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Method of starting and/or regenerating a cryopump and a cryopump therefor

Image Number 2 for United States Patent #4614093.

A cryopump has a two-stage refrigerator in a housing with a pumping surface area in thermal communication with each stage of the refrigerator for gas-pumping by adsorption or absorption when the refrigerator is operated. A roughing vacuum pump provides a pressure of from about 1 to about 10.sup.-3 mbar to the housing and at least the pumping surface area of the second refrigerator stage is heated sufficiently to prevent gas adsorption or absorption thereon before the cryopump is operatively connected to a space to be evacuated therewith as a starting method for improving the cryopumping of, particularly, helium and a regenerating method after use of the cryopump.

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