Image Number 5 for United States Patent #7224026.
Diode devices with superior and pre-settable characteristics and of nanometric dimensions, comprise etched insulative lines (8, 16, 18) in a conductive substrate to define between the lines charge carrier flow paths, formed as elongate channels (20) at least 100 nm long and less than 100 nm wide. The current-voltage characteristic of the diode devices are similar to a conventional diode, but both the threshold voltage (from 0V to a few volts) and the current level (from nA to .mu.A) can be tuned by orders of magnitude by changing the device geometry. Standard silicon wafers can be used as substrates. A full family of logic gates, such as OR, AND, and NOT, can be constructed based on this device solely by simply etching insulative lines in the substrate.