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Chrysanthemum plant named `Red Suerte`
PP12777 Chrysanthemum plant named `Red Suerte`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP12777-3    Drawing: PP12777-4    
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(2 images)

Inventor: Vandenberg
Date Issued: July 16, 2002
Application: 09/756,358
Filed: January 9, 2001
Inventors: Vandenberg; Cornelis P. (Salinas, CA)
Assignee: Yoder Brothers, Inc. (Barberton, OH)
Primary Examiner: Locker; Howard J.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Whealy; C. A.
U.S. Class: PLT/298
Field Of Search: PLT/298
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents: 4616099; PP10759
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References: Broertjes, et al., 1980, "A mutant of a mutant of a . . . Irradiation of progressive radiation induced mutants in a mutation breedingprogramme with Chrysanthemum morifolium", Euphytica, 29:525-530.*.
Gosling, ed., 1979, "The Chrysanthemum Manual--6.sup.th edition," The National Chrysanthemum Society, London, Essex Telegraph Press, Ltd., pp. 329-336.*.
Broertjes, et al., 1978, "Application of Mutation Breeding Methods in the Improvement of Vegetatively Propagated Crops", Elsevier Sci. Publ Co., New York, pp. 162-175.*.
Searle, et al., 1968, "Chrysanthemums the Year Round", Blanford Press, London, pp. 27-29, 320-327.*.
Chan, 1966, "Chrysanthemum and rose mutations induced by x-rays", Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. Proc., pp. 613-620.*.
Broertjes, 1966, "Mutation breeding of chrysanthemums", Euphytica, 15:156-162.*.
Dowrick, et al., 1966, "The induction of mutations in Chrysanthemum using x- and gamma radiation", Euphytica, 15:204-210..









Abstract: A distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant named `Red Suerte`, characterized by its daisy-type inflorescences that are about 7.6 cm in diameter; attractive red ray and bright yellow disc florets; very freely flowering habit with numerous inflorescences per stem; early flowering, response time about 54 days; very dark green foliage; strong stems; long peduncles; and good postproduction longevity with inflorescences maintaining good substance and color for at least four weeks in an interior environment.
Claim: It is claimed:

1. A new and distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant named `Red Suerte`, as illustrated and described.
Description: BACKGROUND OFTHE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant, botanically known as Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium and hereinafter referred to by the name `Red Suerte`.

The new Chrysanthemum is a product of a mutation induction breeding program conducted by the Inventor in Salinas, Calif. The objective of the program is to create new Chrysanthemum cultivars with desirable inflorescence form and floret colors,good substance, and good postproduction longevity.

The new Chrysanthemum is a naturally-occurring whole plant mutation of a proprietary induced mutation that originated by exposing unrooted cuttings of the Chrysanthemum cultivar Regal Suerte, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 10,759, to X-rayradiation. The new Chrysanthemum was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a single flowering plant within a population of plants of the irradiated selection in April, 1997, in Salinas, Calif. The selection of this plant was based on its desirableinflorescence form and floret colors and good postproduction longevity.

Asexual reproduction of the new Chrysanthemum by terminal cuttings taken in a controlled environment in Salinas, Calif., has shown that the unique features of this new Chrysanthemum are stable and reproduced true to type in successivegenerations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The cultivar Red Suerte has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environment such as temperature, daylength and light intensity, without, however, any variance ingenotype.

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of `Red Suerte`. These characteristics in combination distinguish `Red Suerte` as a new and distinct cultivar: 1. Large daisy-typeinflorescences that are about 7.6 cm in diameter. 2. Attractive red-colored ray florets and bright yellow-colored disc florets. 3. Very freely flowering with numerous inflorescences per stem. 4. Early flowering, response time is about 54 days. 5. Very dark green foliage. 6. Strong and thick stems. 7. Long peduncles. 8. Good postproduction longevity with inflorescences maintaining good substance and color for at least four weeks in an interior environment.

Plants of the new Chrysanthemum differ from plants of the cultivar Regal Suerte, primarily in ray floret color as plants of the cultivar Regal Suerte have dark purple-colored ray florets.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS

The accompanying colored photographs illustrate the overall appearance of the new Chrysanthemum, showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photographs may differslightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Chrysanthemum.

The photograph on the first sheet comprises a side perspective view of a typical flowering stem of `Red Suerte` grown as a spray-type cut Chrysanthemum.

The photograph on the second sheet comprises a close-up view of typical inflorescences of `Red Suerte`.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. The following observations and measurements describe plants grown inSalinas, Calif., under conditions which approximate commercial practice in a double-layer polyethylene-covered greenhouse. Two-week old rooted cuttings were planted on Jun. 7, 2000 and received 12 long day/short nights followed by short day/long nightsuntil flowering. Plants were grown as single-stem cut chrysanthemums. During the production time, the following environmental conditions were measured: day temperatures, 18 to 27.degree. C.; night temperatures, 16 to 18.degree. C.; and light levels,2,000 to 4,000 foot-candles. Measurements and numerical values represent averages for six to ten typical flowering stems and were taken during the week of Aug. 21, 2000. Botanical classification: Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium cultivar Red Suerte. Commercial classification: Daisy spray-type cut Chrysanthemum. Parentage: Naturally-occurring whole plant mutation of a proprietary Chrysanthemum.times.morifolium induced mutation, not patented. Propagation: Type.--Terminal tip cuttings. Time torooting.--About seven to ten days with soil temperatures of 21.degree. C. Root description.--Fine, fibrous and well-branched. Plant description: Appearance.--Herbaceous daisy spray-type cut flower. Flowering stem description.--Aspect: Erect. Length:About 99.1 cm. Diameter: About 7 mm. Texture: Pubescent. Color: 146A. Foliage description.--Arrangement: Alternate. Length: About 10.2 cm. Width: About 7.3 cm. Apex: Cuspidate. Base: Mostly truncate. Margin: Palmately lobed; sinuses mostlyparallel, occasionally convergent or divergent. Texture: Upper and lower surfaces pubescent. Veins prominent on lower surface. Color: Young foliage upper surface: Much darker than 147A, close to 139A. Young foliage lower surface: Close to 147A. Mature foliage upper surface: Much darker than 147A; venation, 147A to 147B. Mature foliage lower surface: Close to 147B; venation, close to 147B to 147C. Petiole: Length: About 2.1 cm. Diameter: About 3 mm. Color: Upper surface: Close to 147A to147B. Lower surface: Close to 147B to 147C. Flowering description: Appearance.--Daisy spray-type inflorescence form with elongated oblong-shaped ray florets. Inflorescences borne on terminals, arising from leaf axils. Disc and ray florets arrangedacropetally on a capitulum. Flowering response.--Under natural conditions, plant flowers in the autumn/winter in the Northern Hemisphere. At other times of the year, inflorescence initiation and development can be induced under short day/long nightconditions (at least 13.5 hours of darkness). Plants exposed to two weeks of long day/short night conditions after planting followed by photoinductive short day/long night conditions flower about 54 days later. Postproduction longevity.--In an interiorenvironment, flowering stems will maintain good color and substance for at least four weeks in an interior environment after one week of cool storage. Quantity of inflorescences.--Freely flowering with about 14 inflorescences per flowering stem. Inflorescence size.--Diameter: About 7.6 cm. Depth (height): About 2.8 cm. Diameter of disc: About 1.6 cm. Diameter of receptacle: About 7.5 mm. Ray florets.--Shape: Elongated oblong. Length: About 4.3 cm. Width: About 1.1 cm. Corolla tube length:About 7 mm. Corolla tube diameter: About 2 mm. Apex: Mammillate or emarginate. Base: Attenuate. Margin: Entire. Texture: Smooth, satiny, glabrous; longitudinally ridged. Aspect: Initially incurved and concave becoming mostly flat with subsequentdevelopment. Aspect: Initially upright; when mature, about 60.degree. from vertical. Number of ray florets per inflorescence: About 66 arranged in about four rows. Color: When opening, upper surface: Close to 53A. When opening, lower surface: Closeto 183D. Mature, upper surface: Close to 53A; fading to close to 46A with subsequent development. Mature, lower surface: Close to 9D, underlain with dark red, 59A. Disc florets.--Shape: Tubular, slightly flared at apex. Length: About 7 mm. Width:Apex: About 1.5 mm. Base: About 1 mm. Number of disc florets per inflorescence: Numerous, typically about 123. Color: Immature: Initially 144A, then 145A to 154A. Mature: Apex: 9A. Mid-section: Close to 154A. Base: 155D. Peduncle.--Strength:Strong. Aspect: Angled about 35.degree. from vertical. Length: First peduncle: About 11.6 cm. Fourth peduncle: About 15.8 cm. Seventh peduncle: About 21 cm. Diameter: About 3 mm. Texture: Very fine pubescence. Color: 146A. Reproductiveorgans.--Androecium: Present on disc florets only. Anther color: 9A. Amount of pollen: Scarce to moderate. Color: 15A. Gynoecium: Present on both ray and disc florets. Seed.--Seed production has not been observed. Disease resistance: Resistance topathogens common to Chrysanthemums has not been observed on plants grown under commercial conditions. Temperature tolerance: Plants of the new Chrysanthemum have demonstrated good tolerance to night temperatures as low as 5.degree. C. and daytemperatures as high as 40.degree. C.

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