Image Number 2 for United States Patent #5268879.
A flexural transducer includes a hollow tube that is magnetically driven by a coil/magnet assembly. A magnetic field is provided by passing a current through the coil. The filed passes through an air gap between the coil and the magnet to attract and repel the magnet during alternating portions of the current's cycle. The magnetic transducer driver mechanism permits high drive capability, high temperature operation and provides lower frequency operation than conventional ceramic drivers.