Image Number 3 for United States Patent #5520770.
A method for fabricating a semiconductor device comprises the steps of introducing a reaction gas into a reaction chamber maintained at a predetermined pressure and applying at least one of a radio frequency and a microwave to activate the reaction gas to thereby process a material to be etched. According to one aspect of the invention, Cl.sub.2 is used as a main etching gas and either and inert gas or a gas having the formula C.sub.n F.sub.(2n+2) is used as an additive gas. The method produces an anisotropically etched profile and, advantageously has a high selectivity for different types of materials. Postprocessing for removing oxide films can also be dispensed with.