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Calendula plant named `Sumden 01`
PP15034 Calendula plant named `Sumden 01`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP15034-3    Drawing: PP15034-4    
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(2 images)

Inventor: Schrader
Date Issued: July 27, 2004
Application: 10/639,971
Filed: August 13, 2003
Inventors: Schrader; Ralf (Ludinghausen, DE)
Assignee: Schrader; Ralf (Ludinghausen, DE)
Primary Examiner: Bell; Kent
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Webb Ziesenheim Logsdon Orkin & Hanson, P.C.
U.S. Class: PLT/263
Field Of Search: PLT/263
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:

Abstract: A new and distinct Calendula plant having a compact habit, large flowers and dark colored leaves.
Claim: I claim:

1. A new and distinct variety of Calendula plant, substantially as shown and described.
Description: Botanical classification: Calendulamaritima.

Varietal denomination: `Sumden 01`.


The present invention comprises a new and distinct cultivar of Calendula plant known by the varietal name `Sumden 01`. The new variety was discovered in March, 2001 in a selected breeding program Ludinghausen, Germany. The purpose of thebreeding program was to discover a compact Calendula variety having large flowers. The new variety originated as a single cultivar from a planned cross between Calendula No. 6 (female parent, unpatented) and Calendula No. 5 (male parent, unpatented). The new variety blooms exhibits similar flower color to both parents, however, `Sumden 01`, is more compact, has a larger flower size, and darker leaves than both parents. In comparison to a wildtype Calendula, the new variety is more compact withshorter and darker colored leaves. The new variety is similar to the wildtype in that its growing habit starts as semi-erect and changes to hanging with age, the new variety exhibits smooth leaves, and `Sumden 01` has a similar fragrance to thewildtype. The new variety was first asexually reproduced in July of 2001 by cuttings in a glasshouse in Ludinghausen, Germany. The new variety has been trial and field tested in Germany and has been found to retain its distinctive characteristics andremains true to type through successive propagations.

The following traits distinguish `Sumden 01` as a new and distinct cultivar: 1. Compact growth habit. 2. Short internode length (.about.20 mm). 3. Short leaves. 4. Dark colored leaves. 5. Large flower size compared to the wildtype.


The accompanying photographic drawings illustrates the new variety, with the color being as nearly true as is possible with color illustrations of this type:

FIG. 1 illustrates the new variety in the center of the photographic illustration; and

FIG. 2 is a close-up view of the new variety.


The data which defines these characteristics were collected by asexual reproductions by cuttings carried out in Ludinghausen, Germany. Plants described were about 3 months old. Plants were grown at temperatures of Celsius in 10.5 cmpots. The new variety prefers 1.5 Kg of fertilizer per cubic meter of soil having a pH of approximately 5.5. The color readings were taken under approximately 4000-7000 foot candles of artificial light. Color references are primarily to The 2001R.H.S. Colour Chart of The Royal Horticultural Society of London.

PLANT Time to initiate roots: About 14 days at about C. Time to develop roots: About 22 days (total) at about C. Time to produce a finished flowering plant from a rooted cutting: About 8 weeks in a 10.5 cm container. Height: 30 cm. Plant diameter: 60 cm. Vigor: Compact. Branching habit: Semi-erect; hanging with age. Stem: Diameter.--8 mm. Color.--145A. Texture.--Smooth. Pubescence.--Light. Form.--6-cornered. Lateral branches: Length.--Primary: 30 cm. Secondary: 40 cm. Diameter.--Primary: 8 mm. Secondary: 3 mm. Internode length.--20 mm. Texture.--Smooth. Pubescence.--Light. Color.--145A. Foliage: Arrangement (e.g., alternate, single).--Alternate. Size of leaf.--Length: 70 mm. Width: 18-20 mm. Shape of leaf (generally).--Lanceolate. Shape of apex.--Obtuse. Shape of base.--Obtuse. Margin type.--Some leaf margins are crenate; most are entire. Pubescence.--Upper surface: Light. Lower surface: Light. Color.--Young leaves: Upper surface:139A. Lower surface: 137B. Mature leaves: Upper surface: 137A. Lower surface: 137C. Petiole.--Shape: 3-cornered. Length: 5-10 mm. Diameter: 6 mm. Color: 145A. Veins.--Venation type: Spreading, with a prominent main vein. Color: Upper surface:145A. Lower surface: 146B.

INFLORESCENCE Bud (described four days before opening): Shape.--Globe-shaped, like a basket. Diameter.--80 mm. Length.--4 mm. Color.--146B. Natural flowering season: `Sumden 01` flowers from Spring until Autumn. Appearance:Form.--Actinomorphic. Inflorescence position: Terminal, on the top of the stem of the lateral branch. Disc and ray floret arrangement: Acropetally on a capitulum. Number of flowers per lateral branch: 20-30. Lasting quality: The flowers of `Sumden01` last for 2-3 days upon opening. The flowers open only if the sun is shining. Fragrance: The flowers have no fragrance, only the leaves are fragrant. Disease resistance: Good resistance observed. Temperature tolerance: Cold tolerance to C.; Heat tolerance to C. Drought tolerance: Good drought tolerance, but the new variety performs better if watered. Size: Diameter.--50 mm. Height.--10 mm. Diameter of disc.--10 mm. Ray florets: Length.--20-22 mm. Width.--2-3 mm. Shape.--Lanceolate. Apex.--Obtuse with two nodes. Base.--Acute. Margin.--Entire. Texture.--Smooth. Number per inflorescence.--27-28. Color.--When opening: Upper surface: 7A. Lower surface: 8A. Fully opened: Upper surface: 7A. Lower surface: 8A. Disc florets: Length.--5 mm. Width.--1 mm. Shape.--Tubular. Number of lobes.--5. Number per inflorescence.--40. Color--Immature: 1A. Mature: 1A. Phyllaries: Length.--0.8-10 mm. Width.--1 mm. Shape.--Truncate. Apex.--Acuminate. Margin.--Strong;entire. Number per inflorescence.--24. Arrangement.--Slightly overlapped. Texture.--Smooth. Color: Upper surface.--141A. Lower surface.--141D. Peduncle: Length.--50 mm. Diameter.--1.5 mm. Texture.--Smooth. Color.--137C.

REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS Androecium (present on disc florets): Number (per flower).--40. Filament length.--4 mm. Anthers.--Shape: Tubular. Length: 2 mm. Color: 1A. Pollen.--Color: 11B. Amount (generally): Plentiful. Gynoecium (present on rayand disc florets): Pistils.--Number: 25. Length: 3 mm. Style: Length: 2 mm. Color: 1A. Stigma: Shape: Fused. Color: 6A. Seeds: When produced.--In dry weather. Color.--N167A. Length.--Approximately 10-12 mm. Width.--2 mm. Number.--6-8 pieces.

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