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Method for converting Si-H containing polysiloxanes to new and useful preceramic polymers and ceramic materials










Image Number 3 for United States Patent #4705837.

A method of forming preceramic polymers using a polysiloxane having repeat units of the formula [RSi(H)O].sub.n (where R is a lower alkyl group having from 1 to about 6 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having from 3 to about 6 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted lower aryl group having from 6 to about 10 carbon atoms, n is an integer 1 or greater), by reacting it with a (poly)silylamide is disclosed. Preferably, the poly(silylamide) is a polymeric alkali metal silylamide of the formula [(R.sup.1 SiHNH).sub.a (R.sup.1 SiN).sub.b (R.sup.1 SiHNM).sub.c ].sub.m where a+b+c=1; R.sup.1 is a lower alkyl group having from 1 to about 6 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having from 2 to about 6 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl group having from 2 to about 6 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted lower aryl group having from 6 to about 10 carbon atoms, a tri(lower)alkyl- or di(lower)alkylsilyl group or a di(lower)alkylamino group; M is an alkali metal or one-half equivalent of an alkaline earth metal; and m is an integer greater than 1. Preferably, a weight ratio of polysiloxane:silylamide of 15:1 to 1:15 is used. Novel preceramic polymers formed by this method are also disclosed.








 
 
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