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Class Information
Number: 435
Name: Chemistry: molecular biology and microbiology >
Description: STATEMENT OF CLASS SUBJECT MATTER










Class Number Class Name No. of Patents
 

7.1 through 7.95

 
435/818

Aeration or oxygen transfer technique

135
435/974

Aids related test

271
435/801

Anerobic cultivation

149
435/325

Animal cell, per se (e.g., cell lines, etc.); composition thereof; process of propagating, maintaining or preserving an animal cell or composition thereof; process of isolating or separating an animal cell or composition thereof; process of preparing a composition containing an animal cell; culture media therefore

12153
435/326

Animal cell, per se, expressing immunoglobulin, antibody, or fragment thereof

954
435/345

Immunoglobulin or antibody binds a drug, hapten, hapten-carrier complex, or specifically identified chemical structure (e.g., theophylline, digoxin, etc.)

131
435/332

Immunoglobulin or antibody binds a microorganism or normal or mutant component or product thereof (e.g., animal cell, cell surface antigen, secretory product, etc.)

279
435/340

Binds a bacterium or similar microorganism or component or product thereof (e.g., streptococcus, legionella, mycoplasma, bacterium associated antigen, exotoxin, etc.)

124
435/344

Binds a cancer cell or component or product thereof (e.g., cell surface antigen, etc.)

181
435/344.1

Binds an antigen characterized by name or molecular weight (e.g., cea, nca, cc glycoprotein, melanoma gp 150 antigen, etc.)

205
435/341

Binds a fungus or plant cell or component or product thereof (e.g., fungus associated antigen, etc.)

32
435/343

Binds a hematopoietic cell or component or product thereof (e.g., erythrocyte, granulocyte, macrophage, monocyte, platelet, myelogenous leukemia cell, bone marrow stem cell, granulocytic cell surface antigen, hemoglobin, thrombospondin, glycophorin, etc.)

165
435/343.1

Binds a lymphocytic or lymphocytic-like cell or component or product thereof (e.g., b cell, b-lineage bone marrow cell, null cell, natural killer cell, b-lymphoblastoid cell, b-lineage, acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell, b-lymphocytic cell surface antigen, etc.)

135
435/343.2

Binds a t-lymphocytic cell or component or product thereof (e.g., t-cell, thymocyte, t-lineage bone marrow cell, t-lymphoblastoid cell, t-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell, t-lymphocytic cell surface antigen, etc.)

118
435/336

Binds a hormone or other secreted growth regulatory factor, differentiation factor, intercellular mediator, or neurotransmitter (e.g., insulin, human chorionic gonadotropin, intragonadal regulatory protein, mullerian inhibiting substance, inhibin, epidermal growth factor, nerve growth factor, dopamine, norepinephrine, etc.)

130
435/335

Binds a lymphokine, cytokine, or other secreted growth regulatory factor, differentiation factor, intercellular mediator specific for a hematopoietic cell (e.g., interleukin, interferon, erythropoietin, etc.)

208
435/333

Binds a nucleic acid or derivative or component thereof (e.g., dna, rna, dna-rna, hybrid, nucleotide, nucleoside, carcinogen-dna adduct, etc.)

30
435/342

Binds a parasitic protozoan or metazoan cell or component or product thereof; (e.g., dirofilaria, eimeria, coccidia, trichinella, parasite cell surface antigen, etc.)

38
435/337

Binds a plasma protein, serum protein, or fibrin (e.g., clotting factor fibrinolytic factor, complement factor, immunoglobulin, apolipoprotein, etc.)

141
435/334

Binds a receptor (e.g., transferrin receptor, fc receptor, dihydropyridine receptor, il-2 receptor, etc.)

344
435/339

Binds a virus or component or product thereof (e.g., virus associated antigen, etc.)

146
435/339.1

Binds a retrovirus or component or product thereof (e.g., hiv, lav, htlv, etc.)

114
435/338

Binds an enzyme

97
435/331

Immunoglobulin or antibody binds a specifically identified amino acid sequence

338
435/330

Immunoglobulin or antibody binds an expression product of a cancer related gene or fragment thereof (e.g., oncogene, proto-oncogene, etc.)

174
435/329

Immunoglobulin or antibody binds an oligosaccharide structure other than nucleic acid

90
435/327

Immunoglobulin or antibody is anti-idiotypic

67
435/328

Immunoglobulin or antibody is chimeric, mutated, or a recombined hybrid (e.g., bifunctional, bispecific, rodent-human chimeric, single chain, rfv, immunoglobuin fusion protein, etc.)

425
435/349

Avian cell, per se

135
435/350

Canine cell, per se

107
435/404

Culture medium, per se

348
435/405

Contains a growth factor or growth regulator

242
435/406

Contains a polypeptide hormone

93
435/407

Contains an albumin

60
435/408

Contains an animal extract

91
435/351

Feline cell, per se

47
435/346

Fused or hybrid cell, per se

280
435/348

Insect cell, per se

676
435/373

Method of co-culturing cells

438
435/383

Method of culturing cells in suspension

411
435/384

Culture medium contains a growth factor or growth regulator

350
435/385

Medium contains a colony stimulating factor

88
435/387

Medium contains a polypeptide hormone

94
435/386

Medium contains an interleukin

90
435/389

Culture medium contains a transferrin

38
435/388

Culture medium contains an albumin

35
435/391

Culture medium contains an animal extract

75
435/392

Serum

88
435/390

Culture medium contains an incompletely defined plant or microbial extract excluding animal extract

26
435/393

Using airlift or laminar flow aeration or foam culture

19
435/394

Wherein culture vessel is rotated or oscillated or culture is agitated

87
435/382

Method of culturing encapsulated cells

170
435/378

Method of detaching cells, digesting tissue or establishing a primary culture

324
435/381

Digesting tissue with protease

79
435/380

Releasing bound or adhered cell using protease

54
435/379

Using mechanical means (e.g., trituration, etc.)

80
435/375

Method of regulating cell metabolism or physiology

2319
435/377

Method of altering the differentiation state of the cell

1155
435/376

Method of synchronizing cell division

35
435/374

Method of storing cells in a viable state

307
435/363

Primate cell, per se

287
435/366

Human

1829
435/372

Blood, lymphatic, or bone marrow origin or derivative

946
435/372.2

B-cell or derivative

123
435/372.1

Myeloma origin or derivative

82
435/372.3

T-cell or derivative

357
435/371

Epithelial origin or derivative

386
435/367

Hela cell or derivative

217
435/370

Hepatic origin or derivative

202
435/368

Nervous system origin or derivative

381
435/369

Renal origin or derivative

269
435/364

Monkey kidney

141
435/365

Cos (e.g., cos-7, etc.)

349
435/365.1

Expressing recombinant lymphokine, interferon, hormone, growth factor or morphogen

111
435/352

Rodent cell, per se

268
435/358

Chinese hamster ovary (i.e., cho)

515
435/362

Expressing recombinant antigen

76
435/360

Expressing recombinant hormone or growth factor

136
435/361

Expressing recombinant receptor

145
435/359

Expressing recombinant tpa

37
435/354

Mouse (i.e., mus)

446
435/355

Blood or lymphatic origin or derivative

156
435/357

Fibroblast, fibroblast-like cell or derivative (e.g., nih 3t3, etc.)

195
435/356

L cell or derivative (e.g., ltk(-), etc.)

83
435/353

Rat (i.e., rattus)

150
435/395

Solid support and method of culturing cells on said solid support

756
435/402

Support is a coated or treated surface

361
435/398

Support is a fiber

76
435/399

Fabric, mat, gauze, or fibrous coating

75
435/400

Hollow

82
435/397

Support is a gel surface

125
435/401

Support is a membrane

165
435/396

Support is a resin

92
435/403

Support is a suspendable particle

100
435/347

Two or more cell types, per se, in co-culture

166
435/283.1

Apparatus

1490
435/289.1

Bioreactor

822
435/304.1

Bottle, tube, jar, or flask

265
435/304.3

Flat culture flask

60
435/304.2

Including multiple internal compartments for baffles

106
435/296.1

Bubble bioreactor

85
435/290.1

Composting apparatus

224
435/290.2

Including agitation means

145
435/290.3

Compostor is rotatably mounted

84
435/290.4

Including solid or liquid transport means into or out of a compostor

206
435/298.1

Cylindrical reaction tank or vessel horizontally disposed with respect to its central axis

71
435/298.2

With a rotatably mounted tank or vessel

90
435/305.1

Dish, plate, or tray

261
435/305.4

Including cover seal

167
435/305.2

Multicompartmented

278
435/305.3

Including cover seal

198
435/295.1

Including a draft tube for agitation

69
435/295.2

Airlift bioreactor

47
435/295.3

Including a semi-permeable membrane or filter

40
435/301.1

Including foam breaking means

30
435/302.1

Including magnetically coupled agitation means

47
435/292.1

Including means to transmit light into a bioreactor to facilitate photo- bioreaction (e.g., photosynthesis)

185
435/300.1

Including off-gas trapping means

117
435/297.1

Including semipermeable membrane or filter

372
435/297.5

In combination with a dish, plate, or tray

211
435/297.2

Including perfusion means

248
435/297.3

Including a spinning semipermeable membrane or filter

42
435/297.4

Including hollow fiber or capillary

117
435/299.1

Including solid extended fluid contact reaction surface

323
435/299.2

Including a bottle, tube, jar, or flask

69
435/303.1

Incubator

339
435/303.3

Including an agitator

48
435/303.2

Specifically adapted for an anaerobic microorganism or enzyme (e.g., anaerobe jars)

74
435/291.1

Malting or mashing apparatus

39
435/291.2

Movable floor to facilitate maintenance (e.g., cleaning)

9
435/291.3

Vertically spaced stages, levels, or floors

14
435/291.4

Cascading

12
435/291.5

With agitator or mash turner

16
435/291.7

With horizontal axis of rotation

8
435/291.8

Rotating vessel

6
435/291.6

With vertical axis of rotation

12
435/293.1

Tubular or plug flow bioreactor

176
435/293.2

Radial or spiral flow bioreactor

45
435/294.1

Vessels or trays in series

180
435/284.1

Differentiated tissue (e.g., organ) perfusion or preservation apparatus

253
435/286.1

Including condition or time responsive control means

374
435/286.6

Including gas flow or pressure control

189
435/286.5

Including liquid flow, level, or volume control

460
435/286.7

Including mixing or agitation control

174
435/286.2

Including position control

164
435/286.4

Including liquid dispenser means

133
435/286.3

Plater, streaker, or spreader

58
435/287.1

Including measuring or testing

2312
435/288.1

Including a bottle, tube, flask, or jar

343
435/288.2

Including multiple internal compartments or baffles

226
435/287.9

Including a coated reagent or sample layer

980
435/288.3

Including a dish, plate, slide, or tray

668
435/288.4

Including multiple compartments (e.g., wells, etc.)

883
435/288.5

Including means for fluid passage between compartments (e.g., between wells, etc.)

666
435/287.7

Including bibulous or absorbent layer

614
435/287.8

Including multiple, stacked layers

279
435/288.6

Including column separation means

150
435/287.6

Including frangible means for introducing a sample or reagent

141
435/288.7

Including optical measuring or testing means

1480
435/287.5

Means for measuring gas pressure or gas volume of gas evolved from or consumed in an enzymatic or microbial reaction

129
435/287.2

Measuring or testing for antibody or nucleic acid, or measuring or testing using antibody or nucleic acid

3227
435/287.4

Sterility testing means

143
435/287.3

With sample or reagent mechanical transport means

624
435/309.1

Inoculator, streaker, or sampler

272
435/309.3

Loop or wire streaker

22
435/309.2

Means for inoculation or sampling of a closed vessel

72
435/309.4

Replica plate

46
435/306.1

Involving lysis of a microorganism by means other than comminution

118
435/308.1

Means for separation or recovery of a microorganism from culture media

201
435/307.1

Microorganism preservation, storage, or transport apparatus

299
435/285.1

Mutation or genetic engineering apparatus

186
435/285.3

Including projectile means

41
435/285.2

With means for applying an electric current or charge (e.g., electrofusion, electroporation, etc.)

314
435/971

Capture of complex after antigen-antibody reaction

200
435/174

Carrier-bound or immobilized enzyme or microbial cell; carrier-bound or immobilized cell; preparation thereof

1185
435/176

Enzyme or microbial cell is immobilized on or in an inorganic carrier

808
435/177

Enzyme or microbial cell is immobilized on or in an organic carrier

1119
435/178

Carrier is carbohydrate

543
435/179

Carbohydrate is cellulose or derivative thereof

321
435/180

Carrier is synthetic polymer

1225
435/181

Attached to the carrier via a bridging agent

545
435/182

Enzyme or microbial cell is entrapped within the carrier (e.g., gel, hollow fibre)

731
435/175

Multi-enzyme system

159
435/DIG.1

Combinatorial chemistry and library technology

72
435/DIG.43

Apparatus

22
435/DIG.44

For preparing libraries

18
435/DIG.45

For screening

14
435/DIG.22

Library or combinatorial chemistry related product

30
435/DIG.23

Library of biologically replicable entities (e.g., genetic packages, vectors, etc.) or a biologically replicable entity (e.g., genetic packages, vectors, etc.) displaying, containing or presenting the library elements

16
435/DIG.25

The entity is a microorganism, animal cell or plant cell

0
435/DIG.26

Animal cell

2
435/DIG.28

Bacteria or protozoa

2
435/DIG.27

Yeast or fungus

2
435/DIG.24

The entity is a virus or bacteriophage

9
435/DIG.29

Library of inorganic compounds or materials

8
435/DIG.30

The compound or material is a catalyst

4
435/DIG.31

The compound or material is metal containing

2
435/DIG.32

Alloy

1
435/DIG.33

Metal oxide

2
435/DIG.34

Library of organic compounds or materials

46
435/DIG.38

The compound or material is a carbohydrate or derivative thereof

4
435/DIG.37

The compound or material is a nucleotide or a polynucleotide or derivative thereof

24
435/DIG.35

The compound or material is a peptide or a polypeptide or derivative thereof

31
435/DIG.36

Peptide nucleic acid (i.e., pna)

4
435/DIG.39

The compound or material is a polymer

5
435/DIG.42

Linking agent for connecting support to library element

12
435/DIG.40

Support

38
435/DIG.41

Tagging, encoding or labeling agent or material (e.g., microchip transponders, etc.)

14
435/DIG.46

Method of making a library

32
435/DIG.50

Employing solution phase synthesis not utilizing a support

9
435/DIG.47

Using biological means (e.g., using enzyme, microorganism, cell, cellular genetic component, etc.)

17
435/DIG.51

Virtual method of making, designing or optimizing a library

9
435/DIG.49

Wherein library members are bound to a solid support

57
435/DIG.48

Wherein library members are bound to a soluble support

10
435/DIG.2

Method of screening a library

59
435/DIG.3

Involving a biologically replicable entity (e.g., genetic package, vector, etc.) which is the library, displays the library, contains the library or presents the library

37
435/DIG.5

The entity is a microorganism, animal cell or plant cell

11
435/DIG.6

Animal cell

8
435/DIG.8

Bacteria or protozoa

4
435/DIG.7

Yeast or fungus

8
435/DIG.4

The entity is a virus or bacteriophage

32
435/DIG.9

Screening a library of inorganic compounds or materials

17
435/DIG.10

Screening for catalytic activity

9
435/DIG.11

The compound or material is metal containing

6
435/DIG.12

Alloy

5
435/DIG.13

Metal oxide

5
435/DIG.14

Screening a library of organic compounds or materials

76
435/DIG.18

The compound or material is a carbohydrate or derivative thereof

12
435/DIG.17

The compound or material is a nucleotide or a polynucleotide or derivative thereof

42
435/DIG.15

The compound or material is a peptide or a polypeptide or derivative thereof

59
435/DIG.16

Peptide nucleic acid (i.e., pna)

12
435/DIG.19

The compound or material is a polymer

7
435/DIG.21

Using deconvolution (e.g., tagging or encoding methodology, etc.)

9
435/DIG.20

Virtual/computer based screening method (e.g., using crystallographic coordinates of a target, etc.)

5
435/3

Condition responsive control process

255
435/813

Continuous fermentation

335
435/1.1

Differentiated tissue or organ other than blood, per se, or differentiated tissue or organ maintaining; composition therefor

650
435/1.3

Including freezing; composition therefor

218
435/1.2

Including perfusion; composition therefor

257
435/800

Elimination or reduction of contamination by undersired ferments (e.g., aseptic cultivation)

98
435/183

Enzyme (e.g., ligases (6. ), etc.), proenzyme; compositions thereof; process for preparing, activating, inhibiting, separating, or purifying enzymes

3673
435/188.5

Catalytic antibody

131
435/184

Enzyme inactivation by chemical treatment

468
435/195

Hydrolase (3. )

917
435/227

Acting on carbon to nitrogen bond other than peptide bond (3.5)

316
435/228

Acting on a linear amide linkage in linear amide

208
435/229

Asparaginase

35
435/230

Penicillin amidase

61
435/231

Acting on amide linkage in cyclic amides (e.g., penicillinase, etc.) (3.5.2)

66
435/196

Acting on ester bond (3.1)

977
435/197

Carboxylic ester hydrolase (3.1.1)

406
435/198

Triglyceride splitting (e.g., lipase, etc. (3.1.1.3))

571
435/199

Ribonuclease (3.1.4)

489
435/200

Acting on glycosyl compound (3.2)

901
435/201

Acting on alpha-1, 4-glucosidic bond, (e.g., hyaluronidase, invertase, amylase, etc. (some 3.2.1))

440
435/202

Alpha-amylase, microbial source

290
435/203

Fungal source

123
435/204

Alpha-amylase, plant source (3.2.1.1)

127
435/205

Glucoamylase (3.2.1.3)

157
435/210

Acting on alpha-1, 6-glucosidic bond (e.g., isoamylase, pullulanase, etc.)

132
435/211

Dextranase (3.2.1.11)

31
435/208

Acting on alpha-galatose-glycoside bond (e.g., alpha-galactosidase, etc.)

118
435/206

Acting on beta-1, 4 link between n-acetylmuramic acid and 2-acetylamino 2 deoxy-d-glucose (e.g., lysozyme, etc.)

120
435/209

Acting on beta-1, 4-glucosidic bond (e.g., cellulase, etc. (3.2.1.4))

570
435/207

Acting on beta-galatose-glycoside bond (e.g., beta-galactosidase, etc.)

155
435/212

Acting on peptide bond (e.g., thromboplastin, leucine amino-peptidase, etc., (3.4))

971
435/218

Elastase

78
435/217

Plasmin (i.e., fibrinolysin)

113
435/219

Proteinase

939
435/226

Derived from animal tissue (e.g., rennin, etc.)

743
435/220

Derived from bacteria

370
435/221

Bacteria is bacillus

318
435/222

Bacillus subtilus or bacillus lichenoformis

218
435/223

Derived from fungi

102
435/225

From aspergillus

72
435/224

From yeast

59
435/216

Streptokinase

78
435/214

Thrombin

128
435/213

Trypsin; chymotrypsin

141
435/215

Urokinase

186
435/233

Isomerase (5. )

290
435/234

Glucose isomerase

112
435/232

Lyase (4. )

664
435/185

Malt

27
435/189

Oxidoreductase (1. ) (e.g., luciferase)

1577
435/190

Acting on choh group as donor (e.g., glucose oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase (1.1))

741
435/192

Acting on hydrogen peroxide as acceptor (1.11)

278
435/191

Acting on nitrogen-containing compound as donor (1.2, 1.5, 1.7)

271
435/186

Pancreatin

14
435/187

Preparing granular- or free-flowing enzyme composition

110
435/188

Stablizing an enzyme by forming a mixture, an adduct or a composition, or formation of an adduct or enzyme conjugate

1287
435/193

Transferase other than ribonuclease (2.)

1904
435/194

Transferring phosphorus containing group (e.g., kineases, etc.(2.7))

1707
435/817

Enzyme or microbe electrode

549
435/814

Enzyme separation or purification

250
435/816

By solubility

112
435/815

By sorption

251
435/819

Fermentation vessels in series

86
435/806

Fertility tests

59
435/812

Foam control

61
435/807

Gas detection apparatus

88
435/968

High energy substrates (e.g., fluorescent, chemiluminescent, radioactive, etc.)

597
435/960

Immunohistochemical assay

225
435/961

Including a step of forming, releasing, or exposing the antigen or forming the hapten-immunogenic carrier complex or the antigen, per se

282
435/964

Including enzyme-ligand conjugate production (e.g., reducing rate of nonproductive linkage, etc.)

108
435/809

Incubators or racks or holders for culture plates or containers

268
435/811

Interferon

155
435/966

Involving an enzyme system with high turnover rate or complement magnified assay (e.g., multi-enzyme systems, etc.)

104
435/965

Involving idiotype or anti-idiotype antibody

37
435/975

Kit

1715
435/802

Logarithmic growth phase

27
435/2

Maintaining blood or sperm in a physiologically active state or compositions thereof or therefor or methods of in vitro blood cell separation or treatment

1732
435/4

Measuring or testing process involving enzymes or micro-organisms; composition or test strip therefore; processes of forming such composition or test strip

6249
435/9

Geomicrobiological testing (e.g., for petroleum, etc.)

44
435/7.1

Involving antigen-antibody binding, specific binding protein assay or specific ligand-receptor binding assay

11930
435/7.7

Assay in which a label present is an apoenzyme, prosthetic group, or enzyme cofactor

221
435/7.71

Assay in which a label present is an enzyme inhibitor or functions to alter enzyme activity

213
435/7.72

Assay in which a label present is an enzyme substrate or substrate analogue

445
435/7.9

Assay in which an enzyme present is a label

1799
435/7.91

Enzyme produces product which is part of another reaction system (e.g., cyclic reaction, cascade reaction, etc.)

445
435/7.92

Heterogeneous or solid phase assay system (e.g., elisa, etc.)

3396
435/7.93

Competitive assay

1412
435/7.95

Indirect assay

884
435/7.94

Sandwich assay

1697
435/7.2

Involving a micro-organism or cell membrane bound antigen or cell membrane bound receptor or cell membrane bound antibody or microbial lysate

3532
435/7.21

Animal cell

3320
435/7.25

Erythrocyte

391
435/7.24

Leukocyte (e.g., lymphocyte, granulocyte, monocyte, etc.)

1186
435/7.22

Parasite or protozoa

305
435/7.23

Tumor cell or cancer cell

2061
435/7.32

Bacteria or actinomycetales

1031
435/7.37

Escherichia coli

142
435/7.35

Salmonella

81
435/7.36

Sexually transmitted disease (e.g., chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea, etc.)

179
435/7.33

Staphylococcus

95
435/7.34

Streptococcus

150
435/7.3

Flagellar-antigen or pili-antigen

67
435/7.31

Fungi (e.g., yeast, mold, etc.)

319
435/7.6

Involving a modified enzyme (e.g., abzyme, recombinant, chemically altered, etc.)

291
435/7.5

Involving avidin-biotin binding

781
435/7.8

Involving nonmembrane bound receptor binding or protein binding other than antigen-antibody binding

910
435/7.4

To identify an enzyme or isoenzyme

1040
435/13

Involving blood clotting factor (e.g., involving thrombin, thromboplastin, fibrinogen, etc.)

658
435/11

Involving cholesterol

347
435/40.5

Involving fixed or stabilized, nonliving microorganism, cell, or tissue (e.g., processes of staining, stabilizing, dehydrating, etc.; compositions used therefore, etc.)

568
435/40.51

Involving a monolayer, smear or suspension of microorganisms or cells

286
435/40.52

Involving tissue sections

316
435/14

Involving glucose or galactose

1050
435/18

Involving hydrolase

1325
435/22

Involving amylase

223
435/19

Involving esterase

626
435/20

Involving cholinesterase

102
435/21

Involving phosphatase

666
435/24

Involving peptidase

599
435/23

Involving proteinase

1149
435/8

Involving luciferase

464
435/6

Involving nucleic acid

19992
435/25

Involving oxidoreductase

1304
435/27

Involving catalase

129
435/26

Involving dehydrogenase

712
435/28

Involving peroxidase

1004
435/15

Involving transferase

1254
435/17

Involving creatine phosphokinase

181
435/16

Involving transaminase

160
435/12

Involving urea or urease

193
435/10

Involving uric acid

122
435/29

Involving viable micro-organism

2705
435/34

Determining presence or kind of micro-organism; use of selective media

1496
435/38

Enterobacteria

171
435/37

Nitrate to nitrite reducing bacteria

58
435/39

Quantitative determination

433
435/40

Using multifield media

68
435/36

Streptococcus; staphylococcus

124
435/35

Using radioactive material

130
435/30

Methods of sampling or inoculating or spreading a sample; methods of physically isolating an intact micro-organism

598
435/32

Testing for antimicrobial activity of a material

659
435/33

Using multifield media

107
435/31

Testing for sterility condition

249
435/5

Involving virus or bacteriophage

4364
435/963

Methods of stopping an enzyme reaction or stabilizing the test materials

129
 

Micro-organism cross-reference art collections

 
435/946

Using algae

130
435/822

Using bacteria or actinomycetales

972
435/823

Acetobacter

92
435/824

Achromobacter

55
435/825

Actinomadura

49
435/826

Actinomyces

38
435/827

Actinoplanes

51
435/828

Aerobacter

23
435/829

Alcaligenes

132
435/830

Arthrobacter

142
435/831

Azotobacter

31
435/832

Bacillus

450
435/833

Bacillus brevis

20
435/834

Bacillus cereus

58
435/835

Bacillus circulans

31
435/836

Bacillus licheniformis

76
435/837

Bacillus megaterium

37
435/838

Bacillus polymyxa

26
435/839

Bacillus subtilis

212
435/840

Brevibacterium

159
435/841

Chainia

1
435/842

Clostridium

127
435/843

Corynebacterium

195
435/844

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

4
435/845

Corynebacterium poinsettiae

1
435/846

Corynebacterium pyogenes

1
435/847

Erwinia

58
435/848

Escherichia

58
435/849

Escherichia coli

348
435/850

Flavobacterium

67
435/851

Haemophilus

30
435/852

Klebsiella

78
435/853

Lactobacillus

185
435/854

Lactobacillus acidophilus

55
435/855

Lactobacillus brevis

24
435/856

Lactobacillus casei

47
435/857

Lactobacillus plantarum

47
435/858

Methylomonas

27
435/859

Micrococcus

57
435/860

Micrococcus flavus

2
435/861

Micrococcus glutamicus

3
435/862

Micrococcus lysodeikticus

5
435/867

Micromonospora

33
435/868

Micromonospora chalcea

11
435/869

Micromonospora purpurea

9
435/863

Mycobacterium

135
435/864

Mycobacterium avium

24
435/865

Mycobacterium fortuitum

38
435/866

Mycobacterium smegmatis

43
435/870

Mycoplasma

33
435/871

Neisseria

62
435/872

Nocardia

154
435/873

Proteus

59
435/874

Pseudomonas

398
435/875

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

89
435/876

Pseudomonas fluorescens

99
435/877

Pseudomonas putida

150
435/878

Rhizobium

56
435/879

Salmonella

76
435/880

Serratia

46
435/881

Serratia marcescens

39
435/882

Staphylococcus

61
435/883

Staphylococcus aureus

76
435/884

Staphylococcus epidermidis

24
435/885

Streptococcus

207
435/886

Streptomyces

551
435/887

Streptomyces albus

15
435/888

Streptomyces antibioticus

17
435/889

Streptomyces aureofaciens

16
435/890

Streptomyces aureus

4
435/891

Streptomyces bikiniensia

2
435/892

Streptomyces candidus

5
435/893

Streptomyces chartreusis

13
435/894

Streptomyces diastatochromogenes

1
435/895

Streptomyces filipinensis

2
435/896

Streptomyces fradiae

33
435/897

Streptomyces griseus

34
435/898

Streptomyces hygroscopicus

42
435/899

Streptomyces lavendulae

13
435/900

Streptomyces lincolnensis

3
435/901

Streptomyces noursei

1
435/902

Streptomyces olivaceus

13
435/903

Streptomyces platensis

2
435/904

Streptomyces rimosus

6
435/905

Streptomyces sparogenes

2
435/906

Streptomyces venezuelae

8
435/907

Streptosporangium

12
435/908

Streptovirticillium

14
435/909

Vibrio

49
435/910

Xanthomonas

92
435/911

Using fungi

757
435/912

Absidia

30
435/913

Aspergillus

114
435/914

Aspergillus awamori

7
435/915

Aspergillus flavus

12
435/916

Aspergillus fumigatus

11
435/917

Aspergillus niger

109
435/918

Aspergillus oryzae

33
435/919

Aspergillus ustus

2
435/920

Aspergillus wenti

4
435/921

Candida

190
435/922

Candida albicans

42
435/923

Candida lipolytica

48
435/924

Candida tropicalis

44
435/925

Cephalosporium

9
435/926

Cephalosporium acremonium

10
435/927

Cephalosporium caerulens

0
435/928

Cephalosporium crotocinigenium

0
435/929

Fusarium

62
435/930

Hansenula

37
435/931

Mucor

65
435/932

Paecilomyces

14
435/933

Penicillium

71
435/934

Penicillium brevi

1
435/935

Penicillium chrysogenum

24
435/936

Penicillium notatium

4
435/937

Penicillium patulum

1
435/938

Pichia

85
435/939

Rhizopus

60
435/940

Saccharomyces

96
435/941

Saccharomyces carlsbergensis

13
435/942

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

180
435/943

Saccharomyces lactis

6
435/944

Torulopsis

37
435/945

Trichoderma

77
435/947

Using protozoa

59
435/948

Using viruses or cell lines

432
435/243

Micro-organism, per se (e.g., protozoa, etc.); compositions thereof; proces of propagating, maintaining or preserving micro-organisms or compositions thereof; process of preparing or isolating a composition containing a micro-organism; culture media therefor

1915
435/245

Adaptation or attenuation of cells

193
435/257.1

Algae, media therefor

261
435/257.6

Chlamydomonas

21
435/257.3

Chlorella

51
435/257.4

Euglena

10
435/257.5

Scenedesmus

11
435/257.2

Transformants

114
435/252.1

Bacteria or actinomycetales; media therefor

2234
435/252.6

Actinoplanes

27
435/252.5

Bacillus (e.g., b. subtilis, b. thuringiensis, etc.)

583
435/252.7

Clostridium

175
435/253.6

Culture media, per se

272
435/252.8

Escherichia (e.g., e. coli, etc.) or salmonella

441
435/252.9

Lactobacillus, pediococcus, or leuconostoc

454
435/252.4

Mixed culture

288
435/253.1

Mycobacterium

225
435/253.2

Nocardia

71
435/253.3

Pseudomonas

365
435/252.2

Rhizobium or agrobacterium

288
435/253.4

Streptococcus

222
435/253.5

Streptomyces

282
435/252.3

Transformants (e.g., recombinant dna or vector or foreign or exogenous gene containing, fused bacteria, etc.)

11571
435/252.31

Bacillus (e.g., b. subtilis, b. thuringiensis, etc.)

840
435/252.32

Brevibacterium or corynebacterium

313
435/252.33

Escherichia (e.g., e. coli, etc.)

3245
435/252.34

Pseudomonas

277
435/252.35

Streptomyces

365
435/244

Chemical stimulation of growth or activity by addition of chemical compound which is not an essential growth factor; stimulation of growth by removal of a chemical compound

451
435/246

Foam culture

37
435/254.1

Fungi

973
435/256.1

Aspergillus

105
435/256.4

Cephalosporium or acremonium

13
435/256.8

Culture media, per se, or technique

146
435/256.5

Fusarium

31
435/256.2

Mucor

7
435/256.3

Penicillium

49
435/256.6

Rhizopus

18
435/254.11

Transformants

2079
435/254.3

Aspergillus

328
435/254.7

Fusarium

60
435/254.8

Mucor

26
435/254.4

Neurospora

62
435/254.5

Penicillium

85
435/254.9

Rhizopus

21
435/254.6

Trichoderma

133
435/254.2

Yeast; media therefor

1288
435/254.22

Candida

157
435/254.23

Pichia

203
435/254.21

Saccharomyces

692
435/256.7

Trichoderma

54
435/255.1

Yeast

462
435/255.4

Candida or torulopsis

144
435/255.3

Cryptococcus

21
435/255.7

Culture media, per se, or technique

55
435/255.6

Hansenula

36
435/255.5

Pichia

91
435/255.2

Saccharomyces

244
435/255.21

Culture media, per se, or technique

83
435/259

Lysis of micro-organism

284
435/260

Preserving or maintaining micro-organism

288
435/258.1

Protozoa, media therefor

94
435/258.4

Eimeria

21
435/258.3

Leishmania

24
435/258.2

Plasmodium

20
435/261

Separation of micro-organism from culture media

255
435/252

Utilizing media containing cellulose or hydrolysates thereof

170
435/248

Utilizing media containing hydrocarbon

89
435/249

Aliphatic

53
435/250

Having five or less carbon atoms

29
435/247

Utilizing media containing lower alkanol (i.e., having one to six carbon atoms)

96
435/251

Utilizing media containing waste sulphite liquor

19
435/41

Micro-organism, tissue cell culture or enzyme using process to synthesize a desired chemical compound or composition

1472
435/68.1

Enzymatic production of a protein or polypeptide (e.g., enzymatic hydrolysis, etc.)

1131
435/106

Preparing alpha or beta amino acid or substituted amino acid or salts thereof

624
435/116

Alanine; leucine; isoleucine; serine; homoserine

215
435/109

Aspartic acid (asparaginic acid); asparagine

120
435/114

Citrulline; arginine; ornithine

101
435/110

Glutamic acid; glutamine

188
435/111

Utilizing biotin or its derivatives

22
435/112

Utilizing surfactant fatty acids or fatty acid esters (i.e., having seven or more atoms)

21
435/115

Lysine; diaminopimelic acid; threonine; valine

361
435/113

Methionine; cysteine; cystine

160
435/107

Proline; hydroxyproline; histidine

128
435/108

Tryptophan; tyrosine; phenylalanine; 3,4 dihydroxyphenylalanine

262
435/67

Preparing compound containing a carotene nucleus (i.e., carotene)

150
435/52

Preparing compound containing a cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus; nor-, homo-, or d-ring lactone derivatives thereof

110
435/54

Acting on d-ring

10
435/55

Acting at 17-position

61
435/56

Hydroxylating at 17-position

21
435/57

Hydroxylating at 16-position

4
435/53

Containing heterocyclic ring

31
435/61

Dehydrogenating; dehydroxylating

42
435/62

Forming an aryl ring from "a" ring

3
435/58

Hydroxylating

48
435/59

At 11-position

16
435/60

At 11 alpha position

13
435/63

Preparing compound containing a prostaglandin nucleus

45
435/127

Preparing compound containing at least three carbocyclic rings

69
435/72

Preparing compound containing saccharide radical

462
435/100

Disaccharide

243
435/93

Mashing or wort making

57
435/105

Monosaccharide

387
435/101

Polysaccharide of more than five saccharide radicals attached to each other by glycosidic bonds

942
435/103

Dextran

43
435/102

Pullulan

25
435/104

Xanthan; i.e., xanthomonas-type heteropolysaccharides

156
435/84

Preparing nitrogen-containing saccharide

217
435/85

N-glycoside

117
435/86

Cobalamin (i.e., vitamin b12, lld factor)

54
435/87

Nucleoside

103
435/88

Having a fused ring containing a six-membered ring having two n-atoms in the same ring (e.g., purine nucleosides, etc.)

96
435/89

Nucleotide

164
435/90

Dinucleotide (e.g., nad, etc.)

56
435/92

Having a fused ring containing a six-membered ring having two n-atoms in the same ring (e.g., purine based mononucleotides, etc.)

53
435/91.1

Polynucleotide (e.g., nucleic acid, oligonucleotide, etc.)

5019
435/91.2

Acellular exponential or geometric amplification (e.g., pcr, etc.)

6771
435/91.21

Involving the making of multiple rna copies

291
435/91.5

Acellular preparation of polynucleotide

443
435/91.53

Involving a hydrolase (3.)

169
435/91.52

Involving a ligase (6.)

206
435/91.51

Involving rna as a starting material or intermediate

359
435/91.4

Modification or preparation of a recombinant dna vector

631
435/91.41

By insertion or addition of one or more nucleotides

607
435/91.42

Involving deletion of a nucleotide or nucleotides from a vector

139
435/91.3

Polynucleotide contains only ribonucleotide monomers

237
435/91.31

Involving catalytic ribonucleic acid

371
435/91.32

Prepared from virus, prokaryotic acid

94
435/91.33

Involving virus

161
435/74

Preparing o-glycoside (e.g., glucosides, etc.)

261
435/79

Oxygen atom of the saccharide radical is bonded to a cyclohexyl radical (e.g., kasugamycin, etc.)

17
435/80

Cyclohexyl radical is substituted by two or more nitrogen atoms (e.g., destomycin, neamin, etc.)

52
435/81

Cyclohexyl radical is attached directly to a nitrogen atom of two or more n-c(=n)-n radicals (e.g., streptomycin, etc.)

10
435/82

Having two saccharide radicals bonded through only oxygen to adjacent ring carbons of the cyclohexyl radical (e.g., ambutyrosin, ribostamycin, etc.)

13
435/83

Containing three or more saccharide radicals (e.g., liquidomycin, neomycin, lividomycin, etc.)

11
435/78

Oxygen atom of the saccharide radical is directly bonded to a condensed ring system having three or more carboxyclic rings (e.g., dauomycin, adriamycin, etc.)

112
435/77

Oxygen atom of the saccharide radical is directly linked through only acyclic carbon atoms to a nonsaccharide heterocyclic ring (e.g., bleomycin, phleomycin, etc.)

29
435/75

Oxygen of the saccharide radical is directly bonded to a nonsaccharide heterocyclic ring or a fused- or bridged-ring system which contains a nonsaccharide heterocyclic ring (e.g., coumermycin, novobiocin, etc.)

135
435/76

The hetero ring has eight or more ring members and only oxygen as ring hetero atoms (e.g., erythromycin, spiramycin, nystatin, etc.)

182
435/73

Preparing s-glycoside (e.g., lincomycin, etc.)

16
435/95

Produced by the action of a beta-amylase (e.g., maltose by the action of beta-amylase on amylose, etc.)

122
435/99

Produced by the action of a carbohydrase (e.g., maltose by the action of alpha amylase on starch, etc.)

493
435/97

Produced by the action of a glycosyl transferase (e.g., alpha, beta, gamma-cyclodextrins by the action of glycosyl transferase on starch, etc.)

290
435/98

Produced by the action of an alpha-1, 6-glucosidase (e.g., amylose debranched amylopectin by the action of pullulanase, etc.)

111
435/96

Produced by the action of an exo-1.4 alpha glucosidase (e.g., dextrose by the action of glucoamylase on starch, etc.)

233
435/94

Produced by the action of an isomerase (e.g., fructose by the action of xylose isomerase on glucose, etc.)

242
435/43

Preparing compound having a 1-thia-4-aza-bicyclo (3.2.0) heptane ring system (e.g., penicillin, etc.)

83
435/45

By acylation of the substituent in 6-position

35
435/44

By desacylation of the substituent in 6-position

34
435/46

In presence of phenyl acetic acid or phenyl acetamide or their derivatives

16
435/47

Preparing compound having a 1-thia-5-aza-bicyclo (4.2.0) octane ring system (e.g., cephalosporin, etc.)

103
435/50

By acylation of the substituent in the 7-position

25
435/51

By desacylation of the substituent in the 7-position

43
435/49

Cephalosporin c

66
435/48

Di-substituted in 7-position

23
435/65

Preparing compound other than saccharide containing a gibberellin nucleus (i.e., gibbane)

5
435/64

Preparing compound other than saccharide containing a tetracycline nucleus (e.g., naphacene, etc.)

32
435/66

Preparing compound other than saccharide containing alloxazine or isoalloxazine nucleus

27
435/168

Preparing element or inorganic compound except carbon dioxide

191
435/117

Preparing heterocyclic carbon compound having only o, n, s, se, or te as ring hetero atoms

191
435/118

Containing two or more hetero rings

292
435/119

Containing at least two hetero rings bridged or fused among themselves or bridged or fused with a common carbocyclic ring system, (e.g., rifamycin, etc.)

538
435/121

Nitrogen as only ring hetero atom

215
435/122

Containing six-membered hetero ring

165
435/120

Nitrogen or oxygen hetero atom and at least one other diverse hetero ring atom in the same ring

94
435/123

Oxygen as only ring hetero atom

209
435/124

Containing a hetero ring of at least seven ring members (e.g., zearalenone, macrocyclic lactones, etc.)

54
435/126

Containing five-membered hetero ring (e.g., griseofulvin, etc.)

140
435/125

Containing six-membered hetero ring (e.g., fluorescein, etc.)

233
435/166

Preparing hydrocarbon

131
435/167

Only acyclic

205
435/128

Preparing nitrogen-containing organic compound

484
435/129

Amide (e.g., chloramphenicol, etc.)

195
435/131

Preparing organic compound containing a metal or atom other than h, n, c, o, or halogen

89
435/132

Preparing oxygen-containing organic compound

359
435/135

Carboxylic acid ester

741
435/136

Containing a carboxyl group

579
435/140

Acetic acid

128
435/146

Hydroxy carboxylic acid

300
435/139

Lactic acid

187
435/142

Polycarboxylic acid

133
435/145

Dicarboxylic acid having four or less carbon atoms (e.g., fumaric, maleic, etc.)

125
435/143

Having keto group (e.g., alpha-ketoglutaric acid, etc.)

33
435/144

Tricarboxylic acid (e.g., citric acid, etc.)

77
435/141

Propionic or butyric acid

129
435/137

Sugar acid having five or more carbon atoms (i.e., aldonic, keto-aldonic, or saccharic acid)

113
435/138

Alpha-ketogulonic acid (i.e., 2-ketogulonic acid)

79
435/147

Containing carbonyl group

158
435/148

Ketone

182
435/150

Acetone containing product

31
435/151

Substrate contains grain or cereal material

12
435/154

Substrate contains inorganic compound, other than water

8
435/153

Substrate contains inorganic nitrogen source

6
435/152

Substrate contains protein as nitrogen source

6
435/149

Cyclopentanone or cyclopentadione containing compound

25
435/155

Containing hydroxy group

340
435/157

Acyclic

157
435/160

Butanol

159
435/161

Ethanol

674
435/162

Multiple stages of fermentation; multiple types of micro-organisms or reuse of micro-organisms

202
435/163

Produced as by-product, or from waste, or from cellulosic material substrate

188
435/165

Substrate contains cellulosic material

233
435/164

Substrate contains sulphite waste liquor or citrus waste

43
435/158

Polyhydric

192
435/159

Glycerol

35
435/156

Aromatic

209
435/133

Containing quinone nucleus (i.e., quinoid structure)

49
435/134

Fat; fatty oil; ester-type wax; higher fatty acid (i.e., having at least seven carbon atoms in an unbroken chain bound to a carboxyl group); oxidized oil or fat

733
435/130

Preparing sulfur-containing organic compound

135
435/42

Process involving micro-organisms of different genera in the same process, simultaneously

270
435/69.1

Recombinant dna technique included in method of making a protein or polypeptide

15708
435/69.3

Antigens

1714
435/69.6

Blood proteins

1096
435/69.2

Enzyme inhibitors or activators

609
435/69.7

Fusion proteins or polypeptides

2976
435/69.4

Hormones and fragments thereof

962
435/69.5

Lymphokines or monokines

715
435/69.51

Interferons

365
435/69.52

Interleukins

482
435/69.8

Signal sequence (e.g., beta-galactosidase, etc.)

500
435/69.9

Yeast derived

145
435/71.1

Using a micro-organism to make a protein or polypeptide

2103
435/71.2

Procaryotic micro-organism

906
435/71.3

Antibiotic or toxin

351
435/169

Using actinomycetales

205
435/170

Using bacteria

658
435/171

Using fungi

430
435/70.1

Using tissue cell culture to make a protein or polypeptide

1628
435/70.3

Animal tissue cell culture

396
435/70.4

Blood (lymphoid) cell culture

139
435/70.5

Producing interferons

75
435/70.2

Fused or hybrid cells

162
435/70.21

Producing monoclonal antibody

1136
435/821

Micro-organisms used in the destruction of hazardous or toxic waste

49
435/317.1

Miscellaneous (e.g., subcellular parts of micro-organisms, etc.)

241
435/972

Modified antibody (e.g., hybrid, bifunctional, etc.)

52
435/969

Multiple layering of reactants

145
435/808

Optical sensing apparatus

616
435/810

Packaged device or kit

2211
435/803

Physical recovery methods (e.g., chromatography, grinding)

408
435/410

Plant cell or cell line, per se (e.g., transgenic, mutant, etc.); composition thereof; process of propagating, maintaining, or preserving plant cell or cell line; process of isolating or separating a plant cell or cell line; process of regenerating plant cells into tissue, plant part, or plant, per se, where no genotypic change occurs; medium therefore

1787
435/412

Corn cell or cell line, per se

2404
435/413

Herbicide resistant

59
435/420

Culture, maintenance, or preservation techniques, per se

327
435/422

Involving conifer cell or tissue (e.g., pine, spruce, fir, cedar, etc.)

101
435/424

Involving corn cell or tissue

1526
435/427

Involving cotton cell or tissue

89
435/429

Involving potato cell or tissue

32
435/421

Involving protoplast

616
435/430

Involving regeneration or propagation into a plant or plant part

1895
435/430.1

Involving callus or embryonic stage

1803
435/426

Involving soybean cell or tissue

1156
435/428

Involving sunflower cell or tissue

37
435/425

Involving tobacco cell or tissue

36
435/423

Involving tomato cell or tissue

29
435/431

Medium, per se, for culture, maintenance, regeneration, etc.

201
435/419

Plant cell or cell line, per se, contains exogenous or foreign nucleic acid

3719
435/418

Plant cell or cell line, per se, is pest or herbicide resistant or pest lethal

831
435/417

Potato cell or cell line, per se

98
435/415

Soybean cell or cell line, per se

2502
435/416

Sunflower cell or cell line, per se

75
435/414

Tobacco cell or cell line, per se

154
435/411

Tomato cell or cell line, per se

156
435/962

Prevention or removal of interfering materials or reactants or other treatment to enhance results (e.g., determining or preventing nonspecific binding, etc.)

576
435/440

Process of mutation, cell fusion, or genetic modification

1327
435/449

Fusion of cells

128
435/450

Employing electric current

46
435/451

One of the fusing cells is a human antibody-producing cell

51
435/454

One of the fusing cells is a microorganism (e.g., prokaryote, fungus, etc.)

35
435/452

One of the fusing cells is a mouse antibody-producing cell

143
435/453

One of the fusing cells is a plant cell

12
435/468

Introduction of a polynucleotide molecule into or rearrangement of a nucleic acid within a plant cell

3694
435/469

Introduction via agrobacterium

325
435/470

Introduction via electroporation, particle, fiber or microprojectile mediated insertion, or injection

242
435/471

Introduction of a polynucleotide molecule into or rearrangement of nucleic acid within a microorganism (e.g., bacteria, protozoa, bacteriophage, etc.)

1757
435/473

The polynucleotide contains a transposon

101
435/474

The polynucleotide is a cosmid

17
435/476

The polynucleotide is a plasmid or episome

313
435/485

Microorganism of the genus bacillus is a host for the plasmid or episome

95
435/487

Microorganism of the genus brevibacterium or the genus corynebacterium is a host for the plasmid or episome

23
435/488

Microorganism of the genus escherichia is a host for the plasmid or episome

349
435/486

Microorganism of the genus streptomyces is a host for the plasmid or episome

65
435/484

Mycelial fungus is a host for the plasmid or episome

84
435/479

Plasmid or episome confers the ability to utilize directly a compound which a wild type microorganism is unable to utilize

36
435/481

Plasmid or episome contains a gene which complements a nutritional deficiency mutation

48
435/482

Plasmid or episome contains a gene which confers resistance to metal, silicon, selenium, or tellurium toxicity

11
435/478

Plasmid or episome contains at least part of a gene encoding a restriction endonuclease or modification enzyme

45
435/480

Plasmid or episome contains at least part of a gene encoding a toxin or encoding for virulence or pathogenicity

72
435/477

Plasmid or episome contains dna targeting homologous recombination to bacteriophage, viral, or chromosomal dna within a microorganism

234
435/489

Plural nonidentical plasmids are introduced into a host microorganism or culture thereof (e.g., plasmid is part of a library, etc.)

73
435/483

Yeast is a host for the plasmid or episome

286
435/490

The polynucleotide is an unbranched linear fragment

44
435/472

The polynucleotide is encapsidated within a bacteriophage, bacteriophage coat, or transducing particle

129
435/475

The polynucleotide is unencapsidated bacteriophage or viral nucleic acid

85
435/455

Introduction of a polynucleotide molecule into or rearrangement of nucleic acid within an animal cell

3474
435/467

Introducing an oncogene to establish a cell line

74
435/465

Involving co-transfection

210
435/461

Involving electroporation

166
435/464

Involving gene duplication within the cell (e.g., amplification, co-amplification, etc.)

55
435/463

Involving general or homologous recombination (e.g., gene targeting, etc.)

339
435/460

Involving laser treatment of the cell before or during transfection

23
435/459

Involving particle-mediated transfection (i.e., biolistic transfection)

99
435/462

Involving site-specific recombination (e.g., cre-lox, etc.)

183
435/466

The polynucleotide is a shuttle vector or a transiently replicating hybrid vector

96
435/458

The polynucleotide is coated with or encapsulated within a lipid containing material (e.g., liposome, etc.)

456
435/456

The polynucleotide is encapsidated within a virus or viral coat

923
435/457

Helper virus is present

181
435/441

Mutation employing a chemical mutagenic agent

131
435/442

By replacement of standard nucleic acid base with base analog (e.g., 5-bromouracil, etc.)

36
435/444

By use of alkylating agent (e.g., nitrosoguanidine, etc.)

55
435/443

By use of intercalating agent (e.g., acridine orange, etc.)

25
435/445

By use of oxidative deamination agent (e.g., nitrous acid, etc.)

22
435/446

Mutation employing radiation or electricity

38
435/448

Ultraviolet irradiation

57
435/447

X-ray irradiation

19
435/262

Process of utilizing an enzyme or micro-organism to destroy hazardous or toxic waste, liberate, separate, or purify a preexisting compound or composition therefore; cleaning objects or textiles

811
435/264

Cleaning using a micro-organism or enzyme

463
435/265

Depilating hides, bating, or hide treating using enzyme or micro-organism

49
435/262.5

Destruction of hazardous or toxic waste

778
435/281

Petroleum oil or shale oil treating

176
435/282

Desulfurizing

87
435/280

Resolution of optical isomers or purification of organic compounds or composition containing same

674
435/263

Textile treating

205
435/267

Treating animal or plant material or micro-organism

396
435/274

Carbohydrate material recovered or purified

128
435/277

Cellulose (e.g., plant fibers, etc.)

179
435/279

Hemp or flax treating

7
435/278

Producing paper pulp

165
435/275

Pectin or starch

52
435/276

Sugar (e.g., molasses treatment, etc.)

40
435/271

Glyceridic oil, fat, ester-type wax, or higher fatty acid recovered or purified

60
435/272

Proteinaceous material recovered or purified

164
435/273

Collagen or gelatin

78
435/270

Removing nucleic acid from intact or disrupted cell

153
435/269

Treating blood fraction

68
435/268

Treating organ or animal secretion

89
435/266

Treating gas, emulsion, or foam

196
 

Related to subclasses

 
435/973

Simultaneous determination of more than one analyte

392
435/804

Single cell protein

110
435/242

Spore forming or isolating process

78
435/967

Standards, controls, materials (e.g., validation studies, buffer systems, etc.)

215
435/820

Subcellular parts of micro-organisms

101
435/805

Test papers

814
435/970

Test strip or test slide

677
435/173.1

Treatment of micro-organisms or enzymes with electrical or wave energy (e.g., magnetism, sonic waves, etc.)

396
435/173.4

Cell membrane or cell surface is target

138
435/173.7

Lytic effect produced (e.g., disruption of cell membrane for release of subcellular parts; e.g., nucleic acids, etc.)

113
435/173.5

Membrane permeability increased

106
435/173.6

Electroporation

190
435/173.9

Concentration, separation, or purification of micro-organisms

157
435/173.2

Enzyme treated

43
435/173.8

Metabolism of micro-organism enhanced (e.g., growth enhancement or increased production of microbial product)

98
435/173.3

Modification of viruses (e.g., attenuation, etc.)

92
435/320.1

Vector, per se (e.g., plasmid, hybrid plasmid, cosmid, viral vector, bacteriophage vector, etc.) bacteriophage vector, etc.)

23901
435/235.1

Virus or bacteriophage, except for viral vector or bacteriophage vector; composition thereof; preparation or purification thereof; production of viral subunits; media for propagating

2741
435/236

Inactivation or attenuation; producing viral subunits

752
435/238

By chemical treatment

270
435/237

By serial passage of virus

245
435/239

Recovery or purification

625
 
 
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