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Poinsettia plant named `Liberty Pink`
PP10762 Poinsettia plant named `Liberty Pink`
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP10762-3    Drawing: PP10762-4    Drawing: PP10762-5    
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(3 images)

Inventor: Didden
Date Issued: January 26, 1999
Application: 08/845,830
Filed: April 28, 1997
Inventors: Didden; Frans (Boskoop, NL)
Assignee: Koninklijke Handelskwekerij Weduwe, P. Eveleens & Zonen B.V. `Royal Eveleens` (Aalsmeer, NL)
Primary Examiner: Feyrer; James R.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Whealy; C. A.
U.S. Class: PLT/306
Field Of Search: Plt/86.3
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: A new and distinct cultivar of Poinsettia plant named `Liberty Pink`, characterized by its pink bract color with darker pink veins; bracts held horizontal to upright; compact and uniform growth habit requiring few plant growth retardant applications; freely branching; dark green leaves; early flowering, short response time; and very good postproduction longevity.
Claim: It is claimed:

1. A new and distinct cultivar of Poinsettia plant named `Liberty Pink`, as illustrated and described.
Description: The presentinvention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Poinsettia plant, botanically known as Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd., hereinafter referred to by the cultivar name Liberty Pink.

The new cultivar is a product of a mutation induction breeding program conducted by the inventor in Aalsmeer, The Netherlands. The objective of the breeding program was to develop compact poinsettia varieties that require few to no plant growthretardant applications and are suitable for smaller containers; that flower early; and have desirable bract and leaf color.

The new cultivar is an induced mutation of the Poinsettia cultivar 490, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,825. The new cultivar originated by exposing unrooted cuttings of the cultivar 490 to gamma radiation at a level of 2,500 rads eighttimes for a period of 15 minutes each. Following the radiation treatments, the cuttings were rooted and terminal apices were removed to promote lateral branch development. After lateral branches from the pinching reached sufficient size, terminalcuttings were harvested, planted and flowered in Aalsmeer, The Netherlands. The cultivar Liberty Pink was discovered and selected by the inventor as a single flowering plant within this population in December, 1993. The selection of this plant wasbased on its desirable bract color, early cyathia development and its distinct leaf and flower bract lobation patterns.

Asexual reproduction of the new cultivar by terminal cuttings taken at Aalsmeer, The Netherlands, has shown that the unique features of this new Poinsettia are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations of asexual reproduction.

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of `Liberty Pink`. These characteristics in combination distinguish `Liberty Pink` as a new and distinct cultivar:

1. Pink bract color with darker pink veins.

2. Bracts held horizontal to upright.

3. Compact and uniform growth habit requiring few plant growth retardant applications.

4. Freely branching.

5. Dark green leaves.

6. Early flowering, short response time.

7. Very good postproduction longevity.

The new cultivar can be compared to the parent cultivar 490. However in side-by-side comparisons conducted by the inventor in Aalsmeer, The Netherlands, plants of the new cultivar differs from plants of the cultivar 490 in bract color and in thefollowing characteristics:

1. Plants of the new Poinsettia have more lobing of the bracts compared to plants of the cultivar 490.

2. The leaf base of the new Poinsettia is wedge-shaped whereas leaf base of the cultivar 490 is rounded.

The new cultivar can also be compared to the cultivar 490 Pink, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 8,817. However in side-by-side comparisons conducted by the inventor in Aalsmeer, The Netherlands, plants of the new cultivar differs from plantsof the cultivar 490 Pink in the following characteristics:

1. Leaves of the new Poinsettia are shorter and narrower than leaves of the cultivar 490 Pink.

2, Leaves of the new Poinsettia have shorter petioles than leaves of the cultivar 490 Pink.

3. Bracts of the new Poinsettia are narrower than bracts of the cultivar 490 Pink.

4. The upper surface of bracts of the new Poinsettia is lighter in color than the lower surface of bracts of the cultivar 490 Pink.

5. The upper surface of bracts of the new Poinsettia is darker in color than the lower surface of bracts of the cultivar 490 Pink.

6. Cyathia of the new Poinsettia open later than cyathia of the cultivar 490 Pink.

The accompanying colored photographs illustrate the overall appearance of the new cultivar, showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible toobtain in colored reproductions of this type.

The first photograph comprises a top perspective view of a typical potted plant of `Liberty Pink`.

The second photograph comprises a close-up view of a typical inflorescence of `Liberty Pink`.

The third photograph comprises a top perspective view of upper (left) and lower (right) surfaces of typical bracts of `Liberty Pink`.

The fourth photograph comprises a top perspective view of upper (left) and lower (right) surfaces of typical leaves of `Liberty Pink`. Flower bract and foliage colors in the photographs may appear different from the actual colors due to lightreflectance.

The cultivar Liberty Pink has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environment such as temperature, daylength and light intensity, without, however, anyvariance in genotype. The following observations, measurements and comparisons describe plants grown in Aalsmeer, The Netherlands, under commercial practice in a glass-covered greenhouse with temperatures of 20.degree. to 21.degree. C. initially, thendecreasing to 14.degree. C. as plants matured to improve the postproduction longevity. Short day treatments of 14 hours of dark were initiated two weeks after pinching to initiate flowering.

In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.

Classification:

Botanical.--Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd.

Commercial.--Poinsettia.

Cultivar.--`Liberty Pink`.

Parentage: Induced mutation of Poinsettia cultivar 490 disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,825.

Propagation:

Type cutting.--Terminal cuttings.

Time to initiate roots.--7 to 10 days at 21C.

Rooting habit.--Fine, freely branching.

Plant description:

Plant form.--Inverted triangle, top of plant rounded to flat.

Growth habit.--Freely branching and upright. Branching is enhanced by the removal of the apical shoot tip. Rapid growth rate, but low vigor. Relatively compact, best suited for 12.5 to 15-cm containers.

Plant height.--23 to 25 cm.

Stem description.--Diameter: 5 to 6 mm. Internode length: 1 to 6 cm. Color: Reddish.

Foliage description.--Arrangement: Opposite. Size: Length: 9 to 12 cm. Width: 7 to 9 cm. Petiole length: 4 to 6 cm. Shape: Broadly ovate. Tip: Acute. Base: Cuneate. Margin: Entire to weakly lobed. Texture: Leathery. Color: Mature foliageupper surface: 137A/139A. Mature foliage lower surface: 137B. Venation, upper surface: Red. Venation, lower surface: Green. Petiole: Green to red.

Inflorescence/flower description:

Inflorescence type and habit.--Inflorescences are compound corymbs of cyathia with colored flower bracts subtending the cyathia.

Natural flowering season.--Autumn/winter in Northern Hemisphere. Flower initiation and development can be induced under short day/long night conditions.

Time to flower.--About 7.5 weeks under short day/long night conditions.

Inflorescence size.--Diameter: About 26 cm. Height (depth): 2 to 3 cm.

Flower bracts.--Attitude: Horizontal to upright, about 25.degree. to stem axis. Quantity of flower bracts: 8 to 11 fully colored bracts per inflorescence, usually 1 or 2 green and pink transitional bracts. Size: Length: 12 to 14 cm withpetiole. Width: 7 to 9 cm. Shape: Broadly elliptic. Tip: Acute. Base: Cuneate. Margin: Entire to weakly lobed. Texture: Weakly rugose between veins, relatively smooth. Color: Mature, upper surface: 54A/54B. Mature, lower surface: 53D. Venation,upper surface: 53D. Venation, lower surface: 50B.

Cyathia.--Quantity: About 10 per inflorescence. Diameter of cyathia cluster: 1.5 to 2 cm. Nectaries: Usually one and sometimes two per cyathium. Size: 3 to 4 mm. Color: Yellow, red margin not observed.

Disease resistance: No fungal, bacterial nor viral problems observed.

Postproduction longevity: Generally more than 3.5 weeks under interior conditions.

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