July 5 to July 10 under the ecological conditions prevailing in the San Joaquin Valley of central California. In relative comparison to the seed parent of the new variety, the present nectarine tree bears fruit 7-10 or moredays later at the same geographical location and exhibits a non-melting flesh as opposed to the melting flesh which is characteristic of the seed parent. The present variety is most closely similar to the Ruby Diamond Nectarine Tree (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,918), and which produces a freestone fruit which commonly exhibits split pits. However, the present variety is distinguishable therefrom by producing clingstone fruit which appears to have a very low propensity to product split pits.


The accompanying drawing, which is provided, is a color photograph of the new present variety. The photograph depicts two whole mature fruit, and one fruit dissected substantially in the equatorial plane, and which reveals the flesh and thestone characteristics thereof.

The external coloration of the fruit as shown, is sufficiently matured for harvesting and shipment. Additionally, the photograph displays a sample vegetative shoot bearing typical leaves, and a typical stone, with the flesh removed to reveal thecharacteristics shape of same. The colors in this photograph are as nearly true as is reasonably possible in a color representation of this type. Due to chemical development, processing and printing, the leaves and fruit depicted in these photographsmay or may not be accurate when compared to the actual specimen. For this reason, future color references should be made to the color plates (Royal Horticultural Society) and other more general color descriptions as provided hereinafter.


Referring more specifically to the pomological details of this new and distinct variety of nectarine tree, the following has been observed during the sixth fruiting season under the ecological conditions prevailing at orchards which are locatednear the town of Fowler, county of Fresno, state of California. All major color code designations are by reference to the R.H.S. Colour Chart (Fourth Edition) and which is provided by The Royal Horticultural Society of Great Britain. Common colornames are also occasionally used.

TREE Size: Generally.--Considered medium-large as compared to other common commercial nectarine cultivars ripening in the mid-season of maturity. The tree of the present variety was pruned to a height of approximately 320.0 cm to about 330.0 cmat commercial maturity. Vigor: Considered moderately vigorous. The present nectarine tree variety grew from about 135.0 cm to about 145.0 cm in height during the first growing season. The new variety was pruned to a height of approximately 130.0 cm inthe first dormant season and primary scaffolds were then selected for the desired tree structure. Productivity: Productive. Fruit set varies from 1.5 to several times more than the desired crop load. Fruit set is spaced by thinning to develop theremaining fruit into the desired market sized fruit. The number of the fruit set varies with prevailing climatic conditions, and the cultural practices employed during the bloom period, and is therefore not distinctive of the present variety. Bearer:Regular. Fruit set has been heavy during the years of observation and thinning was necessary during the past 6 years. Form: Upright, and pruned to a vase shape. Density: Considered medium dense. It has been discovered that pruning the branches fromthe center of the tree to obtain a resulting vase shape allows for air movement, and appropriate amounts of sunlight to enhance fruit color and renewal of fruiting wood throughout the tree. Hardiness: The present tree was grown and evaluated in USDAHardiness Zone 9. Winter chilling requirements of the new tree are approximately 700 hours below 7.0 degrees C. The variety appears to be hardy under typical central San Joaquin Valley conditions.

TRUNK Diameter: Approximately 13.0 cm in diameter when measured at a distance of approximately 15.24 cm above the soil level. The measurement was taken at the end of the sixth growing season. Bark texture: Considered moderately rough, withnumerous folds of papery scarfskin being present. Lenticels: Numerous flat, oval lenticels are present. The lenticels range in size in size from approximately 4.0 to about 7.0 millimeters in width, and from 1.0 to about 3.0 millimeters in height. Lenticel color: Considered an orange brown, (RHS Greyed-Orange Group N170 A). Bark coloration: Variable, but it is generally considered to be a medium grey-brown, (RHS Greyed-Orange Group 166 A).

BRANCHES Size: Considered medium for the variety. Diameter: Average as compared to other nectarine varieties. The branches have a diameter of about 6.5 centimeters when measured during the fifth year after grafting. Surface texture: Average,and appearing furrowed on wood which is several years old. Crotch angles: Primary branches are considered variable and are between about 47 to 54 degrees when measured from the horizontal axis. This particular characteristic is not considereddistinctive of the variety, however. Current season shoots: Surface texture.--Substantially glabrous. Internode length: Approximately 2.4 to about 2.6 cm. Color of mature branches: Medium brown, (RHS Greyed-Orange 176 C). Current seasons shoots:Color.--Light green, (RHS Yellow-Green Group 145 A). The color of new shoot tips is considered a bright and shiny green (RHS Yellow-Green Group 144 B).

LEAVES Size: Considered medium for the species. Leaf measurements have been taken from vigorous, upright, current-season growth at approximately mid-shoot. Leaf length: Approximately 145.0 to about 155.0 millimeters. Leaf width: Approximately30.0 to about 35.0 millimeters. Leaf base shape: Slightly oblique relative to the leaf longitudinal axis. Leaf form: Lancelolate and reasonably slender for the species. Leaf tip form: Acuminate. Leaf color: Upper leaf surface.--Dark green,(approximately RHS Green Group 137 A). Leaf texture: Glabrous. Leaf color: Lower surface.--Medium green, (RHS Green Group 137 B). Leaf venation: Pinnately veined. Mid-vein: Color.--Light green, (RHS Greyed-Green Group 193 A). Leaf margins: Slightlyundulating. Leaf form.--Considered crenate. Occasionally doubly so. Leaf uniformity.--Considered generally uniform. Leaf petioles: Size.--Considered medium. Length.--About 7.0 to about 10.5 mm. Diameter.--About 1.5 to about 2.0 mm. Color.--Palegreen, (RHS Yellow-Green Group 145 B). Leaf glands: Size.--Considered medium. Approximately 1.5 mm in length, and about 1.0 mm in height. Number.--Generally one gland per margin side. Occasionally two glands per margin side may be found. Type.--Reniform. Color.--Considered a pale orange (RHS Greyed-Orange Group N163B). Leaf stipules: Size.--Medium large for the variety. Number.--Typically 2 per leaf bud and up to 6 per shoot tip. Form.--Lanceolate in form and having a serratedmargin. Color.--Green, (RHS Green Group 143 C) when young, but graduating to a brown color, (RHS Greyed-Orange group 166 C) with advancing senescence. The stipules are considered to be early deciduous.

FLOWERS Flower buds: Generally.--The floral buds, depending upon the stage of development, are approximately 7.0 millimeters wide; about 10.0 millimeters long; conic in form; and slightly appressed relative to the bearing shoot. Flower buds:Color.--This characteristic is dependent upon the proximity to the bloom. The bud scales are deep purple, (approximately RHS Greyed-Purple Group N186 C). The buds are considered hardy under typical central San Joaquin Valley climatic conditions. Hardiness: No winter injury has been noted during the last several years of evaluation in the central San Joaquin Valley. The current variety has not been intentionally subjected to drought or heat stress, and therefore this information is notavailable. Date of first bloom: Mar. 2, 2003. Blooming time: Considered mid-season in relative comparison to other commercial nectarine cultivars grown in the central San Joaquin Valley. The date of full bloom was observed on Mar. 8, 2002. The dateof bloom varies slightly with prevailing climatic conditions and cultural practices. Duration of bloom: Approximately 9 days. This characteristic varies slightly with the prevailing climatic conditions. Flower type: The variety is considered to have ashowy type flower. Flower size: Flower diameter at full bloom is approximately 38.0 to about 49.0 millimeters. Bloom quantity: Considered abundant. Flower bud frequency: Normally 1 to 2 flower buds appear per node. Petal size: Generally.--Consideredmedium-large for the species. Petal length.--Approximately 18.0 to about 22.0 millimeters. Petal width.--Approximately 17.0 to about 20.0 millimeters. Petal form: Generally round. Petal count: Nearly always 5. Petal texture: Glabrous. Petal color:Light pink, (RHS Red-Purple Group 62 C), and darkening to a medium pink, (RHS Red-Purple Group 68 C). Fragrance: Slight. Petal claw: Form.--The claw is considered generally ovoid and has a medium size when compared to other varieties. Length.--Approximately 10.0 to about 12.0 millimeters. Width.--Approximately 8.0 to about 10.0 millimeters. Petal margins: Generally considered variable, from nearly smooth to slightly ruffled, and considered moderately undulate. Petal apex:Generally.--The petal apices generally appear entire at the tip. Flower pedicel: Length.--Considered medium, and having an average length of approximately 3.0 to about 3.5 millimeters. Diameter.--Considered average, approximately 2.0 millimeters. Color.--A light green, (RHS Greyed-Yellow Group 160 B). Floral nectaries: Color.--A dull orange, (RHS Greyed-Orange Group 172 A). Calyx: Surface texture.--Generally glabrous. Calyx color.--Purple, (approximately RHS Greyed-Purple Group 187 A). Sepals: Surface texture.--The surface has a short, fine pubescent texture. Size.--Average, and ovate in form. Color.--A deep purple, (approximately RHS Greyed-Purple Group N186 C). Anthers: Generally.--Average in length. Color.--Reddish-Purpledorsally, (approximately RHS Red-Purple Group 60 A). Pollen production: Pollen is abundant, and has a yellow color, (approximately RHS Yellow-Orange Group 17 CB). The present variety is self fruitful (self pollinating). Filaments: Size.--Length isvariable, approximately 14.0 to about 17.0 millimeters long. Color.--Considered light pink, (RHS Red Group 56 D). Pistil: Number.--Usually 1, rarely 2. Size.--Considered average. Length.--Approximately 16.0 to about 19.0 millimeters including theovary. Color.--Considered a very pale green, (approximately RHS Yellow-Green Group 150 D). Surface texture.--The variety has a long glabrous pistil.

FRUIT Maturity when described: Firm ripe condition (shipping ripe). Date of first picking: Jul. 5th, 2003. Date of last picking: Jul. 15th, 2003. The date of harvest varies slightly with the prevailing climatic conditions. Size:Generally.--Considered large, and uniform. Average cheek diameter: Approximately 71.0 to about 78.0 millimeters. Average axial diameter: Approximately 65.0 to about 73.0 millimeters. Typical weight: Approximately 247.0 grams. This characteristic ishighly dependent upon the prevailing cultural practices, and therefore is not particularly distinctive of the variety. Fruit form: Generally.--Round to slightly ovoid. The fruit is generally uniform in symmetry. Fruit suture: Very shallow and smooth,and extending from the base to the apex. No apparent callousing or stitching exists along the suture line. Suture: Color.--The suture is generally a reddish, blush color, (approximately RHS Red Group 44 B). Ventral surface: Form.--Only slightlyindented. Apex: Shape -- Rounded. Base: Shape -- Generally retuse. Stem cavity: Generally elongated in the suture plane. The average depth of the stem cavity is about 10.0 mm. The average width of the stem cavity is about 12 mm. Fruit skin:Thickness.--Considered medium in thickness, and tenacious to the flesh. Texture.--Glabrous. Taste.--Non-astringent. Tendency to crack.--None observed. Color: Blush color.--The red blush color covers a majority (80%-90%) of the surface area of theskin of the fruit (approximately RHS Red Group 45 B). The percentage of the blush on the fruit skin surface can vary and is generally dependant upon the prevailing conditions under which the fruit was grown. Ground color.--Light yellow orange,(approximately RHS Yellow Group 11 B). Fruit stem: Medium in length, approximately 6.0 to about 8.0 millimeters. Diameter.--Approximately 2.0 to about 3.0 millimeters. Color.--Pale yellow-green, (approximately RHS Greyed-Yellow Group 160 B). Flesh:Ripens.--Evenly. Texture.--Firm, juicy and dense. Considered non-melting. Fibers.--Few, small, and tender ones are typically found. Aroma.--Very slight. Eating quality.--Considered very good. Flavor.--Considered sweet and mildly acidic. The flavoris considered both pleasant and balanced. Juice.--Moderate. Brix.--About 14.5 degrees. This characteristic varies slightly with the number of fruit per tree; prevailing cultural practices; and the surrounding climatic conditions. Flesh color.--Paleyellow-orange, (approximately RHS Yellow-Orange Group 16 D).

STONE Type: Clingstone. Size: Considered medium-large for the variety. The stone size varies significantly depending upon the tree vigor, crop load and current growing conditions. Length: On average, about 33.0 to about 37.0 millimeters. Width: On average, about 24.0 to about 28.0 millimeters. Diameter: On average, about 17.0 to 20.0 millimeters. Form: Ovoid. Base: The stone is usually rounded to slightly oblique relative to the ventral side. Apex: Shape.--The stone apex is raisedand has a reasonably prominent tip. Stone surface: Surface texture.--Irregularly furrowed toward the apical end. Pitting is abundant, generally speaking, but is typically more noted on the lateral sides, and toward the basal end of the stone. Ridges.--The surface texture is generally characterized by more prominent ridges along the ventral edges. Ventral edge.--Width -- Considered medium, and having a dimension of approximately 4.0 to about 5.0 millimeters when measured at the mid-suture. Dorsal edge.--Shape -- Full, lightly grooved, and having a reasonably smooth margin. Stone color: The color of the dry stone is generally considered a reddish brown, (approximately Greyed-Red Group RHS 181 B). Tendency to split: Splitting has rarelybeen noted. Kernel: Size.--The kernel is considered medium-large. Form.--Considered ovoid. Pellicle.--Surface Texture -- Pubescent. Color.--(RHS Greyed-Orange Group 167 B). The kernel color is influenced by exposure to ambient conditions which causeoxidation to occur, age and humidity. Intended use: The subject variety `Burnectfifteen` is considered to be a nectarine tree of the mid-season of maturity, and which produces fruit which are considered firm, attractively colored, and which are usefulfor both local and long distance shipping. Keeping quality: Excellent. Fruit has stored well for up to 25 days after harvest at 1.0 degree Celsius. Shipping quality: Considered good. The fruit of the new nectarine variety showed minimal bruising ofthe flesh, or skin damage after being subjected to normal harvesting and packing procedures. Resistance to insects and disease: No particular susceptibilities were noted. The present variety has not been tested to expose or detect any susceptibilitiesor resistances to any known plant and/or fruit diseases or pathogens.

Although the new variety of nectarine tree possesses the described characteristics when grown under the ecological conditions prevailing near Fowler, Calif. in the Central part of the San Joaquin Valley of California, it should be understoodthat variations of the usual magnitude and characteristics incident to changes in growing conditions, fertilization, pruning, pest control and horticultural management are to be expected.

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