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Development of an anti-cough, anti-tussive and throat soothing herbal formulation
7482031 Development of an anti-cough, anti-tussive and throat soothing herbal formulation
Patent Drawings:

Inventor: Pushpangadan, et al.
Date Issued: January 27, 2009
Application: 10/457,182
Filed: June 9, 2003
Inventors: Pushpangadan; Palpu (Uttar Pradesh, IN)
Raghavan; Govindarajan (Uttar Pradesh, IN)
Madhavan; Vijayakumar (Uttar Pradesh, IN)
Mehrotra; Shanta (Uttar Pradesh, IN)
Singh; Rawat Ajay Kumar (Uttar Pradesh, IN)
Rao; Chandana Venkateshwara (Uttar Pradesh, IN)
Assignee: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (New Delhi, IN)
Primary Examiner: Tran; S.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Merchant & Gould P.C.
U.S. Class: 424/734; 424/439; 424/441; 424/725
Field Of Search:
International Class: A61K 47/00; A61K 36/00; A61K 36/67; A61K 9/68
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: An anti-cough, anti-tussive, and throat soothing synergistic herbal formulation comprising of an extract of Piper cubeba, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Acorus calamus Alpinia galanga, Zingiber officinale and pharmaceutically acceptable additives as a syrup, lozenges or chewable tablets for preventing cracking of voice, dryness of mouth and toning of voice, vocal cord; the present invention also provides a method of preparation of this formulation.
Claim: The invention claimed is:

1. An herbal formulation, consisting of: TABLE-US-00009 INGREDIENTS wt./wt. % an extract of Piper cubeba 0.5 to 2.0 an extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra 0.5 to 2.0 anextract of Acorus calamus 0.01 to 0.1 an extract of Alpinia galanga 0.01 to 0.1 an extract of Zingiber officinale 0.01 to 0.1 and pharmaceutically acceptable additives 95.7 to 98.97.

2. The formulation of claim 1 in the form of syrup, lozenge, or chewable tablet.

3. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the pharmaceutically acceptable additive is 60% to 80% sugar.

4. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the extract of Piper cubeba, the extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra, the extract of Acorus calamus, the extract of Alpinia galanga, or the extract of Zingiber officinale is a 50% aqueous alcohol extract.

5. The formulation of claim 4, wherein the alcohol is ethanol.

6. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the extract of Piper cubeba is a fruit extract.

7. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the extract of Piper cubeba, the extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra, the extract of Acorus calamus, the extract of Alpinia galanga, or the extract of Zingiber officinale is an extract of fruit, rhizome, root,or mixture thereof.

8. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the pharmaceutically acceptable additive is binder, diluent, lubricant, gildant, disintegrant, or mixture thereof.

9. The formulation of claim 8, wherein the diluent is lactose, starch, sugar, microcrystalline cellulose, basic calcium phosphate, calcium sulfate, or mixture thereof.

10. The formulation of claim 8, wherein the binder is starch paste, sorbitol, alginate, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, gum acacia, cellulose derivative, pregelatinized starch, tragacanth, or mixture thereof.

11. The formulation of claim 8, wherein the glidant is silica derivative, talc, starch, or mixture thereof.

12. The formulation of claim 8, wherein the lubricant is metal stearate, stearic acid, talc, a polyethylene glycol, a soluble salt boric acid, starch, lactose, or mixture thereof.

13. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the formulation is non-toxic.

14. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the formulation provides anti-spasmodic, expectorant and throat soothing properties.

15. A method of preparing an herbal formulation, the herbal formulation consisting of: TABLE-US-00010 INGREDIENTS wt./wt. % an extract of Piper cubeba 0.5 to 2.0 an extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra 0.5 to 2.0 an extract of Acorus calamus 0.01 to0.1 an extract of Alpinia galanga 0.01 to 0.1 an extract of Zingiber officinale 0.01 to 0.1 and pharmaceutically acceptable additive 95.7 to 98.97;

the method comprising: obtaining plant material; drying the plant material in shade; powdering the dried plant material; extracting the powdered plant material with aqueous alcohol at a temperature of 25-35.degree. C. for 4 to 7 days toobtain an aqueous alcoholic extract; concentrating the extract under reduced pressure at a temperature of 40-60 .degree. C. to obtain a concentrated extract, lyophilising the concentrated extract to obtain plant extract, and formulating the plantextract pharmaceutically acceptable additive to obtain the herbal formulation.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein formulating is producing syrup, lozenge, or chewable tablet.

17. The formulation of claim 15, wherein the pharmaceutically acceptable additive is 60% to 80% sugar.

18. The method of claim 15, wherein extracting is extracting with 50% aqueous alcohol.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein the alcohol is ethanol.

20. The method of claim 15, wherein the pharmaceutically acceptable additive is binder, diluent, lubricant, glidant, disintegrant, or mixture thereof.

21. The method of claim 20, wherein the diluent is lactose, starch, sugar, microcrystalline cellulose, basic calcium phosphate, calcium sulfate, or mixture thereof.

22. The method of claim 20, wherein the binder is starch paste, sorbitol, alginate, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, gum acacia, cellulose derivative, pregelatinized starch, tragacanth, or mixture thereof.

23. The method of claim 20, wherein the glidant is silica derivative, talc, starch, or mixture thereof.

24. The method of claim 20, wherein the lubricant is metal stearate, stearic acid, talc, a polyethylene glycol, a soluble salt boric acid, starch, lactose, or mixture thereof.

25. A method for soothing a throat in a subject in need thereof, comprising: administering to the subject an herbal formulation; the herbal formulation consisting of: TABLE-US-00011 INGREDIENTS wt./wt. % an extract of Piper cubeba 0.5 to 2.0an extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra 0.5 to 2.0 an extract of Acorus calamus 0.01 to 0.1 an extract of Alpinia galanga 0.01 to 0.1 an extract of Zingiber officinale 0.01 to 0.1 and pharmaceutically acceptable additive 95.7 to 98.97.

26. The method of claim 25, comprising soothing a vocal cord.

27. The method of claim 25, comprising soothing an inflamed throat.

28. The method of claim 25, comprising soothing a throat irritated by allergies.

29. The formulation of claim 9, wherein the sugar is mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol, dextrose, sucrose, or mixture thereof.

30. The method of claim 21, wherein the sugar is mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol, dextrose, sucrose, or mixture thereof.

31. The formulation of claim 10, wherein the cellulose derivative is hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose, methylcellulose, ethylcellulose, or mixture thereof.

32. The method of claim 22, wherein the cellulose derivative is hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose, methylcellulose, ethylcellulose, or mixture thereof.

33. The formulation of claim 12, wherein the soluble salt is sodium chloride, sodium benzoate, sodium lauryl sulfate, spray dried magnesium lauryl sulfate, or mixture thereof.

34. The method of claim 24, wherein the soluble salt is sodium chloride, sodium benzoate, sodium lauryl sulfate, spray dried magnesium lauryl sulfate, or mixture thereof.

35. The method of claim 15, wherein powdering comprises producing a fine powder.

36. The method of claim 15, wherein lyophilizing comprises completely removing solvent.
Description: FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to development of an anti-cough, anti-tussive and throat soothing herbal formulation(s).

BACKGROUND ART

Anti-tussives are substances that specifically inhibit or suppress the act of coughing. Such inhibition may be due to (1) depression of medullary center or associated higher centers (2) increased threshold of periphery reflexogenous zones (3)interruption of tussal impulses in the afferent limb of cough reflex (4) inhibition of conduction along the motor pathways and (5) removal of irritants by facilitating bronchial drainage and mucociliary activity.

Wide arrays of antitussive combinations are commercially available. The combinations can consist of two to four active ingredients and include any combination of an antitussive plus sympathomimetics, antihistamines, expectorants and/oranalgesics. These cough products are very controversial and rarely offer an advantage.

The over-the-counter (OTC) market has offered products for throat soothing for many years. Majorities of these products utilize phenol as their active ingredient. Phenol is the simple alcohol derivative of benzene. Both of these chemicals arelisted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as extremely carcinogenic.

Histamine is an endogenous mediator and plays an important role in bronchoconstriction. Mainly it acts through different receptors in the bronchial muscle. The histamine is stored in the mast cells during stress or abnormal physiologicalfunction, the mast cell degranulates and the histamine is released. The mediator histamine is playing a key role in the cough and throat infections.

A natural non-carcinogenic formulation for treatment of cough, soothing of throat is an alternative of phenol especially for the speakers, who need to speak for a longer duration of time, to prevent the breakdown of voice and dryness of themouth. Hitherto, an herbal formulation is the need of the hour having throat soothing activity along with prevention of dryness of mouth and breaking of voice. Only on oral tradition prevalent in certain group of South Indian Brahmin (Aiyangar)particularly those families who participate in vedic recital for days together, (one of the authors of this patent is from one such family) we have proposed an entirely novel formulation(s). These people use Piper cubeba for clearing throats and tomaintain a healthy and sound vocal system, while they recite veda continuously for over a week. Based on this lead we propose a novel formulation(s) in a combination with a better dosage form and activity.

As a result of intensive study conducted by the inventors, with the aim of achieving aforementioned objectives, new formulations for oral ingestion were developed employing herbal drugs which are from natural origin, incorporating them intobinders and diluting agents to form oral dosage forms.

OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION

The primary objective of the invention is to prepare a novel anti-tussive and throat soothing herbal formulation(s), which prevents dryness of mouth, and cracking of voice by toning the vocal cord.

Another objective of the present invention is to prepare a formulation(s) that gives immediate relief to throat irritation and also stimulates the release of saliva.

Yet another of the present invention is to prepare herbal formulation with a combination of the plants which are used in bronchitis, asthma, stimulate respiration, bronchodialator, antimicrobial, antitussive along with antiemeticanti-inflammatory, bronchial catarrh properties and also in the treatment of allergic reactions.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In accordance with the present invention a synergistic herbal composition is provided to prevent dryness of the mouth, cracking of voice, soreness of throat that contains Piper cubeba that has been used by a certain group of people as mentionedin the prior art for the above mentioned purpose as the active ingredient. Along with these plants other traditional plants like Glycyrrhiza glabra, Acorus calamus, Alpinia galanga and Zingiber officinale are added which are used in bronchitis, asthma,to stimulate respiration, antimicrobial, antitussive and also in the treatment of allergy.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, the present invention provides an anti-cough, anti-tussive, and throat soothing synergistic herbal formulation, which prevents dryness of mouth, and cracking of voice by toning the vocal cord, the said formulation comprising of:

TABLE-US-00001 INGREDIENTS wt./wt. % a) an extract of Piper cubeba 0.5 to 2.0 b) an extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra 0.5 to 2.0 c) an extract of Acorus calamus 0.01 to 0.1 d) an extract of Alpinia galanga 0.01 to 0.1 e) an extract of Zingiberofficinale 0.01 to 0.1 f) pharmaceutically acceptable additives 95.7 to 98.97

An embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation that may be administered in oral dosage form as a syrup, lozenges, or chewable tablets.

Another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation in which the syrup used may contain 60 to 80% sugar of the total formulation.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation in which the syrup used may contain 6 to 8% of aspertame for diabetic patients.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation in which the lozenges used contains sugar candy.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation wherein the extract of plants used is obtained by extraction with 50% aqueous alcoholic solution.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation in which the alcohol used is ethanol.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation in which the total wt % of the plant extracts used ranges between 1.03 to 4.3 of the total formulation.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation in which the extract of Piper cubeba used is a fruit extract.

Another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation in which the plant extracts used may be obtained from the plant parts selected from fruit, rhizome or root parts.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation, in which the pharmaceutically acceptable additives used are selected, from binder, diluent, lubricant, glidant or disintegrant.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation in which the diluents used are lactose, starches; sugars such as mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol, dextrose, sucrose; microcrystalline cellulose; basic calcium phosphate; calciumsulfate or mixtures thereof.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation in which the binders used are starch paste, sorbitol, alginates, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, gum acacia, cellulose derivatives such as hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose,hydroxypropyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose, methylcellulose, ethylcellulose, pregelatinized starch, tragacanth or mixtures thereof.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation in which the glidants used are silica derivatives, talc, starch or mixtures thereof.

Another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation in which the lubricant used are selected from metallic stearates, stearic acid, talc, polyethylene glycols, soluble salts such as sodium chloride, sodium benzoate, sodium laurylsulfate, spray dried magnesium lauryl sulfate, boric acid, starch, lactose or mixtures thereof.

In yet another embodiment, the binder used may be either starch or gum acacia or natural binders like tragacanth.

In still another embodiment, the diluent used to make up the dosage form may be lactose.

In still another embodiment, formulation(s) prevents dryness of mouth and cracking of voice by toning the vocal cord.

In an embodiment, the formulation is used as an antispasmodic and expectorant In another embodiment, the formulation immediately relieves throat irritation by acting as a soothing agent.

In still another embodiment, the mast cell regeneration was found to be 20.2.+-.3.1-59.3+5.2.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation, which is non-toxic and in which no mortality is observed.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a formulation, which has anti-spasmodic, expectorant and throat soothing properties.

One more embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparing a formulation, wherein the said method comprises steps of: a. obtaining the required part of medicinal plants,. b. drying the plant material of step (a) in shade, c.powdering the dried plant material of step (b) to obtain a fine powder, d. extracting the powdered plant material of step (c) with aqueous alcohol at a temperature range of 25-35.degree. C. for a time period of 4 to 7 days to obtain an aqueous alcoholicextract, e. concentrating the extract of step (d) under reduced pressure at a temperature range of 40-60.degree. C. to obtain a concentrated extract, f. lyophilising the concentrated extract of step (e) for complete removal of solvent to obtain therequired plant extract, and g. formulating the plant extract of step (f) with suitable pharmaceutically acceptable additives to obtain the required formulation.

Another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation wherein the formulation obtained may be administered orally in a dosage form as syrup, lozenges, or chewable tablets.

Another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation in which the syrup used may contain 60 to 80% sugar of the total formulation.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation in which the syrup used may contain 6 to 8% of aspertame for diabetic patients.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation in which the lozenges used contain sugar candy.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation in which the aqeuous alcohol solution used is 50% aqeous alcohol.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation in which the alcohol used is ethanol.

Another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation in which the total wt % of the plant extract obtained ranges between 1.03 to 4.3 of the total formulation.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation in which the pharmaceutically acceptable additives used are selected from a group consisting of binder, diluent, lubricant, glidant, disintegrantor mixtures thereof.

Another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation in which the diluents used are selected from lactose; starches; sugars such as mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol, dextrose, sucrose; microcrystallinecellulose; basic calcium phosphate; calcium sulfate or mixtures thereof.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation in which the binders used are selected from starch paste, sorbitol, alginates, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, gum acacia, cellulose derivatives such ashydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose, methylcellulose, ethylcellulose, pregelatinized starch, or mixtures thereof.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation in which the glidants used are selected from silica derivatives, talc, starch or mixtures thereof.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides a method of preparation of a formulation in which the lubricants used are selected from metallic stearates; stearic acid; talc; polyethylene glycols; soluble salts such as sodiumchloride, sodium benzoate, sodium lauryl sulfate; spray dried magnesium lauryl sulfate; boric acid, starch; lactose or mixtures thereof.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention provides use of a formulation for preventing dryness of mouth, cracking of voice and sustaining of voice.

Another embodiment of the present invention provides use of a formulation for toning of voice and vocal cord.

Another embodiment of the present invention provides use of a formulation in treating bronchial catarrh and allergic reactions in throat.

Still another embodiment of the present invention provides use of a formulation which when used orally in rats for six days does not affect the body weight, kidney, liver and spleen.

Another embodiment of the present invention provides use of a formulation, which gives mast cell regeneration in the % range of 20.2+3.1 to 59.3+5.2.

The novelty of the present investigation is (1) herbal formulation for the prevention of dryness of mouth and cracking of voice by toning of the vocal cord (2) the herbal formulation which is an antitussive, anticough and has throat soothingproperty (3) the herbal formulation gives immediate relief to throat irritation (4) unlike the commercial antitussive combinations, the herbal formulation maintains the vocal cord.

Each formulation has been described in detail giving the formula of the ingredients along with the method of preparation.

The first step in the preparation of these formulations involves a process for making, the plant material suitable for formulating into a syrup, lozenges or chewable tablets. The specified portion of the plant is collected and dried under shadeat room temperature (25-35.degree. C.) for 60-72 hours or until the material gets dried. The material is then powdered into a fine powder. A specified amount of the powdered material is then extracted exhaustively with 50% aqueous alcohol at roomtemperature (25-35.degree. C.). Extraction was carried out in a closed container immersing specified amount of the plant material in specified solvent (1:8-1:15 ratio) for 4-7 days. At the end of this stage, solvent is decanted and filtered ifnecessary to make it free from plant debris. The solvent is then concentrated by evaporating under vacuum at less than 40-60.degree. C. The concentrate is then freeze dried to obtain final product in powder form. The final product is then made intooral dosage form by using it as an ingredient for making syrup, lozenges or chewable tablets. Suitable binders like starch and diluents like lactose are added to make up the formulation. Simple syrup as mentioned in Indian Pharmacopoeia is taken formaking the syrup formulation.

The following examples are for illustration purpose only and should not be construed to limit the scope of the invention

EXAMPLES

Example--1

TABLE-US-00002 Piper cubeba 2 wt. % Glycyrrhia glabra 2 wt. % Acorus calamus 0.1 wt. % Alpinia galanga 0.1 wt. % Zingiber officinale 0.1 wt. % Sucrose 66.7 g Alcohol 10 wt. % Water q.s. to make 100 ml

Piper cubeba, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Acorus calamus, Alpinia galanga and Zingiber officinale were collected and dried in shade. The dried material (1 Kg) is then powdered and extracted with 50% aqueous alcohol (3 L) for 5 days. At the end of this,the solvent is decanted and filtered if necessary to remove the plant debris. The extract is then concentrated under vacuum at less than 50.degree. C. Then the extract is lyophilised to obtain the extract in powder form.

Mix the plant extracts and dissolve them in 500 ml 10% alcohol, filter the solution and add specified quantity of sugar and heat the until the sugar dissolves and then cool and make up the volume with required amount of water to make 100 ml.

The formulation is useful to prevent dryness of mouth and cracking of voice and is an antitussive.

Mast Cell Stabilization Activity

Rats were prior treated with 1 ml, 2 ml, 4 ml, and 6 ml to different groups and 3 hours after last dose treatment. Rats were sacrified and intestinal mesentry was taken for study of mast cells. Mesnteries of sacrified rats along with intestinalpieces were kept in a Ringer's solution at 37.degree. C.

Pieces of mesentry were stained with Toludiene blue (0.1% for 10 min), then the tissue was then transferred to xylene for 5-10 min. and finally rinsed 2 or 3 times with acetone.

The intestinal tissue pieces were out and removed, placed in a slide and stretched with the help of needles. Then, the tissue was examined under the microscope. The numbers of intact and disrupted mast cells per high field (400.times.) werecounted.

Example--2

TABLE-US-00003 Glycyrrhia glabra 1.5 wt. % Acorus calamus 0.12 wt. % Alpinia galanga 0.15 wt. % Zingiber officinale 0.05 wt. % Sucrose 66.7 g Alcohol 10 wt. % water q.s. to make 100 ml

Glycyrrhiza glabra, Acorus calamus, Alpinia galanga and Zingiber officinale were collected and dried in shade. The dried material (1 Kg) is then powdered and extracted with 50% aqueous alcohol (3 L) for 5 days. At the end of this, the solventis decanted and filtered if necessary to remove the plant debris. The extract is then concentrated under vacuum at less than 50.degree. C. Then the extract is lyophilised to obtain the extract in powder form.

Mix the plant extracts and dissolve them in 500 ml 10% alcohol, filter the solution and add specified quantity of sugar and heat the until the sugar dissolves and then cool and make up the volume with required amount of water to make 100 ml.

The formulation is useful as an expectorant.

Example--3

TABLE-US-00004 Piper cubeba 1 wt. % Glycyrrhia glabra 0.5 wt. % Acorus calamus 0.1 wt. % Alpinia galanga 0.06 wt. % Zingiber officinale 0.07 wt. % Sugar 70 wt. % Gum acacia 7 wt. % Water q.s.

Piper cubeba, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Acorus calamus, Alpinia galanga and Zingiber officinale were collected and dried in shade. The dried material (1 Kg) is then powdered and extracted with 50% aqueous alcohol (3 L) for 5 days. At the end of this,the solvent is decanted and filtered if necessary to remove the plant debris. The extract is then concentrated under vacuum at less than 50.degree. C. Then the extract is lyophilised to obtain the extract in powder form.

Powdered drug, powdered sugar, and powdered gum is taken and water is slowly added to form a pliable mass. The mass is rolled out and is cut into pieces using a cutter. Each piece is shaped and allowed to dry before dispensed.

The formulation is useful to prevent dryness of mouth and cracking of voice and is an antitussive.

Example--4

TABLE-US-00005 Piper cubeba 1.5 wt. % Glycyrrhia glabra 0.5 wt. % Acorus calamus 0.01 wt. % Alpinia galanga 0.05 wt. % Zingiber officinale 0.05 wt. % Alcohol 10 wt. % Syrup q.s.

Piper cubeba, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Acorus calamus, Alpinia galanga and Zingiber officinale were collected and dried in shade. The dried material (1 Kg) is then powdered and extracted with 50% aqueous alcohol (3 L) for 5 days. At the end of this,the solvent is decanted and filtered if necessary to remove the plant debris. The extract is then concentrated under vacuum at less than 50.degree. C. Then the extract is lyophilised to obtain the extract in powder form.

Syrup is concentrated to an extent that it becomes a pliable mass and then active ingredient is added and the mixture is kneaded while it is warm to form a homogenous mass. The mass is worked gradually worked into a tube and then cooled and thencut into pieces and dispensed.

The formulation is useful to prevent dryness of mouth and cracking of voice and is an antitussive.

Example--5

TABLE-US-00006 Piper cubeba 2 wt. % Glycyrrhia glabra 1.5 wt. % Acorus calamus 0.05 wt. % Alpinia galanga 0.05 wt. % Zingiber officinale 0.05 wt. % Polyvinyl pyrrolidine 2%

Piper cubeba, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Acorus calamus, Alpinia galanga and Zingiber officinale were collected and dried in shade. The dried material (1 Kg) is then powdered and extracted with 50% aqueous alcohol (3 L) for 5 days. At the end of this,the solvent is decanted and filtered if necessary to remove the plant debris. The extract is then concentrated under vacuum at less than 50.degree. C. Then the extract is lyophilized to obtain the extract in powder form. The ingredients are mixedalong with PVP and compressed directly in a tableting machine using more pressure to form hard tablets.

The formulation is useful to prevent dryness of mouth and cracking of voice and is an antitussive, gives immediate relief to throat irritation.

Advantages

1. Herbal composition, which prevents the dryness of mouth, cracking of voice and throat soothing, hence will be beneficial for speakers. 2. It also prevents soreness of throat and is useful as anticough and antitussive. 3. It is alsouseful in toning of voice and vocal cord. References: 1. U.S. Pat. No. 6,432,441 August 2002 Bealin-Kelly, et al. 2. U.S. Pat. No. 6,159,473 December 2000 Watkins, et al. 3. Remington, The science and practice of pharmacy, 19.sup.th edition, VolII. pp. 974,1393, 1995 4. Agarwal et al. Indian J. Exp. Biol. 38: pp. 994-998. 2000. 5. Anonymous. Indian Pharmacopoeia. Govt of India, 1996. 6. Johri et al. Ind. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 29(1), pp. 43-46, 1983

TABLE-US-00007 TABLE 1 Effect of cough syrup on percentage of degranulated and intact mast cells in rat intestinal mesentry Group (%) Treatment Intact mast cells (%) Degranulated mast cells 1. Control 18.02 .+-. 2.1 80.1 .+-. 5.6 2. Pipercubeba 38.05 .+-. 2.8.sup.c 59.6 .+-. 6.2.sup.a 3. Syrup 1 ml 40.02 .+-. 4.0.sup.c 59.3 .+-. 5.2.sup.a 4. Syrup 2 ml. 50.0 .+-. 4.2.sup.c 49.7 .+-. 4.8.sup.c 5. Syrup 4 ml. 64.0 .+-. 5.5.sup.c 35.6 .+-. 4.1.sup.c 6. Syrup 6 ml 78.0 .+-. 6.5.sup.c 20.2 .+-. 3.1.sup.c Values are mean .+-. SEM, n = 6 P .sup.a < 0.05 and .sup.c < 0.001 compared to respective control groups. Note: No mortality/no gross abnormality was found in any of the treated group. The designed formulationshowed dose dependent and significant (p: < 0.05 to P < 0.001) significant protection were found in release of histamine (bronchoconstructor) from the mast cells.

TABLE-US-00008 TABLE 2 Effect of cough syrup on relative mean .+-. SEM organ weights of adult male rats (n = 6). Type of Treatment Body weight treatment group (g) Kidney (g) Liver (g) Spleen (g) 6 days oral Control 152.8 .+-. 10.2 0.93 .+-. 0.05 5.81 .+-. 0.43 0.65 .+-. 0.05 treatment Syrup (4 ml) 156.2 .+-. 11.0 0.95 .+-. 0.06 5.88 .+-. 0.59 0.67 .+-. 0.04 Syrup (6 mL) 155.5 .+-. 10.8 0.94 .+-. 0.06 5.92 .+-. 0.47 0.71 .+-. 0.1 Note: No mortality/gross abnormality was observed inthe animals during the exposure of the syrup.

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