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Class Information
Number: 562
Name: Organic compounds -- part of the class 532-570 series >
Description:










Class Number Class Name No. of Patents
 

Organic compounds (class 532, subclass 1)

 
562/7

Boron acids or salts thereof (i.e., compounds having -xh, wherein x is chalcogen, attached directly to boron by nonionic bonding and wherein the hydrogen may be replaced by a group ia or iia light metal, or by substituted or unsubstituted ammonium)

82
562/884

Boron bonded directly to the single bonded oxygen of a -s(=o)(=o)-o- group

0
562/882

Boron bonded directly to the single bonded x of a -c(=x)-x- group, wherein the x's may be the same or diverse chalcogens

6
562/806

Boron halides (i.e., compounds having halogen attached directly to boron by nonionic bonding

7
562/807

Phosphorus attached directly or indirectly to the boron by nonionic bonding

2
562/887

Carboxylic acid anhydrides (i.e., compounds having the -c(=o)-o-c(=o)- group)

76
562/888

Processes of forming the -c(=o)-o-c(=o)- group

35
562/889

Aldehyde reactant

8
562/890

Carbon monoxide or metal carbonyl reactant

39
562/891

Ether or carboxylic acid ester reactant

110
562/897

Carboxylic acid halide reactant

14
562/894

Carboxylic acid salt reactant

12
562/895

Dehydration of two like or different molecules of carboxylic acid

13
562/896

Vapor phase

3
562/893

Ether or carboxylic acid ester reactant

13
562/892

Ketone or ketene reactant

7
562/898

Purification or recovery

34
562/400

Carboxylic acids and salts thereof

230
562/512

Acyclic

210
562/577

Aldehyde or ketone

169
562/578

Polycarboxylic

36
562/550

Formation of carboxyl group by carbonation

26
562/552

Of alkali metal salt of carboxylic acid

11
562/551

Of c-metallated compound

13
562/523

Formation of carboxyl group by oxidation

76
562/538

Of alcohol

157
562/539

Caustic oxidant

27
562/540

Nitrogen containing oxidant

45
562/531

Of aldehyde

124
562/536

Producing acetic acid

45
562/532

Producing unsaturated acid

196
562/535

Group v metal containing catalyst utilized

233
562/534

Group viii metal containing catalyst utilized

148
562/533

Liquid phase oxidation

43
562/524

Of carboxylic acid or ester

48
562/525

Of oxy acid or ester

20
562/537

Of ether

61
562/541

Of halogenated hydrocarbon

12
562/542

Of hydrocarbon

79
562/543

Alicyclic

83
562/549

Alkane

163
562/544

Olefin

68
562/548

Producing acetic acid

74
562/545

Producing unsaturated acid

178
562/547

Group v metal containing catalyst utilized

111
562/546

Group viii metal containing catalyst utilized

139
562/527

Of ketone

30
562/528

Cyclic ketone or mixture thereof with cyclic alcohol

37
562/529

Two stage oxidation from hydrocarbon

18
562/530

With recycle or recovery of reaction component

32
562/526

Of nitrogen containing compound

51
562/602

Halogen

89
562/605

Fluorine containing

137
562/604

Preparation by dehalogenation

8
562/603

Preparation by halogenating acid or anhydride

42
562/553

Nitrogen bonded to carbon of organic radical (e.g., amino acids, etc.)

416
562/575

Alpha nitrogen

234
562/576

Beta alanine per se or salt thereof

33
562/555

Carbamic acids or salts thereof

71
562/574

Halogen or unsaturation

115
562/567

Oxy, aldehyde, or ketone

320
562/569

Pantothenic acid per se or salt thereof

14
562/568

Polycarboxylic

89
562/570

Threonine per se or salt thereof

38
562/561

Plural nitrogens

273
562/563

Glutamine per se or salt thereof

52
562/562

Lysine per se or salt thereof

116
562/564

Oxy containing

166
562/565

Polycarboxylic

153
562/566

Ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid per se or salt thereof

28
562/571

Polycarboxylic

186
562/573

Glutamic acid per se or salt thereof

63
562/572

Nitrilotriacetic acid per se or salt thereof

31
562/554

Purification or recovery per se

141
562/556

Sulfur or selenium

270
562/557

Alpha n, beta s - acids or salts thereof

176
562/558

Penicillamine per se or salt thereof

21
562/559

Methionine per se or salt thereof

96
562/560

Ureido, hydrazino, or nitrogen double bonded directly to carbon

234
562/579

Oxy

168
562/588

Alkoxy

43
562/586

Halogen

90
562/589

Lactic acid per se or salt thereof

162
562/582

Polycarboxylic

133
562/584

Citric acid per se or salt thereof

140
562/583

Ether

122
562/585

Tartaric acid per se or salt thereof

78
562/587

Polyoxy

150
562/580

Purification or recovery per se

187
562/581

Sulfur

90
562/590

Polycarboxylic

290
562/594

Element other than c,h,o,n, or halogen

57
562/596

Halogen

29
562/597

Oxalic acid per se or salt thereof

118
562/592

Preparation by hydrogenation

22
562/591

Preparation by isomerization

13
562/593

Purification or recovery per se

137
562/595

Unsaturated

234
562/517

Preparation by carbonylation

187
562/519

Of alcohol or alcoholate

315
562/518

Of aldehyde or ketone

43
562/520

Of halogenated hydrocarbon

54
562/521

Of hydrocarbon

64
562/522

Group viii metal containing catalyst utilized

149
562/515

Preparation by degradation of carbohydrates

53
562/516

Preparation by hydrolysis of proteins

13
562/513

Preparation from source of undetermined composition (e.g., industrial waste, etc.)

70
562/514

Nitrogen containing acid produced

8
562/512.2

Preparing by oxidation of hydrocarbon mixtures

77
562/512.4

Plural -coo- groups in compound formed

30
562/606

Saturated lower fatty acids

245
562/607

Acetic acid per se or salt thereof

315
562/608

Purification or recovery per se

258
562/609

Formic acid per se or salt thereof

153
562/598

Unsaturated

300
562/599

Formation of ethylenic unsaturation

163
562/600

Purification or recovery per se

361
562/601

Sorbic acid per se or salt thereof

41
562/507

Alicyclic acids having an element other than oxygen, carbon, or hydrogen

376
562/508

Alicyclic acids having an oxy, aldehyde, or ketone group

175
562/510

Alicyclic acids having unsaturation

106
562/509

Alicyclic polycarboxylic acids

93
562/405

Aromatic

391
562/459

Aldehyde or ketone

249
562/463

Oxy

398
562/464

Phenoxy alkanoic acids

97
562/461

Polycyclo ring system

66
562/462

Bicyclo ring system

154
562/460

Two rings bonded directly to the same carbonyl

165
562/479

Decarboxylation of polycarboxylic acid or salt

35
562/407

Formation of carboxyl group by oxidation

69
562/408

Of aromatic compound

78
562/409

Alkyl side chain oxidized

117
562/412

Air, oxygen, or ozone oxidant

236
562/415

Gas phase

50
562/416

Halogen containing catalyst, initiator, or promoter utilized

247
562/417

Initiator or promoter used with catalyst

83
562/413

Multistage

115
562/414

With recycle or recovery of reaction component

217
562/410

Nitrogen containing oxidant

39
562/411

Sulfur containing oxidant

13
562/422

Of halo alkyl containing compound

23
562/418

Of oxy or carbonyl containing compound

79
562/421

Air, oxygen, or ozone oxidant

66
562/419

Hypohalite as oxidant

34
562/420

Nitrogen containing oxidant

12
562/493

Monocyclic

272
562/495

Additional unsaturation

120
562/496

Carboxyl, or salt thereof, not bonded directly to ring

228
562/494

Purification or recovery per se

85
562/490

Naphthyl group

230
562/433

Nitrogen bonded directly to carbon of organic radical (e.g., amino acids, etc.)

425
562/458

Carboxyl, or salt thereof, bonded directly to a ring

117
562/456

Halogen

238
562/434

Nitro or nitroso

175
562/438

Halogen

96
562/437

Plural nitrogens

185
562/435

Plural rings

315
562/436

Plural rings bonded directly to the same carbonyl

26
562/440

Nitrogen double bonded directly to carbon (e.g., amidine, ketimine, etc.)

266
562/442

Nitrogen not bonded directly to a ring

262
562/443

In same chain as carboxyl, or salt thereof

312
562/450

Amide

407
562/449

Halogen

153
562/444

Oxy

443
562/445

Phenyl alanines

260
562/446

Di-oxy phenyl alanines

73
562/447

Phenoxphenyl alanines

34
562/448

Plural nitrogens

178
562/451

Oxy

230
562/452

Oxy

262
562/455

Amide

274
562/454

Aryl-n-aryl

31
562/453

Carboxyl, or salt thereof, nitrogen and oxygen all bonded directly to the same benzene ring

111
562/441

Plural rings bonded directly to the same carbon

149
562/457

Plural rings with nitrogen bonded directly to at least one ring

258
562/439

Ureido, guanido, or hydrazine

302
562/465

Oxy

372
562/473

Carboxyl, or salt thereof, bonded directly to a ring

178
562/474

Halogen

143
562/475

Phenolic hydroxy or metallate

106
562/476

Poly phenolic hydroxy or metallate

32
562/477

Salicyclic acid per se or salt thereof

54
562/471

Oxy, bonded directly to a ring, in same side chain as carboxyl, or salt thereof

256
562/472

Halogen

175
562/470

Oxy, not bonded directly to a ring, in same side chain as carboxyl, or salt thereof

277
562/478

Phenolic hydroxy or metallate

111
562/468

Plural rings bonded directly to the same carbon

159
562/466

Polycyclo ring system

394
562/467

Carboxyl bonded directly to naphthylene ring system

135
562/469

Rings bonded directly to each other

204
562/491

Plural rings bonded directly to the same carbon

91
562/480

Polycarboxylic acids or salts thereof

161
562/489

Carboxyl not directly attached to a ring

69
562/488

Plural rings

162
562/483

Preparation by hydrolysis of amide, anhydride, or ester

89
562/484

Preparation by hydrolysis of nitrile

23
562/482

Preparation by isomerization

10
562/481

Prepared by disproportionation

30
562/485

Purification or recovery per se

185
562/486

By crystallization

141
562/487

By reaction of undesired component

120
562/423

Preparation by carbonation

42
562/424

Of alkali metal phenolates

44
562/425

Having plural rings

35
562/406

Preparation by carbonylation

206
562/492

Rings bonded directly to each other

182
562/426

Sulfur

609
562/432

Carboxyl, or salt thereof, bonded directly to a ring

236
562/431

Carboxyl, or salt thereof, in side chain having sulfur bonded directly to a ring

212
562/427

Polycyclo ring system

318
562/428

Indenyl or hydrindenyl

67
562/429

Sulfoxy

287
562/430

Nitrogen

520
562/505

Cyclobutyl

106
562/503

Cyclopentyl (e.g., prostoglandins, etc.)

883
562/504

Cyclopentyl bonded to -coor, -ccoor, or -cccoor

174
562/506

Cyclopropyl

293
562/403

Hydrophenanthrene nucleus

29
562/404

1,4a-dimethyl hydrophenanthrene-1 carboxylic acids or salts thereof

17
562/511

Naphthenic acids or salts thereof

14
562/498

Plural alicyclic rings

146
562/499

Tricyclo ring system

106
562/500

Two rings only

242
562/502

2,2,1-bicyclo

68
562/501

Orthofused

165
562/497

Preparing alicyclic acids by carbonylation

83
562/401

Racemization or separation of optical isomers

334
562/402

Physical resolution

98
562/840

Carboxylic halides (i.e., compounds having the -c(=o)-halo group)

162
562/867

Alicyclic ring containing

71
562/842

Boron or phosphorus attached directly or indirectly to the carbonyl group by nonionic bonding

5
562/843

Carbonyl bonded directly to the carbonyl group (e.g., oxalyl chlorides, etc.)

17
562/849

Fluorine is the halogen (i.e., carboxylic fluorides)

133
562/850

Plural -c(=o)-f groups attached indirectly to each other by nonionic bonding

59
562/851

Processes for forming the carbonyl group

52
562/852

Processes for forming the carbonyl to fluoride bond

54
562/868

Nitrogen attached indirectly to the carbonyl group by nonionic bonding

36
562/844

Nitrogen bonded directly to the carbonyl group (e.g., carbamyl chlorides, etc.)

23
562/845

Chalcogen or additional carbonyl bonded directly to the nitrogen

23
562/846

Processes utilizing phosgene as a reactant

8
562/847

Phosgene, per se

29
562/853

Plural -c(=o)-halo groups attached indirectly to each other by nonionic bonding

60
562/855

Plural -c(=o)-halo groups bonded directly to the same benzene ring

31
562/854

Preparing utilizing phosgene

9
562/848

Processes utilizing carbon monoxide as a reactant

29
562/856

Processes

38
562/865

Dehalogenation or dehydrohalogenation

3
562/859

Forming the carbonyl group

36
562/860

By oxidizing a halogenated olefin

10
562/861

Forming the carbonyl to halide bond

62
562/863

Elemental halogen or hydrogen halide utilized

34
562/862

Reactant having halogen bonded directly to sulfur by nonionic bonding

59
562/864

Halogenation

42
562/858

Ketene reactant

6
562/857

Phosgene reactant

33
562/866

Purification or recovery

16
562/841

With preservative or stabilizer

4
562/837

Compounds having the -(o=)s(=o)-nh-halo group (i.e., n-halo sulfonamides, wherein substitution may be made for hydrogen only)

2
562/885

Compounds having the -s-scn group bonded directly to carbon, which carbon may be single bonded to any atom but may be multiple bonded only to carbon

1
562/875

Containing -c(=nh)-x-c(=x)-, wherein substitution may be made for hydrogen only, and the x's may be the same or diverse chalcogens

6
562/869

Containing -c(=x)-cn, wherein x is chalcogen (e.g., carbonyl cyanides, etc.)

37
562/871

Containing -c(=x)-n=c=x or -c(=x)-x-n=n-x-, wherein the x's may be the same or diverse chalcogens

5
562/874

Containing -c(=x)-nh-x-c(=x)- or -c(=x)-nh-x-s(=o)(=o)-, wherein substitution may be made for hydrogen only, and the x's may be the same or diverse chalcogens

22
562/881

Containing -c(=x)-nh-x-halo, wherein substitution may be made for hydrogen only, and the x's may be the same or diverse chalcogens

1
562/880

Containing -c(=x)-nh-x-nh-c(=x)- or -c(=x)-x-nh-s(=o)(=o)-, wherein substitution may be made for hydrogen only, and the x's may be the same or diverse chalcogens

2
562/879

Containing -c(=x)-x-n(=o) or -c(=x)-x-s(=o)(=o)-, wherein the x's may be the same or diverse chalcogens

10
562/873

Containing -s(=o)(=o)-cn or -s(=o)(=o)-n=s=o

3
562/800

Hydroxamic acid halides or chalcogen analogs therof (i.e., compounds having the -c(=x)nh-halo group, wherein x is chalcogen and substitution may be made for hydrogen only)

16
562/801

Additional nitrogen bonded directly to the -c(=x)- group (e.g., urea halides, etc.)

3
562/621

Hydroxamic acids, chalcogen analogs or salts thereof (i.e., compounds having the -c(=x)-n(r)-xh group or the -c(xh)=nxr group, wherein r may be hydrogen or substitution for hydrogen, the x's in each group may be the same or diverse chalcogens, and h of -xh in each group may be replaced by a group ia or iia light metal, or by substituted or unsubstituted ammonium)

220
562/622

Carbocyclic ring bonded directly to the carbon of the acid group

96
562/623

Nitrogen attached to the acid group directly or indirectly by acyclic nonionic bonding (e.g., n-hydroxy ureas, dihydroxamic acids, etc.)

182
562/802

Imidic acid halides (i.e., compounds having the -n=ch-halo group, wherein substitution may be made for hydrogen only)

9
562/803

Additional halogen bonded directly to the carbon of the imidic halide group (i.e., -n=(halo)c(halo)

11
562/804

Chalcogen attached directly to the nitrogen of the imidic halide group by nonionic bonding (i.e., -x-n=ch-halo, wherein x is chalcogen)

15
562/805

Nitrogen attached directly to the nitrogen of the imidic halide group by nonionic bonding (i.e., hnh-n=ch-halo, wherein subsitution may be made for hydrogen only)

5
562/624

Imidic acids, chalcogen analogs or salts thereof (i.e., compounds having the group -n-c(xh)-, wherein x is chalcogen and the hydrogen may be replaced by a group ia or iia light metal, or by substituted or unsubstituted ammonium)

20
562/620

Nitrolic acids or salts thereof (i.e., compounds having the group -c(=noh)-n(=o) (=o), wherein the hydrogen may be replaced by a group ia or iia light metal, or by substituted or unsubstituted ammonium)

2
562/2

Percarboxylic acids or salts thereof (i.e., compounds having the -c(=o)-o oh group, wherein the hydrogen may be replaced by a group ia or iia light metal, or by substituted or unsubstituted ammonium)

79
562/4

Formation of the -c(=o)-o-oh group, or of a salt thereof (e.g., from acid halides or anhydrides, neutralization; etc)

17
562/5

Aldehyde or percarboxylic acid ester reactant

14
562/6

Carboxylic acid or carboxylic acid salt reactant

75
562/3

With preservative or stabilizer

24
562/1

Persulphonic acids or salts thereof (i.e., compounds having the -s(=o)(=o) o-oh group, wherein the hydrogen may be replaced by a group ia or iia light metal, or by substituted or unsubstituted ammonium)

18
562/8

Phosphorus acids or salts thereof (i.e., compounds having -xh, wherein x is chalcogen, attached directly to phosphorus by nonionic bonding and wherein the hydrogen may be replaced by a substituted or unsubstituted ammonium or by a group ia or iia light metal)

222
562/23

Chalcogen attached indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding

102
562/24

The chalcogen is in a -c(=x)- group

113
562/25

Halogen attached indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding

35
562/10

Nitrogen attached directly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding

47
562/11

Nitrogen attached indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding

190
562/12

Plural phosphori attached indirectly to each other by nonionic bonding

57
562/14

Additional nitrogen attached indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding

75
562/13

Plural phosphori bonded directly to the same carbon

132
562/16

The nitrogen and the phosphorus are bonded directly to the same carbon

105
562/17

The nitrogen is bonded to an additional acyclic carbon or acyclic carbon chain, to which a -c(=x)x- group is bonded directly, wherein the x's are the same or diverse chalcogen

205
562/18

Preparing from a compound having a nitrogen containing hetero ring

28
562/15

The nitrogen is bonded directly to -c(=x)-, wherein x is chalcogen

144
562/20

Plural phosphori attached indirectly to each other by nonionic bonding

91
562/21

Plural phosphori bonded directly to the same carbon

70
562/22

Processes

29
562/9

Sulfur attached directly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding

33
562/19

The phosphorus is in a ring

19
562/877

Phosphorus bonded directly to cyano or to -n=c=x, wherein x is chalcogen

1
562/876

Phosphorus bonded directly to the single bonded x of a -c(=x)-x-group, wherein the x's may be the same or diverse chalcogens

13
562/808

Phosphorus halides (i.e., compounds having halogen attached directly to phosphorus by nonionic bonding)

18
562/811

Additional phosphorus attached directly or indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding

8
562/820

Forming phosphorus to carbon bond

16
562/809

Nitrogen bonded directly to the phosphorus

8
562/810

The phosphorus and the nitrogen are in the same ring

8
562/816

Oxygen bonded directly to the phosphorus

15
562/819

Forming phosphorus to carbon bond

4
562/818

Forming phosphorus to halogen bond

14
562/817

Halogen attached indirectly to the phosphorus by acyclic nonionic bonding

30
562/813

Sulfur bonded directly to the phosphorus

7
562/815

Forming phosphorus to carbon bond

3
562/814

Preparing utilizing an inorganic compound containing phosphorus and sulfur

7
562/812

The phosphorus is in a ring

4
562/899

Selenium or tellurium containing

103
562/125

Sulfinic or sulfenic acids or salts thereof (i.e., compounds containing the sulfinate group, -s(=o)o-, or the sulfenate group, -s-o-, wherein the single bonded oxygen is bonded directly to hydrogen, or to a group ia or group iia light metal or to substituted or unsubstituted ammonium)

64
562/126

Nitrogen attached indirectly to a sulfinate group by acyclic nonionic bonding

36
562/625

Sulfohydroxamic acids, chalcogen analogs or salts thereof (i.e., compounds having the -s(=o)(=o)-n(r)-xh group, wherein r may be hydrogen or substitution for hydrogen, x is chalcogen, and h of -xh may be replaced by a group ia or iia light metal,or by substituted or unsubstituted ammonium)

3
562/30

Sulfonic acids or salts thereof (i.e., compounds containing the sulfonate group, -s(=o)(=o)-o- wherein the single bonded oxygen is bonded directly to hydrogen, or to a group ia or iia light metal or to substituted or unsubstituted ammonium)

121
562/114

Addition salts having organic nitrogen containing cation

97
562/41

Benzene ring attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by acyclic nonionic bonding

87
562/42

Noncarbon atom in acyclic chain between the benzene ring and the sulfonate sulfur

85
562/43

Nitrogen in the acyclic chain

62
562/44

Chalcogen or -c(=x)-, wherein x is chalcogen, in the chain

54
562/45

Benzene ring bonded directly to the sulfonate sulfur (e.g., purification and neutralization of benzene sulfonic acids, etc.)

84
562/87

Acyclic carbon to carbon unsaturation containing

33
562/84

Addition salts having organic nitrogen containing cation

59
562/85

Having -c(=x)-, wherein x is chalcogen, in the cation

29
562/86

Nitrogen double bonded to carbon in the cation (e.g., guanidinium salts, etc.)

10
562/83

Halogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding

42
562/46

Having -c(=x)-, wherein x is chalcogen, attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding (e.g., aldehydes, etc.)

53
562/47

Chalcogen or nitrogen bonded directly to the -c(=x)- group

49
562/55

Acyclic carbon bonded directly to the -c(=x)- group

39
562/48

Benzene ring bonded directly to each nitrogen of a -nh-c(=x)-nh-group, wherein x is chalcogen and substitution may be made for hydrogen only

16
562/49

At least one of the benzene rings is part of a naphthalene ring system

14
562/50

Plural naphthalene ring systems attached indirectly to the -nhc(=x)nh- group by nonionic bonding

19
562/52

Plural -c(=x)- groups attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding

41
562/54

Plural -c(=x)- groups bonded directly to the same benzene ring

18
562/53

Plural carbons bonded directly to -c(=x)-

12
562/51

Stilbene containing

7
562/56

The -c(=x)- is part of a -c(=x)x- group, wherein the x's may be the same or diverse chalcogens

28
562/57

Nitrogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding

18
562/58

Nitrogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding

90
562/73

Nitro or halogen bonded directly to a benzene ring

57
562/59

Plural benzene rings bonded directly to each other or to the same acyclic carbon

24
562/61

Plural benzene rings bonded directly to the same nitrogen

14
562/63

At least one of the benene rings is part of a naphthalene ring system

7
562/64

Oxygen bonded directly to a benzene ring

9
562/62

Plural nitrogens each bonded to two benzene rings (e.g., phenylaminophenylaminophenyl compounds, etc.)

12
562/68

Polycyclo ring system consisting of benzene rings bonded directly to the sulfonate group

22
562/72

Halogen, plural nitrogens, or additional sulfonate group bonded directly to the polycyclo ring system

20
562/69

Nitro or nitroso bonded directly to the polycyclo ring system

8
562/70

Oxygen bonded directly to the polycyclo ring system (e.g., aminonaphthol sulfonic acid, etc.)

17
562/71

Additional sulfonate group bonded directly to the polycyclo ring system (e.g., h acid, etc.)

10
562/60

Stilbene containing

24
562/65

Sulfonyl bonded directly to the nitrogen

24
562/66

The nitrogen is attached indirectly to a benzene ring by acyclic nonionic bonding

18
562/67

Additional nitrogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding

21
562/74

Nonsulfonate chalcogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding

34
562/78

Halogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding

11
562/76

Plural carbons bonded directly to the nonsulfonate chalcogen (e.g., ethers, sulfones, etc.)

35
562/77

Hydroxy group or nonsulfonate sulfur attached indirectly to a benzene ring by acyclic nonionic bonding

17
562/81

Plural oxygens bonded directly to the same benzene ring

10
562/79

The sulfonate group and oxygen are bonded directly to the same polycyclo ring system which consists of benzene rings

9
562/80

Additional sulfonate group bonded directly to the polycyclo ring system

3
562/82

The sulfonate group, oxygen, and alkyl of at least 4 carbons are bonded directly to the same benzene ring

12
562/75

Two benzene rings bonded to the nonsulfonate chalcogen (e.g., phenoxyphenyl compounds, etc.)

19
562/88

Plural benzene rings bonded directly to each other, or to the same acyclic carbon or acyclic carbon chain

35
562/89

Polycyclo ring system consisting of benzene rings bonded directly to the sulfonate group

29
562/90

Processes of sulfonating naphthalene per se or alkyl substituted naphthalene

15
562/91

Sulfonate group and alkyl group of at least four carbons bonded directly to the same benzene ring

27
562/97

Neutralization or acidification

21
562/93

Processes including alkylation of a benzene ring, and the products thereof

13
562/94

The alkylating agent is an olefin

17
562/96

Purification or recovery

14
562/95

Sulfonation processes

40
562/92

With preservative, stabilizer, or color or odor affecting additive

5
562/98

Sulfonation utilizing sulfur trioxide or oleum (e.g., sulfonation of benzene or toluene with oleum, etc.)

14
562/99

Sulfonation utilizing sulfuric acid (e.g., sulfonation of benzene or toluene with sulfuric acid, etc.)

8
562/35

Boron or phosphorus attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding (e.g., phosphonium salts, etc.)

47
562/108

Chalcogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by acyclic nonionic bonding

50
562/112

Addition salts having organic nitrogen containing cation

22
562/111

Plural carbons bonded directly to the chalcogen (e.g., ethers, etc.)

49
562/110

Plural chalcogens attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by acyclic nonionic bonding

73
562/109

The chalcogen, x, is in a -c(=x)- group

65
562/36

Chalcogen or -c(=x)-, wherein x is chalcogen, attached directly to the sulfonate sulfur by nonionic bonding

25
562/113

Halogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by acyclic nonionic bonding

107
562/31

Hydrophenanthrene ring system containing

4
562/37

Nitrogen attached directly to the sulfonate sulfur by nonionic bonding (e.g., sulfamic acids, etc.)

33
562/40

Additional salts having organic nitrogen containing cation

15
562/39

Processes of forming the -nh-s(=o)(o=)-o- group, wherein substitution may be made for hydrogen only

14
562/38

Processes utilizing an inorganic sulfamic acid, or a salt thereof

4
562/104

Nitrogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by acyclic nonionic bonding

59
562/107

Chalcogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by acyclic nonionic bonding

50
562/105

Having -c(=x)-, wherein x is chalcogen, attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by acyclic nonionic bonding

63
562/106

Plural nitrogens or plural -c(=x)- groups, wherein x is chalcogen, attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by acyclic nonionic bonding

44
562/33

Petroleum sulfonic acids

49
562/34

Addition salts having organic nitrogen containing cation

5
562/101

Plural sulfonate groups attached indirectly to each other by acyclic nonionic bonding

40
562/102

Nitrogen or -c(=x)-, wherein x is chalcogen, attached indirectly to the sulfonate groups by nonionic bonding

42
562/103

Plural nonsulfonate chalcogens attached indirectly to the sulfonate groups by nonionic bonding

24
562/100

Polycyclo alicyclic ring system attached directly or indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding

64
562/115

Processes (e.g., neutralization, stabilization, etc.)

46
562/117

Conversion of sulfur containing hetero ring compounds to sulfonic acids

3
562/116

Decarboxylation, hydrogenation or formation of carbon-to-carbon unsaturation

4
562/120

Formation of sulfonic acids or sulfonic acid salts utilizing inorganic sulfonating agents (e.g., reaction of alcohols or alkyl halides with sulfurous acid, etc.)

12
562/122

Sulfurous acid or salt thereof reacted with unsaturated hydrocarbon

10
562/121

Utilizing sulfur dioxide and oxygen (i.e., sulfoxidation)

9
562/123

Utilizing sulfur trioxide, oleum, sulfuric acid or halosulfonic acid

45
562/119

Hydrolysis of sulfonyl halides

6
562/118

Oxidation of organic sulfur compounds to sulfonic acids

24
562/124

Purification or recovery

64
562/32

Processes of sulfonating lignites, leonardites, coal, humic acids, bark or pitch, and the reaction products thereof

7
562/872

Sulfonic anhydrides (i.e., compounds having the -s(=o)(=o)-o-s(=o)(o=) group

9
562/870

Sulfonyl isocyanates or sulfonyl isothiocyanates, (i.e., compounds having the -s(=o)(=o)-n=c=x group, wherein x is oxygen or sulfur)

19
562/821

Sulfur halides (i.e., compounds having halogen attached directly to sulfur by nonionic bonding)

12
562/827

Chalcogen double bonded directly to the sulfur (e.g., sulfinyl halides, etc.)

8
562/828

Plural chalcogens double bonded directly to the sulfur (e.g., sulfonyl halides, etc.)

51
562/833

Chalcogen attached indirectly to the sulfur by nonionic bonding

45
562/834

Halogen attached indirectly to the sulfur by nonionic bonding

24
562/832

Nitrogen, other than as nitro or nitroso, attached indirectly to the sulfur by nonionic bonding

20
562/831

Plural sulfonyl halide groups attached indirectly to each other by nonionic bonding

14
562/830

Preparing utilizing thionyl halide or carbonyl dihalide (e.g., phosgene, etc.)

16
562/829

Processes for forming the sulfonyl halide group utilizing elemental halogen

20
562/835

Chalcogen or nitrogen attached indirectly to the sulfur by nonionic bonding

7
562/822

Nitrogen bonded directly to the sulfur

23
562/823

Phosphorus, -c(=x)-, wherein x is chalcogen, additional chalcogen attached directly to the nitrogen by nonionic bonding

13
562/836

Perchloro methyl mercaptan per se (i.e., trichloromethane sulfenyl chloride)

7
562/824

The halogen is fluorine

17
562/825

Chalcogen double bonded directly to the sulfur (e.g., sulfonyl fluorides, etc.)

56
562/826

Benzene attached directly or indirectly to the sulfur by nonionic bonding

24
562/886

Thiocarboxylic acid anhydrides (i.e., compounds having the -c(=x)-x c(=x)- group, wherein the x's may be the same or diverse chalcogens and at least one x is sulfur)

5
562/26

Thiocarboxylic acids or salts thereof (i.e., compounds having the group -c(=x)xh, wherein the x's are the same or diverse chalcogens and at least one x is sulfur, and hydrogen may be replaced by a group ia or iia light metal, or by substituted or unsubstituted ammonium)

73
562/27

Nitrogen bonded directly to the carbon of the -c(=x)xh group or of its salt (e.g., dithiocarbamic acids, etc.)

35
562/28

Processes utilizing carbon disulfide

11
562/838

Thiocarboxylic halides (i.e., compounds having the -c(=s)-halo group)

2
562/839

Additional halogen bonded directly to the -c(=s)- group (e.g., thiophosgene, etc.)

1
562/29

Thiosulfonic acids or salts thereof (i.e., compounds containing the thiosulfonate group, -s(=o)(=o)-s-, wherein the divalent sulfur is bonded directly to hydrogen, or to a group ia or iia light metal or to substituted or unsubstituted ammonium)

11
562/883

Two borons bonded directly to the same divalent chalcogen atom (e.g., boroxoles, etc.)

0
562/878

Two phosphori bonded directly to the same divalent chalcogen atom (e.g., pyrophosphorus compounds, etc.)

14
 
 
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