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Semiconductor package of small footprint with a stack of lead frame die paddle sandwich between high-side and low-side MOSFETs and manufacturing method
8519520 Semiconductor package of small footprint with a stack of lead frame die paddle sandwich between high-side and low-side MOSFETs and manufacturing method
Patent Drawings:Drawing: 8519520-2    Drawing: 8519520-3    Drawing: 8519520-4    Drawing: 8519520-5    Drawing: 8519520-6    Drawing: 8519520-7    
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(6 images)

Inventor: Gong, et al.
Date Issued: August 27, 2013
Application:
Filed:
Inventors:
Assignee:
Primary Examiner: Williams; A O
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Tsao; Chein-HwaCA Emily LLC
U.S. Class: 257/676; 257/288; 257/299; 257/737; 257/738; 257/778; 257/E23.037; 257/E23.052; 257/E27.016; 257/E27.06; 257/E29.255
Field Of Search: 257/676; 257/299; 257/E27.016; 257/737; 257/738; 257/778; 257/329; 257/E23.052; 257/368; 257/E27.06; 257/E23.037; 257/288; 257/E29.255; 257/E29.55; 257/E21.001; 257/E23.001; 257/675; 257/E23.031; 361/704
International Class: H01L 23/495; H01L 23/34
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: A semiconductor package method for co-packaging high-side (HS) and low-side (LS) semiconductor chips is disclosed. The HS and LS semiconductor chips are attached to two opposite sides of a lead frame, with a bottom drain electrode of the LS chip connected to a top side of the lead frame and a top source electrode of the HS chip connected to a bottom side of the lead frame through a solder ball. The stacking configuration of HS chip, lead frame and LS chip reduces the package size. A bottom metal layer covering the bottom of HS chip exposed outside of the package body provides both electrical connection and thermal conduction.
Claim: The invention claimed is:

1. A semiconductor package including co-packaged high-side (HS) and low-side (LS) semiconductor chips, comprising: a conductive lead frame comprising a die paddle anda plurality of pins set around the die paddle; a LS semiconductor chip comprising a top source, a top gate and a bottom drain; a HS semiconductor chip comprising a top source, a top gate and a bottom drain, wherein a plurality of conductive sourceballs are formed on its top source and a plurality of conductive gate balls are formed on its top gate, wherein the LS semiconductor chip is connected to a front surface of the lead frame with bottom drain of the LS semiconductor chip electricallyconnected to a top surface of the die paddle, and wherein the HS semiconductor chip is connected to a back surface of the lead frame with top source of the HS semiconductor chip electrically connected to a bottom surface of the die paddle through theplurality of conductive source balls; and a package body encapsulating the LS semiconductor chip, the die paddle of lead frame, and the HS semiconductor chip, wherein the backside of the HS semiconductor chip is: (a) exposed out of a backside of thepackage body; and (b) located substantially coplanar to the end of the lead frame pins exposed out from the semiconductor package.

2. The semiconductor package of claim 1, wherein the lead frame comprises first, second, and third pins separated and not electrically connected to the die paddle, and a fourth pin electrically connected to the die paddle.

3. The semiconductor package of claim 2, wherein the bottom drain of the LS semiconductor chip and the top source of the HS semiconductor chip are respectively connected to the top and bottom sides of the die paddle and are electricallyconnected to external devices via the fourth pin.

4. The semiconductor package of claim 2, wherein the top source of the HS semiconductor chip is electrically connected to the third pin via the conductive gate balls.

5. The semiconductor package of claim 1, wherein the backside of the HS semiconductor chip is covered with a metal layer that is exposed out of the package body on a backside of the semiconductor package for heat dissipation, wherein the bottomdrain of the HS semiconductor chip is electrically connected to the external devices through the exposed metal layer.

6. The semiconductor package of claim 5, wherein the metal layer is formed by evaporation or sputtering of a metal composition on the backside of the HS semiconductor chip.

7. The semiconductor package of claim 5, wherein the metal layer is formed by attaching a metal layer on the backside of the HS semiconductor chip.

8. The semiconductor package of claim 2, wherein the top source of the LS semiconductor chip is electrically connected to the first pin by a first metal clip and the top gate of the LS semiconductor chip is electrically connected to the secondpin by a second metal clip.

9. The semiconductor package of claim 8, wherein high temperature alloys are used for electrical connection between the first and second metal clips and the LS semiconductor chip and between the first and second metal clip and the first andsecond pins.

10. The semiconductor package of claim 1, wherein a high temperature alloys is used for electrical connection between the LS semiconductor chip and the die paddle of the lead frame.

11. The semiconductor package of claim 1, wherein the conductive source and gate balls are made from low temperature alloys.
Description: PRIORITY CLAIM

This application claims the priority benefit of Chinese patent application number 201110310147.7 filed Sep. 28, 2011, the entire disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to a semiconductor package and its manufacturing method, in particular, of a semiconductor package including high-side (HS) and low-side (LS) semiconductor chips.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

In applications of power transistors, for example metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs), the heat dissipation and package size are two important parameters of the devices. Device's heat dissipation is improved by exposingthe source and/or drain of the transistor, but the implementation process is very complicated.

In some switching circuits, such as synchronous buck converter, half-bridge converter and inverter, two power MOSFETs are needed for switching in a complementary manner. The switching circuit as shown in FIG. 1 includes two MOSFETs, which is HSMOSFET 1 and LS MOSFET 2, connected in series to a voltage source 3, in which, the source of HS MOSFET 1 is connected to the drain of LS MOSFET 2 through a plurality of parasitic inductances such as LDHS, LSHS, LDLS and LSLS.

For these devices, when the HS chip and LS chip are co-packaged and two chips are connected by lead wire, the lead inductance is reduced. However, the HS chip and LS chip are arranged side by side on one side of a lead frame, thus the wholedevice has a large size.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram of a synchronous buck converter of conventional technology with the source of HS MOSFET electrically connected to drain of LS MOSFET;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a lead frame of the semiconductor device with co-packaged HS and LS semiconductor chips in this invention;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view illustrating the connection between the LS chip and the lead frame of the semiconductor device in this invention;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the HS chip of the semiconductor device in this invention;

FIG. 5 is a perspective view illustrating connection between the HS chip and the lead frame in the semiconductor device in this invention;

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a semiconductor device including LS and HS chips connecting respectively to the lead frame's upper and bottom surfaces in this invention;

FIG. 7 is a perspective view from the front side of the semiconductor device package in this invention;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view from back side of the semiconductor device package in this invention;

FIG. 9 is a perspective view from the front side of the semiconductor device package with bending pins;

FIG. 10 is a perspective view from back side of the semiconductor device package with bending pins;

FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view of the semiconductor device package in this invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS

Specific embodiments of this invention will be described as follows with illustration drawings.

As shown in FIG. 2 to FIG. 11, this invention relates to a semiconductor package including co-packaged HS and LS semiconductor chips and its manufacturing method.

FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional schematic diagram of a semiconductor package of a preferred embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 11, the semiconductor package includes a lead frame 100, a LS chip 200 connected to top side of thelead frame and a HS chip 300 connected to a bottom side of the lead frame 100. The LS and HS chips 200 and 300 are vertical MOSFET having gate and source located at the top of the chip, while drain located at the bottom of the chip.

As shown in FIG. 2, the lead frame 100 includes a die paddle 110 and a plurality of pins set around the die paddle 110 and are in the same plane with the die paddle 110 including the first pin 121, the second pin 122 and the third pin 123functioning as LS source pin 121, LS gate pin 122 and HS gate pin 123 respectively and being separated and not electrically connected with the die paddle 110 and the fourth pin 124 being a part of the die paddle 110, or is an extension of die paddle 110,functioning as HS drain and LS source pin.

As shown in FIG. 3, FIG. 6 and FIG. 11, the backside of the LS chip 200 is attached onto the die paddle 110 of the lead frame 100 to electrically connect its bottom drain onto the top surface of the die paddle 110. A metal clip 230 (e.g. copperclip) is used for connection between the top source 211 of the LS chip 200 and the first pin 121 of the lead frame 100. A metal clip 232 is used for connection between the top gate 212 of the LS chip 200 and the second pin 122 of the lead frame 100. The metal clips 230 and 232 can be replaced with conductive belts, conductive leads or other conductive connectors. In an alternatively embodiment, the top source 211 of the LS chip 200 is electrically connected to the first pin 121 on lead frame 100via a metal clip, while the top gate 212 of LS chip 200 is electrically connected to the second pin 121 of lead frame 100 via a bonding wire. The metal clips 230 and 232 are connected to the LS chip 200 and pins 121 and 122 by a high temperature alloy220.

As shown in FIG. 4, FIG. 5, FIG. 6, and FIG. 11, a plurality of solder balls 311 and 312 are formed correspondingly at gate and source on top of the HS chip 300. The solder balls can be made from low temperature alloys. A metal layer 320 isformed on backside of the LS chip 300 via evaporation or sputtering of metal composition such as Ti/Ni/Ag (titanium/nickel/silver). Alternatively, a conductive layer 320' is deposited on the backside of the HS chip 300. The HS chip 300 is attached ontothe backside of the lead frame 100, so that the source balls 311 are electrically connected to the backside of the die paddle 110, and the gate balls 312 are electrically connected to the third pin 123. As described above, source of HS chip 300 anddrain of LS chip 200 are separately connected to the backside and front side of the die paddle 110 respectively, which are connected with the external devices through the fourth pin 124.

As shown in FIG. 6 to FIG. 11, the LS chip 200, die paddle 110 of lead frame 100, and HS chip 300 are co-packaged with a molding compound to form a semiconductor package 400. The vertical stacked structure of the HS and LS chips and the diepaddle reduces the size of the package 400. At this point, the end part of each of the pins 121, 122, 123, 124 exposed out of the package 400 is bent to the same plane with the backside of device (FIGS. 9, 10 and 11). In addition, the metal layer 320or 320' on back of the HS chip 300 provides the protection for its bottom drain and is exposed out from backside of the device (FIGS. 8 and 10) for electrical connection between the bottom drain of the HS chip 300 and the external devices and for heatdissipation. In a preferred embodiment, metal clip 230, which connects top source 211 of LS chip 200 and the first pin 121 of lead frame 100, has a top surface exposed out from the package 400 (not shown) to further improve the heat dissipation of thedevice.

The present invention also proposes a manufacturing method of the semiconductor package 400. A lead frame 100 made of conductive materials is firstly provided, as shown in FIG. 2, which includes a die paddle 110, first, second, and third pins121, 122, 123 separated from the die paddle 110, and the fourth pin 124 connected to the die paddle 110. A plurality of LS semiconductor chips 200 are formed on a first semiconductor wafer (not shown), with the gates and sources of all LS chips 200formed on the front side of the wafer, and drains of all LS chips formed on backside of the semiconductor wafer. Individual LS chips 200 are then singulated from the semiconductor wafer.

Similarly, a plurality of HS semiconductor chips 300 are formed on a second semiconductor wafer (not shown) with gates and sources of all HS chips 300 formed on the front side of the wafer and drains of all HS chips formed on backside of thewafer. A plurality of conductive solder balls 311 and 312 are formed correspondingly on source and gate at front side of the HS chip 300. A metal layer 320 are formed on backside of the HS chip 300, or the backside of the semiconductor wafer, byevaporation or sputtering of Ti/Ni/Ag (titanium/nickel/silver) or by attaching a conductive metal layer 320' on backside of the HS chip 300. Individual HS chips are then singulated from the semiconductor wafer.

The backside of the LS chip 200 is attached on the front side of the lead frame 100, as shown in FIG. 3, with its bottom drain electrically connected on top surface of the die paddle 110, for example by an high temperature alloy 220, while itssource and gate electrically connected to the first pin 121 and the second pin 122 of the lead frame respectively via metal clips 230, 232 and the high temperature alloy 220.

The HS chip 300 with the solder balls 311, 312 is attached on backside of the lead frame 100, as shown in FIG. 5, so that its top source is electrically connected to the bottom surface of the die paddle 110 via the source balls 311 and the itstop gate is electrically connected to the third pin 123 of lead frame 100 via the gate balls 312.

The LS chip 200, die paddle 110 of lead frame 100, and HS chip 300 are co-packaged with a molding compound to form a semiconductor package 400, as shown in FIG. 7 and FIG. 8, so that the metal layer 320 or 320' on backside of the HS chip 300 isexposed out of the package 400 for electrical connection between the bottom drain of the HS chip and the external devices and for heat dissipation. In a preferred embodiment, a top surface of the metal clip 230, which connects top source 211 of LS chip200 and the first pin 121 of lead frame 100, is exposed out from the package 400 (not shown) to further improve the heat dissipation of the device. Individual packages 400 are singulated to expose the pins 121, 122, 123 and 124 out from the package 400. The end of exposed pins 121, 122, 123 and 124 are then bent so that the end of exposed pins 121, 122, 123 and 124 are on the same plane with the backside of the package 400 as shown in FIGS. 9-11.

The steps of the above method can be implemented in different orders. For example, the HS chip is attached to the backside of the lead frame before the LS chip is attached on the front side of the lead frame. In the semiconductor device inthis invention the LS chip and HS chip are vertically stacked at top and bottom sides of the lead frame forming a three-dimensional stacked structure, thus reduces the package's size compared to the package with side by side arrangement of LS and HSchips on one side of a lead frame in existing technology. In addition, the exposed backside of the HS chip at the back surface of the package improves the heat dissipation. Furthermore, the exposed surface of the metal clip that connects the top sourceof the LS chip and the lead frame at the package's top surface further improves the heat dissipation of the device.

Although the contents of this invention have been described in detail in the above preferred embodiments, it should be recognized that the above description shall not be considered as a limitation to this invention. After reading the abovedescription by technical personnel in this field, a number of modifications and replacements for this invention will be obvious. Therefore, the scope of protection for this invention shall be subject to the attached claims.

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