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Heart valve with rectangular orifice

Image Number 4 for United States Patent #6699283.

A mechanical heart valve prosthesis has a generally rectangular orifice and two leaflets that move between a closed position nearly perpendicular to blood flow and an open position nearly parallel to blood flow. Due to the uniform dimension of a rectangle, the leaflets are hinged at the periphery of the orifice, and present a single large central flow region to the blood when opened. The base provides several means of constraining the leaflet rotation during opening and closing.

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