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Azalea plant named Mystic
PP10061 Azalea plant named Mystic
Patent Drawings:Drawing: PP10061-3    
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Inventor: Bergman
Date Issued: October 14, 1997
Application: 08/583,474
Filed: January 5, 1996
Inventors: Bergman; Wendy R. (Lehigh Acres, FL)
Assignee: Yoder Brothers, Inc. (Barberton, OH)
Primary Examiner: Feyrer; James R.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Foley & Lardner
U.S. Class: PLT/239
Field Of Search: Plt/55; Plt/56; Plt/57
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References: Cox, Peter A., (Listing for) "Mystic" Dwarf Rhododendrons 1973 MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc, N.Y., p. 207..
Leach, David G., (Listing for) "Mystic" Rhododendrons of the World 1961, Charles Schribner's Sons, N.Y., p. 478..









Abstract: An azalea plant named Mystic particularly characterized by its dark glossy evergreen foliage, single flower form, fuchsia flower color, ease of budding, uniform and dense plant habit, free branching, rapid and uniform flower response in a year round controlled program, excellent cooler tolerance and good keeping quality.
Claim: It is claimed:

1. A new and distinct cultivar of azalea named Mystic, as described and illustrated.
Description: The present invention comprises anew and distinct cultivar of Azalea, a greenhouse forcing type, hereinafter referred to as Mystic.

Mystic, identified as Code 1010 during the selection process, originated from a planned cross hybridization between two selected breeding lines in a controlled breeding program in Fort Myers, Fla.

The female, or seed parent of Mystic is the commercial cultivar Girard's Fuchsia, a deep reddish purple single. The male, or pollen parent is a seedling known as Code 227, a proprietary breeding line.

Mystic was discovered and selected by Wendy R. Bergman as one flowering plant within the progeny of the stated cross in January 1992, in Fort Myers, Fla.

The first asexual reproduction of Mystic was accomplished when vegetative cuttings were taken from the initial selection in Apr. 1992, in Fort Myers, Fla., by technicians working under formulations established and supervised by Wendy R. Bergman.

Horticultural examination of controlled flowerings of successive generations of plants derived from cuttings taken from the original selection has shown that the unique combination of characteristics as herein disclosed for Mystic are fixed andretained through successive generations of asexual reproduction.

Mystic has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary significantly with variations in environment such as temperature, light intensity and day length, without, however, any variance in the genotype. The following observations, measurements and comparisons describe plants that were grown in Fort Myers, Fla. in a controlled greenhouse environment and following a commercial schedule.

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be basic characteristics of Mystic, which, in combination, distinguish this azalea as a new and distinct cultivar:

1. A fuchsia flower color (between 71B and 71C) fading to a rose pink (between 68A and 68B) at old age.

2. Single flower form.

3. The flowers range in size from 6.5 to 8.5 cm in diameter with 7.5 cm the average size.

4. Compact, uniform and symmetrical plant habit.

5. Fast, uniform response in a year round controlled flowering program, forcing in 27 days on average.

6. Good longevity in a simulated home environment, with flowers lasting up to 25 days.

7. Excellent foliage retention and no flower bud damage when cooled for six (6) weeks with no lighting at 38.degree. F.

The accompanying color photograph shows in perspective view the unique features of the new cultivar, with colorsbeing as true as possible with color illustrations on this type.

Of the commercial cultivars known to the inventor, the most similar in comparison to Mystic is the seed parent Girard's Fuchsia. While both are evergreen azaleas with single flowerform, Mystic's flowers are a shade lighter in color than Girard's Fuchsia and the petal margins of Mystic are not as wavy.

In the following description color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart. The color values were determined on Apr. 6, 1995. All readings were taken in an office under cool white fluorescent lights, facing a westwindow between the hours of 10:00 a.m and 2:00 p.m.

Classification:

Botanical.--Rhododendron hybrida, evergreen type.

Commercial.--Florist forcing pot azalea, cv. Mystic.

INFLORESCENCE

Flower (General):

Size.--6.5 to 8.5 cm.

Born.--Terminal cluster, usually three (3) per bud, ranging from two to four (2-4). Often more than one (1) bud per stem.

Form.--Single. Funnel-form.

Blooming habit.--Once profusely. Buds easily and uniformly in a year-round flowering program. The majority of terminal buds break color within one (1) week of the first. Flowering begins approximately 27 days after the start of forcing.

Fragrance.--Present.

Corolla (Petals):

Texture.--Soft.

Substance.--Heavy.

Shape.--Rounded. Irregular undulate margin.

Color (fully open).--Generally between 71B and 71C. Fuchsia. Upper surface: Edge: Between 71C and 71D. Center: 72C. Base: Between 72D and 73B. Lower surface: 71D with overlay toward base of between 58B and 58C. Blotch: 61A.

Bud:

Size.--Medium.

Shape.--Conoidal.

Color.--Between 71B and 71C.

Bud sheath.--Light green to light brown with light brown hairs.

Calyx:

Form.--Acuminate.

Color.--144B.

Peduncle:

Length.--0.5-1.5 cm.

Strength.--Strong.

Aspect.--Pubescent.

Reproductive organs:

Androecium (stamens).--Number: Six to eight (6-8). Anthers: 79A. Filaments: Length: 2.3-4.5 cm. Color: Between 66C and 66D.

Gynoecium (pistil).--Stigma: 59A. Style: Length: 3.0-4.8 cm. Color: Between 73A and 73B. Ovary: Pubescent.

PLANT CHARACTERISTICS

Foliage:

Type.--Evergreen.

Arangement.--Alternate.

Shape.--Elliptic to ovate.

Size.--Length: 2.0-7.0 cm. Width: 0.7-3.4 cm.

Margin.--Entire.

Color.--Immature: Upper surface; 144A. Lower surface: 144B. Mature: Upper surface: 139A. Lower surface: 146B. Texture: Leathery, Tomentum: Present on upper surface, Insignificant.

Stems:

Color.--Immature: 184B. Mature: 165A. Tomentum: Present, sparse, Insignificant.

Plant habit: Compact, upright, dense bush which is uniform and symmetrical in a six-inch (6") pot when pinched three (3) times. Total crop time to the dormant budded stage is 40-42 weeks to produce a plant approximately 30 cm in diameter andhaving a total height of 30-36 cm. Internode lengths vary widely from 1-30 mm on the same stem.

Branching habit: Free branching, producing three to five (3-5) breaks when a vegetative cutting is pinched.

Rooting: Roots easily in eight to ten (8-10) weeks with 75.degree. F. soil temperature.

Budding ease: Plants produce flower buds easily and uniformly year round with the use of commercially available plant growth regulators. Natural season response has not been acertained.

Cooler tolerance: Plants placed in a cooler as a means of breaking dormancy perform very well. Mystic is tolerant of six (6) weeks in an unlighted cooler at 38.degree. F. without excessive bud damage or foliage loss.

Blooming: Plants reach the stage of 12 buds showing color in 27 days on average after the cooling treatment. This varies from 20 to 34 days depending upon time of year. Mystic flowers uniformly and profusely across the plant.

Shelf life: When plants are moved to an office or home environment at the stage of eight (8) open flowers, they maintain an attractive appearance for 25 days on average.

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