Image Number 4 for United States Patent #6757217.
Near-offset and far-offset seismic data volumes are time-aligned by first selecting a plurality of time shifts. The near-offset and far-offset seismic data volumes are cross-correlated at the plurality of time shifts. An initial time-shift volume and a maximum correlation volume are created from the maximal cross-correlations at the plurality of time shifts. Areas of high time shift from the initial time-shift volume and areas of low cross-correlation from the maximum correlation volume are determined. The determined areas of high time shift and low cross-correlation are filtered from the initial time-shift volume, generating a filtered time-shift volume. The filtered time-shift volume is applied to the far-offset seismic volume to generate a time-aligned far-offset volume.