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Mechanism for adjusting driving depth of fasteners in fastener driving tool
5219110 Mechanism for adjusting driving depth of fasteners in fastener driving tool
Patent Drawings:Drawing: 5219110-2    Drawing: 5219110-3    Drawing: 5219110-4    Drawing: 5219110-5    
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Inventor: Mukoyama
Date Issued: June 15, 1993
Application: 07/946,901
Filed: September 18, 1992
Inventors: Mukoyama; Kenji (Anjo, JP)
Assignee: Makita Corporation (Anjo, JP)
Primary Examiner: Smith; Scott
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Dennison, Meserole, Pollack & Scheiner
U.S. Class: 227/142; 227/8
Field Of Search: 227/8; 227/142
International Class: B25C 1/00
U.S Patent Documents: 3204400; 3519186; 4767043; 4821937
Foreign Patent Documents: 60-117072; 398308
Other References:









Abstract: A fastener driving tool includes a driver guide within which a driver is reciprocally moved to drive the fasteners, a contact arm vertically movable along the driver guide and having a lower end for abutment on a work, a control mechanism interlocked with the contact arm for controlling operation of the driver. A mechanism for adjusting driving depth of the fasteners includes a cam device interposed between an upper part and a lower part of the contact arm. The lower part has the lower end for abutting on the work. The cam device is operable by an operator for varying distance between the upper part and the lower part of the contact arm.
Claim: What is claimed is:

1. In a fastener driving tool including a driver guide within which a driver is reciprocally moved to drive the fasteners, a contact arm vertically movable along the driverguide and having a lower end for abutment on a work, a control mechanism interlocked with the contact arm for controlling operation of the driver;

a mechanism for adjusting the driving depth of fasteners comprising cam means interposed between an upper part and a lower part of the contact arm, the lower part having said lower end for abutting on the work, and said cam means being operableby an operator for varying the distance between said upper part and said lower part of the contact arm, said cam means include a first cam member and a second cam member disposed in opposed relationship with each other and rotatable relative to eachother; said first cam member and said second cam member include a first cam surface and a second cam surface, respectively; said first cam surface and said second cam surface are engageable with each other, the distance between an upper surface of saidfirst cam member and a lower surface of said second cam member being variable according to rotation of said first and second cam member relative to each other; biasing means for biasing one of said first and said second cam member to engage said firstand second cam surface and wherein said second cam surface is of annular configuration and includes a plurality of cam recesses having a different bottom height which gradually changes in a circumferential direction; said first cam surface is of convexconfiguration and is engageable with any of said cam recesses.

2. The mechanism as defined in claim 1 wherein said first cam member is integrally formed with the upper part of the contact arm; and said second cam member is rotatable around a support shaft mounted on the lower part of the contact arm.

3. The mechanism as defined in claim 2 wherein said support shaft is mounted on a support member integrally formed with the lower part of the contact arm; and said second cam member is disposed on said support member.

4. The mechanism as defined in claim 3 wherein said support shaft is slidably inserted into the first cam member and extending upwardly therefrom; a knob is mounted on an upper end of the support shaft; and said biasing means is a springinterposed between said knob and an upper surface of said first cam member so as to bias the lower part upwardly together with said second cam member through said support shaft.

5. In a fastener driving tool including a driver guide within which a driver is reciprocally moved to drive the fasteners, a contact arm vertically moved along the driver guide and having a lower end for abutment on a work, a control mechanisminterlocked with the contact arm for controlling operation of the driver;

a mechanism for adjusting driving depth of the fasteners comprising:

cam means interposed between an upper part and a lower part of the contact arm and operable by an operator or varying the distance between said upper part and said lower part of said contact arm, said lower part having the lower end for abuttingon the work;

said cam means including a first cam member and a second cam member movable toward and away from each other in the vertical direction and rotatable relative to each other;

said first cam member and said second cam member having a first cam surface and a second cam surface, respectively, which are engageable with each other, the distance between an upper surface of said first cam member and a lower surface of saidsecond cam member being variable according to rotation of said first and second cam member relative to each other, and said first cam member and said second cam member being prevented from rotation relative to each other when said first cam surface andsaid second cam surface is in engagement with each other; and

biasing means for biasing said first cam member and said second cam member toward each other to normally keep said first cam surface and said second cam surface in engagement with each other.
Description: BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a mechanism for adjusting driving depth of fasteners such as nails in a fastener driving tool.

2. Description of the Prior Art

A conventional fastener driving tool includes a driver guide within which a driver is reciprocally driven for driving fasteners, a contact arm vertically movable along the driver guide and having a lower end for abutting on a work, and a controlmechanism operably connected to the contact arm for controlling a driving operation of the driver. A mechanism is interlocked with the contact arm for adjusting the driving depth of fasteners into the work.

Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 60-117072 discloses an adjusting mechanism utilizing a threaded member connecting an upper part of a contact arm with a lower part thereof so as to permit change of vertical stroke of the lower part.

However, the prior art adjusting mechanism requires to rotate the threaded member for each changing operation. Further, since the adjusting mechanism is disposed along the driver guide having relatively smaller size than the body of the fastenerdriving tool, the operation of the threaded member is very troublesome. In addition, this mechanism requires an additional mechanism for preventing the threaded member from being loosened so as to maintain its set position. This may result in increasednumber of parts.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is, accordingly, an object of the present invention to provide a mechanism for adjusting driving depth of fasteners in a fastener driving tool which can be easily and reliably operated to adjust the driving depth.

According to the present invention, there is provided a mechanism for adjusting driving depth of fasteners in a fastener driving tool including a driver guide within which a driver is reciprocally moved to drive the fasteners, a contact armvertically movable along the driver guide and having a lower end for abutment on a work, a control mechanism interlocked with the contact arm for controlling operation of the driver. The mechanism for adjusting driving depth comprises a cam deviceinterposed between an upper part and a lower part of the contact arm, the lower part having the lower end for abutting on the work, the cam device being operable by an operator for varying distance between the upper part and the lower part of the contactarm.

The invention will become more fully apparent from the claims and the description as it proceeds in connection with the drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a side view, with a part broken away, of a fastener driving tool including a mechanism for adjusting driving depth of fasteners according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged front view of a lower portion of the fastener driving tool shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a side view of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a schametic view of an upper and a lower cam member shown in FIG. 1 with the lower cam member shown in developed form;

FIG. 5 is a bottom view, with a part broken away, of a trigger shown in FIG. 1; and

FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken along line VI--VI in FIG. 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to FIG. 1, there is shown a fastener driving tool 1 including a driving depth adjusting mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention. The fastener driving tool 1 is constructed to reciprocally move a piston (not shown)within a body 3 through a compressed air supplied from an air source. The piston is connected to a driver (not shown) movable along a driver guide track (not shown) formed in a driver guide 4 which is mounted on a lower portion of the body 3. Thedriver drives fasteners fed from a magazine 2 one after another. A handle 5 is connected to the central portion of the body 3 and extending substantially perpendicular to the body 3.

A trigger mechanism 6 is mounted on the body 3 at a position adjacent the handle 5 and includes a trigger 6a pivotally supported by the body 3 through a shaft 6j. The trigger 6a is operable by an operator for actuation of a trigger valve 7 whichgoverns the compressed air for movement of the piston. The trigger mechanism 6 further includes an operation member 6d having one end pivotally supported by the trigger 6a through a pin 6c. The operation member 6d is positioned in opposed relationshipwith the trigger valve 7. A cam plate 6f is disposed below the operation member 6d. One end of the cam plate 6f is pivotally supported by the trigger 6a through a pin 6b disposed forwardly of the pin 6c. The other end of the cam plate 6f includes apin 6g which can be selectively engaged into holes 6h formed in one of side plates of the trigger 6a. The cam plate 6f is biased by a spring 6e in an axial direction of the pin 6b so as to be pressed on the side plate of the trigger 6a. A knob 6i ismounted on the cam plate 6f for operation by the operator. With this construction, when the pin 6g is engaged into one of the holes 6h disposed at a lower position, the operation member 6d is supported by the cam plate 6f at a first Position shown by asolid line in FIG. 1. When the pin 6g is engaged into the other of the holes 6 h disposed at a higher position, the operation member is supported by the cam plate 6f at a second position shown by a dotted line in FIG. 1. The operation member 6d at thefirst position prevents the trigger 6a from actuating the trigger valve 7 while the operation member 6d at the second position permits the trigger 6a to actuate the trigger valve 7.

A contact arm 8 is disposed along the driver guide 4 and includes a lower part 9 and an upper part 10. The lower part 9 is of a substantially cylindrical configuration and is slidably movable along the driver guide 4 in a vertical direction. The upper part 10 is of a bent arm-like configuration and includes an upper end disposed in opposed relationship with the other end of the operation member 6d of the trigger 9a. When the contact arm 8 is moved upwardly, the operation member 6d ispivoted upwardly to a position where the trigger valve 7 can be actuated by the trigger 6a through the operation member 6d. Thus, the trigger valve 7 can be actuated irrespective of the position of the cam plate 6f.

A mechanism 11 for adjusting driving depth of fasteners is provided between the lower part 9 and the upper part 10 and includes a cylindrical lower cam member 13. The lower cam member 13 is supported by a cylindrical support member 12 connectedto the lower part 9 through a leg 9a which extends upwardly from the lower part 9 along the driver guide 4. The lower cam member 13 includes on its upper end surface a plurality of saw tooth-like cam recesses 13a formed in series in a circumferentialdirection. The cam recesses 13a are of substantially the same configuration but gradually change the level of their bottoms in a circumferential direction. The lower portion of the lower cam member 13 is slightly expanded outwardly to form a knob 13bfor operation by the operator. Further, the lower cam member 13 has on its outer surface an indication of gauge corresponding to the level of the bottom of each of the cam recesses 13a. The inner wall of the support member 12 includes a pair ofrecesses 12a which are diametrically opposed to each other and which are opened at their upper and lower ends, respectively. The inner wall of the support member 12 further includes a pair of engaging recesses 12b which are diametrically opposed to eachother and which have closed upper ends and opened lower ends, respectively. The engaging recesses 12b are displaced from the recesses 12a by an angle of about 90.degree. in a circumferential direction. A support shaft 14 is slidably inserted into thesupport member 12 and the lower cam member 13. A pin 14a is fixed to the lower end of the support shaft 14 in a direction perpendicular to the axial direction of the support shaft 14. Both ends of the pin 14a extend radially outwardly from the supportshaft 14. The pin 14a prevents the support shaft 14 from removing upwardly from the support member 12 when the ends of the pin 14a are engaged with the engaging recesses 12b. The pin 14a permits removal of the support shaft 14 from the support member12 when the ends of the pin 14a are engaged with the recesses 12a through rotation of the support shaft 14 by an angle of about 90.degree.. A knob 14b is mounted on an upper end of the support shaft 14 for operation of the support shaft 14. An O-ring19 is mounted on the support shaft 14 to provide an appropriate frictional resistance between the support shaft 14 and the lower cam member 13.

A cylindrical upper cam member 15 is fixed to the lower end of the upper part 10 of the contact arm 8. The upper cam member 15 is vertically slidably fitted on the support shaft 14. A guide member 16 is integrally formed with the driver guide 4for guiding the upper cam member 15 in the vertical direction and for preventing rotation thereof relative to the driver guide 4. The upper cam member 15 includes a protrusion 15b extending downwardly therefrom. The protrusion 15b includes at its lowerend a cam surface 15a of a configuration corresponding to that of each of the cam recesses 13a of the lower cam member 13 for engagement therewith.

A first spring 17 is interposed between the knob 14b of the support shaft 14 and the upper surface of the upper cam member 15 for normally biasing the support shaft 14 upwardly. A second spring 18 is interposed between the bottom surface of thebody 3 and a part of the upper part 10 adjacent the driver guide 4 for normally biasing the upper part 10 in a downward direction.

The operation of the above embodiment will now be explained. For driving operation of the fasteners, the operator holds the fastener driving tool 1 with the handle 5 grasped by his hand and moves it downwardly toward the work so as to bring thedriver guide 4 to abut on the work. Prior to abutment of the driver guide 4 on the work, the lower part 9 of the contact arm 8 abuts on the work, so that the contact arm 8 is lifted to pivot the operation member 6d of the trigger mechanism 6 upwardly soas to permit actuation of the trigger valve 6a by the trigger 6a for driving fasteners from the driver guide 4.

The lifting movement of the contact arm 8 is performed in such a manner that the lower part g is moved upwardly along the driver guide 4, together with the support member 12, the lower cam member 13, the upper cam member 15 and the upper part 10of the contact arm 8 against the biasing force of the second spring 18. The support shaft 14 is also moved upwardly together with them with the aid of the biasing force of the first spring 17 and the pin 14a of the support shaft 14 is kept in engagementwith engaging recesses 12b of the support member 12.

For adjusting driving depth of the fasteners, the operator presses the support shaft 14 downwardly against the force of the first spring 17 through the knob 14b. Since the frictional force is provided between the support shaft 14 and the lowercam member 13 by the O-ring 19, the lower cam member 13 is moved downwardly together with the support member 12 of the lower part 19. This may cause disengagement of the cam surface 15a of the upper cam member 15 from any one of the cam recesses 13a ofthe lower cam member 13 with which the cam surface 15a has been previously engaged.

At this stage, the operator rotates the lower cam member 13 relative to the support shaft 14 so as to position the selected one of the cam recess 13a corresponding to the desired driving depth in opposed relationship with the cam surface 15a ofthe upper cam member 15. Upon releasing the pressing force on the support shaft 14, the support shaft 14 is moved upwardly by the biasing force of the first spring 17, and the lower cam member 13 is subsequently moved upwardly together with the supportmember 12. The cam surface 15a is thus engaged with the selected one of the cam recesses 13a, so that the amount of extension of the end of the lower part 9 beyond the lower end of the driver guide 4.

For obtaining a shorter driving depth, the cam surface 15a of the upper cam member 15 is engaged with the selected one of the cam recesses 13a positioned at a higher level so as to provide a larger amount of extension of the lower part 9 beyondthe driver guide 4. On the other hand, for obtaining a longer driving depth, the cam surface 15a is engaged with the selected one of the cam recesses 13a positioned at a lower level so as to provide a smaller amount of extension of the lower part 9.

As described above, the operation for adjusting driving depth can be performed by rotating the lower cam member 13. Such operation is simple and can be easily performed. Further, the adjustment can be reliably Performed through engagement ofthe cam surface 15a with the selected one of the cam recesses 13a.

Additionally, the support shaft 14 is prevented from removal from the support member 12 through engagement of the pin 14a with the engaging recesses 12b of the support member 12 while the support shaft 14 can be easily removed from the supportmember 12 through rotation by an angle of 90.degree. so as to position the pin 14a to engage the recesses 12a. This may make it easy to disassemble or assemble various parts of the contact arm 8 for changing the lower part 9 to another one. Further,the lower part 9 can be changed without requiring change of the other parts.

While the invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment thereof, it is to be understood that modifications or variations may be easily made without departing from the scope of the present invention which is defined by theappended claims.

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