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Nectarine tree named `Burnectseven`
PP13589 Nectarine tree named `Burnectseven`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP13589-5    
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Inventor: Gerdts, et al.
Date Issued: February 18, 2003
Application: 10/042,186
Filed: January 8, 2002
Inventors: Gerdts; Timothy J. (Kingsburg, CA)
Slaughter; John K. (Clovis, CA)
Assignee: The Burchell Nursery, Inc. (Oakdale, CA)
Primary Examiner: Campell; Bruce R.
Assistant Examiner: McCormick; Susan B.
Attorney Or Agent: Wells St. John P.S.
U.S. Class: PLT/190
Field Of Search: PLT/187; PLT/190
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:

Abstract: A new and distinct variety of nectarine tree (Prunus persica) var. nucipersica, and which is denominated varietally as `Burnectseven`, and which produces an attractively colored yellow-fleshed clingstone nectarine which is mature for harvesting and shipment approximately July 15 to July 22 under ecological conditions prevailing in the San Joaquin Valley of Central California.
Claim: Having thus described and illustrated our new variety nectarine tree, what we claim is new and desire to secure by Plant Letters Patent is:

1. A new distinct variety of nectarine treesubstantially as illustrated and described, and which is characterized principally as to novelty by producting an attractively colored yellow-fleshed clingstone nectarine which is mature for harvesting and shipment approximately July 15 to July 22 underthe ecological conditions prevailing in the San Joaquin Valley of Central California.
Description: BACKGROUND OF THE NEW VARIETY Botanical classification: Prunus persica. Variety denomination`Burnectseven`.

The present invention relates to a new, novel and distinct variety of nectarine tree, Prunus persica var. (nucipersica), which has been denominated varietally as `Burnectseven`. The present variety of nectarine tree resulted from an on-goingprogram of fruit and nut tree breeding. The purpose of this program is to improve the commercial quality of deciduous fruit and nut varieties and rootstocks by creating and releasing promising selections of prunus, malus and regia species. To this endwe make both controlled and hybrid cross pollinations each year in order to produce seedling populations from which improved progenies are evaluated and selected.

The seedling `Burnectseven` was originated by us from a population of seedlings grown in our experimental orchards located near Fowler, Calif. The seedlings, grown on their own roots, were the result of a controlled cross of the nectarine tree`Summer Red` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 5,211) which was used as the seed parent and the nectarine tree `Diamond Ray` (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 8,948) which was used as the pollen parent. One seedling, which is the present variety, exhibited especiallydesirable characteristics and was marked for subsequent observation. After the 1997 season, the new present variety was selected for advanced evaluation and repropagation.


Asexual reproduction of the new and distinct variety of nectarine tree was accomplished by budding to `Nemaguard` Rootstock (non-patented). This was performed by us in our experimental orchard located near Fowler, Calif. Subsequent evaluationshave shown those asexual reproductions run true to the original tree. All characteristics of the original tree and its fruit were established and appear to be transmitted through succeeding asexual propagations.


`Burnectseven` is a new and distinct variety of nectarine tree, which is of large size, and which has vigorous growth, and is a regular and productive bearer of large, firm yellow flesh, clingstone fruit with good flavor and eating quality. Thetree has a medium-high chilling requirement of approximately 700 hours. The tree also produces relatively uniformly sized fruit throughout the tree with a high degree of red skin coloration, and firm flesh. The fruit appears to have good handling andshipping quality. Still further, the `Burnectseven` nectarine tree bears fruit that is ripe for commercial harvesting and shipment on approximately July 15 to July 22. In comparison to the seed parent `Summered` Nectarine, (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 5,211)the new variety ripens 15 or more days earlier.


The accompanying drawing which is provided is a color photograph of the present variety. It depicts a portion of the tree with two mature fruit prior to picking and characteristic twigs bearing typical leaves showing both the dorsal and ventralcoloration. The external coloration of the fruit is shown sufficiently matured for harvesting and shipment. The colors are as nearly true as is reasonably possible in a color representation of this type. Due to chemical development, processing andprinting, the leaves and fruit depicted in these photographs may or may not be accurate when compared to the actual specimen. For this reason, future color references should be made to the color plates (Royal Horticultural Society) and descriptionsprovided.


Referring more specifically to the pomological details of this new and distinct variety of nectarine tree, the following has been observed in the fourth fruiting season under the ecological conditions prevailing at orchards located near the townof Fowler, county of Fresno, state of California. All major color code designations are by reference to The R.H.S. Colour Chart (Fourth Edition) provided by The Royal Horticultural Society of Great Britain. Tree: Size.--Generally. -- Consideredmedium large as compared to other common commercial nectarine cultivars ripening in the mid season of maturity. The tree of the present variety was pruned to a height of approximately 314.8 cm to 386.7 cm at maturity. Vigor.--Moderately vigorous. Thepresent variety grew from about 141.0 cm to 195.7 cm in height during the first growing season. The variety was pruned to a height of approximately 106.7 cm in the first dormant season and primary scaffolds were selected for the desired tree structure. Productivity.--Productive. Fruit set varies from 2.0 to several times more than the desired crop load. Fruit set is spaced by thinning to develop into desired market sized fruit. The number of fruit set varies with climatic conditions and culturalpractices during the bloom period and is therefore not distinctive of the variety. Bearer.--Regular. Fruit set has been heavy and thinning was necessary during the past 4 years. Form.--Upright, and pruned to a vase shape. Density.--Medium dense. Ithas been discovered that pruning the branches from the center of the tree to obtain a resulting vase shape allows for air movement and appropriate amounts of sunlight to enhance fruit color and renewal of fruiting wood throughout the tree. Hardiness.--The present tree was grown and evaluated in USDA Hardiness Zone 9. Winter chilling requirements are approximately 700 hours below 7.0 degrees C. The variety appears to be hardy under typical Central San Joaquin Valley climatic conditions. Trunk: Diameter.--Approximately 16.0 cm in diameter when measured at a distance of approximately 15.24 cm above the soil level, at the end of the fourth growing season. Bark texture.--Considered moderately rough, with numerous folds of papery scarfskinbeing present. Lenticels.--Numerous flat, oval lenticels are present. The lenticels range in size from approximately 2.0 to 5.0 millimeters in width, and from 1.0 to 2.0 millimeters in height. Lenticel color.--Considered an Orange Brown, (RHS GreyedOrange N172 A). Bark coloration.--Variable, but it is generally considered to be a grey-brown, (RHS Grey-Brown Group N199 B). Branches: Size.--Considered medium for the variety. Diameter.--Average as compared to other varieties. The branches have adiameter of about 7.0 centimeters when measured during the fourth year after grafting. Surface texture.--Average, and appearing furrowed on wood which is several years old. Crotch angles.--Primary branches considered variable between about 45 to 49degrees from the horizontal axis. This characteristic is not considered distinctive of the variety however. Current season shoots.--Surface texture -- Substantially glabrous. Internode length.--Approximately 2.3 to 2.4 cm. Color of maturebranches.--Medium brown, (RHS Grey Brown Group N199C). Current seasons shoots.--Color -- Light green, (RHS Yellow Green Group144 D). The color of new shoot tips is considered a bright and shiny green (RHS Green Group 141 C). Leaves: Size.--Consideredmedium for the species. Leaf measurements have been taken from vigorous, upright, current-season growth at approximately mid-shoot. Leaf length.--Approximately 150 to 175 millimeters. Leaf width.--Approximately 35 to 40 millimeters. Leaf baseshape.--Slightly oblique relative to the leaf longitudinal axis. Leaf form.--Lancelolate. Leaf tip form.--Acuminate. Leaf color.--Dark green, (approximately RHS Green Group 137B). Leaf texture.--Glabrous. Lower surface.--Medium green, (RHS GreenGroup 138 B). Leaf venation.--Pinnately veined. Mid-vein.--Color. -- Light yellow green, (RHS Yellow Green Group 145 C). Leaf margins.--Slightly undulating. Form. -- Considered crenate, occasionally doubly crenate. Uniformity. -- Consideredgenerally uniform. Leaf petioles.--Size. -- Considered medium long to long. Length. -- 9.0 to about 12.0 mm. Diameter. -- 1.5 to about 2.5 mm. Color. -- Pale green, (RHS Yellow Green Group 144 D). Leaf glands.--Size. -- About 1.0 mm in heightand about 1.0 to 2.0 mm in width. Number. -- Generally one per side, occasionally two or more per side. Type. -- Reniform, considered reasonably unappressed to the petiole margin. Color. -- Greenish brown, (RHS Yellow Green Group146 B). Leafstipules.--Size. -- Medium large for the variety. Number. -- Typically 2 per leaf bud and up to 6 per shoot tip. Form. -- Lanceolate in form and having a serrated margin. Color. -- Green, RHS Green Group 132 A) when young but graduating to ayellow-brown color, (RHS Grey Orange group 177 A) with advancing senescence. The stipules are considered to be early deciduous. Flowers: Flower buds.--Generally -- The floral buds, depending on stage of development are approximately 10 millimeterswide; and about 15 millimeters long, conic in form; and slightly appressed relative to the bearing shoot. Flower buds.--Color -- The bud scales are reddish-brown, (approximately RHS Greyed Purple Group 183 A). The buds are considered hardy undertypical central San Joaquin Valley climatic conditions. Hardiness.--No winter injury has been noted during the last several years of evaluation in The Central San Joaquin Valley. The current variety has not been intentionally subjected to drought orheat stress and therefore this information is not available. Date of first bloom.--Feb. 26, 2000. Blooming time.--Considered mid-season in comparison to other commercial nectarine cultivars grown in the central San Joaquin Valley. Date of full bloomwas observed on Mar. 2, 2000. The date of bloom varies slightly with climatic conditions and cultural practices. Duration of bloom.--Approximately 8 days. This date varies slightly with climatic conditions. Flowers type.--The variety is consideredto have a showy type flower. Flower size.--Flower diameter at full bloom is approximately 40.0 to 44.0 millimeters. Bloom quantity.--Considered abundant. Flower bud frequency.--Normally 1 to 2 appear per node. Petal size.--Generally -- Consideredlarge to very large for the species. Length. -- Approximately 18.0 to 20.0 millimeters. Width. -- Approximately 17.0 to 19.0 millimeters. Petal form.--Broadly ovate. Petal count.--Nearly always 5. Petal texture.--Glabrous. Petal color.--Lightpink when young, (RHS Red Purple Group 62 B), and darkening with advancing senescence and exposure to sunlight to a medium to dark pink, (RHS Red Purple Group 62 A). Fragrance.--Slight. Petal claw.--Form. -- The claw is considered truncate and has amedium-large size when compared to other varieties. Length. -- Approximately 8.0 to 10.0 millimeters. Width. -- Approximately 7.0 to 9.0 millimeters. Petal margins.--Generally considered variable, from nearly smooth, to moderately undulate andruffled, especially apically. Petal apex.--Generally -- The petal apices appear somewhat elongated and slightly domed. Flower pedicel.--Length. -- Considered medium-long, and having an average length of approximately 3.0 to 4.0 millimeters. Diameter. -- Considered average, approximately 2.0 millimeters. Color. -- A medium brown, (RHS Grey Brown Group N199 D). Floral nectaries.--Color. -- A Dull orange-gold, (RHS Greyed Orange Group 169 B). Calyx.--Surface texture. -- Generally glabrous. Color. -- A dull red, (approximately RHS Greyed Purple Group 183 A). Sepals.--Surface texture. -- The surface has a short, fine, and wooly texture. Size. -- Average, and ovate in form. Color. -- A dull red, (approximately RHS Greyed-Red Group 178 A). Anthers.--Generally. -- Average to above average in length. Color. -- Red to reddish-orange dorsally, (approximately RHS Greyed Red Group 179 A). Pollen production.--Pollen is abundant, and has a yellow color, (approximately RHS Yellow Orange Group17 B). Filaments.--Size. -- Variable in length, approximately 11.0 to 13.0 millimeters in length. Color. -- Pinkish-white, (RHS Red Purple Group 62 D). Pistil.--Number. -- Usually 1, rarely 2. Generally. -- Average in size. Length. --Approximately 15.0 to 18.0 millimeters including the ovary. Color. -- Considered a very pale green, (approximately RHS Yellow Green Group 151 D). Surface Texture. -- The variety has a long glabrous pistil. Fruit: Maturity when described.--Firm ripecondition (shipping ripe). Date of first picking. -- Jul. 15, 2000. Date of last picking. -- Jul. 22, 2000. The date of harvest varies slightly with climatic conditions. Size.--Generally -- Considered large, and uniform. Average cheekdiameter.--Approximately 76.0 to 78.0 millimeters. Average axial diameter.--Approximately 74.0 to 76.0 millimeters. Typical weight.--Approximately 251.0 grams. This is highly dependent upon cultural practices and therefore not distinctive of thevariety. Fruit form.--Generally -- Moderately oblate. The fruit is generally uniform in symmetry. Fruit suture.--Shallow, occasionally lipped, and extending from the base to apex. No apparent callusing or stitching exists along the suture line. Suture.--Color -- This appears to be a yellow to golden yellow background, (approximately RHS Orange Group 26 B) and occasionally having some red coloration, (approximately RHS Red Group 46 B). Ventral surface.--Form -- Slightly indented. Apex.--Rounded. Base.--Retuse. Stem cavity.--Rounded to slightly elongated in the suture plane. Average depth of the stem cavity is about 1.45 cm. Average width is about 2.41 cm. Fruit skin.--Thickness. -- Considered medium in thickness, andtenacious to the flesh. Texture. -- Glabrous. Taste. -- Non-astringent. Tendency to crack. -- None observed. Color.--Blush color. -- This red blush color is variable from a reddish orange, (approximately RHS Red Orange Group 34 A) to a dark red,(approximately RHS Red Group 45 C). The blush color ranges from about 70% to about 90% of the fruit surface depending on sunlight exposure and growing conditions. Ground Color. -- Yellow orange, (approximately RHS Yellow Orange Group 21 B). Fruitstem.--Medium in length, approximately 7.0 to 8.0 millimeters. Diameter. -- Approximately 2.0 to 3.0 millimeters. Color. -- Pale yellow-green, (approximately RHS Yellow Green Group 144 D). Flesh.--Ripens. -- Evenly. Texture. -- Firm, and dense. Fibers. -- Few, small, and tender. Aroma. -- Very slight. Eating Quality. -- Very good. Flavor. -- Considered sweet and mildly acidic. The flavor is considered both pleasant and balanced. Juice. -- Moderate. Brix. -- About 13.0 degrees. Thischaracteristic varies slightly with the number of fruit one the tree, prevailing cultural practices and surrounding climatic conditions. Flesh Color. -- Pale yellow, (approximately RHS Yellow Orange Group 16B). Stone: Type.--Clingstone. Size.--Considered medium for the variety. Length.--Average, about 23.0 to about 25.0 millimeters. Width.--Average, about 22.0 to about 23.0 millimeters. Diameter.--Average, about 19.0 to 20.0 millimeters. Form.--Obovoid. Base.--The stone is usuallyrounded, but it may vary from rounded to straight. Apex.--Shape. -- The stone apex is raised and has an acute, short tip. Stone surface.--Surface Texture -- Irregularly furrowed toward the apex, and pitted toward the base. The stone exhibitssubstantial pitting laterally. Substantial grooving over the apical shoulders is evident. Surface pitting is prominent generally, and more frequently, it is present basally. Ridges. -- The surface texture varies from sharp to rounded. Ventral Edge. -- Width -- Considered medium, and having a dimension of approximately 3 to 4 millimeters at the mid-suture. The wings are most prominent over the basal area. Dorsal Edge. -- Shape. -- Full, heavily grooved, and having jagged edges. The dorsal edgeis moderately eroded over the apical shoulder. Stone color.--The color of the dry stone is a dull red, (approximately RHS Greyed Red Group 179B). Tendency to split.--Very infrequent splitting was noted. Kernel.--Size. -- Length 17.0 mm. Width --14.0 mm. Thickness -- 3.0 millimeters. Form. -- Obovoid. Pellicle. -- Pubescent. Color. -- (RHS Greyed Orange Group 166 C). Use.--The subject variety `Burnectseven` is considered to be a Nectarine tree of the late mid-season maturity, and whichproduces fruit which are considered very firm, attractively colored, and which are useful for both local and long distance shipping. Keeping quality.--Excellent. Fruit has stored well up to 21 days after harvest at 1.0 degree Celsius. Shippingquality.--Good. Fruit showed minimal bruising of flesh or skin damage after being subjected to normal harvesting and packing procedures. Resistance to insects and disease.--No particular susceptibilities were noted. The present variety has not beentested to detect for any susceptibilities or resistances to any known plant and/or fruit diseases.

Although the new variety of nectarine tree possesses the described characteristics when grown under the ecological conditions prevailing near Fowler, Calif., in the Central part of the San Joaquin Valley of California, it should be understoodthat variations of the usual magnitude and characteristics incident to changes in growing conditions, fertilization, pruning, pest control and horticultural management are to be expected.

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