Resources Contact Us Home
Browse by: INVENTOR PATENT HOLDER PATENT NUMBER DATE
 
 
Phosphonopolyester resin
4420587 Phosphonopolyester resin
Patent Drawings:

Inventor: Hefner, Jr.
Date Issued: December 13, 1983
Application: 06/423,903
Filed: September 27, 1982
Inventors: Hefner, Jr.; Robert E. (Lake Jackson, TX)
Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company (Midland, MI)
Primary Examiner: Lee; Lester L.
Assistant Examiner:
Attorney Or Agent: Carter; J. G.
U.S. Class: 525/35; 525/36; 525/37; 525/39; 525/40; 525/41; 525/42; 525/43; 525/44; 525/49; 526/270; 526/277; 526/278; 528/167; 528/169
Field Of Search: ; 528/167; 528/168; 528/169; 525/35; 525/36; 525/37; 525/38; 525/39; 525/40; 525/41; 525/42; 525/43; 525/44; 525/49; 526/270; 526/277; 526/278
International Class:
U.S Patent Documents: 4094926; 4156663; 4214069; 4259222
Foreign Patent Documents:
Other References:









Abstract: Phosphonopolyester oligomers are prepared from hydroxyalkylated 2,2',-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy) alkanes and phosphonyl dihalides. The oligomers are useful in the preparation of polyester resins, epoxy resins, and polyurethanes.
Claim: I claim:

1. A polyester resin comprising the reaction product of (A) one or more compounds containing at least two hydroxyl groups; and (B) one or more dicarboxylic acids and/or anhydridesthereof wherein at least a portion of component (A) is one or more of an oligomer having recurring units represented by the following general formula ##STR5## wherein each A is independently ##STR6## or a divalent hydrocarbon group having from 1 to about8 carbon atoms; each Q is independently oxygen or sulfur; each R is independently a hydrocarbon group having from about 1 to about 10 carbon atoms; each R' is independently a --CH.dbd.CH.sub.2 group or a --CXH--CXH.sub.2 group, wherein X is chlorineor bromine; each Z is independently a terminal moiety; each m is independently zero or one; each m' independently has a value from 1 to about 5; each n independently has a value of 2, 3 or 4; and x has an average value of from 1 to about 10.

2. A polyester resin of claim 1 wherein in component (A) each A is independently a divalent hydrocarbon group having from 1 to about 4 carbon atoms; Q is oxygen; each R is independently a hydrocarbon group having from about 1 to about 6 carbonatoms; each m has a value of 1, each m' independently has a value of from about 1 to about 2; each n has a value of 3; and x has an average value of from about 1 to about 10; and component (B) contains at least one of the group consisting of maleicanhydride, maleic acid, fumaric acid, phthalic anhydride, phthalic acid, isophthalic acid, terephthalic acid, adipic acid, endomethylenetetrahydrophthalic acid or anhydride, tetrabromophthalic anhydride, tetrahydrophthalic acid or anhydride.

3. A composition of claim 2 wherein in component (A) each A independently is a divalent hydrocarbon group having either 1 or 3 carbon atoms; each m' has a value of 1; and n has a value of 3.

4. A polyester of claims 1, 2 or 3 containing from about 20 to about 80 percent by weight of ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable monomer based upon total composition.

5. A polyester of claim 4 wherein said monomer is styrene, .alpha.-methylstyrene, chlorostyrene, vinyl toluene, t-butylstyrene, dicyclopentadiene acrylate or a mixture of any two or more.

6. A product resulting from curing a polyester of claim 4 in the presence of a suitable curing system at conditions sufficient to cause curing thereof.

7. A product resulting from curing a polyester of claim 5 in the presence of a suitable curing system at conditions sufficient to cause curing thereof.

8. An unsaturated polyester resin prepared by

(I) reacting a mixture comprising

(A) dicyclopentadiene;

(B) at least one .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated dicarboxylic acid, anhydride thereof or mixture of such acids and anhydrides;

(C) if component (B) contains an .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated dicarboxylic acid anhydride, then water is employed as reactant in a quantity so as to hydrolyze at least about ten mole percent of said anhydride up to an excess of about 50 molepercent of said anhydride;

(II) reacting the product resulting from step I with a mixture of

(D) a diol or a mixture of diols;

(E) an oligomer or a mixture of oligomers having recurring units represented by the following general formula ##STR7## wherein each A is independently ##STR8## or a divalent hydrocarbon group having from 1 to about 8 carbon atoms; each Q isindependently oxygen or sulfur; each R is independently a hydrocarbon group having from about 1 to about 10 carbon atoms; each R' is independently a --CH.dbd.CH.sub.2 group or a --CXH--CXH.sub.2 group, wherein X is chlorine or bromine; each Z isindependently a terminal moiety; each m is independently zero or one; each m' independently has a value from 1 to about 5; each n independently has a value of 2, 3 or 4; and x has an average value of from 1 to about 10; wherein

(a) components (A)-(E) are employed in a molar ratio of A/B/C/D/E of from about 0.01/1/0/1.01/1.09 to about 1/1/2/1.099/0.001 and

(b) said reaction being conducted at a temperature of from about 110.degree. C. to about 205.degree. C. for a time sufficient to reduce the acid number from about 75 to about 20.

9. A polyester resin of claim 8 wherein

(1) component (B) comprises maleic anhydride, maleic acid, fumaric acid or a mixture thereof;

(2) component (D) comprises dicyclopentadiene dimethanol, cyclohexane dimethanol, dibromoneopentyl glycol, propylene glycol, ethylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, diethylene glycol, neopentyl glycol or a mixture thereof; and

(3) in component (E), each A is independently a divalent hydrocarbon group having from 1 to about 4 carbon atoms; Q is oxygen; each R is independently a hydrocarbon group having from about 1 to about 6 carbon atoms; each m has a value of 1,each m' independently has a value of from about 1 to about 2; each n has a value of 3; and x has an average value of from about 1 to about 10; and wherein the molar ratio of A/B/C/D/E is from about 0.6/1/0/0.8/0.3 to about 1/1/1/0.2/0.01.

10. A polyester resin of claim 9 wherein in component (E) each A independently is a divalent hydrocarbon group having either 1 or 3 carbon atoms; each m' has a value of 1; and n has a value of 3.

11. The resin of claims 8, 9 or 10 wherein component (A) also contains codimers of cyclopentadiene and diolefin dimers.

12. The resin of claims 8, 9, 10 or 11 wherein in component (B) up to 60 mole percent of said .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated dicarboxylic acid or anhydride is replaced with (a) at least one aromatic dicarboxylic acid or anhydride thereof, (b) atleast one saturated dicarboxylic acid or anhydride thereof or (c) mixtures thereof.

13. The resin of claim 12 wherein up to about 40 mole percent of said .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated dicarboxylic acid or anhydride is replaced.

14. A polyester of claims 8, 9 or 10 containing from about 20 to about 80 percent by weight of ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable monomer based upon total composition.

15. A polyester of claim 14 wherein said monomer is styrene, .alpha.-methylstyrene, chlorostyrene, vinyl toluene, t-butylstyrene, dicyclopentadiene acrylate or a mixture of any two or more.

16. A product resulting from curing a polyester of claim 14 in the presence of a suitable curing system at conditions sufficient to cause curing thereof.

17. A product resulting from curing a polyester of claim 15 in the presence of a suitable curing system at conditions sufficient to cause curing thereof.

18. A polyester of claims 11 containing from about 20 to about 80 percent by weight of ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable monomer based upon total composition.

19. A polyester of claim 18 wherein said monomer is styrene, .alpha.-methylstyrene, chlorostyrene, vinyl toluene, t-butylstyrene, dicyclopentadiene acrylate or a mixture of any two or more.

20. A product resulting from curing a polyester of claim 18 in the presence of a suitable curing system at conditions sufficient to cause curing thereof.

21. A product resulting from curing a polyester of claim 19 in the presence of a suitable curing system at conditions sufficient to cause curing thereof.
Description: BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention concerns phosphonopolyester oligomers and reaction products thereof.

Phosphorus-containing materials are well known as fire retardant agents in polymers such as polyester resins, polyurethane resins, epoxy resins and the like, particularly when employed in combination with a halogen such as chlorine orparticularly bromine.

The present invention provides a method for incorporating phosphorus into the polymer chain of such resins and in certain instances the oligomers of the present invention contain chlorine or bromine in addition to phosphorus, in which instance amethod for incorporating both phosphorus and a halogen into the polymer chain of the resins is provided.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention pertains to an oligomer having recurring units represented by the following general formula ##STR1## wherein each A is independently ##STR2## or a divalent hydrocarbon group having from 1 to about 8, preferably 1 to about 4,carbon atoms; each Q is independently oxygen or sulfur; each R is independently a hydrocarbon group having from about 1 to about 10, preferably from about 1 to about 6, carbon atoms; each R' is independently a --CH.dbd.CH.sub.2 group or a--CXH--CXH.sub.2 group, wherein X is chlorine or bromine; each Z is independently a terminal moiety; each m is independently zero or one; each m' independently has a value from 1 to about 5, preferably from about 1 to about 2; each n independently has avalue of 2, 3 or 4; and x has an average value of from 1 to about 10, preferably from 1 to about 6.

The terminating moieties can be the same or different and are dependent on the ratio of the reactants employed to prepare the oligomer. When the phenolic hydroxyl-containing compounds is in excess, most of the terminal moieties are that whichprovides terminal hydroxyl groups and when the phosphonyl halide is employed in excess, most of the terminal moieties are that which provides terminal phosphonate groups. Of course, it is recognized that the composition is actually a mixture ofoligomers having various terminal moieties.

The present invention also pertains to polyurethanes, polyesters and epoxy resins prepared from the above oligomers.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The oligomers of the present invention are prepared by reacting the desired dihydroxyl-containing compound with the desired phosphonyl dihalide or thiophosphonyl dihalide.

Suitable dihydroxyl-containing compounds which can be employed herein include those represented by the general formula ##STR3## wherein each A, R', n, m and m' are as previously defined.

These compounds are readily prepared by alkoxylating with an appropriate alkylene oxide the allylated bisphenol compound or the brominated allylated bisphenol compound.

The bisallylated bisphenols employed herein can be prepared by reacting the appropriate bisphenol with an allyl halide in the presence of a suitable phase transfer catalyst such as DOWEX.RTM. MSA-1 ion exchange resin, benzyltrimethyl ammoniumhalides, tetramethylammonium halides, or tetraalkylphosphonium halides, and an aqueous solution of an alkali metal hydroxide such as NaOH at a temperature of from about 25.degree. to about 100.degree. C. for from about 2 to about 24 hours. Thereafter,the pH is adjusted from about 7 to about 3 and the product, a bisallylated bisphenol isomeric mixture, is recovered therefrom by separation of the oil and water phases. The resulting isomeric mixture is thermally isomerized at about 200.degree. C. for1 to 2 hours to provide C-bisallylated bisphenol. Mixtures of mono, di, and triallylated bisphenols are also operable.

Particularly suitable such compounds include, for example, dipropoxylated 2,2'-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy) propane, diethoxylated 2,2'-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy) propane, dipropoxylated bis-(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy)methane, diethyoxylated ordipropoxylated bisallylated 4,4'-dihydroxybiphenyl or 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenyl oxide or 4,4'-thiodiphenol, and the like.

Suitable phosphonyl halides or thiophosphonyl halides which can be employed herein include those represented by the general formula ##STR4## wherein each Q, R, and X is as previously defined.

Unsaturated polyester resins can be prepared by reacting the oligomers of the present invention with polycarboxylic acids, anhydrides, or mixtures thereof. The oligomers may be employed alone as the sole source of hydroxyl groups or they canpreferably be employed in combination with polyhydroxyl-containing materials such as aliphatic glycols. Suitable such polycarboxylic acids or anhydrides thereof and polyhydroxyl-containing materials which can be employed to prepare unsaturated polyesterresins as well as methods for such preparation and the crosslinking and/or curing thereof can be found in KIRK OTHMER ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 20, pages 792-839, 1969, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. which is incorporated herein by reference.

Particularly suitable polyesters are prepared by a hydrolysis method wherein dicyclopentadiene or a dicyclopentadiene concentrate containing cyclopentadiene codimers and diolefin dimers is reacted with a .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated dicarboxylicacid anhydride and water to provide a mixture consisting principally of dicyclopentadiene monomaleate and unreacted .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated dicarboxylic acid and anhydride. Alternately, the dicyclopentadiene and a .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturateddicarboxylic acid may be reacted directly without water as a coreactant. The oligomer of the present invention plus a suitable glycol, polyol or mixture thereof is added and polyesterification is completed by removal of water at elevated temperatures. Suitable hydrolysis methods are more fully described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,148,765 and U.S. Pat. No. 4,233,432.

It is particularly desirable to perform the hydrolysis in a staged manner wherein the dicyclopentadiene or dicyclopentadiene concentrate and water are added in increments. This provides for additional control over reaction exotherms. Thismethod is more fully described in the aforementioned U.S. Pat. No. 4,148,765.

Epoxy resins can be prepared from the oligomers of the present invention by reaction with an epihalohydrin in the presence of suitable acid catalysts such as boron trifluoride etherate, stannic chloride, and the like as described in HANDBOOK FOREPOXY RESINS, by Lee and Neville, McGraw-Hill, 1967. The book also describes methods for curing epoxy resins such as with amines, polycarboxylic acids and anhydrides thereof and the like. The handbook by Lee and Neville is incorporated herein byreference.

Polyurethanes can be prepared from the oligomers of the present invention by reacting them with organic polyisocyanates in the presence of suitable catalysts. The oligomers can be employed alone or in combination with other hydroxyl-containingmaterials. Suitable hydroxyl-containing materials, polyisocyanates, and catalysts, as well as suitable methods for conducting the reaction, can be found in POLYURETHANES: CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY II. TECHNOLOGY, by Saunders and Frisch, Interscience,1964 which is incorporated herein by reference.

The following examples are illustrative of the invention but are not to be construed as to limiting the scope thereof in any manner.

EXAMPLES 1-3

In a series of reactions, the bispropoxylate of 2,2'-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy)propane, 84.92 grams (0.20 mole), was charged to a 3-necked round bottom reactor equipped with a thermometer-temperature controller assembly and heating mantle. Adry nitrogen inlet was fitted to the reactor and adjusted to maintain nitrogen flow over the surface of the reactants. Magnetic stirring was employed. A condenser and a side arm vented addition funnel containing phenylphosphonyl dichloride, 37.05 grams(0.19 mole), were added to complete the reactor. Heating commenced, and once the minimum reaction temperature, as specified in Table I, was achieved, the phenylphosphonyl dichloride was added dropwise over the specified time interval and temperaturerange. A post reaction was then completed for the specified time interval and temperature range. Finally, additional post reaction was performed under vacuum of about 80 to 10 mm for the specified time interval and temperature range. At the end of thevacuum post reaction, the phosphonopolyester oligomer product was recovered as a light amber colored solution which became an immobile gel at (25.degree. C.) room temperature. The product was weighed and analyzed for average molecular weight by gelpermeation chromatography. The results are reported in Table I.

COMPARATIVE EXPERIMENTS A-C

A series of comparative experiments were completed using the method of Examples 1-3, with the following changes:

C.E. A: 2,2'-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy)-propane, 30.84 grams (0.10 mole), was substituted for the corresponding bispropoxylate of Examples 1-3. Phenylphosphonyl dichloride was correspondingly reduced to 18.52 grams (0.095 mole) to maintainthe stoichiometric ratio of Examples 1-3. The results are reported in Table I.

C.E. B: The bispropoxylate of 4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol, 68.80 grams (0.20 mole) was substituted for the 2,2'-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy)propane of Examples 1-3. The results are reported in Table I.

C.E. C: 2,2'-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy)propane, 63.69 grams (0.15 mole) was reacted with dichlorophenylphosphine, 25.51 grams (0.1425 mole). The results are reported in Table I.

TABLE I __________________________________________________________________________ Reaction Time (min.) Reaction Temperature (a) phosphorus dihalide (.degree.C.) addition (a) initial-maximum Average (b) post reaction (b) minimum-maximum Molecular Conversion.sup.3 Example (c) vacuum post reaction (c) minimum-maximum Weight.sup.1 (%) __________________________________________________________________________ 1 (a) 30 (a) 40-54 1282 82 (b) 119 (b) 74-102 (c) 995 (c) 69-100 2 (a)30 (a) 40-50 2776 100 (b) 154 (b) 50-102 (c) 1040 (c) 90-105 3 (a) 30 (a) 39-60 2239 100 (b) 180 (b) 60-100 (c) 1080 (c) 75-108 C.E. A (a) 30 (a) 38-63 253 -- (b) 120 (b) 68-110 (c) .sup. 45.sup.2 (c) 101-110 C.E. B (a) 30 (a) 45-60 985 83 (b) 120 (b) 64-102 (c) 960 (c) 99-107 C.E. C (a) 30 (a) 50-72 255 60 (b) 180 (b) 62-106 (c) 60 (c) 100-106 __________________________________________________________________________ .sup.1 polystyrene standards .sup.2 reaction terminated--phenylphosphonyl dichloride distills overhea during the vacuum post reaction. .sup.3 based on weight of HCl lost.

EXAMPLE 4

The bispropoxylate of 2,2'-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy)propane, 63.69 grams (0.15 mole), and phenylphosphonyl dichloride, 27.79 grams (0.1425 mole), were reacted using the method of Examples 1-3 except that 150 grams of chloroform was used as asolvent for the reaction. Make-up chloroform was added as required to maintain a constant volume. All chloroform was allowed to distill out of the reactor during the vacuum post reaction. The following results were obtained:

Reaction time (min.)

(a) phosphorus dihalide addition-4

(b) post reaction--352

(c) vacuum post reaction--925.

Reaction temperature (.degree.C.)

(a) initial-maximum--50-54

(b) minimum-maximum--52-116

(c) minimum-maximum--100-120.

Average Molecular Weight--1193.

EXAMPLE 5

The bispropoxylate of 2,2'-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy)-propane, 63.69 grams (0.15 mole), and phenylphosphonyl dichloride, 29.25 grams (0.15 mole), were reacted using the method of Examples 1-3. Exactly stoichiometric ratios of theaforementioned reactants are used in this example whereas less than stoichiometric phenylphosphonyl dichloride was used in Examples 1-4. The following results were obtained:

Reaction time (min.)

(a) phosphorus dihalide addition--20

(b) post reaction--130

(c) vacuum post reaction--78.

Reaction temperature (.degree.C.)

(a) initial-maximum--38-62

(b) minimum-maximum--60-102

(c) minimum-maximum--101-114.

Average Molecular Weight--776.

Conversion (%)--96.

EXAMPLE 6

A phosphonopolyester oligomer product was synthesized using the method and stoichiometry of Examples 1-3. The average molecular weight was 1136. This product was used as one of the components in the synthesis of a dicyclopentadiene modifiedunsaturated polyester alkyd, as follows:

Maleic anhydride, 98.06 grams (1.0 mole), was charged to a reactor and melted to a clear stirred solution maintained at 70.degree. C. under a nitrogen atmosphere. Water, 9.46 grams (0.525 mole), was added followed by the addition of anincrement of dicyclopentadiene concentrate, 20.05 grams, two minutes later. The dicyclopentadiene concentrate contained 83.94% dicyclopentadiene, 14.41% codimers and dimers, 1.11% light hydrocarbons, and 0.55% cyclopentadiene. Twenty minutes later,additional increments of water, 3.15 grams (0.175 mole), and dicyclopentadiene concentrate, 20.05 grams, were added. After 15 minutes additional dicyclopentadiene concentrate, 20.05 grams, was added. A final increment of dicyclopentadiene concentrate,20.05 grams, was added 15 minutes later and the temperature controller was set at 110.degree. C. This temperature was achieved 15 minutes later. Thirty minutes later, propylene glycol, 53.42 grams (0.702 mole) and the phosphonopolyester oligomer, 88.58grams (0.078 mole) were added and the steam condenser was started, nitrogen sparging was increased, and the temperature controller was set at 160.degree. C. This temperature was achieved 15 minutes later. After two hours of reaction at 160.degree. C.,the temperature controller was set at 205.degree. C. This temperature was achieved 35 minutes later. Reaction continued for 2.0 hours at 205.degree. C. during which time a total of 12 milliliters of water layer and 1.5 milliliters of organic materialwere removed through the steam condensor and into the Dean Stark trap-cold water condenser assembly. The reactor was cooled to 170.degree. C. and 100 ppm of hydroquinone was added as an inhibitor. The polyester alkyd was recovered as a light ambersolid with a final acid number of 45.9.

The polyester alkyd (57.0 percent) was dissolved in styrene (43.0 percent). The resulting formulation was used to determine Brookfield viscosity (25.degree. C.), SPI gel and cure times plus maximum exotherm, and Barcol hardness. Circular,clear, unfilled castings of 0.5 cm. thickness and 3.5 cm. diameter were used in the evaluation of chemical resistance to water and toluene. These castings were prepared using a cure system of 1.0 percent methylethylketone peroxide and 0.3 percent VN-2accelerator and 0.01 percent dimethylaniline, followed by 2.0 hours of post curing at 200.degree. F. The following results were obtained:

Brookfield viscosity (cp)--1145.

SPI Gel (84.degree. C.)

gel time--3.8 min.

cure time--16.1 min.

max. exotherm--99 min.

Chemical Resistance Testing

(A) Water--7 days at 25.degree. C.

initial Barcol hardness--46

final Barcol hardness--46

weight gain (%)--0.24

appearance--no change.

(B) Toluene--7 days at 25.degree. C.

initial Barcol hardness--48.7

final Barcol hardness--49.0

weight gain (%)--0.22

appearance--no change.

EXAMPLE 7

A propoxylate of 2,2'-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy)propane containing 1.075 propylene oxide units per aromatic hydroxyl group was prepared. Using the methods of Examples 1-3, 61.0 grams (0.1408 mole) of the propoxylate was reacted with 24.71grams (0.1267 mole) of phenylphosphonyl dichloride using the following reaction conditions.

Reaction time (min.)

(a) phosphorus dihalide addition--1

(b) post reaction--85

(c) vacuum post reaction--108.

Reaction temperature (.degree.C.)

(a) initial-maximum--40-41

(b) minimum-maximum--41-100

(c) minimum-maximum--100-100.

The phosphonopolyester oligomer product had an average molecular weight of 1876. Full conversion of phenylphosphonyl dichloride to product was achieved.

EXAMPLE 8

The phosphonopolyester oligomer product of Example 7 was used as one of the components in the synthesis of a dicyclopentadiene modified unsaturated polyester alkyd, as follows:

Maleic anhydride (196.12 grams, 2.0 moles) was charged to a reactor and melted to a clear stirred solution maintained at 70.degree. C. under a nitrogen atmosphere. Water (18.92 grams, 1.05 mole) was added followed by the addition of anincrement of dicyclopentadiene concentrate (39.79 grams, 0.30 mole) two minutes later. A maximum exotherm of 113.degree. C. resulted. The dicyclopentadiene concentrate contained 86.05% dicyclopentadiene, 13.64% cyclopentadiene codimers and dimers, and0.31% light hydrocarbons. Twenty minutes later, additional increments of water (6.31 grams, 0.35 mole) and dicyclopentadiene concentrate (39.79 grams, 0.30 mole) were added. After fifteen minutes, additional dicyclopentadiene concentrate (39.79 grams,0.30 mole) was added. A final increment of dicyclopentadiene concentrate (39.79 grams, 0.30 mole) was added fifteen minutes later and the temperature controller was set at 110.degree. C. This temperature was achieved six minutes later. Thirty minuteslater, propylene glycol (116.28 grams, 1.528 moles) and the phosphonopolyester oligomer (60.0 grams, 0.032 mole) were added and the steam condenser was started, nitrogen sparging was increased to 4 liters per minute, and the temperature controller wasset at 160.degree. C. This temperature was achieved 19 minutes later. After two hours at the 160.degree. C. reaction temperature, the temperature controller was set at 205.degree. C. This temperature was achieved 16 minutes later. Reaction continuedfor 2.75 hours at 205.degree. C. after which time a total of 49.0 milliliters of water layer and 2.5 milliliters of organic material had been removed through the steam condenser and into the Dean Stark trap-cold water condenser assembly. The reactorwas cooled to 165.degree. C. and 100 ppm of hydroquinone was added as an inhibitor. The polyester alkyd was recovered as a pale yellow solid with a final acid number of 29.7.

The polyester alkyd (171.0 grams) and styrene (129.0 grams) were mixed to form a 43.0% styrenated solution. The resulting solution was used to determine SPI gel characteristics, Brookfield viscosity (25.degree. C.), and a clear, unfilledcasting was made for heat distortion temperature, Barcol hardness, tensile and flexural strength, and oxygen index testing. Oxygen index values were determined by ASTM D2863-76. A cure system of 1.0% benzoyl peroxide and 0.01% dimethylaniline was usedto cure the casting at room temperature followed by post curing for 2.0 hours at 93.degree. C. (200.degree. F.). The following results were obtained:

Brookfield viscosity at 25.degree. C.--190.5 cp.

SPI Gel (84.degree. C.)

gel time--2.6 min.

cure time--3.4 min.

maximum exotherm--214.degree. C.

Heat Distortion Temperature--181.degree. F.

Average Barcol Hardness--41.5

Tensile Strength--4016 psi (282.3 kg/cm.sup.2)

Elongation--0.99%

Flexural Strength--9773 psi (687 kg/cm.sup.2)

Flexural Modulus--4.98.times.10.sup.-5 psi (3.5.times.10.sup.-6 kg/cm.sup.2)

Oxygen Index--atmospheric.

EXAMPLE 9

A portion of the polyester alkyd (253.0 grams) of Example 8 was dissolved in 1200 milliliters of methylene chloride then chilled to -20.degree. C. and held under a nitrogen atmosphere. Bromine (78.33 grams) was added over a 41 minute periodfollowed by 60 minutes of post reaction at the -20.degree. C. temperature. An inhibitor-stabilizer package consisting of 0.02% t-butyl catechol, 1.0% styrene, and 2.0% of the diglycidyl ether of a polyglycol (solid commercially as D.E.R..RTM. 736epoxy resin) having an epoxy equivalent weight of 175-205 was added and the solution was allowed to warm to 25.degree. C. The methylene chloride solvent was removed under reduced pressure and styrene (190.86 grams) was added to form a 43.0% styrenatedsolution. The physical and mechanical properties of this formulation were determined using the method of Example 8. The following results were obtained:

Brookfield viscosity at 25.degree. C.--482 cp.

SPI Gel (84.degree. C.)

gel time--3.15 min.

cure time--4.45 min.

maximum exotherm--145.5.degree. C.

Heat Distortion Temperature--116.degree. F.

Average Barcol Hardness--30.0

Tensile Strength--4626 psi (536.1 kg/cm.sup.2)

Elongation--1.55%

Flexural Strength--11,264 psi (791.9 kg/cm.sup.2)

Flexural Modulus--12.76.times.10.sup.-5 psi (8.97.times.10.sup.-6 kg/cm.sup.2).

Oxygen Index--28.2.

COMPARATIVE EXPERIMENT D

A comparative dicyclopentadiene modified unsaturated polyester was prepared as follows:

A hydrolysis step was completed in identical manner to Example 8, After 30 minutes at the 110.degree. C. reaction temperature, propylene glycol (118.72 grams, 1.56 moles) was added to the reactor and the steam condenser was started, nitrogensparging was increased to 4 liters per minute, and the temperature controller was set at 160.degree. C. The 160.degree. C. temperature was reached 16 minutes later. After 2 hours at 160.degree. C., the temperature controller was set at 205.degree. C. and this temperature was achieved 20 minutes later. After 2.3 hours a total of 41.5 milliliters of water layer and 11.0 milliliters of organic material were collected in the Dean Stark trap. The reactor was cooled to 164.degree. C. and 100 ppm ofhydroquinone was added. The polyester alkyd was recovered as a light yellow solid with a final acid number of 34.7.

A 43.0% styrene-57.0% alkyd solution was prepared and used to determine the following physical properties:

Brookfield viscosity at 25.degree. C.--60.5 cp.

SPI Gel (84.degree. C.)

gel time--3.4 min.

cure time--4.8 min.

maximum exotherm--195.degree. C.

Heat Distortion Temperature--231.degree. F.

Average Barcol Hardness--47.7

Tensile Strength--3113 psi (218.8 kg/cm.sup.2)

Elongation--0.71%

Flexural Strength--9951 psi (699.6 kg/cm.sup.2)

Flexural Modulus--5.36.times.10.sup.-5 psi (3.77.times.10.sup.-6 kg/cm.sup.2)

Oxygen Index--atmospheric.

EXAMPLE 10

A phosphonopolyester oligomer was prepared from the bispropoxylate of 2,2'-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy)propane and phenylphosphonyl dichloride using the methods and stoichiometry of Examples 1-3. The average molecular weight was 1193. A portionof the oligomer, 30.0 grams (0.0252 mole) was dissolved in 1,4-dioxane, 100 grams, containing diphenylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate, 3.30 grams (0.0277 mole). The solution was maintained at reflux (102.degree.-104.degree. C.) for 2.0 hours. After removalof the solvent, a thermoplastic phosphonopolyesterurethane with high surface gloss, was recovered. The average molecular weight was 5199.

EXAMPLE 11

A phosphonopolyester oligomer was prepared fom the bispropoxylate of 2,2'-bis(3-allylphenyl-4-hydroxy)propane and phenylphosphonyl dichloride using the methods and stoichiometry of Examples 1-3. The average molecular weight was 1282. A portionof the oligomer, 50.0 grams (0.0390 mole) and dipropylene glycol, 5.233 grams (0.0390 mole) were dissolved in 1,4-dioxane, 100 grams, containing diphenylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate, 20.42 grams (0.0858 mole). The solution was maintained at reflux(106.degree.-112.degree. C.) for 2.0 hours. After removal of the solvent a thermoplastic phosphonopolyesterurethane with high surface gloss was recovered. The average molecular weight was 4581.

* * * * *
 
 
  Recently Added Patents
Semiconductor device
Method and apparatus for controlled reoxygenation
Random access for wireless multiple-access communication systems
Using rule induction to identify emerging trends in unstructured text streams
Method for detecting security error in mobile telecommunications system and device of mobile telecommunications
Placental tissue grafts
File management apparatus and file management apparatus controlling method
  Randomly Featured Patents
In vivo phenotyping for human cytochrome P450 3A activity
Control system for an electric vehicle
Multi-mode off-peak storage heat pump
Medical implant or medical implant part comprising porous UHMWPE and process for producing the same
Torque motor linearization
Method of controlling air-fuel ratio
Illuminating angle adjusting apparatus for an electronic flash device
Self-ventilating shoe having an air-controlling device
Portable, collapsible luggage carrier
Biased edge card shielded connector