Image Number 6 for United States Patent #6713875.
The present invention is directed to a simplified, CVD-less method of forming a barrier layer for a metal layer which prevents metal contamination in an integrated circuit. The invention utilizes a sacrificial multilayer dielectric structure and selective etching to form the top barrier layer. An opening is etched in the structure and a plating layer is deposited in the opening. A first unneeded portion of the structure along with an unneeded portion of the plating layer is removed utilizing an etchant that is selective for the first unneeded structural portion. A Cu layer is deposited and implanted with barrier material to form the top barrier layer. A second unneeded portion of the structure along with an unneeded portion of the top barrier layer is removed utilizing an etchant that is selective for the second unneeded structural portion. The resulting structure is a metal interconnect structure having an overlying top barrier layer which is produced without using CVD techniques.