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Low pressure catalytic ethynylation process

Image Number 2 for United States Patent #4119790.

In accordance with the present invention, there is provided herein an improved low pressure, stirred, catalytic process by which butynediol can be produced continuously at a high rate of production, under safe conditions, and without simultaneously forming an excessive amount of undesirable by-products. The process of this invention can be carried out by heating acetylene and formaldehyde, at relatively low temperatures as compared to other processes using supported catalysts, in the presence of a stirred aqueous slurry of a finely-divided complex cuprous acetylide catalyst prepared from a precursor containing greater than 20% and less than 35% by weight of copper, and 0-3%, preferably 2-3%, by weight of bismuth, as the oxides, on a magnesium silicate carrier.

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