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Tunneling magnetic sensing element and method for manufacturing the same

Image Number 2 for United States Patent #8130476.

A tunneling magnetic sensing element includes: a pinned magnetic layer whose direction of magnetization is pinned in one direction; an insulating barrier layer; and a free magnetic layer whose direction of magnetization changes in response to an external magnetic field. The pinned magnetic layer, the insulating barrier layer and the free magnetic layer are deposited in the named order. A first protective layer composed of a platinum-group element is disposed on the free magnetic layer, and a second protective layer composed of Ti is disposed on the first protective layer.

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