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Diesel engine fuel injection pipe
6415768 Diesel engine fuel injection pipe
Patent Drawings:Drawing: 6415768-10    Drawing: 6415768-11    Drawing: 6415768-12    Drawing: 6415768-13    Drawing: 6415768-14    Drawing: 6415768-2    Drawing: 6415768-3    Drawing: 6415768-4    Drawing: 6415768-5    Drawing: 6415768-6    
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Inventor: Usui
Date Issued: July 9, 2002
Application: 09/723,601
Filed: November 28, 2000
Inventors: Usui; Shoichiro (Sendai, JP)
Assignee:
Primary Examiner: Argenbright; Tony M.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Casella; Anthony J.Hespos; Gerald E.
U.S. Class: 123/468; 138/44; 285/197; 285/354
Field Of Search: 123/456; 123/468; 123/469; 138/44
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents: 4526151; 4832376; 4893601; 4900180; 5120084; 5143410; 5169182; 5172939; 5667255; 5752486; 5887910; 5903964; 5937909; 5957507; 5979945; 5992904; 6050611; 6070618; 6126208
Foreign Patent Documents: 2-80289; 3-177693; 4-175462; 2000-27731
Other References:









Abstract: There is provided a diesel engine fuel injection pipe which is capable of suppressing pressure variations in the fuel injection pipe and effecting stable injection of fuel and which has a connection portion sealed with high stability. A diesel engine fuel injection pipe includes a head having a conical or spherical seat surface, a clamping nut, and an orifice-pipe disposed at an end of the fuel injection pipe or in the interior of the fuel injection pipe near the end thereof, the orifice pipe having an outer diameter smaller than or equal to the diameter of a pipe passage of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe in the interior of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe near at least one end portion thereof.
Claim: What is claimed is:

1. A diesel engine fuel injection pipe comprising:

a head having a conical or spherical seat surface;

a clamping nut; and

an orifice pipe disposed at an end of the fuel injection pipe or in the interior of the fuel injection pipe near the end thereof, the orifice pipe having an outer diameter smaller than or equal to the diameter of a pipe passage of the dieselengine fuel injection pipe in the interior of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe near at least one end portion thereof.

2. A diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to claim 1, wherein the orifice pipe is secured in the interior of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe by an external diameter-reducing force.

3. A diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to claim 2, wherein the orifice pipe has a projecting portion one end of which projects outward from the end of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe.

4. A diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to claim 3, wherein the projecting portion has a flange portion having a diameter larger than the diameter of the pipe passage.

5. A diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to claim 2, wherein the orifice pipe is made of a hard-metal-made pipe body and a soft-metal-made ring fitted on one end of the pipe body which projects outward from the end of the diesel enginefuel injection pipe.

6. A diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to claim 2, wherein the orifice pipe is made of a hard-metal-made inner pipe and a soft-metal-made outer pipe having a flange portion which projects outward from the end of the diesel engine fuelinjection pipe.

7. A diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to claim 1, wherein the orifice pipe has a projecting portion one end of which projects outward from the end of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe.

8. A diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to claim 1, wherein the orifice pipe is made of a hard-metal-made pipe body and a soft-metal-made ring fitted on one end of the pipe body which projects outward from the end of the diesel enginefuel injection pipe.

9. A diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to claim 1, wherein the orifice pipe is made of a hard-metal-made inner pipe and a soft-metal-made outer pipe having a flange portion which projects outward from the end of the diesel engine fuelinjection pipe.
Description: BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a high-pressure fuel injection pipe which is in use connected to a common rail system or a P-L-D (pump line delivery) injection system (hereinafter referred to as the P-L-D injection system) for a diesel internalcombustion engine.

2. Description of the Prior Arts

This kind of diesel engine fuel injection pipe has heretofore included, for example, a truncated conical connecting head 12 which has a seat surface 13 made of an outside circumferential surface formed at the end of a thick-walled steel pipe 11as shown in FIG. 13, or a truncated conical connecting head 22 which has a seat surface 23 made of an outside circumferential surface formed at the end of a thick-walled steel pipe 21 as shown in FIG. 14. Each of the truncated conical connecting heads12 and 22 is formed by buckling under axial pressure which is applied from the outside by a punch member, and at the same time a circumferential wall of each of the connecting heads 12 and 22 is expanded outwardly by buckling under such axial pressure,whereby an annular pocket 15-1 (FIG. 13) or an annular notch 15-2 (FIG. 14) is formed in the inside of the connecting head 12 or 22. The diesel engine fuel injection pipe is at present in use in the above-described state. Incidentally, referencenumeral 14 denotes a sleeve washer fitted to the back of the connecting head, and reference numeral 16 denotes a clamping nut.

In a fuel injection system which adopts such a diesel engine fuel injection pipe, the diesel engine fuel injection pipe is made short in order to inject a sufficient amount of fuel into a combustion chamber without causing pressure loss in thepipe as well as in terms of the convenience of piping. However, even in such a short injection pipe, when a valve is closed after the injection of fuel, pressure variations occur in the injection pipe. These pressure variations reach even a common railthrough the pipe in the form of pulsations, and further affect the next cylinder. This leads to the problem that the fuel injection pipe cannot effect stable injection of fuel.

As a countermeasure against this problem, it is possible to reduce the pressure variations, as by enlarging the inner diameter of the injection pipe or the common rail to increase the volume of the pipe. However, there occurs the disadvantagethat pulsations propagate fast. In order to suppress the pulsations and make the propagation thereof slow and small, the methods of forming orifices in common rails have been developed. Two methods are known as such methods. One of the methods is tomake far smaller the diameter of each branch hole formed in a common rail and give orifice functions to the respective branch holes, while the other is to insert a metal ring member (piece) having an orifice into each branch hole portion of a commonrail. Either method is capable of suppressing pulsations and making the propagation thereof slow. However, the method of making far smaller the respective diameters of branch holes in a common rail and giving orifice functions to the respective branchholes has the disadvantage that since repetitive high pressures are applied to the branch hole portions, a wall thickness of a minimum of 7 mm or more is needed, and also since machining must be performed at a location deep under the peripheral surfaceof the common rail, orifices are not easy to form. The method of inserting a metal ring member (piece) having an orifice into each branch hole portion has the disadvantage that two portions, i.e., the portion between the common rail and the metal ringmember and the portion between the injection pipe and the metal ring member, are sealed by the axial force of one clamping nut incorporated in the injection pipe, but the resultant sealing is poor in stability.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention has been made to solve the above-described problems, and provides a diesel engine fuel injection pipe which has an orifice pipe provided at its end portion so as to suppress pulsations, make the propagation thereof slow andsmall, and effect stable injection of fuel.

According to the gist of the present invention, an orifice pipe having an outer diameter smaller than or equal to the diameter of a pipe passage of the fuel injection pipe is disposed at an end of the fuel injection pipe or in the interior of thefuel injection pipe near the end thereof, on at least one side, preferably, a common-rail side in the case of a diesel engine fuel injection pipe which has a head having a conical or spherical seat surface and a clamping nut, or in the interior of thefuel injection pipe near a pump-side end thereof in the case of a P-L-D injection system.

The orifice pipe may be secured in the interior of the fuel injection pipe by an external diameter-reducing force. Otherwise, the orifice pipe may have a projecting portion one end of which projects outward from the end of the fuel injectionpipe. Otherwise, the orifice pipe may have a flange portion having a diameter larger than the diameter of the pipe passage. Otherwise, the orifice pipe may be made of a hard-metal-made. pipe body and a soft-metal-made ring fitted on one end of thepipe body which projects outward from the end of the fuel injection pipe. Otherwise, the orifice pipe may be made of a hard-metal-made inner pipe and a soft-metal-made outer pipe having a flange portion which projects outward from the end of the fuelinjection pipe.

In other words, according to the present invention, the orifice pipe is disposed at or inward of the end opening of the connecting head of the fuel injection pipe, and this orifice pipe serves the role of an orifice and makes it possible tosuppress pulsations, make the propagation of pulsations slow and small, and effect stable injection of fuel without affecting sealing performance. In addition, since the flange portion or the ring is made of a soft metal, the axial force of the clampingnut is prevented from being cancelled and a decrease in sealing surface pressure is prevented.

In the present invention, means for fixing the orifice pipe may be press fitting, caulking, rolling, shrinkage fitting, soldering, welding or the clamping of the flange portion between the orifice pipe and a mating seat surface.

BRIEFDESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The invention will become more readily appreciated and understood from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the invention when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a first embodiment of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a second embodiment of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a third embodiment of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to the present invention, showing an example in which an orifice pipe is disposed approximately flush with the end surface of aconnecting head;

FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view showing the third embodiment of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to the present invention, showing an example in which a portion of the orifice pipe is secured in the state of being projectedfrom the end surface of the connecting head;

FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a fourth embodiment of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a fifth embodiment of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a sixth embodiment of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to the present invention;

FIG. 8 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a seventh embodiment of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to the present invention;

FIG. 9 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a connection structure example in which the diesel engine fuel injection pipe shown in FIG. 1 is applied to a common rail;

FIG. 10 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a connection structure example in which the diesel engine fuel injection pipe shown in FIG. 2 is applied to a P-L-D injection system;

FIG. 11 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a connection structure example in which the diesel engine fuel injection pipe shown in FIG. 7 is applied to a common rail;

FIG. 12 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a connection structure example in which the diesel engine fuel injection pipe shown in FIG. 8 is applied to a common rail;

FIG. 13 is a longitudinal sectional view showing one example of a fuel injection pipe connection structure in a prior art common rail to which the present invention is to be directed; and

FIG. 14 is a longitudinal sectional view showing one example of pressure variation suppressing means in the fuel injection pipe connection structure in the prior art common rail.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

In the present invention, reference numeral 1 denotes a fuel injection pipe, reference numeral 2 a connecting head, reference numerals 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 3e, 3f, and 3g orifice pipes, reference numeral 4 a clamping nut, reference numeral 5 a sleevewasher, reference numeral 6 a main pipe rail, and reference numeral 7 a pump body disposed in a P-L-D injection system.

The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 1 includes the truncated conical connecting head 2 which has a seat surface 2-1a made of an outside circumferential surface formed at the end of a thick-walled steel pipe 1-1, and an orificepipe 3a which is fixedly fitted in the end opening of the connecting head 2 and which has a flange portion 3a-1 and an outer diameter approximately equal to the diameter of a pipe passage 1-3 of the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1. The flange portion 3a-1of the orifice pipe 3a has a diameter larger than that of the pipe passage 1-3, and projects outward from the end of the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1. As described previously, means for fixing the orifice pipe 3a may be press fitting, caulking, rolling,shrinkage fitting, soldering, welding or other similar means, but the orifice pipe 3a need not necessarily be fixed. The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 has the clamping nut 4 and the sleeve washer 5 each fitted on the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1.

The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 2 has a construction similar to that shown in FIG. 1, except for the orifice pipe 3b. The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 includes the truncated conical connecting head 2 which has theseat surface 2-1a made of an outside circumferential surface formed at the end of the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1, and the orifice pipe 3b which is fixedly fitted in the end opening of the connecting head 2 and which has a flange portion 3b-1 and anouter diameter approximately equal to the diameter of the pipe passage 1-3 of the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1. The flange portion 3b-1 of the orifice pipe 3b is made thick-wall so that the flange portion 3b-1 can be secured in contact with a matingmember, and has an outer circumferential surface formed as a seat surface 3b-2 which constitutes the same inclined surface as the seat surface 2-1a of the connecting head 2. Incidentally, the end opening of the orifice pipe 3b may be formed as aninversely gently tapered hole 3b-3 which is opened outwardly as shown..

The respective diesel engine fuel injection pipes 1 shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 have constructions each similar to that shown in FIG. 1, except for the orifice pipe 3c and an orifice pipe 3c. The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 3includes the truncated conical connecting head 2 which has the seat surface 2-1a made of an outside circumferential surface formed at the end of the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1, and the orifice pipe 3c which is fixedly fitted in the end opening of theconnecting head 2 and which has an outer diameter approximately equal to the diameter of the pipe passage 1-3 of the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1. A recess 3c-1 is formed in an outer circumferential portion of the end of the orifice pipe 3c in advance orat the same time as the connecting head 2, and during the formation of the connecting head 2, the connecting head 2 is made to plastically flow into the recess 3c-1 so that the orifice pipe 3c is secured to the connecting head 2. Specifically, theorifice pipe 3c is secured to the connecting head 2 with the end opening being caulked so that the end opening is approximately flush with the end surface of the connecting head 2 as shown in FIG. 3. In FIG. 4, a recess 3c'-1 is formed in theapproximate middle of the orifice pipe 3c' in advance or at the same time as the connecting head 2, and during the formation of the connecting head 2, the connecting head 2 is made to plastically flow into the recess 3c'-1 so that the orifice pipe 3c,can be secured to the connecting head 2 with the end portion of the orifice pipe 3c' projected from the end surface of the connecting head 2.

The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 2 has a construction similar to that shown in FIG. 1, except for the orifice pipe 3d. The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 includes the truncated conical connecting head 2 which has theseat surface 2-1a made of an outside circumferential surface formed at the end of the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1, and the orifice pipe 3d which has an outer diameter approximately equal to the diameter of the pipe passage 1-3-of the thick-walled steelpipe 1-1 and is fixedly fitted in the end opening of the connecting head 2 by a concave-convex fitting method. The orifice pipe 3d is fitted in the connecting head 2 in the state where an annular concave groove 2-1b formed during the process of bucklingthe connecting head 2 under pressure is covered with an annular convex portion 3d-1.

The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 6 has a construction similar to that shown in FIG. 1, except for the orifice pipe 3e. The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 includes the truncated conical connecting head 2 which has theseat surface 2-1a made of an outside circumferential surface formed at the end of the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1, and the orifice pipe 3e which has an outer diameter approximately equal to the diameter of the pipe passage 1-3 of the thick-walled steelpipe 1-1 and is fixedly fitted in the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1 inwardly of the end opening of the connecting head 2. A reduced-diameter portion 3e-1 is formed in a portion of the orifice pipe 3e in advance, and the thick wall of the thick-walledsteel pipe 1-1 is externally made to flow plastically into the reduced-diameter portion 3e-1 during the formation of the connecting head 2 or by caulking or rolling, so that the orifice pipe 3e is secured to the connecting head 2. The reason why theorifice pipe 3e is disposed not flush with but inward from the end opening of the connecting head 2 and is caulked upstream of the connecting head 2 is to prevent the seat surface 2-1a from being damaged during the formation of the connecting head 2.

Incidentally, the orifice pipe need not necessarily be secured, but may also be secured by soldering, shrinkage fitting, welding, press fitting or the like.

The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 7 has a construction-similar to that shown in any of FIGS. 1 to 6, except for the orifice pipe 3f. The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 includes the truncated conical connecting head 2which has the seat surface 2-1a made of an outside circumferential surface formed at the end of the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1, and the orifice pipe 3f fixedly fitted in the end opening of the connecting head 2. The orifice pipe 3f is made of a pipebody 3f-1 having an outer diameter approximately equal to the diameter of the pipe passage 1-3 and a soft-metal-made ring 3f-2 fitted on the end portion of the pipe body 3f-1. The soft-metal-made ring 3f-2 of the orifice pipe 3f is made thick-wall sothat the ring 3f-2 is secured in contact with a mating member.

The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 8 has a construction similar to that shown in any of FIGS. 1 to 6, except for the orifice pipe 3g. The diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 includes the truncated conical connecting head 2which has the seat surface 2-1a made of an outside circumferential surface formed at the end of the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1, and the orifice pipe 3g fixedly fitted in the end opening of the connecting head 2. The orifice pipe 3g is made of asoft-metal-made outer pipe 3g-2 which has an outer diameter approximately equal to the diameter of the pipe passage 1-3 of the thick-walled steel pipe 1-1 and has a flange portion 3g-2' at its end, and a soft-metal-made inner pipe 3g-1 havingapproximately the same wall thickness as the outer pipe 3g-2. The flange portion 3g-2' of the outer pipe 3g-2 of the orifice pipe 3g is made thick-wall so that the flange portion 3g-2' is secured in contact with a mating member.

A connection structure example in which the diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 1 is applied to a common rail will be described below with reference to FIG. 9.

In the connection structure shown in FIG. 9, plural boss portions 6-4 are provided on the peripheral portion of the main pipe rail 6 made from a circular pipe, in such a manner as to be spaced part from one another in the axial direction of themain pipe rail 6, and branch holes 6-2 are formed in the respective boss portions 6-4. Each of the branch holes 6-2 communicates with a circulating passage 6-1 and has a pressure-receiving seat surface 6-3 which is opened outwardly. The seat surface(pressure-applying seat surface) 2-1a which is formed by the connecting head 2 of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe shown in FIG. 1 is brought into engagement with the pressure-receiving seat surface 6-3 of the main pipe rail 6, and the clamping nut4 fitted on the fuel injection pipe 1 by means of the sleeve washer 5 is screwed onto the boss portion 6-4 so that the fuel injection pipe 1 is fastened and connected to the main pipe rail 6 by the pressure applied to the neck portion of the connectinghead 2.

A connection structure example in which the diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 2 is applied to a P-L-D injection system will be described below with reference to FIG. 10.

In the connection structure shown in FIG. 10, branch holes 7-2, each of which communicates with the pump body 7 and has a pressure-receiving seat surface 7-3 which is opened outwardly, are respectively formed in boss portions 7-4 which aredisposed on the peripheral portion of the pump body 7 in the axial direction thereof. The seat surface (pressure-applying seat surface) 2-1a which is formed by the connecting head 2 of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 2 and the seatsurface (pressure-applying seat surface) 3b-2 formed on the flange portion 3b-1 of the orifice pipe 3b are brought into engagement with the pressure-receiving seat surface 7-3 of the pump body 7, and the clamping nut 4 fitted on the fuel injection pipe 1by means of the sleeve washer 5 is screwed onto the boss portion 7-4 so that the fuel injection pipe 1 is fastened and connected to the pump body 7 by the pressure applied to the neck portion of the connecting head 2.

In the case of the orifice pipe 3b, the seat surface 3b-2 to be brought into abutment with the pressure-receiving seat surface 7-3 is formed around the circumferential surface of the end portion of the seat surface 3b-2 so that when the fuelinjection pipe 1 is connected to the pump body 7 by tightening the clamping nut 4, the end of the flange portion 3b-1 of the orifice pipe 3b is brought into engagement with the pressure-receiving seat surface 7-3 of the pump body 7. Accordingly, bytightening the clamping nut 4, the orifice pipe 3b is clamped between the connecting head 2 and the pressure-receiving seat surface 7-3, whereby the orifice pipe 3b is secured far more firmly.

A connection structure example in which the diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 7 is applied to a common rail will be described below with reference to FIG. 11.

As in the connection structure shown in FIG. 9, plural boss portions 8-4 are provided on the peripheral portion of a main pipe rail 8 made from a circular pipe, in such a manner as to be spaced part from one another in the axial direction of themain pipe rail 8, and branch holes 8-2 are formed in the respective boss portions 8-4. Each of the branch holes 8-2 communicates with a circulating passage 8-1 of the main pipe rail 8 and has a pressure-receiving seat surface 8-3 which is openedoutwardly. The seat surface (pressure-applying seat surface) 2-1a which is formed by the connecting head 2 of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 7 is brought into engagement with the pressure-receiving seat surface 8-3 of the mainpipe rail 8, and the clamping nut 4 fitted on the fuel injection pipe 1 by means of the sleeve washer 5 is screwed onto the boss portion 8-4 so that the fuel injection pipe 1 is fastened and connected to the main pipe rail 8 by the pressure applied tothe neck portion of the connecting head 2.

In the case of the orifice pipe 3f, the circumferential surface of the end portion of the thick-walled ring 3f-2 is brought into abutment with the pressure-receiving seat surface 8-3 so as to form a seat surface so that when the fuel injectionpipe 1 is fastened and connected to the boss portion 8-4 of the main pipe rail 8 by tightening the clamping nut 4, the end of the thick-walled ring 3f-2 of the orifice pipe 3f is brought into engagement with the pressure-receiving seat surface 8-3 of themain pipe rail 8. Accordingly, by tightening the clamping nut 4, the orifice pipe 3f is clamped between the connecting head 2 and the pressure-receiving seat surface 8-3, whereby not only is the orifice pipe 3f secured far more firmly, but alsoextremely good sealing performance can be achieved because the ring 3f-2 is made of a soft metal. In addition, since the ring 3f-2 is made from soft metal and the pipe body 3f-1 made of a hard metal, the ring 3f-2 can be firmly secured to the pipepassage 1-3 without being reduced in diameter during the formation of the connecting head 2.

A connection structure example in which the diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 8 is applied to a common rail will be described below with reference to FIG. 12.

As in the connection structure shown in FIG. 11, plural boss portions 9-4 are provided on the peripheral portion of a main pipe rail 9 made from a circular pipe, in such a manner as to be spaced part from one another in the axial direction of themain pipe rail 9, and branch holes 9-2 are formed in the respective boss portions 9-4. Each of the branch holes 9-2 communicates with a circulating passage 9-1 of the main pipe rail 9 and has a pressure-receiving seat surface 9-3 which is openedoutwardly. The seat surface (pressure-applying seat surface) 2-1a which is formed by the connecting head 2 of the diesel engine fuel injection pipe 1 shown in FIG. 8 is brought into engagement with the pressure-receiving seat surface 9-3 of the mainpipe rail 9, and the clamping nut 4 fitted on the fuel injection pipe 1 by means of the sleeve washer 5 is screwed onto the boss portion 9-4 so that the fuel injection pipe 1 is fastened and connected to the main pipe rail 9 by the pressure applied tothe neck portion of the connecting head 2.

In the case of the orifice pipe 3g as well, similarly to the orifice pipe 3f shown in FIG. 11, the circumferential surface of the end portion of the flange portion 3g-2' is brought into abutment with the pressure-receiving seat surface 9-3 so asto form a seat surface so that when the fuel injection pipe 1 is fastened and connected to the boss portion 9-4 of the main pipe rail 9 by tightening the clamping nut 4, the flange portion 3g-2' of the thick-walled outer pipe 3g-2 of the orifice pipe 3gis brought into engagement with the pressure-receiving seat surface 9-3 of the main pipe rail 9. Accordingly, by tightening the clamping nut 4, the orifice pipe 3g is clamped between the connecting head 2 and the pressure-receiving seat surface 9-3,whereby not only is the orifice pipe 3g secured far more firmly, but also extremely good sealing performance can be achieved because the outer pipe 3g-2 is made of a soft metal. In addition, since the inner pipe 3g-1 of the orifice pipe 3g is made of ahard metal, the inner pipe 3g-1 can be firmly secured to the pipe passage 1-3.

Incidentally, each of the main body rails 6, 8, and 9 which constitute the respective common rails in the connection structure examples shown in FIGS. 9, 11, and 12 is a forging of the material S45C or the like, which has a comparativelythick-walled pipe-shaped portion of, for example, diameter 28 mm and wall thickness 9 mm, and a circulating passage is formed to extend through the forging along the axis thereof, by machining such as boring or gun drill and plural integral or separateboss portions are disposed on the peripheral portion of the forging in such a manner as to be spaced a part from one another in the axial direction thereof. In the case of a block rail type, connecting hole portions are formed in the forging. None ofthe common rails having integral boss portions is limited to any of the above-described connection structures, and it goes without saying that the present invention can be applied to a connection structure in which, although not shown, each branch holewhich communicates with a circulating passage is formed to extend to the vicinity of the free end of the corresponding one of boss portions, and each pressure-receiving seat surface is formed to be exposed at the free end of the corresponding one of theboss portions. A female thread is formed around the inner circumference of each of the boss portions, and a nut is screwed into the female thread so that a fuel injection pipe is fastened and connected to a common rail by the pressure applied to theneck portion of the connecting head of the fuel injection pipe.

As is apparent from the foregoing description, since the diesel engine fuel injection pipe according to the present invention is constructed so that an orifice pipe is fixedly fitted in the end opening of each connecting head, this orifice pipeserves only the role of an orifice and does not affect sealing performance, whereby the diesel engine fuel injection pipe can serve the superior advantages of realizing high-stability sealing, suppressing pulsations, making the propagation of pulsationsslow and small, and effecting stable fuel injection.

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