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Leaky wave antenna with radiating structure including fractal loops

Image Number 10 for United States Patent #7250916.

An antenna is provided for acquiring RF signals from various satellite ranging systems including GPS, GLONASS, GALILEO and OmniSTAR.RTM.. The antenna configuration includes a radiating structure of multi-arm spiral slots terminated with fractal loops. A leaky wave microstrip spiral feed network is used to excite the radiating structure of the antenna. The fixed beam phased array of aperture coupled slots is optimized to receive a right hand polarized signal. The proposed antenna is made out of a single PCB board. The antenna has a very uniform phase and amplitude pattern in the azimuth plane from 1.15 to 1.65 GHz, therefore providing consistent performance at GPS, GLONASS, GALILEO and OmniSTAR.RTM. frequencies. The antenna also has a common phase center at the various frequencies from 1175 MHz to 1610 MHz and substantially the same radiation pattern and axial ratio characteristics.

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