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Fine granularity scalability using bit plane coding of transform coefficients

Image Number 2 for United States Patent #6980597.

A system for efficient bit plane coding of transform coefficient data, such as DCT data used in a video coding system. Decimal values for the transform coefficients are converted to binary values, where each bit occupies a corresponding bit plane, from the most significant bit to the least significant bit. One bit from each coefficient is provided in a common bit plane. A one-bit flag or codeword is used for coding one or more initial all-zero bit planes, while another one-bit flag is used for designating the first subsequent non-all-zero plane. For the first non-all-zero plane, a reduced coding table is used to provide codewords that follow the one-bit flag.

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