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Chemical mechanical planarization pad

Image Number 3 for United States Patent #7931713.

A Chemical Mechanical Planarization (CMP) Pad. The CMP pad may be hydrophobic due to the incorporation of metal complexing agents. The CMP pad substantially retaining planarization characteristics throughout planarization applications. Shearing, hardness, wearing, water absorption and electrical characteristics of the CMP pad remain substantially constant during CMP applications.

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