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Phenol formaldehyde resins, their manufacture and use

Image Number 2 for United States Patent #4132699.

Low molecular weight liquid phenol formaldehyde resins and processes for producing them are described. Preferred products are used as foundry binders and are made by forming a low molecular weight liquid novolak, removing free phenol while retaining a low molecular weight, and reacting with additional formaldehyde in the presence of an alkaline catalyst under conditions that yield a low molecular weight.

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