Image Number 3 for United States Patent #6180499.
A method for making a ULSI MOSFET chip includes forming transistor gates on a substrate. The gates are formed by depositing a polysilicon layer on the substrate, implanting germanium into the polysilicon layer at a comparatively low dose, and then oxidizing the doped polysilicon layer. Under the influence of the oxidation, the germanium is repelled from an upper sacrificial region of the polysilicon layer into a lower gate region of the polysilicon layer, thereby increasing the germanium concentration in the lower gate region. The sacrificial region is then etched away and an undoped polysilicon film deposited on the gate region. Subsequently, the gate region with undoped polysilicon film is patterned to establish a MOSFET gate, with the substrate then being appropriately processed to establish MOSFET source/drain regions.