Resources Contact Us Home
Pitch detection apparatus

Image Number 5 for United States Patent #4688464.

A pitch detector is disclosed that automatically recognizes the pitch of musical notes quickly and outputs the pitch information in a variety of formats. The detector employs a microprocessor that samples the signal from a musical instrument or voice at regular intervals using an analog-to-digital converter and then utilizes both amplitude and time information from the waveform to determine the fundamental period of the note, while rejecting the harmonic components. The microprocessor analyzes the waveform looking for peaks that are approximately equal in amplitude separated by opposite polarity peaks. The time intervals between the peaks must be approximately equal too. Timing information is measured using more than one point on the waveform to avoid inaccuracies caused by temporary distortions of the waveform. The timing points are chosen at points where the slope of the waveform is high for substantially optimal accuracy. To filter out erroneous readings caused by pitch detection during note transition or noise, additional processing of the data is performed to cause a second corroborating reading to be taken when a note transition that is uncommon musically is detected.

  Recently Added Patents
Tunnel magnetoresistance read head with narrow shield-to-shield spacing
Apparatus and sensor for adjusting vertical sensor-alignment
Ejection station
Fuel-based injection control
Data converter with configurable functions
Hierarchical binding and lookup of addresses in inter-process communications systems
Mask blank, transfer mask, and film denseness evaluation method
  Randomly Featured Patents
Antisense modulation of microtubule-associated protein 4 expression
Automotive wheel
Method for removing volatiles from a block copolymer
Process for reducing sterols and free fatty acids from animal fat
Ultra miniature pressure sensor
Programming method and apparatus for robot movement
Sheet metal cutting
Method and apparatus for radio packet data transmission
Vehicle with noncontact drive mechanism and transportation system using the same
High resolution interferometer with high etendue