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Method of fabricating superconducting ceramic pipe

Image Number 3 for United States Patent #5266557.

A method of fabricating a superconducting ceramic pipe including the steps of: melting a ceramic powder having a predetermined composition to form a melt; filling a supporting tube with the melt by a suction caused by a vacuum pressure; partially solidifying an outer part of the melt near the tube to form a shell (i.e., a ceramic pipe); discharging an inner unsolidified part at the center of the tube from the tube by gravity, to form a solidified ceramic pipe on the inside surface of the tube; and heat treating the ceramic pipe to convert it into a superconducting pipe. When a supporting tube with a bottom plate is used, the melt is poured into the tube, and the tube is turned over to remove an unsolidified melt, whereby a superconducting ceramic pipe with a bottom is fabricated.

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