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Method for growing layers of group III-nitride semiconductor having electrically passivated threading defects

Image Number 3 for United States Patent #6699760.

One method includes epitaxially growing a layer of group III-nitride semiconductor under growth conditions that cause a growth surface to be rough. The method also includes performing an epitaxial growth of a second layer of group III-nitride semiconductor on the first layer under growth conditions that cause the growth surface to become smooth. The two-step growth produces a lower density of threading defects.Another method includes epitaxially growing a layer of group III-nitride semiconductor on a lattice-mismatched crystalline substrate and then, chemically treating a growth surface of the layer to selectively electrically passivate defects that thread the layer.

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