Image Number 9 for United States Patent #7968013.
Nicotinamide and/or a compound which is chemically combined with nicotinamide may be used as a carbon nanotube ("CNT") n-doping material. CNTs n-doped with the CNT n-doping material may have long-lasting doping stability in the air without de-doping. Further, CNT n-doping state may be easily controlled when using the CNT n-doping material. The CNT n-doping material and/or CNTs n-doped with the CNT n-doping material may be used for various applications.