Resources Contact Us Home
Browse by: INVENTOR PATENT HOLDER PATENT NUMBER DATE
 
 
Systems and methods for the drilling and completion of boreholes using a continuously variable transmission to control one or more system components
7481281 Systems and methods for the drilling and completion of boreholes using a continuously variable transmission to control one or more system components
Patent Drawings:Drawing: 7481281-10    Drawing: 7481281-11    Drawing: 7481281-12    Drawing: 7481281-13    Drawing: 7481281-14    Drawing: 7481281-15    Drawing: 7481281-16    Drawing: 7481281-17    Drawing: 7481281-18    Drawing: 7481281-19    
« 1 2 3 »

(21 images)

Inventor: Schuaf
Date Issued: January 27, 2009
Application: 10/831,975
Filed: April 26, 2004
Inventors: Schuaf; Stuart (Houston, TX)
Assignee: Intersyn IP Holdings, LLC (Houston, TX)
Primary Examiner: Chilcot, Jr.; Richard E
Assistant Examiner: Smith; Matthew J
Attorney Or Agent: Huston; Charles D.Daffer McDaniel, LLP
U.S. Class: 175/61; 166/68.5; 173/48; 474/12; 475/73; 475/83; 476/40; 73/862.045; 74/113
Field Of Search: 175/61; 73/862.045; 166/68.5; 74/112; 74/113; 475/73; 475/83; 476/40; 474/12; 173/48
International Class: E21B 7/04
U.S Patent Documents:
Foreign Patent Documents: 2 177 738
Other References: International Search Report, PCT/US2004/012753, mailed Dec. 15, 2004. cited by other.









Abstract: Systems and methods for drilling a borehole are provided. One system includes a continuously variable transmission. An input shaft of the continuously variable transmission is coupled to a power supply. An output shaft of the continuously variable transmission is coupled to one or more system components such that the continuously variable transmission controls rotation of the one or more system components. One method for drilling a borehole includes supplying power to an input shaft of a continuously variable transmission. The method also includes controlling rotation of one or more system components using the continuously variable transmission during drilling of the borehole. The one or more system components are coupled to an output shaft of the continuously variable transmission. Also provided is a borehole that is drilled by this method.
Claim: What is claimed is:

1. A system configured for drilling a borehole, comprising a continuously variable transmission and a control subsystem coupled to the continuously variable transmission toalter one or more parameters of the continuously variable transmission, wherein an input shaft of the continuously variable transmission is coupled to a power supply, and wherein an output shaft of the continuously variable transmission is coupled to oneor more system components such that the continuously variable transmission controls rotation of the one or more system components.

2. The system of claim 1, wherein a transmission ratio of the continuously variable transmission is varied depending on one or more characteristics selected for the borehole.

3. The system of claim 1, wherein a transmission ratio of the continuously variable transmission is varied depending on one or more characteristics of a formation in which the borehole will be drilled.

4. The system of claim 1, wherein the continuously variable transmission comprises mechanical elements for controlling the rotation of the one or more system components.

5. The system of claim 1, wherein the continuously variable transmission comprises conical elements, and wherein relative rotation of the conical elements controls the rotation of the one or more system components.

6. The system of claim 1, wherein the continuously variable transmission comprises spherical elements, and wherein relative rotation of the spherical elements controls the rotation of the one or more system components.

7. The system of claim 1, wherein the continuously variable transmission comprises disk elements, and wherein relative rotation of the disk elements controls the rotation of the one or more system components.

8. The system of claim 1, wherein the continuously variable transmission comprises toroidal elements, and wherein relative rotation of the toroidal elements controls the rotation of the one or more system components.

9. The system of claim 1, wherein the continuously variable transmission comprises one or more belts coupled to pulley elements, and wherein an effective diameter of the pulley elements controls the rotation of the one or more systemcomponents.

10. The system of claim 1, wherein the continuously variable transmission comprises a gear and tooth assembly that couples control arms to mechanical elements of the continuously variable transmission, wherein translation of the control arms isconverted to rotation of the mechanical elements, and wherein relative rotation of the mechanical elements controls the rotation of the one or more system components.

11. The system of claim 1, wherein the output shaft of the continuously variable transmission is further coupled to the one or more system components by a mandrel.

12. The system of claim 1, wherein the continuously variable transmission comprises a central cylinder traversing its longitudinal axis, and wherein the central cylinder is configured such that drilling fluid can flow through the centralcylinder.

13. The system of claim 1, wherein the control subsystem comprises an electrical subsystem that is configured to alter one or more parameters of the continuously variable transmission.

14. The system of claim 1, further comprising a control subsystem coupled to the continuously variable transmission, wherein the control subsystem comprises an electro-magnetic subsystem that is configured to alter one or more parameters of thecontinuously variable transmission.

15. The system of claim 1, further comprising a control subsystem coupled to the continuously variable transmission, wherein the control subsystem comprises a mechanical subsystem that is configured to alter one or more parameters of thecontinuously variable transmission.

16. The system of claim 1, further comprising a control subsystem coupled to the continuously variable transmission, wherein the control subsystem comprises a hydraulic subsystem that is configured to alter one or more parameters of thecontinuously variable transmission.

17. The system of claim 1, further comprising a control subsystem coupled to the continuously variable transmission, wherein the control subsystem comprises an electrical subsystem, an electro-magnetic subsystem, a mechanical subsystem, ahydraulic subsystem, or some combination thereof that is configured to alter one or more parameters of the continuously variable transmission.

18. The system of claim 1, further comprising a control subsystem coupled to the continuously variable transmission, wherein the control subsystem is configured to actively alter one or more parameters of the continuously variable transmission.

19. The system of claim 1, further comprising a control subsystem coupled to the continuously variable transmission, wherein the control subsystem is configured to passively alter one or more parameters of the continuously variabletransmission.

20. The system of claim 1, wherein the input shaft of the continuously variable transmission is further coupled directly to the power supply.

21. The system of claim 1, wherein the power supply is generated by relative rotation between elements of the system or between one or more elements of the system and a formation in which the borehole is being drilled.

22. The system of claim 1, wherein the power supply comprises a turbine assembly.

23. The system of claim 1, wherein the power supply comprises an electric motor.

24. The system of claim 1, wherein the power supply comprises a positive displacement motor.

25. The system of claim 1, wherein the power supply comprises a turbine assembly in combination with a positive displacement motor.

26. The system of claim 1, wherein the continuously variable transmission is configured as an infinitely variable transmission.

27. The system of claim 1, further comprising a fixed gear ratio device coupled to the continuously variable transmission, wherein the fixed gear ratio device is configured to provide increased control of a transmission ratio of thecontinuously variable transmission.

28. The system of claim 1, further comprising a harmonic drive coupled to the continuously variable transmission, wherein the harmonic drive is configured to provide increased control of a transmission ratio of the continuously variabletransmission.

29. The system of claim 1, wherein the system is further configured as a rotary steerable system.

30. The system of claim 1, wherein the system is further configured as a measuring-while-drilling system.

31. The system of claim 1, wherein the system further comprises a conveyance means, and wherein the conveyance means comprises wireline, coiled tubing, a drill string, casing while drilling means, or self propelled means.

32. The system of claim 1, further comprising an adjustable stabilizer.

33. The system of claim 1, further comprising a biasing subsystem.

34. The system of claim 1, further comprising a biasing subsystem that is configured to rotationally position the one or more system components.

35. The system of claim 1, further comprising a biasing subsystem that is configured to axially position the one or more system components.

36. The system of claim 35, wherein the one or more system components are coupled to a ball screw.

37. The system of claim 1, wherein the system is further configured to drill at an angle to the borehole using a deflecting tool.

38. A borehole drilled by a method, the method comprising: supplying power from a downhole fluid-driven power supply to an input shaft of a continuously variable transmission; and controlling and varying rotation of one or more systemcomponents using the continuously variable transmission during drilling of the borehole, wherein the one or more system components are coupled to an output shaft of the continuously variable transmission.

39. The method of claim 38, including varying a transmission ratio of the continuously variable transmission depending on one or more characteristics selected for the borehole.

40. The method of claim 38, including varying a transmission ratio of the continuously variable transmission depending on one or more characteristics of a formation in which the borehole will be drilled.

41. The method of claim 38, including conveying the continuously variable transmission in the borehole by a wireline, coiled tubing, a drill string, casing while drilling, or self-propelled.

42. The method of claim 38, including rotationally positioning the continuously variable transmission with a biasing subsystem.

43. The method of claim 38, including axially positioning the continuously variable transmission with a biasing subsystem.

44. The method of claim 38, including drilling the borehole using a drilling system component and deflecting the drilling system component.

45. A system configured to complete a well, comprising a continuously variable transmission, wherein an input shaft of the continuously variable transmission is coupled to a relative rotation power supply driven by downhole fluid flow, andwherein an output shaft of the continuously variable transmission is coupled to one or more completion tool components such that the continuously variable transmission controls rotation of the one or more completion tool components.

46. The system of claim 45, wherein the system is further configured to orient downhole equipment in a borehole of the well to position sensors within the borehole or to open or close a control component of the system.

47. The system of claim 45, wherein the continuously variable transmission is further configured to control relative rotation of a downhole pump to operate the pump at maximum efficiency and optimal rotation rate for fluids being pumped.

48. The system of claim 45, wherein the system is further configured to convert the rotation to axial movement along a length of a pipe using a ball screw.

49. The system of claim 48, wherein the axial movement positions the one or more completion tool components axially within a borehole of the well.

50. The system of claim 49, wherein the one or more completion tool components comprise control elements, sensors, valves, or some combination thereof.

51. A well completion method comprising: supplying power directly from a downhole fluid-driven turbine to an input shaft of a continuously variable transmission; controlling rotation of one or more completion tool components using thecontinuously variable transmission during completion of the well, wherein the one or more completion tool components are coupled to an output shaft of the continuously variable transmission; and controlling orientation of one or more completion toolcomponents within the borehole of the well using the continuously variable transmission.

52. The method of claim 51, further comprising orienting the completion tool components in a borehole of the well to position sensors within the borehole.

53. The method of claim 51, further comprising orienting the completion tool components in a borehole of the well to open or close a control component of the system.

54. The method of claim 51, further comprising controlling relative rotation of a downhole pump using the continuously variable transmission to operate the pump at maximum efficiency and optimal rotation rate for fluids being pumped.

55. The method of claim 51, further comprising converting the rotation of said one or more completion tool components to axial movement along a length of a pipe using a ball screw.

56. The method of claim 55, wherein the axial movement positions the one or more completion tool components axially within a borehole of the well.

57. The method of claim 51, wherein the one or more completion tool components comprise control elements, sensors, valves, or some combination thereof.
Description:
 
 
  Recently Added Patents
Cis-alkoxy-substituted spirocyclic 1-H-pyrrolidine-2,4-dione derivatives
Method and system for generating and displaying an interactive dynamic graph view of multiply connected objects
Session transfer method, application server, and communications system
Thermoplastic resin composition
Electric washing machine
Adaptive input interface
Image reading apparatus and image forming apparatus
  Randomly Featured Patents
Raster-shaped heat-sealable adhesive coating for textiles and method of producing the same using a powder printing procedure
Glass substrate for reflective mirror, reflective mirror including the glass substrate, glass substrate for liquid crystal panel, and liquid crystal panel including the glass substrate
Information recording medium with pits edges shifted in a step-wise fashion
Growth method for reducing defect density of gallium nitride
Flat panel display having non-evaporable getter material
India ink container
Cord reel assembly
Channel changing method in digital broadcasting service
Method of manufacturing reading materials to improve reading skills
Method of making and using a welding chill